Ракетный блок. Shuttle SRB. [Редактировать]

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1ТопливоРДТТ
2Масса, тонн589,7
3Масса (сухая), тонн86,18

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (изготовления), млн. долл.46,4
2Количество (изготовленных блоков), шт.232

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..., Series: SPACE SHUTTLE, Folder Jan – July 1979. Garber, Steve. “Shuttle Brief Chronology...: Continued Improvements to Shuttle Turnaround. Drawer 27, SPACE SHUTTLE Program 1986, No... 1969. NASA, Space Shuttle Task Group. NASA Space Shuttle Summary Report, July... Shuttle, Folder: Shuttle – Major Tests (MPT and MVGVT). MSFC History Office, Space Shuttle..., Program Development. Phase A Shuttle Studies, Comparisons of Alternate Shuttle Concepts and Approaches... Space Shuttle, 9 June 1970. SHHDC-16. NASA, MSFC, Shuttle Projects Office, Space Shuttle... -2835. NASA, Space Shuttle Task Group. NASA Space Shuttle Summary Report, 31...) 26 April 1978: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21, 4) 1 October 1980: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21, 9) 5 November... Recordation Bibliography  “Shuttle Status.” (21, 11) 19 November 1980: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21, 12) 26 November 1980: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21, 13) 3 December 1980: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21, 14) 10 December 1980: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21, 15) 17 December 1980: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21, 17) 7 January 1981: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21, 19) 21 January 1981: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21... January 1981: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21, 21) 4 February 1981: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21, 22) 11 February 1981: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21...) 1 April 1981: 1. “Shuttle Status.” (21, 50) 26 August 1981: 1. “Shuttle Vibration Tests... Jetliner to Ferry Shuttle.” (27, 6) 11 March 1988: 1. “Shuttle Flight Hardware at... September 1973: 2. “Shuttle Update.” (17, 22) 10 November 1978: 1. “Shuttle Update.” (20, 2) 16 January 1981: 4. “Shuttle Vibration Tests Begin...-main.htm Shuttle.” http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/history/shuttle- NASA. NASA Shuttle Reference Manual. 1988. http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/shuttle...-pao.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle NASA. “NASA Shuttle Mission Archives, STS-107... Shuttle Propulsion, Long Version and Short Version. SS Main Engine, ET, SRB, Shuttle..., Committee on Space Shuttle Upgrades. Upgrading the Space Shuttle. Washington, D.C.: National Academy... Subcontractors for Shuttle Orbiter.” (13, 30) 11 April 1973: 4. “Shuttle Engine Compartment....nasa.gov/missions/shuttle/f_omdp2.html NASA. “My Shuttle’s in the Shop...:2. Rockwell International. NASA Space Shuttle Technical Information. Space Shuttle Press Information, 1982... Office, Space Shuttle History Project, Historical Documents Collection “Shuttle Flies with Block.... “Space Shuttle Basics, Space Shuttle Main Engines.” http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/shuttle/reference... NASA, MSFC. “Space Shuttle Main Engine.” http://shuttle.msfc.nasa.gov/SSME...-SRB, Materials Replacement, Shuttle Environmental Assurance Initiative.” 14 September 2004.   “First SRB Motor... for the Shuttle SRB Parachute Drop Test Program. Drawer 27, SRB 1976. McKenna... 3, 1975. Drawer 27, SRB 1975. Ray, William L. “Space Shuttle Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor Familiarization Training Course.” August 1991. “SRB Parachutes.... Drawer 27, SRB 1976.   Thiokol/Wasatch Division. “Space Shuttle Program. SRM Project... $7 Million Shuttle Contract.” (17, 9) 3 November 1976: 1. “Bendix Selected for SRB Contract.” (15, 39) 11 June 1975: 2. “Contractor Chosen for Shuttle... Shuttle Shipped.” (16, 33) 28 April 1976: 1, 2. “First Qualification Firing or SRB... SRB Contract.” (16, 46) 28 July 1976: 1. “Martin Receives $1.9 Million Shuttle Contract.” (15, 50) 27 August 1975: 1. “Martin Selected for SRB Contract... to Test Parachute System for Shuttle’s SRB.” (18, 19) 25 January 1978... Selected On Shuttle SRB Contract.” (16, 51) 1 September 1976: 1. “Two SRB Contracts Exceed... Shuttle.” (26, 7) 10 April 1987: 3. “NASA Will Use Horizontal Method for SRB.../mission_pages/shuttle/vehicle/rsrm_srbs.html NASA. “SRB Overview.” http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/shuttle/reference/shutref/srb/srb.html NASA... DVDs MSFC Space Shuttle Projects Office presents a Space Shuttle Propulsion Elements Orientation... SPACE SHUTTLE, Folder: Space Shuttle – External Tank # 1 1972-1973. Martin Marietta. “Space Shuttle... SHUTTLE, Folder: SHUTTLE – External Tank Aug – Dec 1974. “NASA Asks Proposals for Shuttle... 23, Programs/Projects SPACE SHUTTLE, Folder: Space Shuttle – External Tank # 1 1972-1973..., Programs/Projects SPACE SHUTTLE, Folder: ET 1977. “Shuttle Structural Hardware Shipped to..., Programs/Projects SPACE SHUTTLE, Folder: ET 1977. “Space Shuttle External Tank Project.../Projects SPACE SHUTTLE, Folder: Space Shuttle – External Tank # 1 1972-1973. “Space Shuttle External... F., Manager, Space Shuttle Program. Letter to MSFC ATTN: Manager, Shuttle Projects Office... SPACE SHUTTLE, Folder: SHUTTLE – External Tank Aug – Dec 1974. Marshall Star 1st Shuttle...



