Спутник ДЗЗ. Yaogan 12. [Редактировать]

Yaogan 12 — принадлежит к серии китайских разведывательных спутников. Спутники были разработаны в Китайской академии космической техники, находящейся в ведении Китайской корпорации космической науки и техники. Китайские средства массовой информации описывают эти спутники как предназначенные для научных экспериментов, изучения земли, борьбы за урожаи и предсказания бедствий, но западные аналитики считают, что они также используются для военных целей. 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1YG 12НайтиНайти
2Yaogan Weixing 12НайтиНайти
337875НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
2Тип оператора(владельца) - военные
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - Китай
5Все спутники ДЗЗ

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град97.3
2Апогей, км495.4
3Апогей, км495.6
4Перигей, км490.0
5Перигей, км489.7
6Период, минут94.3
7Длинный диаметр эллипса, км6863

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2011-066B

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2011-11-09 at 03:21:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xTian Xun 1
3Полезная нагрузка 1xYaogan 12
4Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 4B

Найдено 158 документов по запросу «Yaogan 12». [Перейти к поиску]


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... boost-glide re-entry vehicles. 12 In short, senior PRC civilian... ballistic China’s Evolving Space Capabilities | 12 and land attack cruise missile... spacecraft. The Politburo, on September 12, 1992, directed investment of resources... 13 launched since April 2006, Yaogan remote sensing satellites appear to... be the Yaogan-2, launched on May 25, 2007. 97 The Yaogan-5, likely... demonstrating similar characteristics as the Yaogan-2 and Yaogan-5 satellites have been launched... on April 27, 2006, the Yaogan-1 was launched from Taiyuan Satellite... launched. 107 A subsequent system, the Yaogan-6, was launched on April 22... date. 108 Among these include Yaogan-8, developed over a four year period... follow-on variants, designated Yaogan-10 and Yaogan-13, were launched from... satellites include the Shijian-6 and Yaogan-9 satellites. R&D on the Shijian-6 series... produced another satellite, the Shijian-12, which was launched on a LM... technology demonstrations. A cluster of three Yaogan-9 satellites, launched from China’s Jiuquan... had overall responsibility for the Yaogan-9 program. 126 The GSD Fourth... Jiuquan in conjunction with the Yaogan-2 on May 25, 2007. Two... as piggyback payloads on the Yaogan-11 in September 22, 2010... projects include the JK-5, JK-12, and JKZ -20 airships. 068... of Xishan and organized into 12 regional and functional bureaus, the... have been one of the Yaogan series. 199 Possibly linked with... of between Mach 8 and Mach 12. 230 Another China’s Evolving Space... China,” Harvard Asia Pacific, pp. 12-15.Eric Hagt and Matthew....chinadaily.com.cn/cndy/2011-12/30/content_14354558.htm. For an....kiev.ua/about/conne_e.htm. 12 13 Harlan W. Jencks, “COSTIND Is... Vehicle [中国航天部门将积极发展重型固体运载火箭], China Space News, June 12, 2010, at http://news.ifeng.com/mil/2/detail_2010_06/12/1616757_0.shtml; “Gan Xiaosong: ‘Forrest...