Ракетный блок. Thiokol titan IV SRB. [Редактировать]

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (ракетного-блока), млн. долл.1982-01-01206
2Стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.1992-01-0130

Найдено 84 документов по запросу «Thiokol titan IV SRB». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.14/5
... and space systems company 12 Thiokol’s 260-in. Booster Program An... Center) thereafter Parallel contracts to Thiokol and Aerojet Target: Feasibility demonstration... of original booster design 18 SRB Aft Skirt TVA System Layout... company 19 Titan IV SRB An advanced weapon and space systems company • Titan IV developed after Challenger, Delta, and Titan accidents in 1986...% heavier lift capability than previous Titan versions • 3-segment motor with graphiteepoxy... company • ATK (formerly Hercules and Thiokol) led the development of the...



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0.04/5
... to power both the Titan III and IV launchers and the Space... V IV. Ancillary Knowledge 1. Beginning with Atlas-Mercury and continuing with Titan-Gemini... Corporation Reaction Motors Division of Thiokol Chemical Corporation Wright Aeronautical Division... plug nozzle content of design. Thiokol Corporation, Reaction Motors Division: The... and the development of the Titan IV, led to the abandonment of..., which became known as the Titan IV, is capable of lifting 40... launch national security payloads, the Titan IV, has proved nearly as difficult... accommodate Shuttle-size payloads. The Titan IV was designed with the capability... stage (IUS).65 The first Titan IV was launched on June 14... a fifty-six-foot fairing, the Titan IV stands 174 feet tall. 66..., for example, Roger M. Boisjoly, a Morton Thiokol engineer, noted that “we were...). Before the development of the Titan IV, heavy payloads could only be... MATTER OF: Lockheed Propulsion Company Thiokol Corporation DIGEST: 1. On basis of..., 1973, to four prospective sources—Thiokol, Lockheed, UTC, and Aerojet. Technical..., 1973. The SSO, after selecting Thiokol for final negotiations, issued a selection... proposers. Their situations ranged from Thiokol, who needed little new facilities... favored Thiokol. We concluded that the main criticisms of the Thiokol proposal... negate the sizeable Thiokol cost advantage. Accordingly, we selected Thiokol for final..., Thiokol, and NASA. On May 8, questions were posed to Lockheed, Thiokol and... voluminous documentation submitted by Lockheed, Thiokol and NASA, as well as... improper correction in Thiokol’s design, improper crediting of Thiokol proposal features not... savings attainable by contracting with Thiokol.” NASA maintains that the SEB... cost differences between Lockheed and Thiokol were significantly less than those... adjustments to proposed costs between Thiokol and Lockheed, the specific amounts... contractors—Rockwell, Martin-Marietta, and Thiokol—their assessments of our readiness... and External Tank Disposal SRB Disposal—The SRB’s were jettisoned after burnout.... 4. The Commission concluded that the Thiokol Management reversed its position and... Commission has concluded that neither Thiokol nor NASA responded adequately to... action took place. 3. NASA and Thiokol accepted escalating risk apparently because..., 1986, teleconference between Marshall and Thiokol. Similarly, there was no representative... Space Center and at Morton-Thiokol, Inc., toward establishing and maintaining... access to space for STS, Titan IV/Centaur-class planetary, and national... currently planned for launch on a Titan IV/Centaur. The benefit of the... a significant improvement over the current Titan IV, wherein approximately one-third of... two separate launches if the Titan IV/Centaur were used. [3] SHUTTLE BENEFITS... Interim 3,053 Titan III 3,368 Delta II 3,793 Titan IV 4,000 Vehicle Wt... of its Titan 34D launcher; the variant became known as Titan IV. This contract also allowed Martin Marietta to keep the Titan... for the introduction of the Titan IV into the U.S. launch fleet, there... expendable vehicle was dubbed the Titan IV and is still the largest... DOD of using a current system (e.g., Titan IV) to support the same DOD... payloads to a Spacelifter configuration; — slow Titan IV production to about 3 per year... further production upon transition of Titan IV payloads to a Spacelifter configuration; — terminate... tripropellant rocket (30-ft bay) – Titan IV; plus new upper stage Option... and Atlas II) and heavy (Titan IV) lift categories are increasing. Atlas... a Titan IV Centaur. Inefficient production rates primarily account for the increase in Titan IV costs—Titan production was originally sized...—small launchers, Titan II, Delta II, Atlas II, Titan IV and Shuttle—further... 12 Delta (9) Atlas (9) 10 Shuttle (8) 8 6 4 Titan IV (3) Titan II (2) 2 0 0 4 8 12 16 20 24... Per Pound Titan IV 250 $16K/lb $12K/lb 200 “Price” ($M) Titan III... increasing degrees from Delta to Titan IV. In contrast, Arianespace, with Ariane... Ariane. In the case of Titan IV, the launch team is sized... events, such as Atlas and Titan IV, are not as reliable. Likewise... low flight rates, such as Titan IV. Flight rates are tied directly... quality. Delta, in contrast to Titan IV, enjoys higher production rates, which... year. On the low end, Titan IV can launch four missions per...-Centaur GTO; 8 per year system Titan IV Up to 10,000 lb... number of launches of the Titan IV, today’s [heavylift vehicle], has decreased...) destroyed in the August 1993 Titan IV failure exceeded $1 billion. Over the... for Titan IV are significant and rising. Although there have been eight Titan IV... the launch bases conduct further Titan IV launches and the system approaches... diminish. If the number of Titan IV launches per year remains very... East Coast Titan IV launch pads. Recommendation #6: Aggressively restructure and streamline Titan launch... of Defense will maintain the Titan IV launch system until a replacement is... Page 678 T Terrell, Norman E., 521 Thiokol Corporation, and one million pound...