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... 2025 Lunar Outpost Buildup Space Shuttle Operations* Science Robotic Missions* Mars... the windows on the Space Shuttle. Docking Mechanism Source: Adapted from... NASA spacecraft, including the Space Shuttle (JSC 2005a). Phenolic impregnated carbon... potential use on the Space Shuttle and commercial spacecraft (NASA 2005e... would use the SRB technology from the Space Shuttle Program as the... occur at KSC utilizing Space Shuttle launch facilities (e.g., Launch Complex [LC... from existing four-segment Space Shuttle SRB hardware and constructed of generally... 2006 Like the current Space Shuttle SRB, the First Stage would use... cap used on the Space Shuttle SRB) for mating to the Upper... Stage would use existing Space Shuttle Program and contractor facilities and... exists to support both Space Shuttle SRB and Ares I First Stage requirements... currently used on the Space Shuttle (see Section 2.1.3.1) and from the... Orion landings, as with Space Shuttle landings, NASA anticipates having multiple... currently utilized by the Space Shuttle Program and/or the International...-39 Pad B Current Configuration (Space Shuttle shown) LC-39 Pad B Future... further; including modifying the Space Shuttle fleet, purchasing space transportation services... directives. 2.3.1 Space Shuttle Modifications Modifying/refurbishing the Space Shuttle fleet for long... major modifications to the Space Shuttle fleet to significantly improve crew... Expendable Launch Vehicles; or Space Shuttle-derived vehicles. To determine the..., Core Stage SRB Option 1 Current Space Shuttle four-segment SRB as First Stage with one Space Shuttle main engine for Upper Stage SRB Option 2 Five-segment modified Space Shuttle SRB as First Stage with one J-2S+ engine for Upper Stage SRB Option 3 Five-segment modified Space Shuttle SRB as First... from Space Shuttle elements focused on configurations that used an SRB-derived... Stage engine were assessed: 1) Space Shuttle Main Engine, 2) a single J-2S+ engine... and a single Space Shuttle Main Engine. The Space Shuttle Main Engine option... no gap between the Space Shuttle Program and Constellation Program missions...-segment SRB with one Space Shuttle Main Engine for the CLV (SRB Option... 3A SRB Option 2 SRB Option 3 SRB Option 4 SRB Option 5 SRB Option 1 CaLV – Five Space Shuttle Main... Core Stage. SRB Option 2 CaLV and CEV – Four Space Shuttle Main Engines... with Core Stage. SRB Option 3 CaLV – Three Space Shuttle Main Engines power... with this option. SRB Option 4 CaLV – Three Space Shuttle Main Engines power... with this option. SRB Option 5 CaLV – Three Space Shuttle Main Engines power... Environmental Impact Statement The Space Shuttle-derived options considered were of... Shuttle, with the Orbiter replaced by a side-mounted expendable cargo carrier (SRB... in-line configuration using a Space Shuttle External Tank-diameter Core Stage... in-line configurations, the Space Shuttle External Tank would be replaced... cargo carrier configurations, three Space Shuttle Main Engines were initially considered... Space Shuttle Main Engines. No variant of the side-mount Space Shuttle...-segment SRB/three-Space Shuttle Main Engine in-line configuration (shown as SRB... Space Shuttle Main Engines in a stretched core stage (shown as SRB Option... reliability. A variation of the Space Shuttle-derived in-line CaLV enabling... as SRB Option 1 in Figure 2-24). This concept added a fifth Space Shuttle... with Space Shuttle Main Engine use, including configuring the Space Shuttle Main... close-out of the Space Shuttle Program, substantial adverse socioeconomic impacts... heavily involved in the Space Shuttle Program. 2.4.1.2 Proposed Action The distribution... Space Shuttle Program. Modifications to facilities currently being used for Space Shuttle... those documented for the Space Shuttle. Specifically, acidic deposition from an... locations (KSC 2007c). 2.4.4.2.3 Biota Space Shuttle launches typically result in a temporary... impacts have been documented. Space Shuttle launches also result in fish... to sustain damage from a Space Shuttle launch, but recovered within six... missions. As with the Space Shuttle’s External Tank, other Ares jettisoned... environmental impacts from similar Space Shuttle operations have been demonstrated as... of sonic booms from Space Shuttle atmospheric entries. Any potential environmental... models developed after the Space Shuttle Columbia accident to predict entry... to those created during Space Shuttle launches. Launch Accident: Potential for... activities. Launch: Comparable to Space Shuttle and Saturn V. Ares V estimated peak.../Launch Accident: Similar to Space Shuttle launch, deposition of pollutants. No... the close of the Space Shuttle Program, substantial adverse socioeconomic impacts... lower than experienced for Space Shuttle returns, debris impact risks (expected... built upon the ongoing Space Shuttle Program, including the processes, technologies... with the Space Shuttle Program until the Space Shuttle fleet is retired... emissions (equivalent to 33 Space Shuttle launches) to the atmosphere over...