年中国的航天白皮书全文], China National Space Administration [国家航天局], October 12, 2006, at http://www.cnsa... 2006,” China National Space Administration, 12 Dec 2006, 22 June 2011... End of 2011,” Xinhua, November 12, 2008, at http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2008-11/12/content_7199005.htm. For reference to....com/science/space/news/2006/12/72276. See, for example, CAS... launched from mobile platforms within 12 hours of an order. “China.../zzjgzs/zzjgsyygzx/index.htm. 95 “Yaogan series (China), Spacecraft – Defense,” Jane...-Industry/Yaogan-series-China.html. 96 “Successful Launch of the Yaogan-2” [我国成功发射“遥感卫星二号”], Xinhua....htm. A key designer of the Yaogan-2’s high resolution camera system was... the Yaogan-2 may include Yaogan-4, Yaogan-7, and Yaogan-11. A follow-on variant of the Yaogan-5 may include the Yaogan-12... Targets Detection, Remote Sensing Journal [Yaogan xuebao]), March 2007, pp. 185... Targets Detection, Remote Sensing Journal [Yaogan xuebao]), March 2007, pp. 185...,” China Aerospace [Zhongguo hangtian], 1997(12). Guo Huadong, “Spaceborne and Airborne... to be 5 meters. 106 The Yaogan-1 has also been referred to... SAR research was Yuan Xiaokang [袁孝康]. Yaogan-1 Chief Designer is said to... the Chief Designer for the Yaogan-6. For examples of Chen Junli... Hongchang, Chief Director of the Yaogan-3” [对话上海航天局遥感卫星三号总指挥朱鸿昌], Changsanjiao City Net, September 9, 2009... of the Yaogan-3” [对话上海航天局遥感卫星三号总指挥朱鸿昌], September 9, 2009. For reference to the Yaogan-6(2), see [第15... “CASC Eighth Academy Successfully Launches Yaogan-10 Satellite” [航天八院为遥感卫星十号发射成功奋战发射场], MOST website, November.... Among various sources, see “China’s Yaogan-9 may be ocean surveillance satellite...-s-Yaogan-9-may-be-oceansurveillance-satellite.html. The initial indication that the Yaogan... astronomers who reported that the Yaogan-9 mission saw the launch of... triangular formation. For example see: “Yaogan 9A, 9B, 9C,” Gunter’s Space....skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/yaogan9.htm; “Yaogan Weixing-9 CZ-4C launch March....zarya.info/Diaries/2010.php. Yaogan Weixing 9,” Jonathan’s Space Report, No... the Yaogan-9 was Li Yandong [李延东]. Space industry reporting indicates that the Yaogan... satellite program. See “Warm Celebrations: ‘Yaogan-9’ Successfully Launched” [热烈庆祝:“遥感九号”成功发射], China Spacesat Company... Doors to Success: Behind the Yaogan-9 Satellite Launch Success” [叩开成功之门——遥感卫星九号发射见闻], China Space....hit.edu.cn/articles/2008/12-09/12083258.htm, accessed January.... 135 136 See [风云三号(FY-3)气象卫星数据接收系统DPT接收12米天线分系统], http://qxfw.fjqx.gov.cn... Relay Satellite,” Xinhua Net, July 12, 2011, at http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/sci/201107/12/c_13978690.htm.For an example... Senate Select Committee on Intelligence,” 12 February 2009, p. 23. 196 For... Technology Test” [我国“陆基中段反导拦截技术试验”初步分析], KKTT blog, January 12, 2010, at http://liuqiankktt.blog...” [临近空间飞行器的发展趋势和重大基础科学问题研讨会在京召开], National Natural Science Foundation, May 12, 2006, at http://www.nsfc... Ships (Xiandai jianchuan), 2006 Issue 12(B); and Qiu and Long, “930...年中国的航天白皮书全文], China National Space Administration [国家航天局], October 12, 2006, at http://www.cnsa...” [张晓东副总裁出席中国— Great Wall Industry Corporation, November 12, 2010, at http://cn.cgwic...



