Ракетный блок. Thiokol titan IV SRB. [Редактировать]

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (ракетного-блока), млн. долл.1982-01-01206
2Стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.1992-01-0130

Найдено 57 документов по запросу «Thiokol titan IV SRB». [Перейти к поиску]


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... and space systems company 12 Thiokol’s 260-in. Booster Program An... Center) thereafter Parallel contracts to Thiokol and Aerojet Target: Feasibility demonstration... of original booster design 18 SRB Aft Skirt TVA System Layout... company 19 Titan IV SRB An advanced weapon and space systems company • Titan IV developed after Challenger, Delta, and Titan accidents in 1986...% heavier lift capability than previous Titan versions • 3-segment motor with graphiteepoxy... company • ATK (formerly Hercules and Thiokol) led the development of the...



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... to power both the Titan III and IV launchers and the Space... V IV. Ancillary Knowledge 1. Beginning with Atlas-Mercury and continuing with Titan-Gemini... Corporation Reaction Motors Division of Thiokol Chemical Corporation Wright Aeronautical Division... plug nozzle content of design. Thiokol Corporation, Reaction Motors Division: The... and the development of the Titan IV, led to the abandonment of..., which became known as the Titan IV, is capable of lifting 40... launch national security payloads, the Titan IV, has proved nearly as difficult... accommodate Shuttle-size payloads. The Titan IV was designed with the capability... stage (IUS).65 The first Titan IV was launched on June 14... a fifty-six-foot fairing, the Titan IV stands 174 feet tall. 66..., for example, Roger M. Boisjoly, a Morton Thiokol engineer, noted that “we were...). Before the development of the Titan IV, heavy payloads could only be... MATTER OF: Lockheed Propulsion Company Thiokol Corporation DIGEST: 1. On basis of..., 1973, to four prospective sources—Thiokol, Lockheed, UTC, and Aerojet. Technical..., 1973. The SSO, after selecting Thiokol for final negotiations, issued a selection... proposers. Their situations ranged from Thiokol, who needed little new facilities... favored Thiokol. We concluded that the main criticisms of the Thiokol proposal... negate the sizeable Thiokol cost advantage. Accordingly, we selected Thiokol for final..., Thiokol, and NASA. On May 8, questions were posed to Lockheed, Thiokol and... voluminous documentation submitted by Lockheed, Thiokol and NASA, as well as... improper correction in Thiokol’s design, improper crediting of Thiokol proposal features not... savings attainable by contracting with Thiokol.” NASA maintains that the SEB... cost differences between Lockheed and Thiokol were significantly less than those... adjustments to proposed costs between Thiokol and Lockheed, the specific amounts... contractors—Rockwell, Martin-Marietta, and Thiokol—their assessments of our readiness... and External Tank Disposal SRB Disposal—The SRB’s were jettisoned after burnout.... 4. The Commission concluded that the Thiokol Management reversed its position and... Commission has concluded that neither Thiokol nor NASA responded adequately to... action took place. 3. NASA and Thiokol accepted escalating risk apparently because..., 1986, teleconference between Marshall and Thiokol. Similarly, there was no representative... Space Center and at Morton-Thiokol, Inc., toward establishing and maintaining... access to space for STS, Titan IV/Centaur-class planetary, and national... currently planned for launch on a Titan IV/Centaur. The benefit of the... a significant improvement over the current Titan IV, wherein approximately one-third of... two separate launches if the Titan IV/Centaur were used. [3] SHUTTLE BENEFITS... Interim 3,053 Titan III 3,368 Delta II 3,793 Titan IV 4,000 Vehicle Wt... of its Titan 34D launcher; the variant became known as Titan IV. This contract also allowed Martin Marietta to keep the Titan... for the introduction of the Titan IV into the U.S. launch fleet, there... expendable vehicle was dubbed the Titan IV and is still the largest... DOD of using a current system (e.g., Titan IV) to support the same DOD... payloads to a Spacelifter configuration; — slow Titan IV production to about 3 per year... further production upon transition of Titan IV payloads to a Spacelifter configuration; — terminate... tripropellant rocket (30-ft bay) – Titan IV; plus new upper stage Option... and Atlas II) and heavy (Titan IV) lift categories are increasing. Atlas... a Titan IV Centaur. Inefficient production rates primarily account for the increase in Titan IV costs—Titan production was originally sized...—small launchers, Titan II, Delta II, Atlas II, Titan IV and Shuttle—further... 12 Delta (9) Atlas (9) 10 Shuttle (8) 8 6 4 Titan IV (3) Titan II (2) 2 0 0 4 8 12 16 20 24... Per Pound Titan IV 250 $16K/lb $12K/lb 200 “Price” ($M) Titan III... increasing degrees from Delta to Titan IV. In contrast, Arianespace, with Ariane... Ariane. In the case of Titan IV, the launch team is sized... events, such as Atlas and Titan IV, are not as reliable. Likewise... low flight rates, such as Titan IV. Flight rates are tied directly... quality. Delta, in contrast to Titan IV, enjoys higher production rates, which... year. On the low end, Titan IV can launch four missions per...-Centaur GTO; 8 per year system Titan IV Up to 10,000 lb... number of launches of the Titan IV, today’s [heavylift vehicle], has decreased...) destroyed in the August 1993 Titan IV failure exceeded $1 billion. Over the... for Titan IV are significant and rising. Although there have been eight Titan IV... the launch bases conduct further Titan IV launches and the system approaches... diminish. If the number of Titan IV launches per year remains very... East Coast Titan IV launch pads. Recommendation #6: Aggressively restructure and streamline Titan launch... of Defense will maintain the Titan IV launch system until a replacement is... Page 678 T Terrell, Norman E., 521 Thiokol Corporation, and one million pound...