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0.16/5
... its right solid rocket booster (SRB) failed at liftoff. The O-ring failure caused a breach in the SRB joint it sealed, allowing pressurized... and impinge upon the adjacent SRB attachment hardware and external fuel... managers had known contractor Morton Thiokol's design of the SRBs contained... such conditions. Bob Ebeling from Thiokol delivered a biting analysis: "[W]e're only... California, deciding to use the Titan IV instead. Many viewed the launch.... (After the destruction of Challenger, SRB field joints started using three... seals of all of the SRB joints were required to contain... foreshadowing the Challenger accident.[] Morton Thiokol was the contractor responsible for...'s SRBs. As originally designed by Thiokol, the O-ring joints in the..., on several occasions suggesting that Thiokol's field joint design was unacceptable... not forward these memos to Thiokol, and the field joints were... within their reporting channels with Thiokol. Even after 2 Space Shuttle Challenger... fixed.[] By 1985, Marshall and Thiokol realized that they had a potentially... Mulloy, Marshall's manager for the SRB project since 1982, issued and... constraints for six consecutive flights. Thiokol even went as far as... out, forcing yet another scrub. Thiokol-NASA conference call Forecasts for... from Thiokol engineers. At a teleconference on the evening of January 27, Thiokol... an important consideration, since the SRB O-rings had been designated as... the Orbiter and its crew. Thiokol management initially supported its engineers... the conference call, Hardy told Thiokol, "I am appalled. I am appalled by... recommendation." Mulloy said, "My God, Thiokol, when do you want me... NASA personnel in contest to Thiokol's concerns was that if the... 4 NASA did not know of Thiokol's earlier concerns about the effects... launch. Because of NASA's opposition, Thiokol management reversed itself and recommended... proceed as scheduled.[][] Ice The Thiokol engineers had also argued that...) would almost certainly result in SRB temperatures below their redline of... field joint of the right SRB and found the temperature to... escaping from the right side SRB 100% of their original rated... emitted from the right-hand SRB near the aft strut that... joint of the right-hand SRB. The booster's casing had ballooned... and formed a seal. Although the SRB was not designed to function... work well enough, and Morton-Thiokol changed the design specs to... was made. Investigations by Morton-Thiokol engineers determined that the amount... time of extrusion. (The redesigned SRB field joint used subsequent to... attach strut on the right SRB. Unknown to those on Challenger.... Internal pressure in the right SRB began to drop because of... external tank.[9] Plume on right SRB at T+ 58.778 seconds At... At T+72.284, the right SRB pulled away from the aft... the same time, the right SRB rotated about the forward attach... with the semi-detached right SRB contributing its thrust on an... in uncontrolled powered flight. The SRB casings were made of half... Shuttle Challenger disaster 7 the right SRB was still suffering the effects...,000 feet (20 km).[] The Thiokol engineers who had opposed the... had difficulties with its own Titan rocket and Delta rocket programs... disaster. On August 28, 1985, a Titan 34D[] carrying a KH-11 KENNAN... of a Titan missile since 1978. On April 18, 1986, another Titan 34D..., NASA decided to cancel all Titan and Delta launches from Cape... the joints between rocket segments SRB. Legend: A - steel wall thickness 12... of both NASA and Morton Thiokol to respond adequately to the... outside their reporting channels with Thiokol—a flagrant violation of NASA regulations... plans, in favor of the Titan IV unmanned launch vehicle. In response... commission.[] NASA's contract with Morton Thiokol, the contractor responsible for the... "loss of life or mission," Thiokol would forfeit $10 million of... failure. After the Challenger accident, Thiokol agreed to "voluntarily accept" the..., left his job at Morton Thiokol and became a speaker on workplace... the caucus called by Morton Thiokol managers, which resulted in a recommendation.... He argues that if Morton Thiokol engineers had more clearly presented... of the data he claimed Thiokol had given during the briefing... Tufte's conclusions about the Morton Thiokol engineers' role in the loss... earmarked for development of the Titan IV expendable launcher. Numerous delays on..., the Air Force developed the Titan IV instead of using the Shuttle.... • Boisjoly, Roger. "Ethical Decisions—Morton Thiokol and the Space Shuttle Challenger... (2). • Boisjoly, Roger. "Ethical Decisions - Morton Thiokol and the Challenger Disaster: Telecon...:STS-51-L grey smoke on SRB.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia... Contributors File:Zlacze miedzysegmentowe rakiety SRB promu kosmicznego.jpg  Source: http...



