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12015-05-27. Космический аппарат Star One C4 доставлен на космодром во Французской Гвиане.
Первый из двух бразильских космических аппаратов компании Embratel Star One доставлен на космодром Куру. В дальнейшем предполагается начать его подготовку к запуску с помощью ракеты-носителя Ариан 5-ЕСА. В настоящее время орбитальная группировка оператора составляет семь аппаратов, которые постепенно обновляются посредством новых пусков. Тэги: Star One C4Космодром КуруSpace Systems LoralStar One

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.... -iii- CONTENTS Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... iii PART ONE: HIGHLIGHTS IN SPACE TECHNOLOGY AND..., abbreviations and definitions ............................................................................................214 -v- PART ONE HIGHLIGHTS IN SPACE TECHNOLOGY AND... penetrating cosmic dust to study star formation. ESA collaborates with JAXA... might be found close to a star, and not in the frigid... successfully inflated it. Genesis-1 is a one-quarter-scale prototype for the... a total of 28 launches, including one failure. The $6.4-billion acquisition of... with a third stage powered by a Star-48 solid-propellant motor, converting... by Orbital Sciences on its Star-2 bus. The Ariane ECA model... on OSC’s new line of Star 2.4 platforms. It weighs 2.35 tonnes... 10 universities worldwide and including one from the Aerospace Corporation (USA... contractor; OSC will provide the Star-2 platform and will be responsible... for fixed communication services and one Sband transponder for mobile communications... icemonitoring spacecraft to replace the one lost after a launch failure in... samples from two external experiments, one monitoring thrusterjet contamination and the... Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City, Russia. The Malaysian will... telescope had discovered a third small star in the Polaris system, confirming... the previously identified double North Star was actually composed of three... the main star, despite the fact that the main star is 2,000... Astrium (France) for the Gaia star-mapping satellite. Gaia is scheduled... of Hipparcus, the previous ESA star-mapper. Specific mission targets are... penetrate cosmic dust to study star formation. ESA collaborates with JAXA... in the agency’s “Living with a Star programme”, planned for launch in...-day heliocentric orbits, one ahead of Earth and one behind, to provide... the Lorri instrument photographed Messier-7, a star cluster in the Milky Way... might be found close to a star, and not in the frigid... radiation and cosmic rays; a prototype star-tracker and data-logger developed... educational institution, offering $10,000 one-year competitive scholarships to minority... Council reaffirmed its commitment to one of Europe’s primary space projects...-Chinese cooperation in the Double Star science satellite programme. The EU... Council reaffirmed its commitment to one of Europe’s primary space projects... a new Director of the Organization. One proposal would extend IMSO's oversight... with Argentina involving two projects. One is a cooperative agreement with the..., business customers continue to represent one of the most attractive market... (USA). AirLaunch LLC (USA) received a one-year, $17.8-million contract from... a total of 28 launches, including one failure. -96- The Satellite Industry..., Netherlands SingTel Optus,Australia/Singapore Star One, Brazil Space Communications, Japan 1,480... initial testing and evaluation successfully. One of the major objectives of... 4° x 5° or 1.9° x 2.5°. Vertical resolution is approximately one-half of the local scale... by the International Living With a Star (ILWS) programme which it is... mission including the Chinese Double Star satellites, have directly observed it... as the result of Double Star, a ground-breaking collaboration involving ESA... the Cluster and the Double Star TC-1 satellites, a team of American... capability of Cluster and Double Star to provide the microscope into... and the new Living With a Star (LWS) programme is the Solar... will be offset from one another in orbit. One observatory will be... launched for NASA’s Living With a Star (LWS) Program, a programme designed to... of nominally one year in Mercury orbit, with a possible one-year extension... the dust and gas in star-forming regions in the Milky... The Sun is a relatively ordinary star by cosmic standards, but its... of October 2006. ‘Living With a Star (LWS)’ was initiated by NASA... into the ‘International Living With a Star (ILWS)’programme. This includes the... Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) mission, one of NASA’s Programme for Small... Ulysses, Wind, ACE, Cluster, Double Star, carry instruments that provide relevant... mission in the ‘Living With a Star’ (LWS) programme of NASA, and... well with NASA’s ‘Living with a Star’ programme. ESA is studying the... a cryogenic version which achieves about one thousand times higher accuracy is... anomalous release events, and possibly one low-energy collision were noted... side, the International Living with a Star (ILWS) programme offers a framework for... areas of planetary protection activities. One area is further policy development... Astronautical Federation (IAF) for Part One (Highlights in Space Technology and... DMC DOAS DOE DORIS Double Star EANA ECMWF ISS laboratory module... Working Group International Living With a Star program Imager for Magnetopause-to... penetrator mission (ISAS) Living With a Star Mountain and Convective Waves Ascending... Chinese "Tan Ce", the Double Star spacecraft Technical Committee Total Electron...