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... its right solid rocket booster (SRB) failed at liftoff. The O-ring failure caused a breach in the SRB joint it sealed, allowing pressurized... and impinge upon the adjacent SRB attachment hardware and external fuel... managers had known contractor Morton Thiokol's design of the SRBs contained... such conditions. Bob Ebeling from Thiokol delivered a biting analysis: "[W]e're only... California, deciding to use the Titan IV instead. Many viewed the launch.... (After the destruction of Challenger, SRB field joints started using three... seals of all of the SRB joints were required to contain... foreshadowing the Challenger accident.[] Morton Thiokol was the contractor responsible for...'s SRBs. As originally designed by Thiokol, the O-ring joints in the..., on several occasions suggesting that Thiokol's field joint design was unacceptable... not forward these memos to Thiokol, and the field joints were... within their reporting channels with Thiokol. Even after 2 Space Shuttle Challenger... fixed.[] By 1985, Marshall and Thiokol realized that they had a potentially... Mulloy, Marshall's manager for the SRB project since 1982, issued and... constraints for six consecutive flights. Thiokol even went as far as... out, forcing yet another scrub. Thiokol-NASA conference call Forecasts for... from Thiokol engineers. At a teleconference on the evening of January 27, Thiokol... an important consideration, since the SRB O-rings had been designated as... the Orbiter and its crew. Thiokol management initially supported its engineers... the conference call, Hardy told Thiokol, "I am appalled. I am appalled by... recommendation." Mulloy said, "My God, Thiokol, when do you want me... NASA personnel in contest to Thiokol's concerns was that if the... 4 NASA did not know of Thiokol's earlier concerns about the effects... launch. Because of NASA's opposition, Thiokol management reversed itself and recommended... proceed as scheduled.[][] Ice The Thiokol engineers had also argued that...) would almost certainly result in SRB temperatures below their redline of... field joint of the right SRB and found the temperature to... escaping from the right side SRB 100% of their original rated... emitted from the right-hand SRB near the aft strut that... joint of the right-hand SRB. The booster's casing had ballooned... and formed a seal. Although the SRB was not designed to function... work well enough, and Morton-Thiokol changed the design specs to... was made. Investigations by Morton-Thiokol engineers determined that the amount... time of extrusion. (The redesigned SRB field joint used subsequent to... attach strut on the right SRB. Unknown to those on Challenger.... Internal pressure in the right SRB began to drop because of... external tank.[9] Plume on right SRB at T+ 58.778 seconds At... At T+72.284, the right SRB pulled away from the aft... the same time, the right SRB rotated about the forward attach... with the semi-detached right SRB contributing its thrust on an... in uncontrolled powered flight. The SRB casings were made of half... Shuttle Challenger disaster 7 the right SRB was still suffering the effects...,000 feet (20 km).[] The Thiokol engineers who had opposed the... had difficulties with its own Titan rocket and Delta rocket programs... disaster. On August 28, 1985, a Titan 34D[] carrying a KH-11 KENNAN... of a Titan missile since 1978. On April 18, 1986, another Titan 34D..., NASA decided to cancel all Titan and Delta launches from Cape... the joints between rocket segments SRB. Legend: A - steel wall thickness 12... of both NASA and Morton Thiokol to respond adequately to the... outside their reporting channels with Thiokol—a flagrant violation of NASA regulations... plans, in favor of the Titan IV unmanned launch vehicle. In response... commission.[] NASA's contract with Morton Thiokol, the contractor responsible for the... "loss of life or mission," Thiokol would forfeit $10 million of... failure. After the Challenger accident, Thiokol agreed to "voluntarily accept" the..., left his job at Morton Thiokol and became a speaker on workplace... the caucus called by Morton Thiokol managers, which resulted in a recommendation.... He argues that if Morton Thiokol engineers had more clearly presented... of the data he claimed Thiokol had given during the briefing... Tufte's conclusions about the Morton Thiokol engineers' role in the loss... earmarked for development of the Titan IV expendable launcher. Numerous delays on..., the Air Force developed the Titan IV instead of using the Shuttle.... • Boisjoly, Roger. "Ethical Decisions—Morton Thiokol and the Space Shuttle Challenger... (2). • Boisjoly, Roger. "Ethical Decisions - Morton Thiokol and the Challenger Disaster: Telecon...:STS-51-L grey smoke on SRB.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia... Contributors File:Zlacze miedzysegmentowe rakiety SRB promu kosmicznego.jpg  Source: http...