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0.22/5
... - Solid Rocket Booster & External Tank • SRB • External Tank - Ground Systems & Flight... Operations added - Engine Programs eliminated - SRB & external tank eliminated - STS Systems..., the manufacturing and refurbishment of SRB hardware and motors, and space... logistics support for external tank, SRB, and main engine flight hardware... earlier in combination with the Titan III booster to launch payloads... orbiter and the main engines; Thiokol Corporation *DB Chap 2 (11-58.... Seventy-five seconds after SRB separation, SRB apogee occurred at an altitude of approximately sixty-five kilometers. SRB impact occurred in the ocean..., and a range safety system. Each SRB incorporated a range safety system that...-decoder, antennas, and ordnance. Each SRB had two integrated electronic assemblies... the orbiter avionics systems for SRB ignition commands and nozzle thrust... SRB thrust for 1.02 seconds at SRB separation from the external tank. SRB... were shipped back to Thiokol for refurbishment. The SRB nose caps and... forced major modifications to the SRB and SRM. Post-Challenger Modifications... critical structural elements of the SRB, primarily focused in areas where... Center, other NASA centers, Morton Thiokol, and outside NASA. The team... incorporated externally applied loads. Morton Thiokol constructed a second horizontal test stand... both the Space Shuttle and Titan launch vehicle. It was used... systems, including the STS and Titan vehicles. NASA also established a TOS... 5,227 kilograms from the Titan III and IV and could also deliver...) SSME Production Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) External Tank STS Upper Stages... E/F Atlas Centaur Delta Scout SSME SRB (Propulsion System) Solid Rocket Booster... = $185,000,000. (Authorization for SRB = $36,700,000.) Undistributed. Only... listed. Supporting committee documentation includes SRB in Space Shuttle Production category... for SSME, external tank, or SRB. Appropriation for Space Shuttle activities..., main engine, external tank, and SRB, . . .” and “the development of the filament wound case (FWC) SRB.” Some launch system–related appropriated... for SSME, external tank, or SRB. According to congressional reports, the..., main engine, external tank, and SRB, . . .” and “the development of the filament wound case (FWC) SRB.” Appropriation for Space Shuttle activities... listed. Supporting committee documentation included SRB in Space Shuttle Production category... for SSME, external tank, or SRB. According to congressional reports, the..., main engine, external tank, and SRB, . . .” and “the development of the... and Operational Capability, Propulsion Systems. SRB and external tank procurement (production... tank, solid rocket motor, and SRB hardware included in Space Transportation... and Operational Capability, Propulsion Systems. SRB and external tank procurement (production... for SSME, external tank, or SRB. According to congressional reports, the... and Operational Capability, Propulsion Systems. SRB and external tank procurement (production... tank, solid rocket motor, and SRB hardware included in Space Transportation... and Operational Capability, Propulsion Systems. SRB and external tank procurement (production... Motor Fairing General Dynamics Rocketdyne Thiokol To launch meteorological satellites The... 1,120 kg McDonnell Douglas Thiokol Rocketdyne TRW Thiokol Medium-weight payloads Only... 1,158 kg McDonnell Douglas Thiokol Rocketdyne TRW Thiokol Medium-weight payloads With...,264 kg 85,076 kg Thiokol TE-364-3 or TE-364... 1,122 kg McDonnell Douglas Thiokol Rocketdyne Aerojet Thiokol Mid-size communication and... Corp. (LTV Corp.) United Technologies Thiokol Thiokol Thiokol Smaller payloads An optional fifth... 87373.6 kg 123 sec. SRB motors: Morton Thiokol Corp. SRB assembly, checkout, and... rocket motor components and for SRB integration: Booster Production Co. Marshall... in preparation for STS-5. Start SRB stacking on mobile launcher platform... T-13 seconds because of righthand SRB auxiliary power unit turbine system... Event Began orbiter/external tank/SRB burnout mated vertical ground vibration... Center. Fourth SRB firing at Thiokol, Utah. First SRB qualification firing, Thiokol, 122 seconds... Space Center. Second SRB qualification firing, Thiokol. Final qualification firing SRB, Thiokol. Columbia mated... Assembly Building for STS-1, Kennedy. SRB stacking began on mobile launcher... Redesign Team to requalify the SRB motor. Preliminary Requirements Reviews held... over the next year at Thiokol’s facility and at Marshall. Study... fit checks, payload bay operations, SRB flight readiness test, terminal countdown... Space Shuttle SRM at the Thiokol facility. The new test stand... of test firings conducted at Thiokol’s facility. Objectives of the test... (ETM) was test-fired at Thiokol’s facility in Utah as part... of the redesigned SRM at Thiokol. Designated DM-8, the 2-minute test... redesigned Space Shuttle SRM at Thiokol. Redesigned SRM segments began arriving... solid rocket motor (RSRM) at Thiokol’s facility in Utah. Began stacking... test firing of RSRM at Thiokol’s facility in Utah. SRBs and... Shuttle 5,227 kg from Titan III and IV Orbis 21 solid rocket...