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... from the Space Shuttle’s foursegment reusable solid rocket booster (SRB). It is... similar to that of the Shuttle SRB heritage system. Since Ares I is... a much higher velocity than the SRB, all of the parachutes must... FSE ISS MSFC NASA PDR Q SRB = = = = = = = = = = = Booster Separation Motor Booster Tumble... NASA to retire the Space Shuttle after completing construction of the... I launch vehicle is the Figure 1. Shuttle and Ares I compared. First Stage...-segment, reusable solid rocket booster (SRB). It provides the main thrust... liftoff from the Earth. Figure 2. Shuttle 4-segment SRB (left) compared to Ares... velocity than does the Space Shuttle SRB. Consequently, a redesigned reentry Deceleration Subsystem...-by-side comparison of the Shuttle and Ares I is shown in... Ares I First Stage and the Shuttle SRB are shown in Figure 2. A more... will be developed using the Shuttle’s heritage system as a baseline. This... 25 plus years of successful SRB recovery experience. Barometric pressure is... aeroshell is similar to the SRB nose cap. It uses a bridle... attrition as experienced with the Shuttle’s SRB. The first key design factor... damage currently experienced by the SRB at water impact. Goal #2: The... water impact damage to the Shuttle SRB hardware leaves further uncertainty in... inflict hardware damage during the Shuttle’s SRB water impact include: 1) initial water... loading impact events encountered by Shuttle SRBs will affect the Ares... is heavier than the 4-segment SRB of Shuttle, irrespective of method; larger... water impact velocity as the SRB since this would require the... same equivalent momentum as the SRB at water impact. This approach... equivalent kinetic energy as the SRB at water impact. Kinetic energy... for aeroshell deployment. The Shuttle 4-segment SRB decelerates during its reentry to... than that experienced by the SRB. This results in a higher separation... the same as for the Shuttle SRB, but the aero damping coefficients... 43% of those of the SRB. The induced pitch tumble option.... The Shuttle uses Booster Separation Motors (BSMs) to push the SRB away... Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Shuttle SRB counterparts. The DSS design challenge... and volume envelopes as the SRB. To achieve these objectives, stronger... as advanced construction techniques. The SRB heritage parachutes, designed in the... parachute experience in the SRB program. Whereas the SRB pilot, drogue, and... a side-by-side comparison of Shuttle's SRB cut gore construction (left) and... ribbon construction (right) techniques. The SRB parachutes were built using a 20degree... is depicted in Figure 7. Figure 7. Shuttle SRB and Ares I First Stage parachute... and Astronautics Similar to the SRB parachute design, the horizontal ribbons... tears have occurred on most SRB missions. Occasionally, due to extreme... ribbons within a single gore. The SRB program, on a few occasions, has... a complete parachute failure. Consequently, the SRB program has modified their main... at designated locations. Examples of SRB parachute tears contained by ripstop... 8. This is an example of SRB parachute tears The parachute vent... the radial loads converge. The Shuttle SRB program constructed the vent using... band to the opposite. Another SRB upgrade came with the realization... led to parachute failures on Shuttle SRBs. The vent areas of... the vent lines of the SRB. The vent area designs are... of Aeronautics and Astronautics Figure 9. SRB main chute vent area design... be a design evolution of Shuttle’s heritage SRB system. The key driving requirements... a modernized version of the respective SRB pilot. It has increased porosity... of the Shuttle SRB and Ares pilot parachutes. Figure 10. Shuttle SRB pilot parachute... Shuttle SRB Pilot Parachutes. Ares I Pilot Parachute Overview and Comparison to the Shuttle SRB... Porosity Drag Area Pack Weight SRB Pilot Chute 20o Conical Cut... is a larger version of the SRB drogue. It has increased porosity... the Shuttle SRB Drogue Parachutes. Ares I Drogue Parachute Overview Comparison to the SRB Drogue Parameter SRB Drogue Chute Ares I Drogue... are a larger version of the SRB main parachutes. With the intent... porosity from that of the SRB. The first two drop tests... consistent with that of the SRB. The mains also incorporate the... the Shuttle SRB Main Parachutes. Ares I Main Chute Overview Comparison to SRB Main Chute Parameter SRB Main Chute Ares... increased to that of the SRB mains to keep loads more.... The Ares I-X will have a 4-segment Shuttle SRB motor with a dummy fifth segment... Q will be close to the SRB environment, which will be considerably...



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THE SPACE SHUTTLE Chapter VIII The Space Shuttle: Development of a New Transportation... of the Space Shuttle as such.” Planning for the Shuttle began at...’s leading Shuttle advocate, began to argue the merits of a Shuttle independent of...’s like a shuttle bus.” “I kind of liked the name ‘Space Shuttle,’” Akridge recalled... support of the Shuttle. Political considerations thus influenced Shuttle planning throughout to... bay dimensions became inflexible Shuttle requirements that determined Shuttle size and wing... latitude on Shuttle. As NASA prepared to initiate Phase B Shuttle studies, it... system linking Shuttle to Station; instead, NASA argued that Shuttle was justified... a “sizable portion” of Shuttle work.56 More than Shuttle work was at... in addition to its Shuttle propulsion.57 The Shuttle management plan that... the Shuttle into orbit. Selecting Contractors Marshall would manage three Shuttle projects... 286 THE SPACE SHUTTLE tight funding constraints. “The Shuttle presented some new... the Shuttle configuration. Development of the Shuttle main engine preceded Marshall’s other Shuttle... would get enough Shuttle business to support the Shuttle and not protest... managed the SRB differently from either the other Shuttle components or other... 292 THE SPACE SHUTTLE After the selection of the Shuttle configuration in... contracts for its Shuttle projects, NASA’s system for Shuttle program management was... of Marshall’s Shuttle projects. “His technical participation in Shuttle development was as... to move its Shuttle projects into development. The Space Shuttle main engine... only expendable Shuttle element made its development different from other Shuttle projects... of the Shuttle. Similarly, the forward 308 THE SPACE SHUTTLE skirt provided... in 1976. Like other Shuttle elements, the SRB recorded historic “firsts.” Not... of the Shuttle, and tests continued concurrently on other Shuttle elements. NASA... the Shuttle program was threatening defense plans dependent on the Shuttle.216... the Shuttle thermal protection system, Marshall worried about cracks in the SRB... All of Marshall’s Shuttle elements continued development after the Shuttle’s maiden flight....246 No Shuttle element underwent more changes after the Shuttle’s first flight... on the first Shuttle flight.247 320 THE SPACE SHUTTLE Not painting... Akridge, “Space Shuttle History,” 8 January 1970, p. 2, Box 0375, Shuttle Series— MSFC Documents...: Space Shuttle Task Team, NASA folder, MSFC History Archives; Space Shuttle Phase... the Space Shuttle Program,” August 1969, 10s Apollo: Space Shuttle Task Team..., 8 April 1971, Shuttle Management/Lead Center folder, Box 1, Shuttle Series—Mauer Source Files, JSC History Office. “NASA Space Shuttle Program Management: Manned Spacecraft Center’s Recommended Plan,” 21 April 1971 Shuttle Management/Lead Center folder, Box 1, Shuttle Series—Mauer Source... May 1971, Shuttle Management/Lead Center folder, Box 1, Shuttle Series—Mauer Source... May 1971, Shuttle Management/Lead Center folder, Box 1, Shuttle Series—Mauer Source... Space Shuttle Program: A Policy Failure?”, p. 1104; Trento, pp. 112–13. “Space Shuttle... January 1972, Space Shuttle 1972 folder, MSFC History Archives. “Shuttle Booster,” Aerospace... NASA on Shuttle Booster Selection,” 23 February 1972, p. 298, Space Shuttle 1972.... “Space Shuttle System Definition Evolution,” pp. 5–7; NASA Special Release, “Space Shuttle Evolution,” 1 August 1972, Shuttle History folder, NASA Headquarters... 