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... since 2000: vii the Gaofen, Yaogan, Huanjing, and Tianhui satellites. This..., infrared, and multispectral ranges. The Yaogan and Huanjing satellites also use... cover or at night. Certain Yaogan satellites are also rumored to... introduced since 2000: the Gaofen, Yaogan, Huanjing, Haiyang, and Tianhui satellites... Yaogan-1 2006 Yaogan-2 Yaogan-3 Yaogan-4 Yaogan-5 Yaogan-6 Yaogan-7 Yaogan-10 Yaogan-11 Yaogan-12 Yaogan-13 Yaogan-14 Yaogan-15 Yaogan-16A, B, C Yaogan-17A, B, C Yaogan-18 Yaogan-19 Yaogan-20A, B, C Yaogan-21 Yaogan-22 Yaogan-23 Yaogan... similar to the Ziyuan-3.358 Yaogan Satellites Yaogan (遥感/Remote Sensing) is a series... 2014 China had launched 26 Yaogan satellites. Official Chinese press describe... August 2014 China launched three Yaogan satellites on one launcher to... being electronic intelligence satellites (Yaogan-9A, 9B, 9C/Yaogan-16A, Bai Zhaoguang.../201408/09/c_133544286.htm. 360 “Yaogan,” Dragon in Space, accessed June....com/earth-observation/yaogan.aspx. 355 64 16B, 16C/Yaogan-20A, 20B... intelligence. 361 On February 4, 2010, Yaogan-1 broke up in orbit. Due... “China Returns to Action with Yaogan Weixing-20 Mission,” NASA Spaceflight.../08/china-returns-yaogan-weixing-20-mission/. 362 “Yaogan-1 Erupts,” Arms Control...://forden.armscontrolwonk.com/archive/2625/yaogan-1erupts. 363 “Orbital Debris Success... 600 km, such as China’s Yaogan series, can communicate with ground... 25, 2007, along with the Yaogan-2 satellite. ZDPS-1 was developed by...-launch goal (Table 13). 437 “遥感卫星九号和实践十一号卫星喜获国防科技进步一等奖,” [Yaogan 9 and Shijian 11 Satellites Win... a series of maneuvers the Shijian-12 (SJ-12) satellite had most likely... UNK 7/21/94 7/3/96 4/12/05 3/31/12 3/21/99 Communications Communications... GEO 3 Fengyun 2F (FY-2F) 1/12/12 Earth Science GEO 3 Fengyun 3A... 3 (TL-1-03, CTDRS) 7/25/12 Tiantuo 1 5/10/12 Xinyan 1 (XY-1) 11/18... Satellite Yaogan 4 (Remote Sensing Satellite 4) Yaogan 5 (Remote Sensing Satellite 5, JB 5-C, Jian Bing 5-C) Yaogan 6 (Remote Sensing Satellite 6, Jian Bing 7-A) Yaogan 7 (Remote Sensing Satellite 7) Yaogan 8 (Remote Sensing Satellite 8) Yaogan 9A (Remote Sensing Satellite 9A) Yaogan 9B (Remote Sensing Satellite 9B) Yaogan... GEO 15 Zhongxing 12 (Chinasat 12, ZX-12) 11/27/12 Communications GEO 15... (CONT.) Compass M3 (Beidou 2-12) 4/28/12 Chinese Defense Ministry Compass M4.../12 Chinese Defense Ministry Shiyan 7 (SY7, Experimental Satellite 7) 7/19/13 Yaogan 10 (Remote Sensing Satellite 10) Yaogan 11 (Remote Sensing Satellite 11) Yaogan 12 (Remote Sensing Satellite 12) Yaogan 13 (Remote Sensing Satellite 13) Yaogan 14 (Remote Sensing Satellite 14) Yaogan 15 (Remote Sensing Satellite 15) Yaogan 16A (Remote Sensing Satellite 16A, Yaogan Weixing 16) Yaogan 16B (Remote Sensing Satellite 16B) Yaogan 16C (Remote Sensing Satellite 16C) Yaogan 17A (Remote Sensing Satellite 17A, Yaogan Weixing 17) Yaogan 17B (Remote Sensing Satellite 17B) Yaogan 17C (Remote Sensing Satellite 17C) Yaogan 18 (Remote Sensing Satellite 18) Yaogan 19 (Remote Sensing Satellite 19) Yaogan 2 (Remote Sensing Satellite 2, Jian Bing 5-2, JB 5-2) Yaogan 3 (Remote Sensing.../29/11 5/10/12 5/29/12 11/25/12 Chinese Academy of Space... Remote Sensing 11/25/12 11/25/12 9/1/13 People's Liberation Army... DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO DirecTV-12 12/29/2009 DirecTV, Inc. Communications.... Communications LEO ORBCOMM FM-12 (ORBCOMM A4) 12/23/1997 ORBCOMM Inc.../NOAA LEO 4/4/1997 DoD/NOAA 12/12/1999 DoD/NOAA 10/18... Force Technology Development LEO 9/8/2001 12/2/2003 12/2/2003 2/3/2005 2/3/2005 6/15...