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0.1/5
... to CAD Data Transfer Process iv TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5.1 1.5.2 1.5.3 1.5.4 1.5.5 1.5.6 1.5.7 1.5.8 1.5.9 1.6 INTRODUCTION... SLC SOHO SPRB SQEP SQP SRB SRM SRR Sta STC STDN... Than 340 In-Space Starts THIOKOL Castor IVA Motors • Solid Propellant... Gyro Unit SOLID ROCKET BOOSTERS (SRB) Four Thiokol Castor IVA Size: 102... other stages (e.g., Atlas/Agena and Titan/Centaur) to deliver commercial, military... first pair of Thiokol Castor IVA solid rocket boosters (SRB). Revision 7 2-2 CENTAUR... Package Jettison (BECO + 3.1) AIR-LIT SRB PAIR JETTISON (ATLAS IIAS) Closed... in Safe State GROUND-LIT SRB PAIR JETTISON (ATLAS IIAS) P&Y Programs...) Guidance Go-Inertial Ground-Lit SRB Pair Ignition (Atlas IIAS) Liftoff... SRB Pair Ignition (IIAS) Ground-Lit SRB Pair Jettison (IIAS) Air-Lit SRB Pair Burnout (IIAS) Air-Lit SRB... stage (OIS) based on the Thiokol STAR 48B (TEM-711-18.../IIAS booster engines), and Thiokol (solid rocket boosters [SRB]). As the spacecraft... buffet, gust, SRB air-lit start, SRB burnout and SRB jettison, booster engine... 5 7 O ffices P /L B ldg 3 O ps P ayload 6 Storage iv e VAB Area KSC Industrial Area... attaching the solid rocket boosters (SRB) to the Atlas booster. Erecting... hole pattern alignments and indexing; iv) Mating surface flatness checks; 7-1 Revision... HLV delivers large intermediate and Titan class missions to both low... configuration, and at or below Titan IV levels for the Atlas V HLV... 17 Flights (Titan/Centaur) (Atlas IIIB) (SEC) 0 Flights Centaur G (Titan) (Shuttle) 14... on both the Atlas and Titan boosters. Throughout this history, the... Commercial 49 INTELSAT K 1 VA 3 V 7 IVA 6 IV 8 VII 3 Number of Flights 70.../D LEO Failure January 25 INTELSAT IV AC-25 SLV-3C/D GTO.../D Interplanetary Success December 19 INTELSAT IV AC-26 SLV-3C/D GTO... 1971 1972 January 22 INTELSAT IV AC-28 SLV-3C/D GTO.../D Interplanetary Success June 13 INTELSAT IV AC-29 SLV-3C/D GTO... Interplanetary Success August 23 INTELSAT IV AC-31 SLV-3D/D-1A...-3D/D-1A Interplanetary Success INTELSAT IV AC-32 SLV-3D/D-1A GTO Success February 20 INTELSAT IV AC-33 SLV-3D/D-1A GTO Failure May 22 INTELSAT IV AC-35 SLV-3D/D-1A... addition of four Thiokol Castor IVA solid rocket boosters (SRB), each generating... gauges, the addition of the SRB load ring and forward cableway... 7 Relocation of Retrorockets Due to SRB Interference Add Tension Strap for New Booster Section Staging System SRB Load Ring Strengthen Sta 1133... designed to react Castor IVA SRB loads, and the Atlas IIAS... for booster jettison and airlit SRB attachment eliminated, such as separation..., and the second pair of SRB attach fittings. The 1206 frame... TCO Rise-Off Panel Enhanced SRB Separation Hardware Radiation Shield Addition... between Atlas and Centaur stages. SRB Thrust Longeron (Integrally Machined) Engine...: MA-5A engine system; SRBs; SRB attach, disconnect, and jettison (ADJ... Rocket Booster (SRB)—The Atlas IIAS uses four Thiokol Castor IVA SRBs... system is designed to react SRB flight loads and safely jettison... the capability to provide two SRB jettison events. This is accomplished... Command SRB 1-3 Ignite SRB 2-4 Ignite LV Dstr Chg Battery Distribution PCOS SRB Sep 1 SRB... Command PCOS Command from Ground SRB 1-3 Ignite PIU LV DSTR Chg... Cmds from Gnd Atlas RCU SRB Sep 1 PYC Relay Boxes Ground... Charges (4) * 28-Vdc Battery Antenna SRB * Disconnects (8) Atlas Safe/Arm Device Atlas * Secure Receiver 2 * Each SRB 1-s Delay Legend: Shielded RF Coaxial... Unit INU Inertial Navigation Unit SRB Solid Rocket Booster *Only 1 of... the FTS also includes a commanded SRB destruct capability. Figure A.2.1.5-4 illustrates the SFTS for Atlas IIAS. Each SRB is equipped with an inadvertent... unlikely event of an unplanned SRB jettison. With unplanned jettison, lanyard... the forward bulkhead of the SRB. Thrust capability is negated within..., the system is safed before SRB jettison. Single-fault tolerance to... system, albeit without the SRB ISDS or SRB conical-shaped charge components... (PIU). The retro rocket and SRB separation pyros primary and backup... Charges (4) 28-Vdc Battery Antenna SRB * Disconnects (8) Atlas Safe/Arm Device... Unit Inertial Navigation Unit INU SRB Solid Rocket Booster *Only 1 of... Unit Honeywell Solid Rocket Motors Thiokol • Interstage Adapter • Atlas RCS • Payload... Storage 20,000 ft Storage Titan Storage Storage New Storage Tool...