1972, Shuttle History folder, NASA Headquarters History Office; “Space Shuttle Evolution.” Sneed..., Myers, Headquarters Shuttle manager Charles Donlan, and Houston’s Shuttle Program manager Robert Thompson. 94 “Proposals Asked for Shuttle Solid... Lindstrom, 18 September 1973; Space ShuttleSRB 1973 folder, MSFC History Archives... Space Shuttle Program Solid Rocket Motors,” 12 December 1973, Space Shuttle-SRB 1973... Booster (SRB) 1974 folder, MSFC History Archives. 330 THE SPACE SHUTTLE 103... to Develop Space Shuttle Tank,” 16 August 1973, Space Shuttle—External Tank....18B, “Space Shuttle Management Program,” 15 March 1973, Shuttle Program Management folder..., Space Shuttle Program, NASA Headquarters, 25 July 1975, Space Shuttle Main Engine... the Space Shuttle Program,” June 1976, pp. 34–35, Space Shuttle 1976 folder, MSFC History Archives. Robert Biggs, “Space Shuttle Main... SHUTTLE 192 Covault, pp. 84–89; “SRB,” Chronology, September 1984, MSFC Documents, Shuttle Series, SRB Information 1973... Mungall, “Shuttle Program Hangs by Thread,” Today (24 May 1979); “Shuttle Problems... in Shuttle Management,” Aviation Week & Space Technology (24 September 1979); “Shuttle Problems... Shuttle Engineering,” Aviation Week & Space Technology (23 June 1980), 16; Covault, “Shuttle.... 225 MSFC Shuttle Projects Flight Evaluation Working Group, “Space Shuttle Flight Readiness...



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..., Skylab, Apollo Soyuz Test Project, Shuttle, and International Space Station (ISS... recommendation of the use of a Shuttle-derived Cargo Launch Vehicle (CaLV... the reusable Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) and Crew Module (CM) elements... vehicles for replacement of the Shuttle Orbiters as a means for human... to space. Much like today’s Shuttle system, the ESAS reference architecture... crewed lunar missions that use a Shuttle-derived CaLV to launch a Lunar... SRB-derived CLV and a new upper stage propelled by a single Space Shuttle..., whether or not the current SRB aft skirt interfaces are maintained... access at the pad for SRB Safe and Arm (S&A) device operation... the preferred approach for the Shuttle-derived concepts. What was recommended... Launch Complex 39 for the Shuttle program was again complicated by... come from the Space Shuttle program. Three Space Shuttle MLPs are available... pad (its current configuration for Shuttle). The ESAS team has recommended... Flights 1. One of the converted Shuttle MLPs, now a MLUT, is positioned... with the refurbished forward frustum, SRB aft skirt, and a new nozzle... a pre-fired single SSME. 4. A single SRB is stacked on the MLUT... stage is mated to a single SRB. 5a. The CEV, composed of... facility. 9a. A single four-segment SRB is ocean-recovered and returned... is done with Shuttle SRB recovery. 9b. Disassembled SRB components are refurbished in a similar fashion as the Space Shuttle SRBs... (ARF) near Complex 39. 10. SRB parachutes, and possibly the CEV... the RPSF along with refurbished SRB aft skirts, nozzles, and forward... occurring in the VAB. The SRB stacking occurs and the core... disassembled SRB components are refurbished in a similar fashion as the Space Shuttle... ARF near Complex 39. 10. SRB parachutes are sent to the... access can be confined to SRB S&A operations provided by mobile heavy... access is still confined to SRB S&A operations provided by mobile heavy... services transferred to the converted Shuttle MLUT, and the RSS removed... would allow the current Space Shuttle to continue departures to the... estimates assumed that three converted Shuttle MLPs for the CLVs and... in Complex 39 near the SRB segments. There is also the... modified for altitude-start. The SRB is assumed to be reusable... same manner as the Space Shuttle 7. Operations 527 Program. The CLV... assumed to be required for SRB operations. Some accommodation changes are... operations are retained. Hangar AF SRB retrieval operations are retained and... Distance (QD) restriction of 16 SRB segments in the VAB applies... access OAA LOX/LH2 servicing SRB S&A Access MLP Structure VAB Changes... System Trades The current Space Shuttle configuration of Pad 39 provides... of the current Space Shuttle FSS. The Shuttle pad current RSS is... the pad is assumed for SRB Safe and Arm (S&A) operations, as... hydrazine is maintained on the SRB Thrust Vector Control (TVC) system... designs. The availability of Space Shuttle MLPs, pads, and VAB Integration... same manner as the Space Shuttle Program and the CLV. The... be required for five-segment SRB operations. Some minor changes are... operations are retained. Hangar AF SRB retrieval operations are retained, and... current QD restriction of 16 SRB segments in the VAB applies... 12, Cost. 7.1.5.3 Reuse of SRB and CM 7.1.5.3.1 SRB Reuse Opportunities The ESAS...). The ground operations processes for SRB reuse are envisioned to follow... as that of the Space Shuttle program. This section describes some... performance capability. 7. Operations 531 The SRB’s TVC system involves two major.... (See Figure 7-10.) Figure 7-10. SRB Aft Skirt Thrust Vector Control... toxic hydrazine loaded into the SRB aft skirts drives expensive, hazardous... at Cape Canaveral’s Hangar AF SRB Disassembly Area. After the nearly... delivery to KSC’s RPSF for SRB aft booster assembly. Final hydrazine loading of the SRB TVC system occurs at the... an electric actuator and the SRB HPU with a high-pressure cold... was done with the Space Shuttle). When allocating the design life... space flight programs (particularly the Shuttle Orbiter) that this tendency destroys... Flight Center (MSFC) controls the SRB process locally in the ARF... would transition from their current Shuttle/ISS focus into supporting exploration...&E to be supported by experienced Shuttle/ISS controllers and mission support... greatly simplified compared to the Shuttle, lunar trajectory analysis and design... is to retire Shuttle simulators and mock-ups after Shuttle standdown, develop.... The MCC will require pre-Shuttle-retirement facility development to support... Shuttle can evolve to meet exploration needs, and significant amounts of Shuttle... the exploration architecture after the Shuttle stops flying in proportion to... simpler than those of the Shuttle during critical mission phases. The... preserving performance margin. For example, Shuttle upgrade studies with a Global Positioning... responsibility. For example, the Space Shuttle Program has found that the...



