Ракета-носитель. Super Strypi (Spark-30). [Редактировать]

Super Strypi, это малая ракета космического назначения которая разрабатывается Sandia National Laboratories, Университетов Гаваи и Aerojet. Работы по ее разработке финансируются в рамках программы LEONIDAS (Low Earth Orbiting Nanosatellite Integrated Defense Autonomous System). В  качестве технического задела используются технологические решения полученные при разработке ракеты Sandia Strypi.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SPARKНайтиНайти
2Space-borne Payload Assist Rocket - KauaiНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Все ракеты-носители

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12016-08-09. Обнародованы данные об отказе РН Super Strypi.
Как сообщили ВВС США, авария при запуске ракеты-носителя Super Strypi была вызвана отказом двигателя первой ступени, который привел к излишнему вращению ракеты. Запуск ракеты произошел 3 ноября 2015 года и привел к гибели 13 малых космических аппаратов. Отказ произошел на 57 секунде полета. При этом, в дальнейшем ВВС США не планируют использовать данную ракету пока у нее не появятся другие заказчики.Тэги: 2015-067FВоенно-воздушные силы СШАSuper Strypi (Spark-30)

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса ПН (на 400-км ССО), кг250
2Конструктивные характеристики
31-ая ступень, LEO-461
42-ая ступень, LEO-71
53-ая ступень, Spark-301

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Страна США
2Стоимость (пуска), млн. долл.12
3Стоимость (пуска), млн. долл.2015-07-1115
4Разработчик Sandia National Laboratories
5Разработчик University of Hawaii
6Разработчик Aerojet Rocketdyne

Перечень запусков ракетаносителя

#Наименование Дата пуска Ракета-носитель Космодром АппаратыТип
12015-067F2015-11-04Super Strypi (Spark-30)Кауа (Гаваи)СШАСША1xEDSN 1
СШАСША1xEDSN 2
СШАСША1xEDSN 3
СШАСША1xEDSN 4
СШАСША1xEDSN 5
СШАСША1xEDSN 6
СШАСША1xEDSN 7
СШАСША1xPrintSat
СШАСША1xArgus
СШАСША1xSTACEM
СШАСША1xSupernova-Beta
СШАСША1xEDSN 8
СШАСША1xHawaiiSat 1
Запуск

Надежность ракета-носителя



Найдено 8 документов по запросу «Super Strypi (Spark-30)». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-02-22
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0.07/5
... Electron .......................................................................................................... 14  Firefly Alpha ..................................................................................................................... 14  Super Strypi XBow. ........................................................................................................... 14  Shift to Low... ............................................................................................. 29  Pro Forma Costs................................................................................................................ 30  FY2015 Costs .................................................................................................................... 30  Fixed Cost Base ................................................................................................................ 31... Type and Amount, in Percent ........................................................ 30  AAC: Proprietary and Confidential iii... Year (FY) 2011. A total of $30 million was received in phases... Space group (SSTL, 2016). With 30 years of experience, including 43... downlink data support. 3.2.3 Super Strypi XBow. The first Super Strypi rocket was launched in... attempt from that site. The Super Strypi rocket was developed by a partnership... Spaceborne Payloads Assist Rocket Kauai (SPARK) and is part of the... percent of all those reported. 30 AAC: Proprietary and Confidential Alaska.... Accessed November 2015. NASA Spaceflight, Super Strypi conducts inaugural launch – Fails during...://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2015/11/super-strypi-spark-inaugural-launch/. Accessed November 2015... November 2015. SpaceNews, Rail-launched Super Strypi Rocket Packed with Cubesats Fails...: http://spacenews.com/rail-launched-super-strypi-rocket-packed-with-cubesats-fails...