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0.03/5
...-G announced that flights aboard G-Force One were to be marketed exclusively..., five with SES (Luxembourg) and one each with Rascom (Ivory Coast... malfunction of a pressure regulator in one of the vehicle’s four liquid... inclination of 20.7 degrees was one degree off. Nevertheless the 2,135...’s launch abort system, one in 2008 and one in 2009, each consisting... launch permits on 6 April. Each one-year permit covers unlimited launches.... Astrium envisions weekly flights by one of their planned initial fivecraft... deployment system, was 9.4 tonnes and one of the heaviest ever for... on a 5-kWe version of OSC’s Star-2 bus with two deployable reflectors.... Globalstar also re-introduced an E-Star Emergency rate plan costing $30... satellite-compatible television set and one year of service, as well... within Libya, a shareholder in Thuraya, one of which was a military facility... 2009, will carry two imagers, one with 2.5-m black-and-white resolution... System and Geographical Information System. One of the four satellites launched... Technology Limited (SSTL, UK) and one by Algeria from EADS Astrium... four-satellite constellation would permit one revisit every two days, necessary... delayed the Shuttle landing by one day, finally managed to retract... Control Center managed to restart one channel of the three redundant... periods for the Shuttle crews. One of the first tasks completed... be dedicated to a specific use; e.g., one with minimal astronaut activity that... be used for microgravity experiments; one in a high-inclination orbit for...-2008, possibly followed by a second one, before the full 520-day... October 2011, and subsequently to one mission in each class for... Pathfinder mission (see prior reports). One of the astrophysics mission concepts.... In the space exploration category, one prospect is Laplace, a proposal to... failure to operate in only one channel, the far ultraviolet. NASA... of Jupiter, orbiting a yellow dwarf star similar to the Sun located... was either the collapse of a star into a black hole, leaving no... residue, or a collision between a neutron star and a black hole. NASA Goddard..., and the satellite subsequently imaged one of the most massive pairs... crossed in front of its star; the presence of water was... of solar coronal mass ejections. One of the twin spacecraft entered... been slowly separating by about one degree per week, broadening their... the joint European-Chinese Double Star programme was being extended by... in space exploration, which is one of ISRO’s current goals, and... the Martian surface. For example, one surprise finding was that a parachute still remained attached to one of the landers. NASA’s 10... subsatellites named VRAD and Relay. One purpose of the year-long... expected to have a precision of one meter or better. Selene’s instrument... for further study. Two proposals, one by the University of Maryland and one by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight... its three reaction control wheels. One of the ion thrusters was... Large Deployable Antenna Reflectors (LDARs), one of which, at 40 x 40 m, makes Kiku one of the world’s biggest geostationary... Flight Center. With a thickness of one carbon atom, the single-walled..., under cloud-free conditions, although one test was conducted with light... expelled in two main clusters, one at sufficiently low altitude (down...), and Orbital Sciences Corporation (USA) one each. The same review reported....99% of Brazil’s fleet operator Star One, 34% of Hong Kong’s AsiaSat... for North American markets and one for South America, but cancelled... military communications satellite and Brazil’s Star One C1 telecommunications platform. This was... orbit. Arianespace plans to launch one more Ariane 5 mission before the... on the Sesat 1 satellite.MultiChoice, one of the leading pay-TV... jets flying over Europe. The D-Star aero service is used by... battling Cisco for the Number One market position. Several other municipalities... satellites. The agreement is a cooperative one that identifies the only exchange... its services. As India represents one of the world’s largest DTH... contracted with Time dotCom (Time), one of Malaysia's leading telcos, to... as well. TimedotCom, which is one of the most progressive telephone... a pair of satellite operating stations, one in the northern part of..., originally an Argentinean company and one of the first VSAT networks... be received and processed at one of Brazil’s earth stations. This... and transmission subsystems, MDA announced. One of the advanced communication satellite... data services. Telesat also has one of the satellite industry's largest... use of communications satellite capacity. One aim of the new commission... Baikonur. The satellite, “Libertad 1”, was one of 14 launched into space... can be figured to within one millionth of a second, velocity within... under the Regulatory Flexibility Act. One commissioner in the FCC commented... The report states that whether one's focus is on military, civil... of the X-Prize winner, SpaceShip One, was acquired in early July...áutico - Espacial (CIDA-E), which is one of the few research centers...



