Ракетный блок. Pegasus XL-2. [Редактировать]

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1ТопливоРДТТ
2Масса, тонн4,3
3Масса (сухая), тонн0,42

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (изготовления), млн. долл.3,4
2Количество (изготовленных блоков), шт.92

Найдено 495 документов по запросу «Pegasus XL-2». [Перейти к поиску]


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...) tall, placing it between the Pegasus and Taurus. The Conestoga stood... same height as the standard Pegasus. This decade marked the Space... using Athena; Atlas; Conestoga; Delta; Pegasus; Scout; Taurus; and Titan launch... performance classes (Atlas E, Titan II, Pegasus, and Delta II) were handled... Corporation was signed for seven Pegasus vehicles. NASA contracted with Martin... ELVs: Athena; Atlas; Conestoga; Delta; Pegasus; Scout; Taurus; and Titan were... Deltas, 5 Titans, 3 Atlases, 1 Scout, and 1 Pegasus. One Titan launch failed. The...: 5 Deltas, 2 Titans, 4 Atlases, 1 Scout, and 1 Pegasus. One was a NASA launch of... 1993: 7 on Deltas, 6 Atlases, 2 Titans, 2 Pegasus, and 1 Scout. One launch was..., 5 Titans, 7 Atlases, 1 Taurus, 1 Scout, and 3 Pegasus. One was a NASA meteorological satellite.... There was one Pegasus launch failure and one Pegasus that inserted its...—3 were Deltas, 4 Titans, 12 Atlases, 2 Pegasus, 1 Athena, and 1 Conestoga. Payloads included... I, Conestoga, and one of the Pegasus XL launches failed. 1996 There were...: 10 Deltas, 7 Atlases, 4 Titans, and 5 Pegasus launches. There were eight science... DOD or commercial satellites. One Pegasus XL launch failed. 1997 In 1997... ELVs: 11 Deltas, 8 Atlases, 5 Titans, 5 Pegasus, and 1 Athena. These included three..., 6 Atlases, 3 Titans, 1 Athena, 2 Taurus, and 6 Pegasus. These included five space science... launch to geosynchronous orbit. Pegasus Booster The Pegasus was the first all..., solid-propellant-motor category, the Pegasus was developed jointly by Orbital... SYSTEMS 55 Orbital established the Pegasus program in 1987. In 1988... Space Flight Center selected the Pegasus to supply Small Expendable Launch... program, and on June 4, the Pegasus was chosen for up to... launcher, and Spain selected the Pegasus in October 1994 to launch... There have been two Pegasus models: the Standard Pegasus, which first flew on April 5, 1990, and the Pegasus XL, which... June 27, 1994. The first Pegasus booster rocket was launched on..., Florida. The B-52 launched the Pegasus until 1995, when a modified Lockheed... “Stargazer,” replaced it. The Pegasus XL, an upgraded Pegasus that was longer, heavier... the standard Pegasus, used only the L-1011 aircraft. The Pegasus’s best-known.... Between 1997 and 1999, five Pegasus launches sent 32 satellites into... for the Pegasus flight history. Unlike ground-launched rockets, the Pegasus was... shows a Pegasus mated to its B-52 mothership. Figure 2–17. Pegasus Mounted Under... weight of the original model Pegasus was also graphite composite. Three... vehicle. Figure 2–18 shows the Pegasus vehicle. “Pegasus Launch Vehicle,” Space & Missile... L