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... to CAD Data Transfer Process iv TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5.1 1.5.2 1.5.3 1.5.4 1.5.5 1.5.6 1.5.7 1.5.8 1.5.9 1.6 INTRODUCTION... SLC SOHO SPRB SQEP SQP SRB SRM SRR Sta STC STDN... Than 340 In-Space Starts THIOKOL Castor IVA Motors • Solid Propellant... Gyro Unit SOLID ROCKET BOOSTERS (SRB) Four Thiokol Castor IVA Size: 102... other stages (e.g., Atlas/Agena and Titan/Centaur) to deliver commercial, military... first pair of Thiokol Castor IVA solid rocket boosters (SRB). Revision 7 2-2 CENTAUR... Package Jettison (BECO + 3.1) AIR-LIT SRB PAIR JETTISON (ATLAS IIAS) Closed... in Safe State GROUND-LIT SRB PAIR JETTISON (ATLAS IIAS) P&Y Programs...) Guidance Go-Inertial Ground-Lit SRB Pair Ignition (Atlas IIAS) Liftoff... SRB Pair Ignition (IIAS) Ground-Lit SRB Pair Jettison (IIAS) Air-Lit SRB Pair Burnout (IIAS) Air-Lit SRB... stage (OIS) based on the Thiokol STAR 48B (TEM-711-18.../IIAS booster engines), and Thiokol (solid rocket boosters [SRB]). As the spacecraft... buffet, gust, SRB air-lit start, SRB burnout and SRB jettison, booster engine... 5 7 O ffices P /L B ldg 3 O ps P ayload 6 Storage iv e VAB Area KSC Industrial Area... attaching the solid rocket boosters (SRB) to the Atlas booster. Erecting... hole pattern alignments and indexing; iv) Mating surface flatness checks; 7-1 Revision... HLV delivers large intermediate and Titan class missions to both low... configuration, and at or below Titan IV levels for the Atlas V HLV... 17 Flights (Titan/Centaur) (Atlas IIIB) (SEC) 0 Flights Centaur G (Titan) (Shuttle) 14... on both the Atlas and Titan boosters. Throughout this history, the... Commercial 49 INTELSAT K 1 VA 3 V 7 IVA 6 IV 8 VII 3 Number of Flights 70.../D LEO Failure January 25 INTELSAT IV AC-25 SLV-3C/D GTO.../D Interplanetary Success December 19 INTELSAT IV AC-26 SLV-3C/D GTO... 1971 1972 January 22 INTELSAT IV AC-28 SLV-3C/D GTO.../D Interplanetary Success June 13 INTELSAT IV AC-29 SLV-3C/D GTO... Interplanetary Success August 23 INTELSAT IV AC-31 SLV-3D/D-1A...-3D/D-1A Interplanetary Success INTELSAT IV AC-32 SLV-3D/D-1A GTO Success February 20 INTELSAT IV AC-33 SLV-3D/D-1A GTO Failure May 22 INTELSAT IV AC-35 SLV-3D/D-1A... addition of four Thiokol Castor IVA solid rocket boosters (SRB), each generating... gauges, the addition of the SRB load ring and forward cableway... 7 Relocation of Retrorockets Due to SRB Interference Add Tension Strap for New Booster Section Staging System SRB Load Ring Strengthen Sta 1133... designed to react Castor IVA SRB loads, and the Atlas IIAS... for booster jettison and airlit SRB attachment eliminated, such as separation..., and the second pair of SRB attach fittings. The 1206 frame... TCO Rise-Off Panel Enhanced SRB Separation Hardware Radiation Shield Addition... between Atlas and Centaur stages. SRB Thrust Longeron (Integrally Machined) Engine...: MA-5A engine system; SRBs; SRB attach, disconnect, and jettison (ADJ... Rocket Booster (SRB)—The Atlas IIAS uses four Thiokol Castor IVA SRBs... system is designed to react SRB flight loads and safely jettison... the capability to provide two SRB jettison events. This is accomplished... Command SRB 1-3 Ignite SRB 2-4 Ignite LV Dstr Chg Battery Distribution PCOS SRB Sep 1 SRB... Command PCOS Command from Ground SRB 1-3 Ignite PIU LV DSTR Chg... Cmds from Gnd Atlas RCU SRB Sep 1 PYC Relay Boxes Ground... Charges (4) * 28-Vdc Battery Antenna SRB * Disconnects (8) Atlas Safe/Arm Device Atlas * Secure Receiver 2 * Each SRB 1-s Delay Legend: Shielded RF Coaxial... Unit INU Inertial Navigation Unit SRB Solid Rocket Booster *Only 1 of... the FTS also includes a commanded SRB destruct capability. Figure A.2.1.5-4 illustrates the SFTS for Atlas IIAS. Each SRB is equipped with an inadvertent... unlikely event of an unplanned SRB jettison. With unplanned jettison, lanyard... the forward bulkhead of the SRB. Thrust capability is negated within..., the system is safed before SRB jettison. Single-fault tolerance to... system, albeit without the SRB ISDS or SRB conical-shaped charge components... (PIU). The retro rocket and SRB separation pyros primary and backup... Charges (4) 28-Vdc Battery Antenna SRB * Disconnects (8) Atlas Safe/Arm Device... Unit Inertial Navigation Unit INU SRB Solid Rocket Booster *Only 1 of... Unit Honeywell Solid Rocket Motors Thiokol • Interstage Adapter • Atlas RCS • Payload... Storage 20,000 ft Storage Titan Storage Storage New Storage Tool...