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... similar designs, problems experienced with one satellite may be experienced with... difficulties or financial difficulties at one of these satellite manufacturers. Further... event of prolonged problems at one of its secondary suppliers. The... million of coverage for any one occurrence. The Group’s insurance policies... with governmental customers are typically one year. If SES is unsuccessful... experience in their fields. If one of these employees were to... holds an amount equal to one or more denominations. If Certificates... trading market when issued, and one may never develop. If a market... Reset Interest Determination Date only one or none of the Reset... passing an Extraordinary Resolution is one or more persons holding or... at any adjourned such meeting one or more persons holding or representing not less than one-quarter in principal amount of... writing may be contained in one document or several documents in... rating (as described above), lowered one full rating category (for example... Period means the period from one Reset Date to (but excluding... Operating Measures This Prospectus includes one non-financial operating measure used... with government customers are typically one year. The Group’s largest customers... the satellite launches and the one-year period following those launches... The Group does business in one operating segment, namely the provision... payments falling due Within one year Total After one year but not... revolving credit facility with two one-year extension options at the... million for the investment in one geostationary satellite (QuetzSat-1). At the..., this programme was extended for one further year. As of 31... falling due Total Within one year After one year but not more... with government customers are typically one year. The Group’s largest customers... operator NSAB and Brazilian operator Star One. In 1998, the Issuer opened... such as in AsiaSat and Star One. In a €1.2 billion spin-off transaction... Group entered into a partnership with Star Satellite Communications Company PJSC (YahSat...-15 satellites. Gogo has signed one of the largest satellite capacity... will generally cover more than one geographic region. • Government. Contracts with... are generally no longer than one year in length, as government... of which cover more than one market. For information on which... neighbourhood, an education neighbourhood and one of the strongest faithbased broadcast... indirectly) include, among others, DishTV, one of the largest DTH operators in Asia, Bharti Airtel, one of the leading telecommunications companies... of VSAT services, Tata Communications, one of the largest telecommunications companies... location. In the event that one centre is unavailable or disabled... and initial in-orbit insurance (i.e., one policy typically covers the launch and an initial period (usually one year) after the launch), as... for its satellites. Launch plus one year (L+1) insurance provides coverage from the moment of launch until one year in orbit thereafter, in... in YahLive’s investment plan, and one party does not agree to... Luxembourg. These headquarters also house one of the Group’s main offices and one of the prime satellite operations... in the Stock Appreciation Rights (STAR) Plan. Under this plan, stock... extension by sending written notice one month prior to the expected... term sheet. Currently, Luxembourg has one appointed commissioner who may participate... decide any appeal within twenty-one (21) days. The articles of... services. In the case of one of these entities, SES suspended... satellite. The GRA waived for one year the requirement that the... international in nature (i.e., uplinked from one country and received in another... audiovisual services properly licenced in one EU Member State can be... Class A or B, is entitled to one vote. In accordance with the... order for the proportion of one issued Class B Share for two... economic rights of one Class B Share compared to one Class A Share are... or under the control of one person, the ownership of Shares... order for the proportion of one issued B Share for two issued... as Fiduciary. Each FDR represents one Class A Share. If a holder of... by the Board of Directors. One or more shareholders owning together... with internal regulations, at least one-third of the Board of... relation to this management, to one or several Directors, managers or... create from time to time, one or several committees composed of... shareholders of Class A Shares, and one from among the Directors nominated...,000 per year. A Director chairing one of the committees set up.... A director participating in more than one Committee meeting on the same... receive the attendance fee for one meeting only. Half of the... Class A or B, is entitled to one vote. In accordance with the... representatives. Each Partner may appoint one representative (a Representative) from time to... the Securities where at least one party is a financial institution, and at least one party is established in a participating... to English Law: Linklaters LLP One Silk Street London EC2Y 8HQ...



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..., CSIS has grown to become one of the world’s preeminent public... and space exploration can be one path toward restoring the traditional... ESTRELA DU SOL-TELSTAR 14 STAR ONE C1 STAR ONE C2 MORELOS 2 MORELOS 1 SOLIDARIDAD... been lost on Brazil. Its star in world affairs has been... its space program is a civilian one. There has been no indication... are essential to projecting power. One path would be to use... and space exploration can be one path toward restoring the traditional...