AUNCH SYSTEMS 57 Figure 2–18. Pegasus Vehicle. (Orbital Sciences Corp.) The... either side of the payload. Pegasus could accommodate multiple payloads on... 2–77 lists Standard Pegasus characteristics, and Table 2–78 lists Pegasus XL characteristics. The typical launch sequence begins with release of the Pegasus... drop from the aircraft, when Pegasus had cleared the aircraft, Stage... Figure 2–19 shows the Pegasus XL mission profile. Pegasus User’s Guide, Release 5.0, August... HISTORICAL DATA BOOK Figure 2–19. Pegasus XL Mission Profile to 741 km... May 9, 1994. The air-launched Pegasus rocket was considered the operational... adding the three stages of a Pegasus booster (without the wing and... response launch vehicle using the Pegasus as a baseline.61 It was... by Goddard Space Flight Center (Pegasus XL, Med-lite, and Delta II.../11 12/13 79/82 Pegasus 1/1 1/1 2/2 1/3a 1/2 4/5 5/5 6/6 21/25 Scout Taurus... 29/31 202/215 The Pegasus launch on May 19, 1994... 2:53 PM 146 Table 2–76. Pegasus Launches (1989–1998) Vehicle Model... Standard (Hybrid) June 22, 1995 XL 1) ORBCOMM 2) NASA DOD 1) FM1 & FM2... PM Table 2–76. Pegasus Launches (1989–1998) (Continued) XL Vehicle Model DOD... Spain MINISAT 01 August 1, 1997 XL Orbital Sciences Corp./ NASA OrbView... 29, 1997 XL October 22, 1997 XL December 23, 1997 XL with HAPS...-4 ORBCOMM 5-12 February 25, 1998 XL 1) NASA, 2) Teledesic 1) SNOE, 2) T1 April....com/lvs.pegasus.htm (accessed February 8, 2005)). Also “Launching on Pegasus,” Small....html (accessed February 8, 2005) and “Pegasus,” The Satellite Encyclopedia, http://tbs... does not appear on the Pegasus Mission History list produced by...: http://www.orbital.com/SpaceLaunch/Pegasus/pegasus_history.htm (accessed February 3, 2005... did not separate from the Pegasus third stage. SAC-B was unable... the Pegasus third stage due to a battery failure in the Pegasus third... put into orbit from this Pegasus were those of the 1960s...-2 a Vehicle Model XL with HAPS 148 Table 2–76. Pegasus Launches (1989–1998... 2:53 PM Table 2–77. Standard Pegasus Characteristicsa Length Diameter Contractor a b c d All... characteristics are from NASA SELVS Pegasus Launch System Payload User’s Guide... 1994), pp. 2–7, unless otherwise indicated. “Pegasus Launch Vehicle,” Space & Missile Systems... 2:53 PM 150 Table 2–78. Pegasus XL Characteristicsa Length Diameter Contractor Remarks... All XL launches have taken place from the L-1011 “Stargazer” aircraft Pegasus...



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..., but developments such as the Pegasus air-launched vehicle and new... 99 Mar 00 Scout Pegasus Conestoga Pegasus XL Pegasus XL Pegasus XL Pegasus XL Pegasus XL Pegasus XL Pegasus XL Athena I Athena I Pegasus XL Pegasus XL Pegasus XL Delta II Titan... Shuttle Pegasus Atlas I Atlas I Atlas I Scout Scout Delta II Pegasus Scout Pegasus Scout Taurus Taurus Scout Pegasus Pegasus XL Pegasus Pegasus XL Pegasus XL Pegasus Pegasus XL Pegasus XL Taurus STS/GAS Taurus Pegasus XL... mission. It was launched aboard a Pegasus XL rocket in December 1998. The...