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0.03/5
... Launch Activities (2005-2013) . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 30. Mass Classes for GSO and... Dnepr Russia KazEOSat 2 GEO Success 6/30/14 PSLV CA India SPOT.../14 Ariane 5 ECA Europe Intelsat 30 GEO Success 10/28/14... revenues were approximately $218 million, 30 percent of the last year... revenues were approximately $920 million, a 30 percent increase from 2013. • China... XL. Another new U.S. vehicle, the Super Strypi, developed and built by the... 2015; however, the availability of Super Strypi for commercial use remains uncertain... (2,3214) UH, Sandia, Aerojet Rocketdyne Super Strypi 2015 0/0 Barking Sands -- 200 (441... Engine thrust, kN (lbf) st • 30 • MINOTAUR C Orbital Sciences Corp. Orbital...) Engine thrust, kN (bf) • 32 • SUPER STRYPI ORS Office Sandia National Labs... a small launch vehicle known as Super Strypi. The goal is to deliver... based on the 1960s-era Strypi test missile. Aerojet Rocketdyne is... rocket motors that support the Super Strypi launch system. The first stage... third stage is the LEO-1. Super Strypi Mass, kg (lb) 28,240...-launched Super Strypi, also called the Spaceborne Payload Assist Rocket Kauai (SPARK), is...* 2nd Stage EPC EAP ESC-A 30.5 (100.1) 31.6 (103.7) 4.7 (15.4) 5.4 (17... launch 2001 Number of launches (A/B) 30 Reliability (A/B) 98% Launch site Tanegashima...,068) 1,580 (355,198) 137 (30,799) LE-7A -- -- LE-5B...,068) 1,580 (355,198) 137 (30,799) Propellant mass, kg (lb... ~3 minutes ~3 minutes 25-30 minutes 25-30 minutes 25-30 minutes LOX/Kerosene....3 (27,706) Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne 30.7 (6,904) 266.9 (60,000) 1 x RocketMotorTwo.... Xaero is designed to reach 30-kilometer (18.6-mile) altitudes with...) 10 (22) Apogee, km (mi) 30.5 (19) Flight Duration 5 to 6 minutes..., kg (lb) 0 Apogee, km (mi) 30 (18.6) Time in Microgravity 0 Flight... Spaceport, Florida Space Florida 1999 6/30/15 None Mojave Air and... IV) SLC-576E (Taurus) 12/30 (4,572-meter runway) CAPE CANAVERAL... programs. Annually, WFF conducts approximately 30 sounding rocket missions from this... and storage. Key Facilities 12/30 (3,810-meter runway) 8/26 (2,148... X PRIZE in 2007. A total of $30 million in prizes are available... an average annual demand of 30.1 commercial space launches worldwide from... 27 27 27 28 301 30.1 The GSO market remains stable... 2 Astra 5B MEASAT 3B Intelsat 30 DirecTV 14 Eutelsat 3B Astra... crewmembers. 2002 Planned 12- to 30-satellite system, with intermittent launches.... In December 2012, NASA awarded $30 million in Certification Products Contracts... 2 launch vehicles launched about only 30 hours apart. Those missions were... to begin in 2016. Super Strypi (also known as SPARK) is another launch... to land like a conventional airplane. Super Strypi is a rail-launched vehicle. • 163... $0.533M $10.7M 2017 250 30 50 1,000 TBD Dassault, Deimos... Aerojet Rocketdyne, Sandia Labs DoD Super Strypi Federal Aviation Administration’s Office of... Avg. Commercial Telecommunications 18 26 30 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 104 10.4 Commercial Remote Sensing..., with Skybox Imaging satellites. The Super Strypi, a rail launched vehicle, may launch... Medium-to-Heavy 2007 Telecommunication 5/30/07 10/21/0 Remote Sensing... GSO AND NGSO PAYLOADS Table 30. Mass Classes for GSO and... 28-Apr-14 Proton M Baikonur 30-Apr-14 Vega 6-May-14... Vehicle Site Payload(s) * SPOT 7 (Azersky) 30-Jun-14 / \ PSLV CA Satish... S S Ariane 5 ECA Guiana Space * Intelsat 30 Center * ARSAT 1 GEO Intelsat Space... USA 258 (Navstar GPS 2F-8) 30-Oct-14 Soyuz 2.1a Plesetsk... Communications GEO ISRO ISRO Communications 30-Nov-14 Soyuz 2.1b 3-Dec...