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... situation that SES developed into one of the world largest commercial... are coherent with respect to one another and relevant with respect... private sector. The Ministry is one of the supervisory authorities of... committee. It is composed of one president and 14 members, nominated..., such initiatives remain focused on one specific mission and do not... for the multinational operation of one A400M aircraft. The core capability... high participation or leadership in one ESA programme of strategic interest... situation that SES developed into one of the world largest commercial... data sales is the only one independent of the satellite system... revenues derive from satellite; only one has satellite integration capability for..., then SES becomes the number one recipient with a total of €15... Support. The company has become one of the world’s largest commercial... Ground Station System and Networks  One of the business lines of..., the company has had only one minor contract in the space... 40 years Luxembourg has become one of the world’s most prosperous countries and one of the leading financial centres... be associated to at least one of the traditional (or emerging... Astrium and Thales generate about one third of the total revenues... countries in Europe Luxembourg is one of the most recent members... and geospatial information. Europe being one of the world largest media... different capabilities and clients:  on one hand, the nanosatellite suppliers that... by Comdev and Hisdesat). A third one emerges backed by Norwegian interests...) sharing the same external antenna. One was provided by Luxembourg (LUXAIS...  Privileged relations of LuxSpace with one of the two 2nd generation... Eumetsat (Meteosat Third Generation) and one for Astrium Services (European Data... the SmallGEO platform LuxSpace is one of the subsidiaries of OHB... technology and the associated electronics Star tracker : concept with remote S/W in... assemblies to be manufactured in one shot. So far, Luxembourg does... billion. EDRS is the only one to be financed through a PPP... and in space  Data centres (one per segment, see table below... and data distribution  Service centres (one per Segment) - to deliver data... Services, Deutsche Telekom) to offer one-stop shopping solutions to their... satellite services SES has been one of the few winners of... co-development activities in Luxembourg. One way to prepare the satellite.... commercial contracts changes significantly from one company to the other29. Whereas..., then SES becomes the number one recipient with a total of €15... modest or no benefit. On one hand, SES, the largest company... and information collection, even if one company regrets its focus on... flagship space start-up, employs one Luxembourger; only 20% of SES... Toulouse (France), Observatory of Belgium Star One (Brazil) JAXA (Japan) NASA JPL... are coherent with respect to one another and relevant with respect...



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... Worley – long one of the world’s leading double star observers with the... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Eclipsing Binaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Multiple Star Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Cataclysmic Binaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21...flecting Telescopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Catadioptric Telescopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eyepieces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Star Diagonals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Barlow Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Micrometers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Photographic... . . . . . . . New Pair Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Founding a Double Star Observers’ Society . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 61 61... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Double and Multiple Star Observing Lists. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 One Hundred Showpiece Double and... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Double Star Designations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Double and Multiple Star Working List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101... term “double star” to mean both double and multiple star systems. The...- Figure 1.3. One of the 20th century’s greatest professional double star astronomers was... of a nearby star with respect to a more distant one caused by the... involves imaging a target star against a more distant starfield, which is used... the bright star passes in front of the dim one, reducing its... was caused by a dark star eclipsing a bright one as it revolved around... of one star covers or uncovers the edge of the other one. Between... the numerous variable star organizations throughout the world. Multiple Star Systems As... sporadic ejection of mass from one star’s extended atmosphere onto the other... a planet orbiting a multiple star system, in which one or more suns are... supposed nearer star with respect to the more distant one as the... mass with each other, or one star’s outer atmosphere is spilling over... on the sky). In one configuration, neither star fills its lobe. A second configuration is where just one of... of the star. This material may then transfer from one sun to... smaller star in these systems was originally the more massive one of... into the smaller star’s lobe. While the larger star continues to lose its mass in this manner, the smaller one... neither star fills its Lagrangian lobe or surface. The middle one indicates... that of a stable main sequence star. One of the theories of just... surrounding a 9th-magnitude star. Staring directly at the star, there is no... one of their standard tools of trade. So, too, have double star... the secondary star with respect to the primary or brighter one. Of... the right is Herschel’s Wonder Star (␤ Monocerotis), one of the finest visual...”