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... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Delta II 7920 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Atlas IIA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Titan IV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Space Shuttle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Launch Vehicle Cost... LAUNCH SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Space Shuttle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Titan Launch Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Atlas Launch Vehicles... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 The Titan I ICBM (above) and its successor, the Titan II, formed the design basis for the current Titan IV core... a crew-ferrying capsule . . . . . . . 95 The SRB recovery system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Deposition from... xii Page The Titan IIIC launch vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 A Titan IIIB lifts off... $90 million.15 Titan IV Still more powerful is the Titan IV, the largest... w.O-$50.0 Atlas IIA $60.&$90.0 Titan IV $170.&$230.0 SpaceShuttle $350.0-$547.... The launch vehicle is normally a Titan IV with an Inertial Upper Stage... (15,700 pounds), and the Titan IV has a payload capacity of 17... ($5,414 per pound), while the Titan IV has a rating of $11,306... II 7920, and not the Titan IV, that turns out to be... following ratios: Pegasus-3.4, Atlas IIA-1.3, Titan IV-1.2, and Space Shuttle-2.0 (see table... 7920 value of 1.0): Atlas HA-1.6, Titan IV-2.1, and Space Shuttle-3.9 (see table... of the Atlas IIA, the Titan IV, and the Space Shuttle, when... to lift 6,350 kilograms. The Titan IV is more efficient than the... or more other payloads on a Titan IV or the Shuttle-and orbital... of large boosters like the Titan IV drive the launch timing and... million; while the cost of a Titan IV failure would be $2.124 billion... of Shuttle cargo.4 Titan Launch Vehicles The Titan class of launch vehicles... in the US fleet. The Titan IV is the nation’s workhorse for... propellant Inertial Upper Stage.’ The Titan IV is a direct result of the... potential future Shuttle problems.6 The Titan IV program suffered its first failure... 29 October 1992 that the Titan IV delays are damaging the military... capability in general, and the Titan IV in particular. Speaking of the... cost of Titan IV delays at a staggering $8 million per day.9 The Titan III is similar to, but less powerful than, the Titan IV. It was developed primarily as a commercial launch vehicle. The Titan II launch vehicle is a decommissioned Titan II intercontinental ballistic... of these Titan 11s to space launch vehicles.11 The Titan II... H. Kolcum, “Reduced Military Budgets Revamp Titan 4 Product and Launch Program,“Aviation... Boyer, “U.S. Space Command Chief Blasts Titan 4 Program,” Space News, 2-8 November 1992... Advisory Board, 7. 12. Andrew Wilson, “Titan Grows Stronger,” Space, September-October... chosen to use the new Thiokol Castor 120 solid propellant motor... basic configurations and uses the Thiokol Castor 120 motor, along with...., 44,46; Colucci, 20. 46. “Thiokol Castor 120 solid rocket selected.... The Titan III and Titan IV core vehicles directly evolved from the Titan I and... 1965. The Titan I ICBM (above) and its successor, the Titan II, formed the design basis for the current Titan IV core..., and a 481 fraction for the Titan IV (see table 4).13 Table 4 Ratios... to 1 27to1 48 to 1 87to1 Titan IV Space Shuttle II It is... kilogram ($2,990 per pound). The Titan IV 401 configuration, which uses a Centaur.../kg. $6,530/kg. Atlas IIA Titan IV 401 $2,325/kg. $29,280... of their designs. For example, a Titan IV fuel torus requires 186.6 work...-hours used in manufacturing the Titan IV fuel torus is expended in... a very expensive payload. If the Titan IV had been designed to be... stages and propulsion systems. The Titan IV with a Centaur upper stage has..., intended for use with the Titan IV launch vehicle, experienced a violent explosion... the total cost to procure a Titan IV vehicle with no upper stage... a scheduled 1 September 1992 test of a Titan IV Solid Rocket Motor Upgrade motor... nine Shuttle flights and six Titan IV missions are estimated to generate...), personnel destacked (in February 1993) a Titan IV booster that had been on... particular vehicle had replaced a previous Titan IV whose SRM case joints had...,800 Newtons (9,850 pounds). The Titan Transtage propulsion system, designated AJ10... Space Council, November, 1992), 31. 6. Thiokol Corporation Marketing brochure, “Building the... Shuttle Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor,” Thiokol Corporation, Brigham City, Utah, 1989.... Thiokol Corporation marketing brochure, “Space Shuttle Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor (RSRM),” Thiokol... for the Titan III. In August of 1965, the Titan III System... vehicle configuration MCD Concepts for Titan SRM Replacement. Martin Marietta also... the Titan IIIB. The focus was on structure and propulsion; Titan IIIB... l a u n c h v e h i c l e . 183 A Titan IIIB lifts off from Vandenberg AFB. lower than Titan IIIB...



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...; Delta; Pegasus; Scout; Taurus; and Titan launch vehicles. The Conestoga launch... and medium performance classes (Atlas E, Titan II, Pegasus, and Delta II... performance classes (Atlas I/IIAS and Titan IV/Centaur) were managed by Lewis... kilograms) were launched aboard the Titan IV/Centaur launch vehicle, developed by..., 3 Atlases, 1 Scout, and 1 Pegasus. One Titan launch failed. The launches included... stage, a commercial motor made by Thiokol derived from the Peacekeeper intercontinental... configurations for various purposes. It’s Thiokol booster stage rockets consisted of... assist module (PAM)-D, equipped with a Thiokol Star 48B solid rocket motor... epoxy motors (GEMs) replaced the Thiokol Castor IVA solid rocket motors... (later Alliant Techsystems of ATK Thiokol Propulsion Company).49 Hercules was... be replaced by a spin-stabilized Thiokol Star 37 perigee kick motor... configurations and enhanced versions, the Titan launched a wide range of military... with Shuttle payload capacity, the Titan payload fairing was increased to.... The vehicles were