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0.11/5
... two planned Super Strypi launches. Global Environment No-Action: N/A Proposed Action: N/A Super Strypi Project... safety are anticipated from the Super Strypi Project. Super Strypi Launch Vehicle at PMRF... the Super Strypi Launch Vehicle at PMRF. Proposed Action: The current proposed Super Strypi... ........................................................................................ 2-1  2.2  SUPER STRYPI PROJECT DESCRIPTION ...................................................... 2-1  2.2.1  Super Strypi ............................................................................................ 2-1  2.2.2  Super Strypi Support Components ......................................................... 2-6  2.2.2.1  Rail Launch System .............................................................. 2-6  2.2.2.2  Payload ORS-4 (Super Strypi) Launch... Debris Model................................................. 2-20  December 2012 Super Strypi Project Final EA Cleared for...  3.1.12.1  Region of Influence ................................................................ 3-46  Super Strypi Project Final EA Cleared for... AND INDIVIDUALS CONTACTED ............................................................. 7-1 December 2012 Super Strypi Project Final EA Cleared for... 1990s, Kauai, Hawaii ..................................... 1-5 Main Components—Super Strypi Launch Vehicle ...................................................... 2-3  Flight Sequence ..........................................................................................................2-4  Proposed..., Hawaii, Kauai, Hawaii .......................................... 4-21 Proposed Super Strypi Ground Hazard Area and Surrounding... of Daily Noise Sources ............................................................ 4-25 Super Strypi Project Final EA Cleared for... 1-1 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 2-8 2-9 2-10 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 4-1 4-2 4-3 4-4 Local Newspapers ....................................................................................................... 1-6 Super Strypi Launch Vehicle System Characteristics ................................................. 2-2  Super Strypi Launch Vehicle Information .................................................................... 2-2  Hazardous Materials Associated with the Super Strypi Launch Test .......................... 2-5  Description of Ordnance Used on the Super Strypi Launch...-Launch Activities................................................................................................. 2-15  Points Defining Super Strypi Proposed GHA Boundary ............................................ 2-23  Land... for the Super Strypi LV and Worldwide Launches..................................................... 4-38 December 2012 Super Strypi Project... PMRF, the Super Strypi project, and the existing environment. 1-2 Super Strypi Project Final EA... vehicle Super Strypi. These elements include the three stages of the Super Strypi Launch..., and transport) for the Super Strypi System. 2.2.1 SUPER STRYPI The Super Strypi Launch Vehicle is a three... of the Super Strypi Launch Vehicle) All three stages of the Super Strypi launch... Super Strypi Launch Vehicle and Figure 2-2 depicts the flight sequence for the Super Strypi Launch Vehicle. Table 2-1. Super Strypi Launch Vehicle System... inside Main Components Super Strypi Launch Vehicle Figure 2-1 December 2012 Super Strypi Project Final...) Flight Termination System Super Strypi Second Launch The Super Strypi Project may include a second...-4 (Super Strypi) Launch Payloads The following two payloads are planned for the Super Strypi... 62'6.0" TYP. Pad Extension New SPARK Launcher Base 5'0.0" TYP. 5'0.0" TYP. ESTIMATED... Super Strypi Project equipment would be the reverse of incoming procedures. 2-18 Super Strypi... Launch Pad Super Strypi Ground Hazard Area Boundary Point Proposed Super Strypi Ground Hazard... the Super Strypi Launch Vehicle by Sandia in 2011. The prediction of Super Strypi... (1992) Super Strypi Sensitive Receptor Kokole Point Launch Pad Major Road Super Strypi Noise Level Contour Existing Structure Proposed Super Strypi Ground Hazard... determined by size and flight 3-30 Super Strypi Project Final EA Cleared for... mobile Super Strypi equipment/assets brought to the range. All mobile Super Strypi equipment...) demands for the Super Strypi Project flight 4-28 Super Strypi Project Final EA Cleared... areas during the proposed Super Strypi project activities. 4-30 Super Strypi Project Final EA Cleared... conducting the proposed Super Strypi launches, the December 2012 Super Strypi Project Final EA... Substances for the Super Strypi LV and Worldwide Launches Vehicle Super Strypi (tons/launch.../PA Case 2012-0616 B-29 B-30 Super Strypi Project Final EA Cleared for... Stratospheric Inorganic Chlorine Super Strypi 8.8 0.2 4.1 0.06 0.03 5.6 3.3 December 2012 Super Strypi Project Final EA...