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... в мультиспектральном режиме, м Алжир Alsat-2A 12.07.2010 ОЭС 2,5 4 10 Алжир... 2015 ОЭС — Израиль EROS-A 05.12.2000 ОЭС 2 — Израиль EROS-B 25....01.2007 28.04.2008 12.07.2010 2014 2013 28....06.2007 РСА 1 X — ASI 09.12.2007 РСА 1 X — ASI 25.10... 2013 ОЭС 6,5 ... ... Канада Radarsat-2 14.12.2007 РСА 2 С — Китай Beijing-1 27....05.2012 ОЭС 2 4 10 ... Китай Yaogan-02 25.05.2007 ОЭС... Yaogan-03 Yaogan-04 Yaogan-06 Yaogan-07 Yaogan-08 Yaogan-09А Yaogan-09В Yaogan-09С Yaogan-10 Yaogan-11 Yaogan-12 Yaogan-13 Yaogan-14 Yaogan-15 Yaogan-16А Yaogan-16B Yaogan...-3 CBERS-4 11.11.2007 01.12.2008 22.04.2008 09.12.2009 15.12.2009 05.03.2010... 25.11.2012 22.12.2011 22.12.2011 22.11.2012... 2,5 4 5 Марокко/ Германия Maroc-TUBSat 10.12.2001 ОЭС — ... 250 ... 10 ... ... 10... X-Sat 20.04.2011 ОЭС — 3 12 NTU (Nanyang Technological University) США... 400 NASA США Terra 18.12.1999 ОЭС — 14 15 NASA... Agency) Турция Göktürk-2 18.12.2012 ОЭС 2,5 4 5 TÜBİTAK UZAY (Space... Planet Франция Pleiades-1A 16.12.2011 ОЭС 0,7 4 3 Astrium GEOInformation Services Франция Pleiades-1B 02.12.2012 ОЭС 0,7 4 3 Astrium GEOInformation Services... Франция/ Израиль VENμS 2014 ОЭС — 12 20 CNES/ISA (Israel Space Agency) Чили SSOT 16.12.2011 ОЭС 1,5 4 6 ACE (Agencia Chilena...



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... Strike Operations Name Yaogan 9 (A,B,C) Yaogan 10 Tian Hui 1A Yaogan 11 Shi Jian...-02 Hai Yang 2A Yaogan 12 Shi Yan 4 Yaogan 13 Zi Yuan 1C Zi Yuan 3A Tian Hui 1B Yaogan 14 Tian Tuo 1 Yaogan 15 Shi Jian... (1 & 1A) Yaogan 16 (A,B,C) Gao Fen 1 Shi Jian 11-05 Yaogan 17 (A,B,C) Feng Yun 3C Kuai Zhou Shi Jian 16 Yaogan 18 Yaogan... institute oversees between six and 12 research labs. In addition, CAEP... LEADERSHIP GEN Zhang Yang 张阳 Director 12/ 2012 – Present b. 1951 GEN Jia.../ CMC Discipline Inspection Committee Secretary 12/ 2009 – Present b. 1952 b. 1952 GEN... Xu 崔昌军 岑旭 Assistant to the Director 12/2012 – Present Assistant to the Director 12/2012 – Present b. 1953 b. 1953 U.S.-Japan... the Soviet designed Antonov An-12 military cargo aircraft for 1 Ian.... It also has an An-12 variant specially modified for transporting... Force’s Yingji63 (YJ-63) LACM.12 The PLA Navy also deploys... ASCM on eight of its 12 Kilo-class diesel-attack submarines....43 EASTON & SCHRIVER 06. 2013| 12 |Assessing Japan’s National Defense | This.../APA-PLA-Cruise-Missiles.html. 12 Ronald O’Rourke, China’s Naval Modernization... Satellite,” Space Flight Now, December 12, 2011, at http://www.space... officials, there may be some 12 to 20 such aircraft deployed.../wp-dyn/content/article/2010/12/31/AR2010123104108.html; John R. Bolton...