. This means that a bright star and faint star right next to each... is the “old” Norton’s Star Atlas – any one of the 17 editions... of one star’s diffraction pattern intersects the center of the other star’s central... been done by double star observers towards determining one. Derivation of such.... One fascinating early attempt at arriving empiricially at a better double star resolution... the July 2000 issue. One, entitled “Double-Star Measurement Made Easy” by... observer. Burnham, one of America’s most famous double star observers, did much... and Multiple Star Observing Lists Double and Multiple Star Observing Lists 75... Star Observing Lists 3″ 2.5″, 7″ 13″ 378″ 27″ 6″ 20″ 30″ 0.9″, 6″ 22″ 0.7″ 6″ Sep Table 7.1. One... 7.1. One Hundred Showpiece Double and Multiple Stars (continued) Double and Multiple Star... multiple star with faint triple ⌺761 (8.0, 8.5, 9.0, 68″, 8″) in field; all one system... Star Observing Lists 41″ 18″ 1.8″ 14″, 709″ 4″ 337″ 22″ 4″ 8″ 0.9″ 2.3″ Sep Table 7.1. One... by reporting them to one of several double star organizations takes you... groups coordinating and reporting double star observations, one in the U.K. and the... international double and multiple star observer’s society – one personally founded by you... periodical Double Star Observer and author of The Double Star Observer’s Handbook... Tycho Double Star E.T.H. Teague Appendices Table A2. Codes for Star Designations (continued... Table A3. Double and Multiple Star Working List 4.0, 4.3 6.8, 7.6 6.2, 8.6 6.2, 6.9 6.0, 6.4 6.3, 6.3 8.4, 8.9 5.7–6.1, 9.4 5.4, 8.7 2.2, 8.9 6.3, 6.4 4.4, 8.6 5.5, 5.8 7.6, 8.4 7.0, 7.3 6.0, 7.6 6.7, 7.5 5.4, 9.4 6.1, 6.2 6.6, 6.9 5.9, 7.3 7.6–10, 8.7 Mags 1.4″ 33... Tau to intermediate star – 10.46 revolutions. Intermediate star to 27 Tau... Tau to intermediate star – 14.53 revolutions. Intermediate star to 28 Tau... Sky & Telescope, Astronomy and Star & Sky magazines. One of the contributors to..., 61 Double star catalogues and designations, 55, 94 Double star observers’ society... types/classes, 75, 101 Star atlases, 55 Star diagonals, 48 Steele, J.D., 61...



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..., however, represented in the maps. Star clusters are indicated by a conventional... the night is a fine one the star image will be quiescent, and... notice a little bluish star, the mere ghost of a star in a small telescope... the star image when in focus has a sort of wing on one..., besides a profusion of star-clusters and nebulæ, including one of the supreme... was an exceedingly close double star. No one except Burnham himself succeeded... streams, one of which decidedly suggested spiral motion. The upper star in...°. Above the uppermost star in the Sword is a small star cluster, No... "52 Orionis." It consists of one star of the sixth and another...-magnitude star at 27", p. 183°, and a tenth or eleventh magnitude one at... 3", or a little less, p. 322°; 905, star cluster, contains about twenty stars..., p. 85°; 1376, star cluster, small and crowded; 1361, star cluster, triangular shape, containing thirty stars, seventh to tenth magnitudes, one..., distance 2.5", p. 360°; the third-magnitude star alpha has a tenth-magnitude companion... left of the star just examined is a beautiful star cluster, No. 1551... fifth-magnitude star, combined with a blue or lilac star of the seventh... find an interesting cluster containing one star of the sixth magnitude. The... has a minute triple star near the center; 1483, one member of whose... combination of a yellow with a blue star, magnitudes four and eight, distance... about one hundred and thirty to one. 45 In the double star pi... star, its principal component being a little under the third magnitude, while one... the way to one of the 47 finest star clusters in the... the seventh, distance 7", p. 200°; 1712, star cluster, very beautiful with the... the light of the new star, one of which was approaching the... to the double star 14, but unfortunately the star is at present... 2.4", p. 158°. Leo contains a remarkable variable star, R, deep red in color, and...°, combines an orange with a lilac star, a very striking and beautiful contrast... impressiveness from the presence of one bright star that seems to captain... a somewhat remarkable variable, R Hydræ. This star occasionally reaches magnitude three and.... Sigma 1846 is a fifth-magnitude star with a tenth-magnitude companion, distance... he looks at the star first from one side and then from... the star's light to sunlight may be taken as about one twenty... nearly six, distance 3.6", p. 45°. Smaller star light red; iota, magnitudes four... the larger star, the smaller one being blue. There are one or two... star 25 (Sigma 1768) is a close binary with a period estimated at one... we find one that is still more remarkable, the star gamma. What... star had two different sources, each giving a spectrum peculiar to itself. One... the new star in Auriga in 1893. But the star in Corona... 