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0.09/5
... Regulatory Environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Financial Markets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Space Insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 SUPPLEMENTARY QUESTIONNAIRE... and NGSO Payloads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Table 30. Secondary NGSO Payloads Launched Commercially... an average annual demand of 30.1 commercial space launches worldwide from... GSO Launch Actual •2• 55.8 12.4 30.1 2014 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... 2 Astra 5B MEASAT 3B Intelsat 30 DirecTV 14 Eutelsat 3B Astra... for business recapitalization and expansion. • 30 • 2014 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... crewmembers. 2002 Planned 12- to 30-satellite system, with intermittent launches.... In December 2012, NASA awarded $30 million in Certification Products Contracts... 2 launch vehicles launched about only 30 hours apart. Those missions were... to begin in 2016. Super Strypi (also known as SPARK) is another launch... to land like a conventional airplane. Super Strypi is a raillaunched vehicle. Table 22... GOLauncher-2 LauncherOne Lynx III SOAR Super Strypi Operator DARPA Generation Orbit Virgin... Avg. Commercial Telecommunications 18 26 30 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 104 10.4 Commercial Remote Sensing..., with Skybox Imaging satellites. The Super Strypi, a rail launched vehicle, may launch... Medium-to-Heavy 2 Small Telecommunication 5/30/07 10/21/0 Globalstar Replacement... GSO AND NGSO PAYLOADS Table 30. Mass Classes for GSO and...



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0.13/5
... 2009-2014 ............................................................ 26 Alliance pressure ................................................................................................... 30 The last lap ............................................................................................................. 31 CONCLUSION... Policy SIGINT Signals intelligence SLATS Super Low Altitude Test Satellite SM... space programs, including the SLATS (Super Low Altitude Test Satellite) program... DPJ administration of September 2009.30 Under the DPJ, initial relations... the Raptor and SPARK, or Spaceborne Payload Assist Rocket (Super Strypi) air-launch... a range of military-use satellites. 30. Strategic Headquarters for Space Policy... Outer Space, Tokyo, March 3, 2016. 30 Paul Kallender Japan’s New Dual...



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0.11/5
...) Expendable launch system Super Strypi - Spaceborne Payload Assist Rocket-Kauai (SPARK) Launch A-18... Structural Materials NASA FY 16 30% reduction in launch vehicle mass...