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...—a difficult process because of the 12 Executive Summary extreme mass, velocity... fourth Planetary Defense Conference on 9-12 May 2011 in Bucharest, Romania... participate in the proceedings (Article 12[4]); • The establishment by the PCA... purchasing power.9 Human spaceflight On 12 April 1961 Yuri Gagarin became... exploration was announced in 2006.12 Future plans include a permanent human... largest financial contributors to ESA, 12 other member countries agreed to... and Exploration conference held on 12-14 December 2011 highlights suggestions..., while expanding maritime operations On 12 May 2011 mobile satellite services... generally quote premiums earlier than 12 months prior to a scheduled launch... near-real-time satellite imagery.12 Open source information suggests that... constellation of between nine and 12 missile tracking satellites called the... coordinating their launch requirements. On 12 October they signed a 113 Space... had launched a series of six Yaogan satellites for “scientific experiment, survey... satellites from the Yaogan remote sensing series were launched: Yaogan 12 on a Long March 4B on 9 November,186 and Yaogan 13.... According to some sources, the Yaogan-series of remote sensing satellites... developments involve significant technological challenges.12 The United States has also... (MUOS). The satellite is undergoing a 12-month experimentation phase to determine..., 1976-1982 1964-late 1960s 12? Conventional explosives launched into orbit...; visibility near apogee can exceed 12 hours. These elliptical orbits are... LEO 2011034A 7/15/2011 GSAT-12 Government Communications India PSLV C17... India PSLV LEO 2011058A 10/12/2011 MeghaTropiques Government Earth Science.../France PSLV LEO 2011058D 10/12/2011 SRMSat Civil Technology Development India PSLV LEO 2011058C 10/12/2011 Vesselsat-1 Commercial Communications USA... 4B LEO 2011066B 11/9/2011 Yaogan 12 Military Remote Sensing China (PR... 2 MEO 2011072A 11/29/2011 Yaogan 13 Military Remote Sensing China...) Long March 2C LEO 2011073A 12/1/2011 Compass G-10 Military Navigation... Communications Israel Proton M GEO 2011074B 12/11/2011 Luch 5A Government Communications Russia Proton M GEO 2011075A 12/12/2011 IGS-7A Government Reconnaissance... France Soyuz 2/ Fregat LEO 2011077A 12/17/2011 NigComSat-1R Commercial.../Italy Soyuz 2/ Fregat LEO 2011076E 12/17/2011 SSOT Government/ Military... Chile Soyuz 2/ Fregat LEO 2011080B 12/28/2011 Globalstar M080 Commercial....org/assets/documents/nwgs/SatelliteCollision-2-12-09.pdf. 9 Nicholas Johnson, “USA..., “Mitigation of Orbital Debris,” #70, 12 October 2005. 26 Orbital Debris... Conference held in Bucharest, Romania, 9-12 May 2011, online: www.congrex...=orbital-debrisspace-fence. 11 Ibid. 12 Adapted from Secure World Foundation... skywatchers help space hazards team,” 12 October 2011, online: http://www..., entered into force 1 September 1972. 12 Peter Haanappel, “Enforcing the Liability..., online: www.broadbandtvnews.com/2011/12/09/international-broadcasterscall-for-action.../mission_pages/ shuttle/shuttlemissions/list_main.html. 12 CNN, “Bush Unveils Vision for... for Space Programs in 2011,” 12 January 2011, online: www.federalspace... fails with space monkey launch,” 12 October 2011, online: www.telegraph...://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2011-12-30/news/30572931_1_ moon-mission....xinhuanet.com/english/china/2011-12/22/c_131321922.htm. 161 SinoDefence... Navigation Augmentation Satellite,” GPS World, 12 December 2012, online: www.gpsworld...://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2011-12-02/news/30467982_1_navigation-satellitebeidou-xichang..., online: www.nasaspaceflight.com/2011/12/china-breaksrecord-long-march-3a.../headquarters_offices/ast/ media/2012_YearinReview.pdf. 12 Jim Yardley, “Snubbed by U.S., China... Governing Space Activities: Russian Federation,” 12 April 1996. 119 Futron Corporation... 4 rocket soars on NROL-27,” 12 March 2011, online: http:// spaceflightnow...: http://defensesystems.com/articles/2011/12/13/cover-story-sidebardisa-contracts... News, “SBIRS Can Gather Intelligence,” 12 April 2011, online: www.defensenews...’s Indigenous Satellite-Based Navigation System,” 12 Science and Global Security, 2004..., online: www.nasaspaceflight.com/2011/12/ china-breaks-record-long-march..., “Long March 4B launches YaoGan Weixing -12 for China,” NASA Spaceflight. com...-weixing-12. 187 Space Daily, “China launches remote-sensing satellite Yaogan XIII..., online: www.nasaspaceflight.com/2011/12/japanese-h-2a-lofts-igs-radar... Radar Reconnaissance Satellite,” Space.com, 12 December 2011, online: www.space....com/news/science/articles/2011/12/12/japan_launches_its_2nd_spy_satellite_ this_year. 313 JAXA, “First... Nonproliferation Studies Occasional Paper No. 12, August 2003, at 31-48..., “China Enhances Spacecraft Monitoring Network,” 12 December 2006, online: http://news3.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-12/12/content_5473204.htm; Zhour Honghsun and... suffers ‘massive’ Internet spy damage,” 12 September 2007, online: http://uk... tests airborne laser on missile,” 12 February 2010, online: www.reuters...