renamed the Titan IV, and they would eventually be... East Coast launch pads. The Titan IV was the Nation’s largest and... Titan IVA launch occurred successfully on June 14, 1989. Eventually, 22 Titan... the first stage of the Titan IV ELV used to send NASA... used since the first Titan IIIC. The upgraded Titan motors had three... the new Titan IV with its new motors, now designated Titan IVB, did not occur until February 23, 1997. The new Titan IV..., avionics, and guidance systems using Titan III technology. An attitude control... Systems, 3rd ed., p. 470. Also “Titan,” Lockheed Martin, http://www.lockheedmartin... Art Falconer, “Epic Proportion: The Titan Launch Vehicle,” Crosslink (Aerospace Corporation.... The first stage of the Titan IV ELV that sent NASA’s Cassini... one were converted Titan ICBMs; the final nonmilitary Titan payload during this... on a new Titan IVB Centaur. Table 2–83 lists all Titan launches during this period. Table 2–84 lists Titan II... the main engines.69 Thiokol Corporation produced the SRB motors/ Martin Marietta... use on the Titan IV. Martin Marietta delivered the first Titan IV Centaur in... (16.4 feet) in diameter. Most Titan IV Centaurs were used for classified... with the Titan launch vehicle, particularly the Titan 34D and Titan IV. The IUS... Titan IV-IUS launch into geosynchronous orbit, the IUS separated from the Titan... the funding requirements for the Titan IV/Centaur vehicle. SAT appropriation. Increase... ELV funding requests was for Titan IV vehicle needed to support the... 1/1 1/1 2/2 1/3a 1/2 4/5 5/5 6/6 21/25 Scout Taurus 1/1 1/1 2/2 1/1 1/1 1/1 6/6 2/2 3/3 Titan 4/4 4/5 2/2 3/3 1/2 5/5 4/4 4/4 5/5 2/3 34/37 Total 13/13... orbit depending on launch inclination Thiokol Pratt & Whitney Primex Technologies Lockheed... orbit depending on orbital inclination Thiokol Thiokol Pratt & Whitney Primex Lockheed Martin... single TE 374-4 engine Rocketdyne Thiokol General Dynamics Atlas E in this... Rocketdyne Pratt & Whitney Lockheed Martin Thiokol: SRBs 134 Table 2–69. Atlas... N) 355,600 lb (1,581 kN) Thiokol EER Systems LAUNCH SYSTEMS Propellant... lb to low-Earth orbit Thiokol Isakowitz and Samella, International Reference... AJ10-118K Thiokol Star 48 motor Nine Thiokol Castor IV Rocketdyne RS-27...-synchronous orbit (polar launch)b Thiokol Rocketdyne Aerojet Thiokol McDonnell Douglas Jean-Jacques.... payload Contractors b Aerojet AJ10-118K Thiokol Star 48B Rocketdyne RS-27...) to sun synchronous orbitb Thiokol Rocketdyne Aerojet Thiokol McDonnell Douglas Isakowitz and...,190 lb) Aerojet AJ10-118K Thiokol Star 48B Rocketdyne RS-27... orbit Alliant Techsystems Rocketdyne Aerojet Thiokol McDonnell Douglas Isakowitz et al... Vandenberg Air Force Basee Contractor Thiokol Alliant Alliant Alliant Techsystems Orbital... a spin-stabilized upper stage using Thiokol’s Star 37FM perigee kick motor... Table 2–83. Titan Launches (1989–1998) Titan Launch Vehicle 34D IV 34D II.../Japanese communications satellite. First commercial Titan III launch. International communications satellite... science mission launched by refurbished Titan ICBM. Transfer orbit kick stage... science mission launched by refurbished Titan ICBM. Failed to achieve orbit.... Milstar Military communications satellite. First Titan IV with Centaur upper stage. DSP... upper stage. 156 Table 2–83. Titan Launches (1989–1998) (Continued) databk7_collected... PM Table 2–83. Titan Launches (1989–1998) (Continued) Titan Launch Vehicle IVA... satellite. Centaur upper stage. Last Titan IVA launch. Failed. 157 databk7_collected... HISTORICAL DATA BOOK Table 2–84. Titan II Characteristicsa Length Diameter Launch... (engines) Lockheed Martin (vehicle refurbishment) “Titan II Space Launch Vehicle,” Fact... LAUNCH SYSTEMS 167 Table 2–89. Titan Centaur Upper Stage Characteristicsa Component... engines Lockheed Martin Space Systems “Titan,” Lockheed Martin, http://www.lockheedmartin... Vehicle STS-29 STS-30 Titan IV Titan 34D October 18, 1989 November...-41 Titan IV STS-43 STS-44 STS-54 Titan IV STS-70 Titan IV Payload...



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... готовит стартовый комплекс для Delta IV 65 Юбилеи Ветераны отметили 41...:40:57 ДМВ ступень РН Titan 4, с помощью которой был запущен американский... старта с мыса Канаверал были аварийными (Titan 4 12 августа и Delta 3 26 августа... 889 20368 ... 35876 35743 35551 Titan 2 Delta 2 7925 Delta 2 Atlas 2AS... 185 Atlas 2AS Atlas 2AS Titan 4 Centaur Titan 4 NUS 9, 10 11 12... является рас четной для варианта Titan 4B с РБ Centaur. Однако масса... Mission D выше реальной грузоподъемности РН Titan 4B NUS (без верхней ступе... №11, 1998), также выводимым носителем Titan 4 с РБ Centaur непосред ственно на... в 2001 г. запланирован один пуск РН Titan 2 в инте ресах МО США, по... в 2001 и 2003 ф.г. Пус ки РН Titan 4 продолжатся до 2005 ф.г. в ва рианте..., в качестве попутной ПН на РН Titan 4B на орбиту с высотой перигея... риантам Delta IV и Atlas III. В свете послед них аварий Titan IV, Delta III... стартовых твердотопливных ускори телей (СТУ) SRB A японского производства. Вариант 2022, кроме... СТУ произ водства американской фирмы Thiokol Propul sion, а вариант 2024 – четырьмя... проведены успешные огневые испытания ускорителя SRB A. Во время 96 секундного теста... 1999 г. Двигатель для уско рителя SRB A, предназначенного для замены Масса полезного... ЖРД; 7 – посадочная опора. штатного ускорителя SRB ракеты H II, создан компанией Nissan... сегментах.) Углепластиковый корпус SRB A изготавливается по лицензии Thiokol. Фирма Thiokol Propulsion, отделение компании... Сastor IVA XL разработки компании Thiokol с неподвижным соплом. По длине РДТТ... в сентябре 1997 г., а через год компания Thiokol закончила эскизный проект и нача ла... разработ ки носителя H IIA контракт с Thiokol обеща ет относительно большие и длительные... ракет трех семейств – Delta, Atlas и Titan. Флот ракет необходимо было сбалансировать... и испытание систем. Ракеты семейства Delta IV Отделение в Харлингене, шт.Техас, изготав... $ на адаптацию своей ракеты Delta IV под требо вания ВВС и ее... EELV, У.