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0.05/5
... 96 6 99 116 127 5 19 30 43 55 71 83 92... flight of Ariane 4 successful Ariane 4: Super Ariane 4 study Ariane 4-H10+ Ariane... 4 40 76 47 94 17 30 117 130 107 52 45... Ariane launcher Ariane: Europe plans 30 missions with Ariane Ariane: European... Apr-2013 Apr-1984 9 3 6 2 2 1 4 1 9 4 18 30 70 51 26 78 95... 112 108 3 9 9 3 8 3 26 74 120 30 39 6 15 Summary Index Astron... re-establishing a space agency Australia: 30 years in space, Australia's role... 13 35 3 130 9 2 7 3 2 3 56 49 30 8 42 94 68 105 32... 66 43 19 103 54 30 9 9 13 55 3 94 62 119... 129 5 64 24 10 74 30 106 3 9 10 11 2 Summary Index... 3 9 54 76 67 85 11 30 124 77 114 76 13 84 8 3 66 90 116 22 8 30 7 70 31 9 24 3 4 58 70... Star City Cosmonauts Cosmonauts Page 30 Apr-1982 Sep-1983 Apr... 5 7 4 28 10 71 89 6 5 3 3 60 30 126 5 98 6 11 46 74... 61 8 8 7 105 6 6 7 53 109 120 30 10 2 4 31 11 9 8 3 2 4 6 9 107 29... 14 27 10 122 143 30 73 126 Summary Index Europa... 22 9 27 6 11 4 56 20 30 Summary Index France: CNES to... 67 67 83 15 65 30 44 81 10 8 7 7 10 6 8 83... 41 41 10 10 10 9 30 68 76 89 117 7 2 5 74 12 30 125 83 114 4 5 5 113 6 10... 8 49 106 75 120 13 7 5 6 2 30 13 3 2 1 14 113 4 38 12... Jun-2009 Page 58 7 4 1 3 9 4 5 2 7 94 30 56 129 87 9 4 5 6 1 131 7 10...-1987 Nov-2005 May-2007 2 2 30 61 64 78 16 9 8 4 5 4 63... 6 7 113 15 9 8 3 10 108 86 30 129 2 2 105 5 8 7 Summary Index Hornets... 43 11 6 74 117 126 30 7 3 125 2 8 33 35 117 2 2 5 Summary... Intelsat-28 Intelsat-29 Intelsat-30 Intelsat-31 Intelsat-34 Intelsat... 74 19 46 81 108 4 30 39 55 72 9 7 4 9 10 10... 106 64 78 113 8 3 8 9 83 30 16 99 3 8 8 6 1 7 7 7 6 5 88 83 45... 16 7 7 24 7 74 7 2 85 4 8 14 2 8 30 11 4 8 7 8 64 133 Summary Index... 5 5 7 5 3 2 75 2 2 15 10 16 13 3 1 5 3 3 30 6 4 10 10 10 3 5 Summary Index...-2009 3 3 80 3 8 3 3 69 4 5 4 82 101 3 2 3 8 8 3 3 9 30 36 3 6 2 3 14 5 6 10 7 14 6 5 2 24... 77 2 25 42 2 6 7 9 3 9 2 100 74 2 30 9 86 9 10 10 15 17... 21 18 50 10 111 30 2 100 2 41 123 115 112... 38 1 3 7 3 7 1 8 10 113 5 5 135 120 30 7 Summary Index Marco Polo Marco... 117 131 55 75 101 30 45 3 46 142 19 42... 3 4 9 33 10 4 7 102 117 7 11 8 30 107 4 47 57 6 1 3 4 5 61 118... 8 122 9 106 91 4 12 85 30 37 67 11 4 95 34... 15 37 9 2 2 87 5 2 90 4 26 4 3 3 30 6 10 61 3 16 3 63 6 41... 