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... methodology is applied to the Shuttle-SRB separation problem as a test and.... Nomenclature A = axial location of the SRB reference point in SSME plume..., lb/ft2 R = radial location of SRB reference point in SSME plume.../s Xb,Yb,Zb = coordinates in SRB body axes system, ft x, y, z = relative... = angle of sideslip, deg = (SRB) – (OET), SRB and OET relative difference in angle of attack, deg = (SRB) – (OET), SRB and OET relative difference in... = NGLT = OET = POST 2 = RSRB = SEE = SRB = SSME = SSTO = STS = SVDS = TSTO... Space Shuttle Main Engine Single-Stage-To-Orbit Space Transportation System Shuttle... TSTO) and three-body (Space Shuttle solid rocket booster) separations are..., namely that of Space Shuttle solid rocket booster (SRB) separation from the... SRB from the OET was simulated. The end-to-end Space Shuttle... 19. III. Space Shuttle: Vehicle Description The Space Shuttle is designed to... retrieve from) Earth orbit. The Shuttle can deliver up to 65... Vandenberg Air Force Base. The Shuttle launch configuration consists of the... and Mach 3.75 to 4.0. The SRB lateral and vertical separation is... the aft skirts of each SRB. The BSMs provide lateral and... for reuse. A schematic illustration of SRB separation, descent and recovery is... the thrust loads from the SRB to the ET. The aft... consist of three struts. At SRB separation, the bolts holding the... and aft BSMs on each SRB are fired. The BSMs burn for about 0.7 sec. The SRB separation is complex and is... to aid separation because an SRB is coming off each side... nominal mass and inertia at SRB separation for STS-1 are given... are shown in Fig. 5. During SRB separation, the thrust produced by... Fig. 5(a). The flight parameters at SRB separation for STS-1 are presented in Table II. The SRB propulsion characteristics for STS-1 are... 18,297.0 lb (left SRB) and 24049.0 (right SRB) for STS-1 at... the time history of nominal SRB thrust tail-off for the... off from the initiation of SRB separation (with a 6 sec delay from... Table V. IV. Aerodynamic Database The Shuttle SRB separation aerodynamic database is comprised..., x, y, and z are orthogonal displacements of SRB from its mated position. The... sideslip are defined as, = (SRB) – (OET) and = (SRB) – (OET). The proximity aerodynamic... and radial locations of the SRB reference point in SSME plume... a proximity aerodynamic database for the Shuttle SRB separation was a difficult and complex... get around this difficulty, the Shuttle program developed a novel method called...), and, i = 1,2,3 for right SRB, OET and left SRB respectively. To verify proper... were obtained from the Space Shuttle Launch vehicle data book (Ref... histories of right and left SRB thrust tail-off. The time... in the attachment hardware at SRB release were not included in... of CFE/POST for STS-1 SRB separation are presented in Figs...-1 flight data, Rockwell/Boeing SVDS22 (Shuttle Vehicle Dynamic Simulation), and ConSep15... vehicle mass as a result of SRB releases. Similarly, the y and z components of SRB accelerations show a steep rise at... a discontinuity in y and z components of SRB accelerations due plume impingement. In... rolling moment coefficient for each SRB was set equal to zero... applied to the STS-1 Space Shuttle SRB separation as a further test and... and Scott Paget for providing SRB separation documentation, proximity aerodynamic data..., G.W., “Stage Separation of Parallel-Staged Shuttle Vehicles: A Capability Assessment,” Journal of... of Separation of the Space Shuttle Orbiter from a Large Transport Airplane...., Sunnyvale, CA, 2005. 21 “Space Shuttle SRB Separation Databook”, Document No. SSD97D0385... 81-0277 “Space Shuttle System Engineering Analysis Report, SRB Separation System Verification... STS 82-0570, “Space Shuttle System SRB Separation Verification For Operations,” Rockwell...,024,025.0 35,820.9 Left SRB 180,881 192,915 11... –27,923.0 7,508.0 688.0 Right SRB 181,833 241,702 11... Table II. Flight Parameters at SRB Separation for STS-1 (Ref. 22...-1 (Ref. 22) Parameter Left SRB Right SRB Propellant Mean Bulk Temperature (PMBT... IV. BSM Nominal Locations in SRB coordinates (Ref. 22) BSM No...) Parameter Left SRB Forward Left SRB Aft Right SRB Forward Right SRB Aft , deg... Length Moment Reference Point Right SRB 2690.0 sq ft 107.525 ft X = 88.27, Y = 0. Z = 0 in SRB coordinate system with origin at... with origin at nose Left SRB 2690.0 sq ft 107.525 ft X = 88.27, Y = 0. Z = 0 in SRB coordinate system with origin at... 3. Space Shuttle vehicle configuration. Figure 4. Schematic illustration of Space Shuttle staging events... reference points for STS-1. Figure 6. SRB thrust tail-off characteristics for... distances x, y and z with time during SRB separation, STS-1. Figure 13. OET... separation, STS-1. Figure 14. Left SRB: Variation of acceleration components during separation, STS-1. Figure 15. Right SRB: Variation of acceleration components during... separation, STS-1. Figure 17. Left SRB: Angular velocity components during separation, STS-1. Figure 18. Right SRB: Angular velocity components during separation...