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...; Delta; Pegasus; Scout; Taurus; and Titan launch vehicles. The Conestoga launch... and medium performance classes (Atlas E, Titan II, Pegasus, and Delta II... performance classes (Atlas I/IIAS and Titan IV/Centaur) were managed by Lewis... kilograms) were launched aboard the Titan IV/Centaur launch vehicle, developed by..., 3 Atlases, 1 Scout, and 1 Pegasus. One Titan launch failed. The launches included... stage, a commercial motor made by Thiokol derived from the Peacekeeper intercontinental... configurations for various purposes. It’s Thiokol booster stage rockets consisted of... assist module (PAM)-D, equipped with a Thiokol Star 48B solid rocket motor... epoxy motors (GEMs) replaced the Thiokol Castor IVA solid rocket motors... (later Alliant Techsystems of ATK Thiokol Propulsion Company).49 Hercules was... be replaced by a spin-stabilized Thiokol Star 37 perigee kick motor... configurations and enhanced versions, the Titan launched a wide range of military... with Shuttle payload capacity, the Titan payload fairing was increased to.... The vehicles were renamed the Titan IV, and they would eventually be... East Coast launch pads. The Titan IV was the Nation’s largest and... Titan IVA launch occurred successfully on June 14, 1989. Eventually, 22 Titan... the first stage of the Titan IV ELV used to send NASA... used since the first Titan IIIC. The upgraded Titan motors had three... the new Titan IV with its new motors, now designated Titan IVB, did not occur until February 23, 1997. The new Titan IV..., avionics, and guidance systems using Titan III technology. An attitude control... Systems, 3rd ed., p. 470. Also “Titan,” Lockheed Martin, http://www.lockheedmartin... Art Falconer, “Epic Proportion: The Titan Launch Vehicle,” Crosslink (Aerospace Corporation.... The first stage of the Titan IV ELV that sent NASA’s Cassini... one were converted Titan ICBMs; the final nonmilitary Titan payload during this... on a new Titan IVB Centaur. Table 2–83 lists all Titan launches during this period. Table 2–84 lists Titan II... the main engines.69 Thiokol Corporation produced the SRB motors/ Martin Marietta... use on the Titan IV. Martin Marietta delivered the first Titan IV Centaur in... (16.4 feet) in diameter. Most Titan IV Centaurs were used for classified... with the Titan launch vehicle, particularly the Titan 34D and Titan IV. The IUS... Titan IV-IUS launch into geosynchronous orbit, the IUS separated from the Titan... the funding requirements for the Titan IV/Centaur vehicle. SAT appropriation. Increase... ELV funding requests was for Titan IV vehicle needed to support the... 1/1 1/1 2/2 1/3a 1/2 4/5 5/5 6/6 21/25 Scout Taurus 1/1 1/1 2/2 1/1 1/1 1/1 6/6 2/2 3/3 Titan 4/4 4/5 2/2 3/3 1/2 5/5 4/4 4/4 5/5 2/3 34/37 Total 13/13... orbit depending on launch inclination Thiokol Pratt & Whitney Primex Technologies Lockheed... orbit depending on orbital inclination Thiokol Thiokol Pratt & Whitney Primex Lockheed Martin... single TE 374-4 engine Rocketdyne Thiokol General Dynamics Atlas E in this... Rocketdyne Pratt & Whitney Lockheed Martin Thiokol: SRBs 134 Table 2–69. Atlas... N) 355,600 lb (1,581 kN) Thiokol EER Systems LAUNCH SYSTEMS Propellant... lb to low-Earth orbit Thiokol Isakowitz and Samella, International Reference... AJ10-118K Thiokol Star 48 motor Nine Thiokol Castor IV Rocketdyne RS-27...-synchronous orbit (polar launch)b Thiokol Rocketdyne Aerojet Thiokol McDonnell Douglas Jean-Jacques.... payload Contractors b Aerojet AJ10-118K Thiokol Star 48B Rocketdyne RS-27...) to sun synchronous orbitb Thiokol Rocketdyne Aerojet Thiokol McDonnell Douglas Isakowitz and...,190 lb) Aerojet AJ10-118K Thiokol Star 48B Rocketdyne RS-27... orbit Alliant Techsystems Rocketdyne Aerojet Thiokol McDonnell Douglas Isakowitz et al... Vandenberg Air Force Basee Contractor Thiokol Alliant Alliant Alliant Techsystems Orbital... a spin-stabilized upper stage using Thiokol’s Star 37FM perigee kick motor... Table 2–83. Titan Launches (1989–1998) Titan Launch Vehicle 34D IV 34D II.../Japanese communications satellite. First commercial Titan III launch. International communications satellite... science mission launched by refurbished Titan ICBM. Transfer orbit kick stage... science mission launched by refurbished Titan ICBM. Failed to achieve orbit.... Milstar Military communications satellite. First Titan IV with Centaur upper stage. DSP... upper stage. 156 Table 2–83. Titan Launches (1989–1998) (Continued) databk7_collected... PM Table 2–83. Titan Launches (1989–1998) (Continued) Titan Launch Vehicle IVA... satellite. Centaur upper stage. Last Titan IVA launch. Failed. 157 databk7_collected... HISTORICAL DATA BOOK Table 2–84. Titan II Characteristicsa Length Diameter Launch... (engines) Lockheed Martin (vehicle refurbishment) “Titan II Space Launch Vehicle,” Fact... LAUNCH SYSTEMS 167 Table 2–89. Titan Centaur Upper Stage Characteristicsa Component... engines Lockheed Martin Space Systems “Titan,” Lockheed Martin, http://www.lockheedmartin... Vehicle STS-29 STS-30 Titan IV Titan 34D October 18, 1989 November...-41 Titan IV STS-43 STS-44 STS-54 Titan IV STS-70 Titan IV Payload...