Петерс сказал: «Программа Delta IV демонстрирует большие возможности Boeing'а и наши... РН компании Boeing. Семейство Delta IV включает пять ва риантов носителей... увеличенного объема и металлическим обтекателем от Titan IV. Кроме того, на носителе тяжелого... Delta III. Все варианты Delta IV смогут стартовать с двух новых стартовых... авиабазе Ванденберг. Производство и сборка Delta IV будет вестись усилиями специалистов Boeing... основные компо ненты для Delta IV: – AlliedSignal Aerospace, Тетеборо, Нью Йорк... дней одноразовых амери канских носителей Titan IV и обеспече ние до 2002 г. запуска... пяти носителей Titan II. Начиная с 1989 г. уже запущено 25 ракет Titan IV , из них 22 – в модификации Titan IVA. Согласно новому контракту , более мощная мо дификация Titan IVB... 14 снятых с боевого дежурства МБР Titan II и уже успешно запустила первые... и эффек тивный переход от семейства Titan к новому поколению носителей EELV», – сказал... 1.02 м и один 0.39 м) ОЭС GEODSS IV (три телескопа 1.02 м) Наименование средства... готовит стартовый комплекс для Delta IV Ю.Журавин. «Новости космонавтики» Фирма Boeing... Канаве рал для РН Delta IV, создаваемой в рам ках программы EELV... до 18 пусков Delta IV в год. Delta IV будет собираться горизонталь но... топливных баков для РН Delta IV. Тем временем, в октябре на мысе...



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... ABBREVIATIONS....................................................................... 307 APPENDIX B: BIBLIOGRAPHY ............................................................................................. 313 iv Astronautics and Aeronautics: A Chronology, 1996... Challenger’s right solid rocket booster (SRB) had caused the explosion. One...-long) flame issuing from an SRB joint, and another clearly showed... object separating from the same SRB seconds later. The discovery seemed... of a demonstration test of the Titan IV-B rocket designed for the Cassini... to Saturn and its moon Titan, because it used nuclear power... interested scientists, who theorized that Titan has an Earth-like atmosphere... Survey Worlds of Saturn and Titan; Sends First Probe to Moon..., its rings, and its moon Titan. Engineers had programmed the Cassini... a disc-shaped Huygens probe toward Titan. Throughout the mission, Cassini was... than 40 close flybys of Titan, gathering far more vivid images... Expendable Launch Vehicle and Delta IV Programs. Since 1996, Kennedy had... President of Delta II and Titan Programs. Kennedy had joined Boeing... on the Skylab, Saturn SIVB, Titan, Delta, SPACEHAB, and ISS programs... atmosphere of Saturn’s largest moon, Titan. ESA Director of Science Roger... a little heat to heat up Titan, maybe [the] birth of life... ISS program.474 A U.S. Air Force Titan IV rocket launched from Cape Canaveral... time of the launch, the Titan was the most powerful American... into orbit an American EchoStar IV communications satellite, to relay broadcast...), 7 May 1998. 475 Robyn Suriano, “Titan Rocket Sends Spy Satellite into... NOAA-K, aboard a 34year old converted Titan II nuclear missile. The satellite....482 The PanAmSat-owned Galaxy IV, a five-year old communications satellite... backup systems keeping the Galaxy IV correctly pointed toward Earth-bound....562 12 August A U.S. Air Force Titan IV rocket, carrying a classified satellite for... kilograms), the Lockheed Martin–built Titan IV was the largest crewless rocket.... This was the second time a Titan IV had exploded during launch; the...-second power outage had caused a Titan IV rocket to explode while launching... August 1998. 575 Todd Halversen, “Titan 4 Blast Blamed on Brief Battery... of the USA 142 aboard a Titan IVB rocket had failed. The... of a Titan IVA in August 1998. Engineers had designed the Titan IVB, an improved version of the Titan IV, to survive... large-business service category; and, 4) Thiokol Space Operations of Brigham City... the Total Quality Management philosophy. Thiokol Corporation, which had won the.... Over the past seven years, Thiokol had never delayed its delivery... 7 February 2008); Cordant Technologies Inc., “Thiokol Propulsion Wins NASA’s Highest Honor..., the U.S. Air Force launch of a Titan IV rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida... in the previous week, when a Titan IV placed one military satellite in... upper stage booster of the Titan IVB rocket had stranded the... Milstar communications satellite. Launched atop a Titan IV rocket on 30 April and... consecutive failures of Air Force Titan rockets” launched from Cape Canaveral... 721 Ameet Sachdev, “Aircraft Supply Titan Is Created,” St. Petersburg Times... 1999⎯had involved Lockheed Martin Titan IV rockets. The three mission failures... in increased costs for the Titan program. Both Aldridge and Hall... the investigations into the recent Titan and Delta launch failures.727....729 19 June A Lockheed Martin Titan II rocket launched successfully, carrying... 1998, but delayed it when a Titan IVA exploded after launch, carrying... until engineers could determine whether Titan II used any of the... caused the explosion on the Titan IVA. Following the 727 NOAA...: A Chronology, 1996-2000 launch of a Titan IVB rocket that placed a Milstar... Dow Jones Newswire, “Lockheed Martin’s Titan Launches with QuikScat Satellite,” 20... solid rocket motors from the Thiokol Propulsion company. Each Shuttle flight... a distant quasar.” 770 NASA, “NASA, Thiokol Complete $1.7 Billion Shuttle Motor Agreement... May 1999 after a series of Titan IV launch failures, met its 1 September... develop a “fly-out plan” for Titan IV’s remaining missions, improve its quality..., the unit responsible for Atlas, Titan, and Athena rocket development. In... The U.S. Air Force successfully launched a Titan II rocket from Vandenberg Air... the DMSP and Titan programs. The first launch of a Titan II since... the space launch vehicle. The Titan II, a type of booster previously... launches. NASA had also used Titan II rockets during its Gemini... had occurred on the Galaxy IV satellite, causing similar communications disruptions... Vandenberg Air Force Base, aboard a Titan II rocket. Ground controllers confirmed... the surface of Saturn’s moon Titan. Therefore, the system would be... on 6 November 2004, break through Titan’s atmosphere on 27 November 2004... the composition and winds of Titan’s atmosphere and to collect images... After Tests Reveal Flaw in Titan Probe Link,” Aerospace Daily, 6 October...-C SIR-C/X-SAR SIRTF SMEX SOHO SRB STS Scientific Applications Satellite Southern...