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... интервью Блицопрос: Будущее космической съемки .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................12 Данные дистанционного зондирования Б. А. Дворкин, С. А. Дудкин... The Future of space imaging..................................................................12 Remote Sensing Data B. Dvorkin, S. Dudkin... (SWIR-2) 0,50–0,68 10,40–12,50 30 15 100 30 12 РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ ПРОВЕРКИ СОСТОЯНИЯ СПУТНИКОВ RAPIDEYE ... Noise Ship Detection С-диапазон (5,6 см) 12 Номинальное Ширина Диапазон пространственное полосы..., Великобритании и Канаде. GEOMATICS №2'2013 11 12 Будущее космической съемки. Блицопрос* В настоящее... ИК-1) 0,80–0,90 (ближний ИК-2) 12 60 (панхрома- (панхроматический тический режим... геопозиционирования, м Ширина полосы съемки, км 12 Производительность съемки каждого КА, млн... в режимах SWIR (8 каналов; разрешение 3,7 м) и CAVIS (12 каналов; разрешение 30 м). ОСНОВНЫЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ... (SWIR-1) 2,10–2,30 (SWIR-2) 30 12 PAN TIR 0,50–0,68 10,40–12,50 15 100 Компания Astrium..., а также радарная съемка в L-диапазоне с разрешением 12,5 м). КА ALOS был создан в рамках... попыток восстановить работу космического аппарата 12 мая 2011 г. была дана команда..., км ГЕОМАТИКА №2'2013 Панхроматический 1 Мультиспектральный 6 2 0,5 12 10 Данные дистанционного зондирования ИНДИЯ... ИК) 5,8 23,5 56 10 10 12 70 141 740 Мультиспектральный 0,52... видовой разведки Yaogan (YG)-12 (с оптико-электронной системой субметрового разрешения) и Yaogan (YG)-13...) пополнилась еще пятью спутниками: Yaogan (YG)-14 и Yaogan (YG)-15 (видовая разведка... С-диапазон (5,6 см) Периодичность съемки, сутки 12 Режим Низкого разрешения (Low Resolution... (ближний ИК) 4 0,45–0,90 1 10 12 2 Данные дистанционного зондирования de Observaci... 20 60 60 SWIR 11 12 1,61 2,19 20 20 290... 35 мм 3048 х 4560 1,15 12 5,03 3,36 500 х 500 х 1200..., образованных выраженным сходством окрестностей (рис. 12). Рис. 10. Пример хороших пар... a удаляются из моделей сопоставления Рис. 12. Проверка соотношением совпадений (ratio-check... с разрешением 2,5 м и мультиспектральном (МСС) режиме с разрешением 12 м. Во 2-м квартале 2013 г. планируется запуск... КА Pleiades-1A (запущен 17.12.2011 г.), КА Pleiades-1В (запущен 02.12.2012 г.), КА Spot-6 (запущен 09... км 20 км ПСС – 2,5-2,7 м, МСС – 12 м (4 кан.) Рабочая ветвь траектории – восходящая... км ПСА – 1 м, МСА – 3 м (5 кан.) ПСА – 12 м,МСА – 24 м (3 кан.) Рабочая ветвь...-05-31 10 2012-06-12 11 12 13 14 15 16... га х 0,17 = 850 т х 14 684 р. = 12 481 400 р. Проведение 1 подпитки на... т х 14 684 р. = 6 240 700 р. Экономия: 12,48 – 3,3 – 6,24 = 2,94 млн р. (Расчет... 147 Кукуруза 4 129,92 92,9 12 069,568 148 Пшеница 3 188... ветряную погоду (сила ветра достигала 12 — 14 м/с. при ограничении в 10 м/с.), Центр... фотограмметрические технологии» На протяжении уже 12 лет конференция объединяет специалистов ведущих... в мультиспектральном режиме, м Алжир Alsat-2A 12.07.2010 ОЭС 2,5 4 10 Алжир... 2015 ОЭС — Израиль EROS-A 05.12.2000 ОЭС 2 — Израиль EROS-B 25....01.2007 28.04.2008 12.07.2010 2014 2013 28....06.2007 РСА 1 X — ASI 09.12.2007 РСА 1 X — ASI 25.10... таблицы... 