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... ii Pegasus User’s Guide TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE 1. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................... 1 2. PEGASUS DESCRIPTION..................................................................................................................... 3 2.1. Pegasus XL Vehicle... Responsibilities............................................................................................... 39 6.1.1.1. Pegasus Program Management ....................................................................................... 40 6.1.1.2. Pegasus Mission Management......................................................................................... 40 6.1.1.3. Pegasus Mission Engineering... PAGE Figure 1-1. Pegasus Rollout ........................................................................................................................ 1 Figure 1-2. Pegasus Launch Locations ....................................................................................................... 2 Figure 2-1. Pegasus XL on the Assembly... of Pegasus XL Configuration........................................................................... 4 Figure 2-3. Principle Dimensions of Pegasus XL (Reference Only) ............................................................ 5 Figure 2-4. Typical Pegasus XL... and Guidance Modes Sequence ..................................................................... 7 Figure 3-1. Pegasus XL Mission Profile to 741 km... kg (501 lbm) Payload ..................................................................................................................... 9 Figure 3-2. Pegasus XL with HAPS Mission Profile to........................................................................................................ 10 Figure 3-3. Pegasus XL Without HAPS Performance Capability............................................................... 11 Figure 3-4. Pegasus XL With HAPS... Typical of Pegasus XL Missions............................................... 12 Figure 3-6. Typical and Recent Pegasus Orbital Accuracy... ............................................................................................... 16 Figure 4-3. Pegasus Design Limit Load Factors........................................................................................ 16 Figure 4-4. Pegasus XL Maximum Quasi... Powered Flight.............................. 20 Figure 4-12. Pegasus XL RF Emitters and Receivers ............................................................................... 22... and services provided with a Pegasus launch. The Pegasus XL was developed as an... of Pegasus allows Orbital to integrate the spacecraft to the Pegasus XL in... granted the Pegasus XL Launch Vehicle a Category 3 certification that qualifies Pegasus to launch... The Pegasus User’s Guide is dedicated to the discussion of the Pegasus XL configuration, capabilities, and associated services. 2.1. Pegasus XL Vehicle Description Pegasus XL is... a wide range of orbits. Figure 2-1. Pegasus XL on the Assembly and Integration... expanded view of the Pegasus XL configuration. The Pegasus Vehicle design combines flight... (see Section 10). Figure 2-3 illustrates Pegasus XL’s principle dimensions. 2.1.1. Solid Rocket Motors... June 2007 3 Pegasus User’s Guide Figure 2-2. Expanded View of Pegasus XL Configuration Orbital... been successfully flown on all Pegasus XL missions. Section 5 presents a more detailed.... June 2007 4 Pegasus User’s Guide Figure 2-3. Principle Dimensions of Pegasus XL (Reference Only) 2.1.4. Flight Termination System The Pegasus Flight Termination... first June 2007 5 Pegasus User’s Guide Figure 2-4. Typical Pegasus XL Motor Characteristics in...-specific requirements. 2.1.6. Telemetry Subsystem The Pegasus XL telemetry system provides realtime health..., performance, and environment of the Pegasus XL vehicle. This data is used... orbital performance capabilities of the Pegasus XL vehicle with and without the... of typical missions performed by Pegasus XL with and without HAPS are... trajectory. June 2007 8 Pegasus User’s Guide Figure 3-1. Pegasus XL Mission Profile to 741... to various orbits for the Pegasus XL are illustrated in Figure 3-3 and... orbit, June 2007 9 Pegasus User’s Guide Figure 3-2. Pegasus XL with HAPS Mission Profile... Pegasus XL and Pegasus XL with HAPS vehicle configurations, which are representative of typical Pegasus... different June 2007 10 Pegasus User’s Guide Figure 3-3. Pegasus XL Without HAPS Performance... possible June 2007 11 Pegasus User’s Guide Figure 3-4. Pegasus XL With HAPS Performance... of Pegasus XL Missions 3.5. Collision/Contamination Avoidance Maneuver Following orbit insertion, the Pegasus... 6.0 June 2007 16 Pegasus User’s Guide Figure 4-4. Pegasus XL Maximum Quasi Steady Acceleration as a Function of Payload Weight Figure 4-5. Pegasus... 6.0 June 2007 21 Pegasus User’s Guide Figure 4-12. Pegasus XL RF Emitters and... circuits are isolated from the Pegasus XL and payload structures by at... 1 MΩ. The Launch Vehicle System (the Pegasus XL, the integration site facilities, and... 8-9 Hz natural frequency of the Pegasus XL vehicle, the spacecraft should be..., as an optional service, launch Pegasus XL to low inclination easterly orbits...