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..., Skylab, Apollo Soyuz Test Project, Shuttle, and International Space Station (ISS... recommendation of the use of a Shuttle-derived Cargo Launch Vehicle (CaLV... the reusable Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) and Crew Module (CM) elements... vehicles for replacement of the Shuttle Orbiters as a means for human... to space. Much like today’s Shuttle system, the ESAS reference architecture... crewed lunar missions that use a Shuttle-derived CaLV to launch a Lunar... SRB-derived CLV and a new upper stage propelled by a single Space Shuttle..., whether or not the current SRB aft skirt interfaces are maintained... access at the pad for SRB Safe and Arm (S&A) device operation... the preferred approach for the Shuttle-derived concepts. What was recommended... Launch Complex 39 for the Shuttle program was again complicated by... come from the Space Shuttle program. Three Space Shuttle MLPs are available... pad (its current configuration for Shuttle). The ESAS team has recommended... Flights 1. One of the converted Shuttle MLPs, now a MLUT, is positioned... with the refurbished forward frustum, SRB aft skirt, and a new nozzle... a pre-fired single SSME. 4. A single SRB is stacked on the MLUT... stage is mated to a single SRB. 5a. The CEV, composed of... facility. 9a. A single four-segment SRB is ocean-recovered and returned... is done with Shuttle SRB recovery. 9b. Disassembled SRB components are refurbished in a similar fashion as the Space Shuttle SRBs... (ARF) near Complex 39. 10. SRB parachutes, and possibly the CEV... the RPSF along with refurbished SRB aft skirts, nozzles, and forward... occurring in the VAB. The SRB stacking occurs and the core... disassembled SRB components are refurbished in a similar fashion as the Space Shuttle... ARF near Complex 39. 10. SRB parachutes are sent to the... access can be confined to SRB S&A operations provided by mobile heavy... access is still confined to SRB S&A operations provided by mobile heavy... services transferred to the converted Shuttle MLUT, and the RSS removed... would allow the current Space Shuttle to continue departures to the... estimates assumed that three converted Shuttle MLPs for the CLVs and... in Complex 39 near the SRB segments. There is also the... modified for altitude-start. The SRB is assumed to be reusable... same manner as the Space Shuttle 7. Operations 527 WWW.NASAWATCH.COM... assumed to be required for SRB operations. Some accommodation changes are... operations are retained. Hangar AF SRB retrieval operations are retained and... Distance (QD) restriction of 16 SRB segments in the VAB applies... access OAA LOX/LH2 servicing SRB S&A Access MLP Structure VAB Changes... System Trades The current Space Shuttle configuration of Pad 39 provides... of the current Space Shuttle FSS. The Shuttle pad current RSS is... the pad is assumed for SRB Safe and Arm (S&A) operations, as... hydrazine is maintained on the SRB Thrust Vector Control (TVC) system... designs. The availability of Space Shuttle MLPs, pads, and VAB Integration... same manner as the Space Shuttle Program and the CLV. The... be required for five-segment SRB operations. Some minor changes are... operations are retained. Hangar AF SRB retrieval operations are retained, and... current QD restriction of 16 SRB segments in the VAB applies... 12, Cost. 7.1.5.3 Reuse of SRB and CM 7.1.5.3.1 SRB Reuse Opportunities The ESAS...). The ground operations processes for SRB reuse are envisioned to follow... as that of the Space Shuttle program. This section describes some... 531 WWW.NASAWATCH.COM The SRB’s TVC system involves two major.... (See Figure 7-10.) Figure 7-10. SRB Aft Skirt Thrust Vector Control... toxic hydrazine loaded into the SRB aft skirts drives expensive, hazardous... at Cape Canaveral’s Hangar AF SRB Disassembly Area. After the nearly... delivery to KSC’s RPSF for SRB aft booster assembly. Final hydrazine loading of the SRB TVC system occurs at the... an electric actuator and the SRB HPU with a high-pressure cold... was done with the Space Shuttle). When allocating the design life... space flight programs (particularly the Shuttle Orbiter) that this tendency destroys... Flight Center (MSFC) controls the SRB process locally in the ARF... would transition from their current Shuttle/ISS focus into supporting exploration...&E to be supported by experienced Shuttle/ISS controllers and mission support... greatly simplified compared to the Shuttle, lunar trajectory analysis and design... is to retire Shuttle simulators and mock-ups after Shuttle standdown, develop.... The MCC will require pre-Shuttle-retirement facility development to support... Shuttle can evolve to meet exploration needs, and significant amounts of Shuttle... the exploration architecture after the Shuttle stops flying in proportion to... simpler than those of the Shuttle during critical mission phases. The... preserving performance margin. For example, Shuttle upgrade studies with a Global Positioning... responsibility. For example, the Space Shuttle Program has found that the...