2013 ОЭС 6,5 ... Radarsat-2 14.12.2007 РСА 2 С — Beijing-1 27.10... ... Казахстан MRES Канада Китай ... Китай Yaogan-02 25.05.2007 ОЭС... Yaogan-03 Yaogan-04 Yaogan-06 Yaogan-07 Yaogan-08 Yaogan-09А Yaogan-09В Yaogan-09С Yaogan-10 Yaogan-11 Yaogan-12 Yaogan-13 Yaogan-14 Yaogan-15 Yaogan-16А Yaogan-16B Yaogan...-3 CBERS-4 11.11.2007 01.12.2008 22.04.2008 09.12.2009 15.12.2009 05.03.2010... 25.11.2012 22.12.2011 22.12.2011 22.11.2012... 2,5 4 5 Марокко/ Германия Maroc-TUBSat 10.12.2001 ОЭС — ... 250 ... 10 ... ... 10... X-Sat 20.04.2011 ОЭС — 3 12 NTU (Nanyang Technological University) США... 400 NASA США Terra 18.12.1999 ОЭС — 14 15 NASA... Agency) Турция Göktürk-2 18.12.2012 ОЭС 2,5 4 5 TÜBİTAK UZAY (Space... Planet Франция Pleiades-1A 16.12.2011 ОЭС 0,7 4 3 Astrium GEOInformation Services Франция Pleiades-1B 02.12.2012 ОЭС 0,7 4 3 Astrium GEOInformation Services... Франция/ Израиль VENμS 2014 ОЭС — 12 20 CNES/ISA (Israel Space Agency) Чили SSOT 16.12.2011 ОЭС 1,5 4 6 ACE (Agencia Chilena...



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... интервью Блицопрос: Будущее космической съемки .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................12 Данные дистанционного зондирования Б. А. Дворкин, С. А. Дудкин... The Future of space imaging..................................................................12 Remote Sensing Data B. Dvorkin, S. Dudkin... (SWIR-2) 0,50–0,68 10,40–12,50 30 15 100 30 12 РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ ПРОВЕРКИ СОСТОЯНИЯ СПУТНИКОВ RAPIDEYE ... Noise Ship Detection С-диапазон (5,6 см) 12 Номинальное Ширина Диапазон пространственное полосы... Fusion), позволяющего GEOMATICS №2'2013 11 12 получать единую ЦМР из нескольких... ИК-1) 0,80–0,90 (ближний ИК-2) 12 60 (панхрома- (панхроматический тический режим... геопозиционирования, м Ширина полосы съемки, км 12 Производительность съемки каждого КА, млн... в режимах SWIR (8 каналов; разрешение 3,7 м) и CAVIS (12 каналов; разрешение 30 м). ОСНОВНЫЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ... (SWIR-1) 2,10–2,30 (SWIR-2) 30 12 PAN TIR 0,50–0,68 10,40–12,50 15 100 Компания Astrium..., а также радарная съемка в L-диапазоне с разрешением 12,5 м). КА ALOS был создан в рамках... попыток восстановить работу космического аппарата 12 мая 2011 г. была дана команда..., км ГЕОМАТИКА №2'2013 Панхроматический 1 Мультиспектральный 6 2 0,5 12 10 Данные дистанционного зондирования ИНДИЯ... ИК) 5,8 23,5 56 10 10 12 70 141 740 Мультиспектральный 0,52... видовой разведки Yaogan (YG)-12 (с оптико-электронной системой субметрового разрешения) и Yaogan (YG)-13...) пополнилась еще пятью спутниками: Yaogan (YG)-14 и Yaogan (YG)-15 (видовая разведка... С-диапазон (5,6 см) Периодичность съемки, сутки 12 Режим Низкого разрешения (Low Resolution... (ближний ИК) 4 0,45–0,90 1 10 12 2 Данные дистанционного зондирования de Observaci... 20 60 60 SWIR 11 12 1,61 2,19 20 20 290... 35 мм 3048 х 4560 1,15 12 5,03 3,36 500 х 500 х 1200..., образованных выраженным сходством окрестностей (рис. 12). Рис. 10. Пример хороших пар... a удаляются из моделей сопоставления Рис. 12. Проверка соотношением совпадений (ratio-check... с разрешением 2,5 м и мультиспектральном (МСС) режиме с разрешением 12 м. Во 2-м квартале 2013 г. планируется запуск... КА Pleiades-1A (запущен 17.12.2011 г.), КА Pleiades-1В (запущен 02.12.2012 г.), КА Spot-6 (запущен 09... км 20 км ПСС – 2,5-2,7 м, МСС – 12 м (4 кан.) Рабочая ветвь траектории – восходящая... км ПСА – 1 м, МСА – 3 м (5 кан.) ПСА – 12 м,МСА – 24 м (3 кан.) Рабочая ветвь...