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... Pegasus F01 Pegasus F02 Pegasus F03 Pegasus F04 Pegasus F05 Pegasus F05 Pegasus XL F06 Pegasus XL F06 Pegasus F07 Pegasus F08 Pegasus XL F09 Pegasus XL F10 Pegasus F11 Pegasus XL F12 Pegasus XL F13 Pegasus XL F13 Pegasus XL F14 Pegasus XL F14 Pegasus XL F15 Pegasus XL F16 Pegasus XL F17 Pegasus XL F18 Pegasus XL F19 Pegasus XL F20 Pegasus XL F21 Pegasus XL F22 Pegasus XL F23 Pegasus F24 Pegasus XL F25 Pegasus XL... Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus XL F26 XL F26 XL F27 XL F28 XL F29 F30 XL F31 XL F32 XL F33 XL F34 XL F35 XL F36 XL F36 XL F37 XL F38 XL F39 XL F40 XL F41 XL F42 XL...



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...PEGASUS .3 I - - - - - r - - - - i IU n. Stage 1 baseline Pegasus vehicle. This release mechanism is ..." was added, which attaches to Pegasus on the forward skirt of... for conversion to serve as a Pegasus carrier aircraft. Orbital Sciences acquired... May 1992, modifications to carry Pegasus are complete, and the aircraft... the L-1011 for use as a Pegasus carrier aircraft (Figure 9) include deletion... support Pegasus launch operations (a release mechanism; an opening for the Pegasus vertical stabilizer; equipment for monitoring and controlling Pegasus during... and control Pegasus and its payload during captive carry flight a Pegasus Launch... an OSC LPO can monitor Pegasus during flight and prepares the... examine the vehicle during flight. Pegasus is attached to the L-1011... interface with fittings inside the Pegasus wing (Figure 10). This interface... Pallet Nitrogen Purgel Cooling Reservoir Pegasus Launch Vehicle 5 Twisted Pair 4 Discrete... Fairing Pegasus Wing Figure 9. PegasuS/L-1011 Interface Details. 8 Avionics Pallet I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Figure 12. Pegasus Vehicle Integration. Figure 10. Pegasus L-1011 Release Mechanism... as optimum for long term Pegasus launch operations: Vandenberg Air Force... ready for SRM delivery and Pegasus XL processing in September 1993. Figure... Pegasus carrier aircraft is capable of supporting both the baseline and Pegasus XL vehicles. While carrying Pegasus it provides a non... over 1 ,000 nmi. Vehicle Integration Pegasus final integration requires minimal facilities... the field integration site, aU Pegasus components are integrated and tested... 13. Pegasus Vandenberg AFB Vehicle Assembly Building. The current Pegasus NASA DFRF... Area Figure 14. Vandenberg AFB Pegasus VAB General Layout (to Scale... fueling operations for loading the Pegasus HAPS (when flown) and for... and Interfaces Pegasus XL's payload capability, as compared with the baseline Pegasus vehicle... the Pegasus Payload Users Guide. 4 Figure 15. Pegasus NASA WFF VAB. Pegasus XL utilizes... I ( J « '\ ! / i$.! ;:; ~ m ~\ 11 I Secure Storage c : i i Figure 16. Pegasus VAB at NASA WFF General...



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... ORION 50SG ....................................................................................................... 15 ORION 50S XL..................................................................................................... 16 ORION 50S XLT .................................................................................................. 17... 50 (50T) ................................................................................................... 19 ORION 50 XL (50 XLT) ........................................................................................ 20 ORION 38... CASTOR IVA ....................................................................................................... 24 CASTOR IVA-XL .................................................................................................. 25 CASTOR IVB ....................................................................................................... 