7", p. 70°. A still more remarkable star, although one of its components is beyond... Burnham's discoveries) the fourth-magnitude star itself is double, distance 0.8", p. about... of Tycho's star in 1572, the brightest temporary star of which we...) lies in its assemblage of star clusters. One of these, No. 4361... and violet. The star cluster 4400 is about one quarter as broad... a half, distance 7.4", p. 150°. The smaller star has a companion of the twelfth... larger star is of magnitude three, and the smaller, the blue one... and eight, distance 3.8", p. 177° (a third star of magnitude seven and a half... larger star is light blue and the smaller one yellowish. The little star... star is bluish. The variable R has a period about a week short of one... they are widest 6.7". This star is one 90 of those whose parallax... one hundred and thirty-six. We begin in Hercules with the star.... There is a central star, and another fainter star is involved in the... of three hundred and fifty-one days. Star cluster No. 4440 is... a fifth star of the ninth magnitude is seen on one side of... indicated by the star beta, also known as Albireo, one of the... five-and-a-half-magnitude star with a lilac star of magnitude seven and... small star in epsilon appears, in the telescope, underneath the large one... stray light surrounding a comparatively bright star tends to conceal a faint companion..., distance 28.5", p. 0°. The fourth-magnitude star 41 has several faint companions... 1.26", p. 202°. The star 52 has two companions, one of which is... No. 24). The leading star alpha marks one corner of the great square of Pegasus. The first star... nebulæ into stars and star clusters. No one can look at a good..., so that this star may be regarded as one of the most...°, and 7.5", p. 112°. Cassiopeia contains many star clusters, three of which are...-magnitude companion, distance 1.7", p. 278°. The star 7 of magnitude five is also... it. One way is to find, with a star chart, some star whose declination... seventeenth magnitude. But a seventeenth-magnitude star is only between two and... far from one hundred times less bright than the faintest star which... a bright star when the observer is trying to view a faint one close... the system of Sirius--i.e., a brilliant star with a companion which has ceased...



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... evolution due to tides the star vs on the planet . . . . . 37... has not yet reached the star, the planets’ eccentricities can be..., but are closer to their star than our Jupiter) are generally... promotes tidal migration into the star. Thus a warm jupiter observed to... located very close to the star where detection by transits and... proximity to the star, the HZ around a low-mass star is also... between the planet and its star are important. A planet in a single... inner HZ planet orbiting an M star, while avoiding very early total..., see Appendix A mass of the star designates planet number p, in order of distance from the star designates eigenmode number m, in order... ‘timescale’ for tides on the star, see Equation 1.25 tidal heating... the 33 bodies involved. For a star and an orbiting planet the... than or greater than the star’s rotational period. If the planet... will be less than the star’s rotational period and the tidal... parameterizing a planet’s geophysics (or a star’s heliophysics) with one number, either the time... For a planet orbiting within the star’s co-rotation radius, tides will... the star. In order to study the evolution of a system, one can... planet is close to its star, one might expect tidal dissipation to..., given the proximity to the star and reasonable assumptions about tidal... system appeared to contain one planet (g) within the star’s habitable zone (as... their lives farther from the star, where eccentricity-damping was weaker... planet (or planets) farther from a star could help maintain the eccentricity...-scale planet around a solar-scale star would experience little direct tidal... its inner companion into the star (Section 3.2), reducing the multiplicity of... those relatively far from the star (far enough so that they... to tides raised on the star, but only slowly. Such a planet... the star. In contrast, in a multi-planet system the damping of one... the Roche zone of the star even with minimal contribution from tides on the star. 3.2.1 An Example: HAT-P-15 b Consider... , a = 0.096AU , and e = 0.19 orbiting a G5 star of mass Ms = 1.95MSun and... inner planet on the star and on the star by the planet... inner one, so that the latter migrates inward reaching the star in... both planets and on the star. Figure 3.2 (middle) shows the effect... contribution of tides on the star to a˙ 1 (which is independent of... due to tides on the star (solid line). M iddle: The fractional.... As the planet approaches the star, tides dominate the planet’s heat... the inner planet nears the star does its eccentricity decrease enough... a planet so close to its star to have geophysical properties so... inner planet in to the star, the remaining warm jupiter would... we assume R = 1RJup . It orbits a star of mass 0.79 MSolar and... placement close to its host star, integrating