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....gov/SOCC/gifs/sndr.gif. iv Table 7-1, Landsat Multispectral Bands, Landsat... flights was replaced by the Titan II rocket (see Figure l-4). The..., USN Navy Communications satellite Syncom IV deployed; subsequently positioned in geosynchronous..., intended to be launched atop a Titan III missile and flown to... Aircraft Company was to modify a Titan upper stage into an orbiting... the U.S. The Delta II, Titan II and IV and a variety of other... Delta II, Atlas II and Titan IV. It also provides support to... NAVSTAR GPS DSCS MILSTAR NATO IV/SKYNET DMSP back-up Command... CCAFS include the Atlas, Delta, Titan, and many early developmental rockets... developed the Atlas, Delta, and Titan series of launch vehicles from... Pegasus, Taurus, Delta, Atlas, and Titan. The Pegasus is a recent addition... what became known as the “Titan IV Program.” Production lines for the... that only the Shuttle and Titan IVs would be used by... their own problems in 1986. A Titan exploded in April, and a Delta.... Space Launch Complex (SLC’s) 41 (Titan IV), while actually on KSC land... SLCs 36A and 36B; and Titan IV vehicles are launched from SLCs... (Shuttle) SLC-40 (Titan III/Titan IV) SLC-41 (Titan IV) Vandenberg AFB USA 34... (Titan 34D/Titan IV) SLC-4W (Titan II) SLC-5 (Scout) SLC-6 (Shuttle, Inactive) *SLC-X (Titan IV.... TITAN The Titan IV is the latest in the ongoing evolution of the Titan family of space boosters. First launched in June 1989, the Titan IV... First launched in 1962, the Titan II was designed as an... stood alert until 1987. A modified Titan II was also used from... the prime contractor for the Titan IV program, and is responsible for... adapters for all Titan IV configurations (see Figure 5-4). The principal Titan IV subsystems include.... 5-10 Figure 5-4. Titan II SLV/Titan IV configurations. Mission Application The Titan missions are.... Launch Sites Titan vehicles may be launched from SLC-4W (Titan II) and SLC-4E (Titan IV) at Vandenberg AFB, and SLC-40 (Titan IV) and SLC-41 (Titan IV) at... testing are performed. After production, Titan IV components are transported to either... (17 August 1973), and Morton Thiokol's Wasatch Division for the solid... thrust to achieve orbit. One SRB is attached to each side... materials that facilitate burning. Each SRB produces 3.3 million pounds of thrust... the main engines have started. SRB fuel is consumed during the.... It takes approximately 5 minutes from SRB separation from the external tank... parachutes slow the rate of SRB descent so that water impact... Figure 5-12 Solid rocket booster (SRB) parachutes. During the extensive investigations... a ruptured seal on the right SRB was responsible for the accident... gases from escaping from between SRB segments and have since been... on the launch pad. Each SRB aft skirt is attached to... the undesirable possibility that the SRB or external tank could land... the Space Shuttle and the Titan launch vehicles. PAYLOAD ASSIST MODULE... built by Aerospace Company and Thiokol. Figure 5-17, views A and B, presents... is qualified for use with Titan IV to provide an additional heavy..., for the Delta, Atlas, and Titan vehicles are built with 1950s... the current Delta, Atlas, and Titan systems. In addition to reducing...'s vehicle, the two stage Delta IV, is a single integrated family of... Commanders Information System (JMCIS) NATO IV is a NATO general purpose, secure... of the current NATO IV satellites. Two NATO IV satellites make up... inter-operable with DSCS. NATO IV satellites also have two UHF...: • Tomahawk BLK III • Tomahawk BLK IV • JDAM • JSOW • AGM-130 • GBU.../SMQ-11, and the Mark IV terminals. AN/SMQ-11 Shipboard... combines the solid rocket booster (SRB) of H-II developed by NASDA... funding by Congress 2. Explosion of a Titan vehicle; explosion of a Delta vehicle... 4. Explosion of Challenger; explosion of a Titan vehicle; and failure of a Delta... was made? 1. 2. 3. 4. To use only Titan launch vehicles To phase out... and planetary missions 2-53. The Titan IV provides the largest expendable launch... launch vehicle? 1. 2. 3. 4. Atlas I Atlas II Titan I Titan II 2-55. The maiden flight...