26 CASTOR... ATK Space Propulsion Products Catalog ® PEGASUS ........................................................................................................ 134 ORDNANCE PRODUCTS .............................................................................................. 135 MODEL....6 1,698 Orion 50 Orion 50 XL Vectorable Vectorable 50.2 50.2 103...-proven Orion 50ST Orion 50S XL Orion 50S XLT Orion 50S...-proven Flight-proven CASTOR IVA-XL CASTOR IVB Fixed 40.1 363...-XL Applications/Uses Technology Demonstration Technology Demonstration Technology Demonstration Pegasus/Taurus/Pegasus XL/ Taurus XL/Minotaur I/Minotaur IV/GMD OBV Technology Demonstration Pegasus Std Taurus Std Pegasus XL/Minotaur/OBV Taurus XL/IRBM Target Pegasus Std/Hyper-X Taurus Std Pegasus XL GMD OBV/ALV Taurus XL... Ic/Athena IIc/ Taurus/Taurus XL Conventional Strike/Family of Motors... with three stages for the Pegasus® launch vehicle. Modifications to the... motors, first for extended length (XL) versions and subsequently for skirt... motors include Pegasus®, Taurus®, Pegasus® XL, Minotaur®, Hyper-X, Taurus Lite and Taurus® XL launch... Pegasus 50 XL 38 Pegasus XL 50T 38 Taurus 50S XL 50 XLT 38 Taurus XL 50S XLG 50 XL 38 Taurus Lite 50S 50S XL 50ST Fourth Stage 50 XL 38 50S Minotaur... ic a t io n K e y E x a m p le O r io n 50 S XL G T   S R M c la s s   S R M d ia m e te r ( in )   S tr...-performance first stage for the Pegasus launch vehicle. The 50S configuration.... The Orion 50S has launched Pegasus satellite missions into successful orbit... STATUS ...............................Flight proven, inactive production ** Pegasus standard first stage Approved for... August 2012 15 ORION 50S XL MOTOR DIMENSIONS Motor diameter, in... fixed-nozzle XL version has performed successfully on 30 Pegasus XL launch vehicle...°F PRODUCTION STATUS ............................................ Flight-proven, production **Pegasus XL first stage Approved for Public... configurations of the Orion 50S XL have also been added to... motor on the enhanced Taurus XL vehicle, which first launched in... STATUS ............................................ Flight-proven, production **Taurus XL first stage Approved for Public...-performance second stage for the Pegasus launch vehicle. It incorporates a moveable... STATUS .............................. Flight-proven, inactive production **Pegasus and Taurus standard second stage... August 2012 19 ORION 50 XL (50 XLT) MOTOR DIMENSIONS Motor... also available. The Orion 50 XL is 18 inches longer and... the second stage of the Pegasus XL. It has also flown as... motor on the enhanced Taurus XL launch vehicle. PROPELLANT DESIGNATION ......................QDL...°F PRODUCTION STATUS ............................................ Flight-proven, production **Pegasus XL second stage, Minotaur third stage...-performance third stage for the Pegasus launch vehicle and incorporates a ± 5degree... vehicles such as the Pegasus XL; Taurus, Taurus XL, and Taurus Lite launch... including the CASTOR IVA, IVA-XL, and IVB have replaced the... propulsion launch vehicles CASTOR IVA-XL, 8-foot extended length version with... August 2012 24 CASTOR IVA-XL MOTOR DIMENSIONS Motor diameter, in... FIXED NOZZLE The CASTOR IVA-XL motor, an 8-foot extension of... vehicle uses modified CASTOR IVA-XL motors with 6-degree canted nozzles... configuration. The first CASTOR IVA-XL SSB motors flew on the... proven, inactive production CASTOR® IVA-XL Vaccum Thrust vs. Time 200000... of choice. Orbital ATK’s Role        Pegasus - First, second, and third stage...; Dated 07 August 2012 133 PEGASUS® PAYLOAD FAIRING PRODUCTS LIGHTWEIGHT, AFFORDABLE... industry venture in 1987, the Pegasus launches small, mainly experimental Air... 70 satellites to date, the Pegasus rocket has earned a reputation as... Prime Contractor: Orbital ATK The Pegasus rocket is the first all...