Eqns 1.22 and 1.23... planet having fallen into the star (Figure 3.4, solid lines). Here we.... For tides raised on the star, τs ∝ m−1 p so a more massive inner planet... the inner planet approaches the star, the greater separation between planets... system of two planets orbiting a star of radius 0.75RSun , mass 0.85... planets (black) and on the star (gray). M iddle: The eigenmode amplitudes... typically close enough to the star for tides to be important... the planets closer to the star than the traditional “habitable zone... be near a low-mass star (e.g. an M or K star), where the habitable zone... the Earth (1370 W/m2 ). For a star of mass 0.1 solar masses and... very rapid. Consider an M-type star with 0.1 solar mass (like the... our planet orbiting a 0.1 Solar mass star at a = 0.034 AU). That said... on a planet orbiting a very old star, would be by perturbations from... outer companion, orbiting a 0.1 Solar-mass star. Equations A50 and A51 from... located at 0.034 AU around a star of 0.1 solar masses. The inner... that it orbits a low-mass star at a distance where its “instellation.... Specifically (as above) we assume a star of 0.1 Solar masses with luminosity... on the planet and the star, which increases h1 . (The planet... distance from the star; otherwise tides on the star would tend to... much instellation from its host star (Barnes et al., 2008). Such.... We have assumed that the star has a constant luminosity, which is...’s albedo, absorbed energy from the star takes up most of this... that albedo energy from the star alone results in a thermal surface... zone (HZ) of a low-mass star may induce enough tidal heating... calculated here. For example, for a star of mass 0.35 times the... solar), and distance from the star chosen for our example. However... h1 for planets orbiting the star DEN1048. Grey lines are for... the HZ of a ∼ 0.1 solar mass star with an outer companion that... of increasing distance from the star. If the eccentricities and longitudes... planets and tides on the star are included, (b) a˙ and e˙ are considered... considered simultaneously, (b) tides on the star are included, and (c) tides on....9 Day Extrasolar Planet Transiting a Solartype Star. ApJ, 724, pp. 866–877... (2013). The Effect of Host Star Spectral Energy Distribution and Ice...). A Super-Earth Transiting a Naked-eye Star. ApJ, 737, L18. doi:10...



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... (American Associations of Variable Star Observers). One star that has been constantly studied... used in the analysis of one particular star, ζ Oph, to provide complimentary... instruments can only observe a star continuously for one month out of the... Confirmed Be star Rejected Cepheid var. star β Cep β Cep Star β Cep Be star In... Confirmed 2 Be star Var. star Be star 1 0.9700 d−1 1 0.0918 d−1 1 0.0827 d−1 Spec. binary Star β Cep.... star, includes comps Be star Var. star β Cep, eclipsing comp. Be star 1 0.0124 d−1 Be star Be star Double/multiple star, includes comps Var. star Be star, includes comps Be star Be star, includes comps Be star SH05... Simbad classification Star Eclipsing binary of Algol type Be star Star Be star SH05 In double system Be star 1 0.3039 d−1 Spec. binary 1 0.0995 d−1 Cepheid var. star Star Star 1 0.0072 d−1 In double system Be star Be star Be star Star Star Candidate Table... Var. star, includes comps In double system Var. star Cepheid var. star Star In double system Star Spec. binary, includes comps Be star Spec. binary Ellips. var. star Star Star Star Be star Be star Star Star In double system Star in nebula Spec. binary Star Var. star β Cep, Star.... star Double/multiple star, includes comps Var. star Emission line star Be star Var. star Var star. Star Var. star Eclipsing binary of β Lyr type Pulsating var. star Star Var. star Star Spec. binary Spec. binary In double system Var. star, includes... var. star Star Star β Cep β Cep Be star Star β Cep Var. star Star β Cep β Cep Star Var. star β Cep.... star, includes comps Star Ellipsoidal var. star Be star Star Var. star Spec. binary Star β Cep Var. star Ellipsoidal var. star Be star Spec. binary Var. star Var. star β Cep Var. star Ellipsoidal var., includes comps Star Var. star Var. star, includes comps Double/multiple star, includes comps Spec. binary Star... double system Be star Spec. binary, includes comps Var. star Star β Cep Spec.... binary Double/multiple star, includes comps Be star Star Be star Star eclipsing binary of β Lyr type, includes comp Star β Cep Be star β Cep Star Spec. binary Star Star In double system Be star Var. star... Var. star Be star Spec. binary Star Star Star Star Var. star β Cep Spec. binary Star Be star Spec. binary In double system Star Be star Be star Star Be star Be star In double system includes comps Double/multiple star Spec. binary Be star Star Be star SH05 Rejected Table... below 20 000 K, with only one star positioned above 20 000 K. However... the A or B type star. The B star is the brightest star in the system... Hα line (one of the Balmer line series) in the 109 star γ Cassiopeia... over the surface of the star, one sees that the local effective... the eighth brightest star in the sky and one of the nearest... the CoRoT satellite. In one Be star they reported that non-sinusoidal... runaway star, as first identified by Blaauw [1961]. A runaway star is one... β Cephei stars. The results of one star in particular, ζ CMa (HIP 30122...