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0.06/5
... use the same type of SRB propulsion as does the Space... more solid propellant in each SRB than the Space Shuttle, would... N/m2 maximum. (2.1 psf) Space Shuttle SRB Casing — — 96 to 144 N/m2... N/m2 (2 to 4 psf) Launch Noise Titan IIIC [b] 94 21 Oct 1965... Shuttle 31 × 106 N (6.9 × 106 lbf ) Titan IV 15 × 106 N (3.4 × 106 lbf ) Ares... the atmospheric entry of jettisoned SRB casings, and with atmospheric entry.... For Space Shuttle launches, after SRB separation the Space Shuttle and... area, which coincides with the SRB impact area (NASA 1978). For... 4-2 with a smaller launch vehicle (the Titan IIIc) having produced higher sound... jays and beach mice during a Titan 34D launch from LC-40... conducted surrounding the CCAFS former Titan launch pads, LC-40 and... and contributes to Historic District SRB Assembly and Refurbishment Recovery and... parachutes for (Building M7-0657) SRB and Orion operations Anticipated Adverse... activation, the propellant tanks and SRB casings would be ruptured and... of 33 m (100 ft) for a Titan IV/Centaur vehicle explosion (FAA 2001... Titan IV would not be representative of an Ares explosion, because the Titan IV... Main Engines and the Delta IV RS-68 engine. Only the..., development, testing, and evaluation Ares V SRB design and development RS-68B... supported include Delta II, Delta IV, Minuteman, and the Space Shuttle... of insulation as a Space Shuttle SRB (15,500 kg [34,000... the Promontory facility, then a Morton Thiokol plant, occurred while pouring uncured... damage was confined within Morton Thiokol’s facilities. Modifications to equipment and... used for the Space Shuttle SRB recovery. The Constellation Program is... practiced for the Space Shuttle SRB recovery. The Constellation Program is... Ares I First Stage and Ares V SRB splash down zone is expected... I First Stage or the Ares V SRB retrieval, indicate that NASA can... Ares I First Stage and Ares V SRB separation occurring at an altitude... and mission. The Space Shuttle SRB propellants are consumed in approximately... (30 mi). The Space Shuttle SRB propellant consumption rates as a function... measurements and modeling studies of a Titan IV launch indicated that local ozone... 4.3 5 97 Titan IV 2.0 4 25 Atlas V 551/552 0.65 2 3.6 Delta IV M+ (5,4) 0.36 3 1.3 Delta IV M+ 0.42... Space Shuttle launches and three Titan IV launches each year for 20... HCl per Space Shuttle and Titan IV launch, respectively, the calculated total... Al2O3 per Space Shuttle and Titan IV launch, respectively, totaled to 22... Delta IV M+ 3500 3000 Space Shuttle 2500 2000 1500 1000 Ares V Titan IV...