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...), known commercially as the Pegasus XL. The standard Pegasus launch vehicle and associated... (EA) (May 1991) and the Pegasus EA (October 1989). The launch... Facility) for mission processing, • the Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area, and... sites were initially considered. Previous Pegasus missions have been flown from... launch platform. There are two Pegasus missions remaining. Use of the... commercial endeavors after the last Pegasus mission is flown. The Dryden... because the longer and heavier Pegasus XL was not designed or manufactured... Integration Facility (Bldg 1555) and Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area on... A of this document. The standard Pegasus launch vehicle and associated activities... (EA) (USAF, 1991) and the Pegasus EA (USAF, 1989a and 1990... Pad Loading Area), and the Pegasus XL launch vehicle (OSC, 1993b), which... M1 satellite at VAFB using a Pegasus XL launch vehicle mounted on an... (AFSLV), known commercially as the Pegasus XL. The AFSLV launch vehicle has... standard Pegasus. The Pegasus XL is six feet longer than the standard Pegasus, and... Facility) for mission processing, • the Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area, adjacent... systems and payload integration. A new Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area has... used for mating of the Pegasus launch vehicle to the L-1011... Integration Facility (Building 1555) and Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area on... of the Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area, and the upgraded Pegasus XL launch... assessment (OSC, 1993b). The standard Pegasus launch vehicle has previously been... the OMCF taxiway to the Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area located.... Explosive safety requirements of the Pegasus XL boosters were previously evaluated (OSC... sites were initially considered. Previous Pegasus missions have been flown from... launch platform. There are two Pegasus missions remaining. Use of the... commercial endeavors after the last Pegasus mission is flown. The Dryden... because the longer and heavier Pegasus XL was not designed or manufactured... boom impacts associated with the Pegasus launch vehicle are discussed in... electrical power system at the Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area to... at Bldg 1555 and the Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area in..., 1988). Actual launch of the Pegasus XL, with the mounted STEP M1... west of the facility. The Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area is... at Bldg 1555 and the Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area are... will be integrated with the Pegasus XL launch system at Bldg 1555... truck on a trailer to the Pegasus Hot Pad Loading Area. There... the L-1011 from which the Pegasus XL launch vehicle and the STEP..., because the longer and heavier Pegasus XL was not designed or manufactured... motors (SRMs) used in the Pegasus XL are not directly known but... by comparing data from the Pegasus launch vehicle (USAF, 1989a; OSC... available information on the Pegasus XL (OSC, 1993b). The Pegasus XL will use three... in USAF (1989a) for the Pegasus, the tropopause would be reached... depletion would be the L-1011 Pegasus carrying aircraft and the first... solid propellant carried by the Pegasus XL. The following analyses are based... the first stage of the Pegasus XL SRM in the launch is... the emission rates for the Pegasus (USAF, 1989a) by the increased... the first stage of the Pegasus XL. Emissions from ground support activities... and are detailed in the Pegasus EA (USAF, 1989a). Upon satellite... that would be emitted by a Pegasus XL and associated L-1011 flight were... troposphere and stratosphere from the Pegasus XL first stage SRM will cause... from the launch of the Pegasus XL and associated L-1011 exhaust product.... Supplement to the Environmental Assessment, Pegasus Air-Launched Space Booster, Edwards... Range, California. April. ____, 1989a. Pegasus Air-Launched Space Booster Environmental...