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....gov/SOCC/gifs/sndr.gif. iv Table 7-1, Landsat Multispectral Bands, Landsat... flights was replaced by the Titan II rocket (see Figure l-4). The..., USN Navy Communications satellite Syncom IV deployed; subsequently positioned in geosynchronous..., intended to be launched atop a Titan III missile and flown to... Aircraft Company was to modify a Titan upper stage into an orbiting... the U.S. The Delta II, Titan II and IV and a variety of other... Delta II, Atlas II and Titan IV. It also provides support to... NAVSTAR GPS DSCS MILSTAR NATO IV/SKYNET DMSP back-up Command... CCAFS include the Atlas, Delta, Titan, and many early developmental rockets... developed the Atlas, Delta, and Titan series of launch vehicles from... Pegasus, Taurus, Delta, Atlas, and Titan. The Pegasus is a recent addition... what became known as the “Titan IV Program.” Production lines for the... that only the Shuttle and Titan IVs would be used by... their own problems in 1986. A Titan exploded in April, and a Delta.... Space Launch Complex (SLC’s) 41 (Titan IV), while actually on KSC land... SLCs 36A and 36B; and Titan IV vehicles are launched from SLCs... (Shuttle) SLC-40 (Titan III/Titan IV) SLC-41 (Titan IV) Vandenberg AFB USA 34... (Titan 34D/Titan IV) SLC-4W (Titan II) SLC-5 (Scout) SLC-6 (Shuttle, Inactive) *SLC-X (Titan IV.... TITAN The Titan IV is the latest in the ongoing evolution of the Titan family of space boosters. First launched in June 1989, the Titan IV... First launched in 1962, the Titan II was designed as an... stood alert until 1987. A modified Titan II was also used from... the prime contractor for the Titan IV program, and is responsible for... adapters for all Titan IV configurations (see Figure 5-4). The principal Titan IV subsystems include.... 5-10 Figure 5-4. Titan II SLV/Titan IV configurations. Mission Application The Titan missions are.... Launch Sites Titan vehicles may be launched from SLC-4W (Titan II) and SLC-4E (Titan IV) at Vandenberg AFB, and SLC-40 (Titan IV) and SLC-41 (Titan IV) at... testing are performed. After production, Titan IV components are transported to either... (17 August 1973), and Morton Thiokol's Wasatch Division for the solid... thrust to achieve orbit. One SRB is attached to each side... materials that facilitate burning. Each SRB produces 3.3 million pounds of thrust... the main engines have started. SRB fuel is consumed during the.... It takes approximately 5 minutes from SRB separation from the external tank... parachutes slow the rate of SRB descent so that water impact... Figure 5-12 Solid rocket booster (SRB) parachutes. During the extensive investigations... a ruptured seal on the right SRB was responsible for the accident... gases from escaping from between SRB segments and have since been... on the launch pad. Each SRB aft skirt is attached to... the undesirable possibility that the SRB or external tank could land... the Space Shuttle and the Titan launch vehicles. PAYLOAD ASSIST MODULE... built by Aerospace Company and Thiokol. Figure 5-17, views A and B, presents... is qualified for use with Titan IV to provide an additional heavy..., for the Delta, Atlas, and Titan vehicles are built with 1950s... the current Delta, Atlas, and Titan systems. In addition to reducing...'s vehicle, the two stage Delta IV, is a single integrated family of... Commanders Information System (JMCIS) NATO IV is a NATO general purpose, secure... of the current NATO IV satellites. Two NATO IV satellites make up... inter-operable with DSCS. NATO IV satellites also have two UHF...: • Tomahawk BLK III • Tomahawk BLK IV • JDAM • JSOW • AGM-130 • GBU.../SMQ-11, and the Mark IV terminals. AN/SMQ-11 Shipboard... combines the solid rocket booster (SRB) of H-II developed by NASDA... funding by Congress 2. Explosion of a Titan vehicle; explosion of a Delta vehicle... 4. Explosion of Challenger; explosion of a Titan vehicle; and failure of a Delta... was made? 1. 2. 3. 4. To use only Titan launch vehicles To phase out... and planetary missions 2-53. The Titan IV provides the largest expendable launch... launch vehicle? 1. 2. 3. 4. Atlas I Atlas II Titan I Titan II 2-55. The maiden flight...