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...’s nomenclature. Vehicle Atlas V Crewed Delta IV Crewed Atlas Evolved (Crew+Cargo... conditions. Neither Atlas V nor Delta IV with their existing upper stages... 150 100 50 13.1 4-Segment SRB with 1 SSME Crew 15 5-Segment... 4 LR–85 Crew 16 5-Segment SRB with 1 J–2S+ Crew Units mT.... The current Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) nosecone was removed and an... Properties Accounting Vehicle: Four-Segment SRB with 1 SSME Crew – Blk 2 Stage... Mass Stage: First (Four-Segment SRB) Stage Burnout Mass Main Ascent... Earth Departure Stages 403 4-Segment SRB with 1 SSME Crew Vehicle Concept...-epoxy panels, based on Titan and Delta IV designs. Structures and tanks..., and LV 16 are single SRB-based crew vehicles, with either... either a four- or five-segment SRB with a modified forward skirt and... footprint of the in-line SRB configuration. The cost is the... estimates for the four-segment SRB with one SSME (RS–25... and Earth Departure Stages 6.5.4.2.2 Delta IV with New Upper Stage Avionics... + Cargo 4-Segment SRB plus 3 SSME Core Cargo 5-Segment SRB plus 4 SSME Core Crew +Cargo 5-Segment SRB plus 4 SSME....7 mT 27.3 with EDS 5-Segment SRB plus 5 SSME Core Plus EDS... the loads where the introduced SRB loads counteract the compression. The... T/W ratio of the core after SRB separation is 1.04, and 0.84... Departure Stages 5 SSME Core & 5-Segment SRB + 2 J-2S + EDS Cargo Vehicle Concept...-epoxy panels, based on Titan and Delta IV designs. Structures and tanks... using well-characterized heritage systems (i.e., SRB, SSME). The additional upper stage... for the RSRM and the SRB failures, and the ESAS (FIRST... propellants, the use of a single SRB (with grossly different impacts from.... The single- and dual-RSRM/SRB component reliability estimates from QRAS...-segment RSRB. Discussions with ATK Thiokol led to a preliminary conclusion that... in this study with a single SRB, such as the in-line... of separation systems. The QRAS SRB failure designations removed are “Separation... the combined risk of the SRB and RSRM to form the... the separation risk for the SRB, because the ESAS model calculates... SBORSC RL-10A RD-180 SRB 4-Seg SRB 5-Seg Engine in Cycle... SSME-like red-line system. *** SRB assessment from FIRST model 0.16... - Assumes SSME-like redline system ***SRB assessment from FIRST model. 6. Launch... system. In Figure 6-68 the SRB reliability is included only for... FIRST model. In actuality, the SRB includes much more than an engine. The SRB has the MPS equivalent of... the Titan second-stage separation using QRAS 2000 data from Shuttle SRB... QRAS 2000 results for Shuttle SRB separation into two main components... and BSM clusters. Each Shuttle SRB uses one forward separation bolt... separation points to push the SRB away from the ascending vehicle... 2000 four-segment Shuttle SRB results. The QRAS SRB separation results are... Pegasus Proton Soyuz/Molniya Taurus Titan Tsiklon/Dnepr Total Launch Attempts... marred a perfect record of 226 SRB flights. This results in a 0.996... physics-based simulations show the SRB LV design is robust and...-Catastrophic Failure Mode Propensity: SRB history and SRB design features suggest gradual... of largethroat SRBs, including Titan IV, Ariane V, and Shuttle SRB. A summary of these... Shuttle SRB and the Ariane and Titan SRBs. Historically, the Shuttle SRB has been 3.3 times more reliable than Titan IV... the larger number of Shuttle SRB flights, but it also suggests that Shuttle SRB reliability is achieved by design... Failure History 480 Large-Throat SRB Attempts and Failures (Flight Demonstrated... x 2) SRB Failures Shuttle 113 226 1 Total 113 226 1 1 in 226 Titan IV A 22 44 Titan IV B 14 28 Titan 34D 15 30... graceful failure (e.g., designing the aft SRB segment to rupture preferentially) or...). The primary qualitative difference between SRB and liquid stage propagation potential is that bounding SRB accident stresses are likely to... probability. The result is a mean SRB abort ability from an ILC... configurations. Reliability Drivers Single-Stick SRB Shuttle Simplicity Single element 2 SRBs... environment No crew escape system N/A SRB thrust augmentation leads to immediate... is feasible. 6.9.5 Space Shuttle SRB, Four-Segment SRB Derivative More than 200... in Figure 6-85. Figure 6-85. SRB FourSegment Configuration in Production Status... production is performed at ATK Thiokol. KSC has supported up to... in the current contract scope. • SRB hardware deliveries are set to... for a CLV. Table 6-39. FourSegment SRB Performance Specifications Propellant Total Isp... (ROW) for the four-segment SRB development are listed in Table 6-40. Table 6-40. FourSegment SRB Development Risk Summary Area ROW.... The goal of using the SRB for the CLV is to... design change. Table 6-41. FourSegment SRB Change Risk Summary The Space... asset, with existing RSRM and SRB hardware in inventory that can... only the five-segment SRB. In addition, SRB forwardand aft-skirt vendors... longer exist. Based on an SRB study conducted in 2000, it...