37 2 16 10 78 102 30 118 4 7 3 13 6 10 5 95 34... 3 8 3 9 34 66 2 122 3 112 15 30 101 130 5 6 3 5 4 93 13 8 12... 91 3 2 1 11 4 12 86 10 30 13 111 49 78 10... 10 3 58 104 1 11 5 2 10 5 30 27 61 117 72 1 6 5 3 3 1 2 27... 5 104 7 3 103 106 33 7 2 8 2 2 134 2 6 30 9 95 119 2 3 5 3 120 9 61 3 10... 5 9 7 7 7 11 7 4 4 3 3 70 40 116 119 30 4 9 70 47 6 56 4 88 4 76... space tourism Russian super-heavy carrier rocket Russian super heavy carrier rocket... 53 67 40 134 29 3 6 8 30 59 2 8 2 9 8 7 7 4 3 3 2 3 78 4 7 5 4 6 20 78 92...-2013 Page 121 1 1 8 2 9 7 2 2 4 5 6 4 5 2 6 10 94 30 8 8 8 2 6 6 5 1 4 5 7 2 8 8 16 7 10 3 15 1 4 8 9 12 2 3 3 9 6 97... Page 123 93 123 3 3 14 30 42 45 59 67 75... 119 132 143 11 17 30 42 55 Summary Index Satellite... 49 8 8 5 2 3 3 2 3 6 3 33 10 3 6 3 1 3 3 8 122 19 30 3 3 2 107 50 95 53 8 3 48... 66 123 26 84 24 3 30 43 62 61 58 34... 4 2 2 8 3 5 5 3 6 3 1 2 4 1 1 87 4 1 5 1 5 6 4 42 4 119 20 99 30 54 48 3 1 5 8 5 7 2 8 8 2 50 4 7 7 67 4 59... Soyuz TM-29 Soyuz TM-30 Soyuz TM-31 Soyuz TM... 64 120 33 76 95 30 56 119 24 96 74... (part 29a) Space Shuttle (part 30) Space Shuttle (part 31) Space...: Mini launcher SpainSat SpainSat SpainSat SPARK Sparta: Woomera Spartan Spartan Spartan... to name replacement Shuttle STS: super pallet STS: Tasmania and the..., updated fleet manifest announced STS-30: more Shuttle crews, updated fleet... 161 146 109 9 73 96 30 45 4 42 80 68 75 95 80 56 95 30 41 120 124 68 7 56... Sunsat Sunsat Sunset Super clusters of galaxies discovered Super Lacrosse Super Strypi Super Strypi Superbird Superbird... 9 12 4 11 22 69 29 7 30 8 2 103 13 13 3 5 7 10 4 Summary... 4 16 55 72 3 26 9 7 9 2 3 2 6 4 7 5 104 30 119 40 9 5 99 12 9 4 12... Locomotives Trailblazer Transhab Transit Transit-30 Transponder Bands TRASH: Can TRASH...-2013 Nov-1997 7 12 9 48 30 36 81 8 130 29 69... of the Universe Universe: Galactic super cluster discovered Universe: Large hole... 29) US Launch Vehicles (part 30) US Launch Vehicles (part 31... tracking ship retired USA: Spaceplane X-30 USA: Spy imageries USA: Study...-1986 Mar-1985 Jul-1997 30 7 49 7 14 5 8 20 6 2 2 8 3 3 9 7 105 8 8 2 3 5 9 8 3 9 12... 27 5 7 8 5 101 4 38 3 112 6 2 3 7 111 8 6 30 25 33 66 6 3 8 11 7 7 10... anniversary X-15: pilots declared astronauts X-30 X-30 Spaceplane X-33 X-33 X-33 X-33...