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... O-isotopic ratios measured in any star in the Universe viz., 16... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3.1 Measuring the chemical composition of star . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3.2 Central nuclear burning phases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3.3 Na... surface composition of the RCB star RYSgr (data from Asplund et... range of evolution of the star. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 xi Figure 3.5 The variation... MS star. Such a binary system, where mass is transferred from one component... from a convective giant causes the star to become larger in radius... place, with the donor AGB star’s envelope engulfing the companion M2... to evolve into a spherically symmetric star undergoing solid body rotation, with... the other hand, the supergiant star evolving from a merged CO + He... the initial mass of the star; a star lying in a particular mass range... elements in the surface of a star, one can deduce the nuclear reactions... and density conditions of the star. Thus, on identifying the nucleosynthesis.... 1.3.1 Measuring the chemical composition of star The standard representation of nuclear...%), their mass fractions in a given star are specially assigned by the... Z=1-(X+Y). The values of X,Y and Z of a star are important indicators of the... is a low mass main-sequence star, these values are : X=0.70, Y=0.28.... 1.3.2 Central nuclear burning phases When a star begins its life on the... destruction rate) of 14 7 N in a star of solar metallicity, is 0.147... nuclear burning process in the star (Salaris & Cassisi, 2008) in terms... burning during the evolution of a star of a given mass. Once the... causes the star to become a red giant. As the star ascends the... + p (1.11) If the star is a low-mass star, it would take off... as a degenerate CO WD. If a star is more massive than 8 M (Herwig... the death of a super-AGB star (of initial M > 10 M ) (Herwig, 2005... in their current evolutionary stage. A star formed out of the FF... of the born-again AGB star Sakurai’s object (V4334 Sgr) (Asplund... (> 100). The structure of a VLTP star in which a final He- flash... evolve into a luminous, cool giant star, with a deep convective envelope driven.... The first one occurs when the primary MS star evolves to an... and the companion MS secondary star in a closer orbit. During the... RL of the progenitor giant star. 0.7 0.6 M H /M 0.5 0.4 M = 1.65M 0.3 M = 2.00M M = 3.00M 0.2 0 10000 20000... range of evolution of the star. To construct a likely progenitor evolution... separation between the primary AGB star and the MS secondary, that... minimum separation between the AGB star and the secondary MS, we... body rotation. These authors expect a star-like long term evolution of... object would grow into a giant star with the luminosity from its... that contains a one-dimensional stellar evolution code called MESA star (Paxton et... project is v.3851. MESA star solves one-dimensional coupled stellar structure and... the stellar evolution calculation. MESA star includes a ‘relax initial composition’ method... imposed on a homogeneous main sequence star of the required mass - in... hydrodynamic simulations). On initiating MESA star, the first part of the... specified initial composition. Once the star is completely relaxed to this... four cases of section 4.2.1. The star is evolved with a mass loss... (section 4.2.3) is continuous throughout the star and already includes the contribution... in the star. Thus the surface abundances of the star remain the... corresponding 66 nuclear reactions. The star is divided into ∼1270 radial... that Dtotal << νT everywhere inside the star, which means that the additional... levels found in observations. The star tends to become more enhanced... (except for one). The surface chemical abundances of the star only vary... two burning phases in the star - the H-shell burning phase (where... 4.3.1). The optimal abundances of the star at a given value of DLag... the H-shell burning in the star while the thicker lines indicate... course of evolution of the star. To illustrate these phases case..., the overall temperature of the star increases; this increase starts first... the spectral features of the star. 4.3.3 78 Comparison of the surface... cases, between the time when star attains the observed C/N and N/O ratios...] abundance of the star. Therefore in (Fig. 4.13) one must compare only.... 4.11) after the star becomes an RCB star. The dashed lines across... Fe nuclei available in the star (section 1.3.4). Although the neutron source... the evolution of the star causes the star to become O-rich as... evolve to a rotating, spherically symmetric star with an He-burning shell... composition was relaxed onto a homogeneous star, which was then allowed to..., are predominantly produced in the star during its post-merger evolution... to internal processes in the star and an essential additional mixing... the dredge-up depth, the star still tended to become increasingly... the American Association of Variable Star Observers (JAAVSO), 40, 539 Clayton.... 46: Changing Trends in Variable Star Research, Bateson F. M., Smak J., Urch I. H., eds...