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0.28/5
... Procedures CONTENTS Page The Titan 34D and Titan IV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Launch Operations—Cape.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Boxes Page Box 3-A. Titan 34D and Titan IV Launch Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 3-B. The... Vandenberg Titan Launch Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 3-2. Kennedy Space Center Payload Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 3-3. Titan 34D Launcher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 3-4. Titan IV Launcher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 3-5. Geosynchronous Orbit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 3-6. High Inclination Orbit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 3-7. Typical Titan Receipt-to-Launch Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 3-8. Typical Titan Launch Schedule, Cape Canaveral. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 3-9. Titan Integrate/Transfer/Launch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 3-10. Titan... for the Titan and the Shuttle. - Figure 3-1. —Overview of Vandenberg Titan Launch Facilities Oxidizer farm SOURCE: Aerospace Corp. THE TITAN 340 AND TITAN IV able launch vehicle which evolved from the Titan II... of several models of the Titan III launcher the Air Force... the first Titan IV launcher 1A crew-rated version of the Titan 11... to orbit than the Titan 34D. The Titan 34D (fig. 3-3; box 3-A), an expend- 31 32 33 Box 3-A.—Titan 34D and Titan IV Launch Systems The Titan 34D Vehicle The Titan 34D... Titan IV Vehicle The Titan IV expendable launch vehicle is the latest in the Titan... to the Air Force, the Titan IV uses the same fuels and... design is similar to the Titan 34D but its core vehicle... solid rocket boosters for the Titan IV.4 These boosters will provide a 25... three major versions of the Titan IV: a No Upper Stage (NUS), an... a Centaur Upper Stage (Centaur). Generic Titan Systems The valves, ignition system... differ primarily in size. Typically, a Titan 34D launch costs about $90... and complexity of services required. A Titan IV launch costs $120 million, including... a subsidiary corporation, Commercial Titan, Incorporated to market Titan launch services. Martin Marietta...) for commercial launches. Andrew Wilson, “Titan Grows Stronger, ” SPACE, vol. 3, pp... solid rocket boosters for the Titan 4. The propellant in the core.... 4See “Hercules Wins Contract for Titan 4 SRM Work, ” Aviation Week and..., p. 31. 34 Figure 3-4. -Titsn IV Lsuncher Figure 3-3.-Titan 340 Lsuncher T / + I 1 I I I Centaur mod... The Air Force maintains two Titan launch complexes at Cape Canaveral... possible to sustain about four Titan launches per year from each....5 The Air Force expects each Titan IV to spend 8 to 9 1/2 weeks on... launch pad, and each commercial Titan 34D about 6 weeks. / Orbit path.... 3Martin Marietta, which builds the Titan launch vehicle, is the principal... the Titan IV is likely to take several weeks longer than the Titan... the factory in Denver. bAfter a Titan 34D exploded 8.5 seconds into flight... insulation within the Titan solid rocket motor (see “Titan Solid Booster Failure... to monitor launcher systems. See “Titan Mission Success Based on Tighter... Figure 3-8.–Typlcai Titan Launch Scheduie, Cape Canaverai Figure 3-9.—Titan integrate/Transfer/Launch... two cells capable of storing Titan core vehicles. Technicians connect and... in production. 38 Figure 3-10. —Titan 34D Checkout and Launch Control... 40 will be used for Titan 34D commercial and government launches... been modified to accommodate the Titan IV. ible hoses necessary for filling... assembly and launch of each Titan 34D with its payload. This.... THE SPACE SHUTTLE Unlike the Titan, the Shuttle orbiter was designed... OPS Shuttle Integrated Operations (VAB) b I I I I I I I I I I I I I H/SRB SOURCE: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. VAB fl/SRB operations’ a ~rbtier Pmessing 1 J FaciliW bvehlcle... until needed. The contractor (Morton Thiokol) ships new Assembling and testing... to the prime contractor (Morton Thiokol) for refurbishing and reloading. SOURCE...



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0.42/5
... been boosted into orbit atop a Titan II or III. As planned... expendable launch vehicle, such as a Titan III. Other design concepts lay... the Shuttle orbiter. Later, Morton Thiokol was selected to produce the... development and manufacturing of the SRB, the SSME, and the external... by piece, technicians hoist each SRB element atop the next one... that the Delta, Atlas, and Titan expendable launch vehicles (ELVs) would... and the development of the Titan IV, led to the abandonment of... an upgraded version of its Titan 34D in February 1985, over..., which became known as the Titan IV, is capable of lifting 40... tanks and by upgrading the Titan’s solid rocket motors to 61... launch national security payloads, the Titan IV, has proved nearly as difficult... a half segments used by the Titan 34D.64 Fairings of up... accommodate Shuttle-size payloads. The Titan IV was designed with the capability... stage (IUS).65 The first Titan IV was launched on June 14... a fifty-six-foot fairing, the Titan IV stands 174 feet tall. 66... enormous pressure. NASA and Morton Thiokol had intended to design the..., as NASA’s own tests during SRB development had shown, the O-rings... several NASA officials and Morton Thiokol engineers were aware of the... the accident, neither NASA nor Thiokol fully understood the mechanism by..., for example, Roger M. Boisjoly, a Morton Thiokol engineer, noted that “we were... as the loss of two Titan 34Ds and the Atlas-Centaur...). Before the development of the Titan IV, heavy payloads could only be... in an unusable orbit by a Titan III rocket in March 1990...