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USA PEGASUS XL 1. IDENTIFICATION 1.1 Name PEGASUS XL 1.2 Classification Ø Family Ø Series Ø Version 1.3 : : : Ø Category Ø Class Ø Type PEGASUS XL... PEGASUS XL 3. PAYLOAD CAPABILITY AND CONSTRAINTS 3.1 Payload capability 3.1.1 Low Earth Orbits PEGASUS XL can... Wallops Flight Facility (WFF). As PEGASUS missions begin when the orbital...-INSERTION APSE ERROR INCLINATION ERROR XL ± 19 km ± 90 km ± 0.15° XL with HAPS ± 15 km ± 15 ... applicable December 2000 Page 2 USA PEGASUS XL FIGURE 1 - PEGASUS XL PERFORMANCE CAPABILITY 3.2 Ø Ø Ø Ø 3.3 Spacecraft orientation... kg December 2000 Page 3 USA PEGASUS XL FIGURE 2 - PAYLOAD FAIRING DYNAMIC ENVELOPE... L - 8 months. December 2000 Page 4 USA 3.4 PEGASUS XL Environments 3.4.1 Mechanical environment Ø Acceleration The... load conditions experienced during a nominal PEGASUS integration and launch operation using... SYSTEM December 2000 Page 5 USA PEGASUS XL Ø Vibrations The in-flight random... ENVIRONMENT December 2000 Page 6 USA PEGASUS XL 3.4.3 Shock The maximum shock response... table December 2000 Page 7 USA PEGASUS XL EVENT TEMP RANGE ° ( C) CONTROL HUMIDITY... Ø Contamination environment OSC operates the PEGASUS under one of two contamination.... These plans are: - TD-0198 "PEGASUS Payload Contamination Control Plan, Class... 000 (Class M 6.5) Missions", - TD-289 "PEGASUS Payload Contamination Control Plan, Class... VAB. December 2000 Page 8 USA 3.5 PEGASUS XL Operation constraints Ø Ground Constraints : coordination... 7 - TYPICAL MISSION CYCLE Ø Launch operations PEGASUS has been designed to minimize... time. Horizontal integration of the PEGASUS simplifies procedures, increases safety and... AIT is used to transport PEGASUS to the carrier aircraft, elevate... vehicle. December 2000 Page 9 USA PEGASUS XL A portable air conditioning unit provides... for PEGASUS, only a runway capable of accommodating wide-body aircraft. PEGASUS missions... begins with the release of PEGASUS from the carrier aircraft at... from the carrier aircraft, after PEGASUS has dropped approximately 90 m. 4. LAUNCH... the launch sites listed below, PEGASUS XL has operated from Gando Air... the point of release of PEGASUS XL. Ø Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB... has the capability to ferry PEGASUS trans-continentally or trans-oceanic... perform final alignment of the PEGASUS IMU. At the end of... at the launch point. The PEGASUS Launch Panel Operator (LPO) Station... on PEGASUS OCA interface. December 2000 Page 10 USA PEGASUS XL FIGURE 8 - PEGASUS/CARRIER... to beginning integrated processing with PEGASUS at the launch site. Initial.... December 2000 Page 11 USA PEGASUS XL Ø Launch vehicle processing Figure 9 visually... December 2000 Page 12 USA 4.2 PEGASUS XL Sequence of flight events TIME... Burnout; Orbital Insertion FIGURE 10 - PEGASUS XL MISSION PROFILE TO 741 km... December 2000 Page 13 USA 4.3 PEGASUS XL Launch record data LAUNCH DATE....94 At about 1 min 15 s PEGASUS XL began to lose velocity. Range... were rendered useless. switch in a PEGASUS power Bus. As a result, there... failure is still not clearly PEGASUS XL veered off its identified. Several... 2003 rd Page 14 USA PEGASUS XL Ø Previsional reliability : 97% Ø Success ratio.... 5. DESCRIPTION 5.1 Launch vehicle FIGURE 11 - PEGASUS XL CONFIGURATION 5.2 Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Overall vehicle Overall length... m 1.52 m 23 t Page 15 USA 5.3 PEGASUS XL General characteristics of the stages... envisioned: - PEGASUS XL-S with 2 solid strap-on boosters (CASTOR 4A), - PEGASUS XL-SB including...-propellant liquid motor, - a new concept, PEGASUS ABB (Air-Breathing Booster) : a twin... USA 5.4 PEGASUS XL Propulsion STAGE 1 2 3 4 ORION 50 SXL ORION 50 XL ORION 38... 2000 Page 17 USA PEGASUS XL 6. DATA SOURCE REFERENCES 1 - PEGASUS User's Guides - OSC...