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0.06/5
...), Aviatsiya i kosmonavtika no. 1 (1988): pp. 30–31 and no. 2 (1988): pp... po istorii kosmicheskogo korablya ‘vostok’: k 30-letiyu pervogo poleta cheloveka v kosmicheskoye... for the rapid development of “super bombs.” Consequently, when the “Big... for the October Mars launches.30 Korolev understood everything, but he... the German Opel Kadett car. 30 Preparation for Piloted Flights Everyone... afternoon and evening until 2 a.m. At 9:30 a.m. in the morning, the meetings...-research institute, the Rubin (Ruby) super high-frequency link for trajectory... to 230 kilometers lasting 1 hour 30 minutes with a landing in a predetermined...-cosmonaut—G. Titov 26 March 1962.30 30. This letter reproduced here by... which a solid propellant XM-33 Strypi rocket was launched on 20... No. 51 was localized within 30 minutes. According to Kirillov’s report... discussing schedules for designing a new super-long-range missile that he... the revolutionary idea of using super-cooled liquid oxygen. If, instead... the R-7. Obtaining, transporting, and storing super-cooled liquid oxygen proved to... since passed! The other nuclear super power—the Soviet Union—no... Spetsmash—Gosudarstvennoye soyuznoye konstruktorskoye byuro. 30. Giving “gifts” to the Party... was impossible—“we can’t launch!” A 30-minute delay was announced. They..., the confidential conversation lasted about 30 minutes. Korolev was the first... to launch the first U.S. satellite.30 The Jupiter C rocket developed by... or expensive to accomplish.”34 30. The Vanguard project was actually...-based spacecraft systems. At T-minus 30 minutes I climbed out of the... a red parachute and two cosmonauts 30 kilometers southwest of the town..., is still a very interesting read 30 years later. Von Braun describes... design for a spacecraft equipped with a 30-meter parabolic antenna that was... kilometers from Earth by the super heavy Energiya rocket. A radio interferometer.... The new designs of the super heavy rockets Proton and N1... brand new mass production of super-miniature components was emerging. In... media for chips. Large and super-large fully-digital multilayer hybrid.... The historical irony of the super secret S-300 system is that... at Academician Sergey Lebedev’s institute.30 On 4 March 1961, for the... 1950s that the Americans later 30 . This institute was the Institute...-1 and became the independent OKB-30. This organization was also supposed... a convenient place to intercept them. Super-powerful nuclear charges detonated in... War ideologues switched to developing super systems consisting of several independent... consisted primarily of powerful radar, a super-high-speed computing center that... was the payloads for the super heavy-lift Energiya rockets. Boris... Days of the Cold War super-powerful space communications systems as... current name of Kisunko’s OKB-30, originally established in December 1961... missile this was and what super-cooled oxygen was, when Malinovskiy... the feasibility of a launch before 30 December. We received affirmations, final... experimental equipment went into service.30 From the author’s archives. Assembly.... The explosion was caused by a spark in the oxygen pump inducer...—especially when you have delivered 30 “bottles,” each weighing 150 metric... of using artificial satellites for super long-range radio communications and... relay satellite with a diameter of 30 meters. The metal-coated surface... an experimental communications satellite on 30 October 1961. The idea was... amicably obstinate. In the ensuing 30 years of managing factory tests... then for submarine-launched missiles.30 The electromechanical antenna control drive...-1 No. 4 (Zond-1) spacecraft was on 30 May. Yevpatoriya reported that they..., Penza-19, Krasnoyarsk-26, Krasnoyarsk-30, Tomsk-7, etc. appeared. Each had...-1 was the use of the super-high frequency band. This made... military was interested in the super-high frequency band for its... for launch on the N1 super booster. 25. GTO—Gotov k trudu... that the already manufactured new super-heavy N1 launch vehicle could... version had just 3,000 copies.30 27 . A. P. Romanov, Konstruktor kosmicheskikh korabley...: On S. P. Korolev] (Moscow: Voyenizdat, 1975). 30 . Aleskey Ivanov, Pervyye stupeni [First... using “materials on hand,” without a super-heavy launch vehicle, after President... UR-700 was an alternative “super-booster” proposed by Vladimir Chelomey... relative measurements was 25 to 30 kilometers. The active Igla required... operation with a human being immediately.” 30. ZiS stood for Zavod imeni.... The draft plan of the super-heavy UR-700 rocket—with... the Apollo life support system. A spark generated by one of the... module tanks still contained around 30 kilograms of concentrated hydrogen peroxide... (Dobrovolskiy, Volkov, and Patsayev) on 30 June 1971. On 1 February 2003... organizations, then we have a powerful super state on a par with Holland... as MKS—Mezhdunarodnaya kosmicheskaya stantsiya. 30. The nickname Syrolet combines the...-509, 512, 513-514 Krasnoyarsk-30, 507 Krasnoyarsk Machine Building Factory... (newspaper), 725-726 Moskvich car, 30 Mosnauchfilm, 70 Mosolov, [first name...