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... .........................2 Space Shuttle Program Major Sites ...............3 Space Shuttle Flights to Date ...................4 Space Shuttle Hardware... Management .......8 Space Flight Operations Contract ...9 Shuttle Development .............1 11 Mission Summaries .............14... booster (SRB); and look forward to the 100th Space Shuttle flight in mid 2000. Our most experienced Orbiter, the Space Shuttle..., for major modifications, while Space Shuttle Atlantis completed its major modification... the Shuttle well into the next S PA C E S HUTTLE P R O G R A M 1999 A N N U A L R E P O R T 1 Space Shuttle Program... Shuttle Program Major Sites Space Shuttle Program Marshall Space Flight Center Space Shuttle Projects Office Reusable Solid Rocket Motor Huntsville, AL • SSME • SRB... Personnel RONALD D. DITTEMORE, MANAGER SPACE SHUTTLE PROGRAM Donald R. McMonagle, Manager Launch..., Manager Space Shuttle Program Integration WilliamJ. Harris, Manager Space Shuttle Program Safety and Mission Assurance M. D. Erminger, Manager Space Shuttle SR..., Manager Space Shuttle Systems Integration Office D. A. Schaller, Manager Space Shuttle Administrative Office R. H. Heselmeyer, Manager Space Shuttle Management Integration Office J. B. Costello, Manager Space Shuttle Business Office R. M. Swalin, Manager Space Shuttle Customer and Flight Integration Office R. L. Segert, Manager Space Shuttle KSC Integration Office Space Shuttle Headquarters Office Flight..., Manager Space Shuttle Program Development R. R. Roe, Jr., Manager Space Shuttle Vehicle Engineering Office A. A. McCool, Manager Space Shuttle Projects Office... P R O G R A M 1999 A N N U A L R E P O R T 10 Space Shuttle Upgrade Strategic Plan Space Shuttle Upgrade, Strategic Plan... Space Shuttle Upgrade Strategic Plan Space Shuttle Development Conference The first Space Shuttle..., flight operations, propulsion, avionics, advanced shuttle first stage, cockpit, power systems... Space Shuttle of the 21st Century and space commercialization. The Space Shuttle.... Space Shuttle Upgrades The SSPDOapproved approximately $95 million for Shuttle upgrade activities... S PA C E S HUTTLE P R O G R A M 1999 A N N U A L R E P O R T 12 Space Shuttle Upgrade Strategic Plan Integrated Vehicle... Pad Servicing SCAPE Suit Improvement Shuttle Upgrades Technical Content Summary (highlighting.... ❖ S PA C E S HUTTLE P R O G R A M 1999 A N N U A L R E P O R T 13 Space Shuttle Program Mission Summeries STS-95... deployed and retrieved using the Shuttle’s mechanical arm. Information collected during... S PA C E S HUTTLE P R O G R A M 1999 A N N U A L R E P O R T 14 Space Shuttle Program Mission Summaries (6) Two GAS.... ❖ S PA C E S HUTTLE P R O G R A M 1999 A N N U A L R E P O R T 15 Space Shuttle Program Mission Summeries STS-88..., Science and Technology Teachers. The Shuttle Ionospheric Modification with Pulsed Local.... S PA C E S HUTTLE P R O G R A M 1999 A N N U A L R E P O R T 16 Space Shuttle Program Mission Summaries STS-96... International Networking Equipment (STARSHINE), the Shuttle Vibration Forces Experiment (SVF) and... S PA C E S HUTTLE P R O G R A M 1999 A N N U A L R E P O R T 17 Space Shuttle Program Mission Summaries STS-93... S PA C E S HUTTLE P R O G R A M 1999 A N N U A L R E P O R T 18 Space Shuttle Program Mission Summaries experiments in... Set of Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster Flight Hardware N ASA’s Space Shuttle SRB program... Shuttle mission won’t lift off until next year. But when the Shuttle... the Shuttle’s ET was quickly followed by a broader panorama of SRB separation... Shuttle Main Engine High-Pressure Fuel Turbopump Development/Certification Status Space Shuttle... Facility S PA C E S H U T T L E P R O G R A M 1 9 9 9 A N N U A L R E P O R T 20 Marshall – Space Shuttle Main Engine SMEE Aft Manifold... Chart S PA C E S H U T T L E P R O G R A M 1 9 9 9 A N N U A L R E P O R T 21 Marshall – Space Shuttle Main Engine qualify the accelerometer... year in the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL), the Shuttle Training Aircraft..., “Methodology for Conduct of Space Shuttle Program Hazard Analyses.” These requirements... future changes in the Space Shuttle configuration and operation. ❖ Vehicle Standardization... performance enhancement upgrades to the Shuttle System. Following appropriate studies, Program... Shuttle Command Server became fully operational in FY99. The new Shuttle Command... S PA C E S H U T T L E P R O G R A M 1 9 9 9 A N N U A L R E P O R T 40 Kennedy Space Center – Shuttle Processing Checkout and Launch Control... S PA C E S H U T T L E P R O G R A M 1 9 9 9 A N N U A L R E P O R T 41 Kennedy Space Center – Shuttle Processing Fixed Service Structure elevators... Center – Shuttle Processing Y2K Compliance and Certification Test T he Space Shuttle Program...



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... Space Shuttle Program. Thus, the known environmental impacts of the Space Shuttle... analyses documented by the Space Shuttle Program, and in Environmental Resources... comparable to the historic Space Shuttle launch schedule. In addition, vehicular...). The impacts associated with Space Shuttle launches have been well-characterized... assessment programs associated with Space Shuttle launches have led to a better....6 miles [mi]) away following a Space Shuttle launch. Although the HCl deposition... same type of SRB propulsion as does the Space Shuttle, as would... to those documented for Space Shuttle launches (KSC 2007a). Specifically, the... acidic deposition associated with Space Shuttle launches would be expected from... the Space Shuttle. Differences in local environmental effects between Space Shuttle and... solid propellant in each SRB than the Space Shuttle, would release more emissions overall than the Space Shuttle. The... be similar to the Space Shuttle (i.e., negligible). When launches are planned... open ocean under the Space Shuttle flight path. 4-6 Final Constellation Programmatic... Boom [a] Space Shuttle Orbiter — — 101 N/m2 maximum. (2.1 psf) Space Shuttle SRB Casing — — 96 to 144 N/m2 (2 to 3 psf) Space Shuttle External... ascending Space Shuttle, with the atmospheric entry of jettisoned SRB casings, and... Shuttle, and the Ares V overpressures may be similar to the Space Shuttle. For Space Shuttle launches, after SRB separation the Space Shuttle and... such short exposure; consequently, Space Shuttle launch acoustic impacts have been... a startle response occurred during Space Shuttle launches, but within 10 minutes... would be Ares launches. Space Shuttle launches typically result in a temporary... Ares V SRBs would follow Space Shuttle legacy procedures. However, the Constellation... would be performed following Space Shuttle protocols where applicable, and could... Blast Overpressures for a Hypothetical Space Shuttle Launch Accident Scenario Debris risks... for the Space Shuttle. As with the Space Shuttle, prior to an... of Distance for a Hypothetical Space Shuttle Launch Accident Scenario Distance from... of Distance for a Hypothetical Space Shuttle Launch Accident Scenario The estimated... locations resulting from postulated Space Shuttle accidents are well within applicable... have been documented following Space Shuttle launches. They include destruction of... currently experienced under the Space Shuttle Program. 