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Pegasus Mission History Flight # Launch Date Vehicle Payload Result 1 5-Apr-90 Standard Pegsat & NavySat Success 2 17-Jul-91 Standard Microsats (7) Success 3 9-Feb-93 Standard SCD-1 Success 4 25-Apr-93 Standard Alexis Success 5 19-May-94 Standard STEP-2 Success 6 27-Jun-94 Pegasus XL STEP-1 Failure 7 3-Aug-94 Standard APEX Success 8 3-Apr-95 Standard ORBCOMM (2) & OrbView-1 Success 9 22-Jun-95 Pegasus XL STEP-3 Failure 10 8-Mar-96 Pegasus XL REX II Success 11 16-May-96 Standard MSTI-3 Success 12 2-Jul-96 Pegasus XL TOMS Success 13 21-Aug-96 Pegasus XL FAST Success 14 4-Nov-96 Pegasus XL SAC-B & HETE Failure 15 21-Apr-97 Pegasus XL MiniSat Success 16 1-Aug-97 Pegasus XL OrbView-2 Success 17 29-Aug-97 Pegasus XL FORTE Success 18 22-Oct-97 Pegasus XL STEP-4 Success 19 23-Dec-97 Pegasus XL ORBCOMM (8) Success 20 25-Feb-98 Pegasus XL SNOE & T1 Success 21 1-Apr-98 Pegasus XL TRACE Success 22 2-Aug-98 Pegasus XL ORBCOMM (Satellites 13-20) Success 23 23-Sep-98 Pegasus XL ORBCOMM (Satellites 21-28) Success 24 22-Oct-98 Standard SCD-2 Success 25 5-Dec-98 Pegasus XL SWAS Success 26 4-Mar-99 Pegasus XL WIRE Success 27 17-May-99 Pegasus XL Terriers & MUBLCOM Success 28 4-Dec-99 Pegasus XL ORBCOMM (Satellites 29-35) Success 29 7-Jun-00 TSX-5 Success 30 9-Oct-00 HETE-2 Success 31 5-Feb-02 Pegasus XL Pegasus Hybrid Pegasus XL HESSI Success 32 25-Jan-03 Pegasus XL SORCE Success 33 28-Apr-03 Pegasus XL GALEX Success 34 26-Jun-03 Pegasus XL OrbView-3 Success 35 12-Aug-03 Pegasus XL SCISAT-1 Success 36 15-Apr-05 Pegasus XL DART Success 37 22-Mar-06 Pegasus XL ST-5 (3) Success 38 25-Apr-07 Pegasus XL AIM Success 39 25-Apr-08 Pegasus XL C/NOFS Success 40 19-Oct-08 Pegasus XL IBEX Success 41 13-Jun-12 Pegasus XL NuSTAR Success 42 27-Jun-13 Pegasus XL IRIS Success



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... 9 – Space Exploration Technologies Corporation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Pegasus XL – Orbital Sciences Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Taurus... REUSABLE SOUNDING ROCKETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 SpaceLoft XL – UP Aerospace, Inc.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 REENTRY... IV Delta IVH Falcon 1 Falcon 9 Pegasus XL Taurus Zenit 3SL Company LMCLS... Launch Vehicles Pegasus XL – Orbital Sciences Corporation Orbital’s three-stage Pegasus XL is a small...,900 meters (39,000 feet). Pegasus XL is capable of lifting payloads... the summer of 1989, the Pegasus system represents the first successful... consists of an Orion 50S XL solid rocket motor and fixed... stage is an Orion 50 XL motor, and the third stage...-shelf hardware. Beginning in 1990, Pegasus XL has launched successfully 27 times... successful. No Pegasus XL launches were conducted in 2010, but a Pegasus XL is scheduled... Orbital also provides the Taurus XL launch vehicle. The three- to...) to a polar orbit. The Taurus XL offers two variants (3110 and...) and 1,054 kilograms (2,324 • 17 • Pegasus XL Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space... report. Reusable Sounding Rockets SpaceLoft XL SpaceLoft XL – UP Aerospace, Inc. UP..., developed, and launches the SpaceLoft XL reusable sounding rocket. UP Aerospace...). UP Aerospace markets the SpaceLoft XL vehicle to serve educational and... UP Aerospace and its SpaceLoft XL vehicle. • 34 • 2011 U.S. Commercial Space... Vehicles The first successful SpaceLoft XL launch was on April 28... on May 4, 2010, when a SpaceLoft XL (SL-4 mission) successfully launched several... 2009. The first, the SpaceLoft XL SL-3 mission on May 2, 2009... Orbital’s L-1011 used to launch Pegasus XL.23 Sundancer, BA-330, and... 9, courtesy SpaceX (October 20, 2010). Pegasus XL, courtesy Orbital Sciences Corporation (October..., courtesy Masten Space Systems. SpaceLoft XL, courtesy UP Aerospace (November 22...