4.1.1.2.11 Environmental Justice The... Action would utilize legacy Space Shuttle Program facilities; therefore, there would... Program. Assembly of the Space Shuttle External Tanks includes activities that... been experienced under the Space Shuttle Program. Thus, Constellation Program activities... currently experienced under the Space Shuttle Program. Currently, MAF uses the... would primarily use legacy Space Shuttle Program and current International Space... currently experienced under the Space Shuttle and International Space Station Programs... currently experienced under the Space Shuttle Program. 4.1.1.5.11 Environmental Justice The... motor hardware for the Space Shuttle Program. 4.1.2.1.1 Land Resources Activities described... materials used for the Space Shuttle solid rocket motors (acrylonitrile butadiene... amount of insulation as a Space Shuttle SRB (15,500 kg [34,000...]). Propellants As for the Space Shuttle Program solid rocket motors, propellant... Millions of Pounds* Constellation Space Shuttle Total Program Program 0 4.1 4.1 0 9.7 9.7 4.1 9.7 13.8 0 4.4 4.4 4.1 0 4.1 5.5 0 5.5 6.9 0 6.9 6.9 0 6.9 9.6 0 9.6 9.6 0 9.6 8.2 0 8.2 5.5 0 5.5 9.6 0 9.6 9.6 0 9.6 9.6 0 9.6 See... currently experienced under the Space Shuttle Program. 4.1.2.1.11 Accidents Accidents associated... May 2, 2007, a train transporting Space Shuttle solid rocket motors and a passenger... currently imposed on the Space Shuttle Program. 4.1.3.1 Normal Launch Ares I Launch... currently used for the Space Shuttle SRB recovery. The Constellation Program is... currently practiced for the Space Shuttle SRB recovery. The Constellation Program is... Shuttle Program, JSC Range Safety uses models developed after the Space Shuttle... Constellation Systems 8,000 6,000 Space Shuttle 4,000 International Space Station 2,000... profile and mission. The Space Shuttle SRB propellants are consumed in approximately... km (30 mi). The Space Shuttle SRB propellant consumption rates as a function... calculated for the Space Shuttle. The Space Shuttle chlorine release rate is... greater persistence than for Space Shuttle launches. Because the flight trajectories... the close of the Space Shuttle Program, substantial adverse socioeconomic impacts... similar activities under the Space Shuttle Program (e.g., GRC), such activities would... with the Space Shuttle Program until the Space Shuttle is retired. However... Apollo Program and the Space Shuttle Program. Therefore, the projected cumulative... facilities which support the Space Shuttle Program and commercial contractors such...



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... Rocket Boosters for the Space Shuttle Steven S. Pietrobon, Member, BIS Abstract... Shuttle is investigated as a replacement for the existing solid rocket boosters (SRB... as that of the current SRB’s, computer simulations indicate that payload.... Index Terms — hydrogen peroxide, space shuttle, liquid rocket boosters. I. INTRODUCTION T HE... Space Shuttle has a number of advantages compared to solid rocket boosters (SRB... choice of propellant for Space Shuttle LRB’s has traditionally been liquid... values are for the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) and RD... the propellant used in the SRB. The bulk density of AP... same propellant mass as the SRB of 501.8 t (1 t = 1000 kg). Since... be almost identical to the SRB. Our next assumption is that... various elements of the Space Shuttle at lift–off. A lightweight external... 2 gives a cross section of the SRB and LRB designs for comparison... 3.71 m (the same as the SRB) is assumed for the LRB... Shuttle masses at lift–off (all masses in tonnes). Booster SRB Booster... thrust to lift the Space Shuttle safely away from the pad... as provided by the current SRB’s). With each LRB having 8545... sea level thrust, the Space Shuttle could only survive one SSME... the Space Shuttle will initially be accelerating slower than with SRB’s, there... Shuttle with LRB’s trajectory simulation programs were written for the Space Shuttle with SRB’s and LRB’s. Each program... increments at 15.6 C of the SRB’s [5] was used in the simulation... other parameters of the Space Shuttle [1,2,6,7]. Only two parameters are required... attack after SRB or LRB separation. After pitch over the shuttle follows... of attack is zero. After SRB or LRB separation the angle... that use optimal algorithms). After SRB or LRB separation there is... time, respectively, for the Space Shuttle SRB’s and LRB’s. A DOS executable and... off much slower than the SRB’s. However, the higher ve of... pass and then exceed the SRB’s. This 5 reduces the required Dv....2 kPa at T+41.5 s for the SRB’s (a 13% decrease). In [1] maxQ is... which closely agrees with our SRB simulation results. At MECO the....45° circular where the Space Shuttle is specified as being able... than 203.7 km. For the SRB’s MECO occured at 84.5 km... identical in size to the SRB, only minimal changes will be... be possible to use both SRB’s and LRB’s on the same... LRB’s afloat. As for the SRB, waterproofing of areas containing mechanical... rocket booster for the Space Shuttle could be used that is... Flight Center for providing the SRB thrust curves and Peter Armstrong... reference,” June 1988. [7] D. R. Jenkins, “Space shuttle: The history of developing the...,” Walsworth, Marceline, 1993. 9 [8] S. S. Pietrobon, “Space Shuttle simulation program,” Dec. 1997. http....com.au/steven/space/shuttle/sim/ [9] S. S. Pietrobon, “Space Shuttle liquid rocket booster....sworld.com.au/steven/space/shuttle/sim/lrb.zip [10] W. von.... 10 16 18 20 H2O2 SRB LRB Aft Parachute Pod Kero Figure 2: Comparison of SRB and LRB design. 11 8000 7000 6000 LRB SRB Speed (m/s) 5000 4000 3000 2000... Shuttle trajectory (speed versus time). 100 90 80 70 LRB SRB Altitude... 300 Time (s) 400 Figure 4: Space Shuttle trajectory (altitude versus time). 12...