-05-31 10 2012-06-12 11 12 13 14 15 16... га х 0,17 = 850 т х 14 684 р. = 12 481 400 р. Проведение 1 подпитки на... т х 14 684 р. = 6 240 700 р. Экономия: 12,48 – 3,3 – 6,24 = 2,94 млн р. (Расчет... 147 Кукуруза 4 129,92 92,9 12 069,568 148 Пшеница 3 188... ветряную погоду (сила ветра достигала 12 — 14 м/с. при ограничении в 10 м/с.), Центр... фотограмметрические технологии» На протяжении уже 12 лет конференция объединяет специалистов ведущих... в мультиспектральном режиме, м Алжир Alsat-2A 12.07.2010 ОЭС 2,5 4 10 Алжир... 2015 ОЭС — Израиль EROS-A 05.12.2000 ОЭС 2 — Израиль EROS-B 25....01.2007 28.04.2008 12.07.2010 2014 2013 28....06.2007 РСА 1 X — ASI 09.12.2007 РСА 1 X — ASI 25.10... таблицы... 2013 ОЭС 6,5 ... Radarsat-2 14.12.2007 РСА 2 С — Beijing-1 27.10... ... Казахстан MRES Канада Китай ... Китай Yaogan-02 25.05.2007 ОЭС... Yaogan-03 Yaogan-04 Yaogan-06 Yaogan-07 Yaogan-08 Yaogan-09А Yaogan-09В Yaogan-09С Yaogan-10 Yaogan-11 Yaogan-12 Yaogan-13 Yaogan-14 Yaogan-15 Yaogan-16А Yaogan-16B Yaogan...-3 CBERS-4 11.11.2007 01.12.2008 22.04.2008 09.12.2009 15.12.2009 05.03.2010... 25.11.2012 22.12.2011 22.12.2011 22.11.2012... 2,5 4 5 Марокко/ Германия Maroc-TUBSat 10.12.2001 ОЭС — ... 250 ... 10 ... ... 10... X-Sat 20.04.2011 ОЭС — 3 12 NTU (Nanyang Technological University) США... 400 NASA США Terra 18.12.1999 ОЭС — 14 15 NASA... Agency) Турция Göktürk-2 18.12.2012 ОЭС 2,5 4 5 TÜBİTAK UZAY (Space... Planet Франция Pleiades-1A 16.12.2011 ОЭС 0,7 4 3 Astrium GEOInformation Services Франция Pleiades-1B 02.12.2012 ОЭС 0,7 4 3 Astrium GEOInformation Services... Франция/ Израиль VENμS 2014 ОЭС — 12 20 CNES/ISA (Israel Space Agency) Чили SSOT 16.12.2011 ОЭС 1,5 4 6 ACE (Agencia Chilena...



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...—a difficult process because of the 12 Executive Summary extreme mass, velocity... fourth Planetary Defense Conference on 9-12 May 2011 in Bucharest, Romania... participate in the proceedings (Article 12[4]); • The establishment by the PCA... purchasing power.9 Human spaceflight On 12 April 1961 Yuri Gagarin became... exploration was announced in 2006.12 Future plans include a permanent human... largest financial contributors to ESA, 12 other member countries agreed to... and Exploration conference held on 12-14 December 2011 highlights suggestions..., while expanding maritime operations On 12 May 2011 mobile satellite services... generally quote premiums earlier than 12 months prior to a scheduled launch... near-real-time satellite imagery.12 Open source information suggests that... constellation of between nine and 12 missile tracking satellites called the... coordinating their launch requirements. On 12 October they signed a 113 Space... had launched a series of six Yaogan satellites for “scientific experiment, survey... satellites from the Yaogan remote sensing series were launched: Yaogan 12 on a Long March 4B on 9 November,186 and Yaogan 13.... According to some sources, the Yaogan-series of remote sensing satellites... developments involve significant technological challenges.12 The United States has also... (MUOS). The satellite is undergoing a 12-month experimentation phase to determine..., 1976-1982 1964-late 1960s 12? Conventional explosives launched into orbit...; visibility near apogee can exceed 12 hours. These elliptical orbits are... LEO 2011034A 7/15/2011 GSAT-12 Government Communications India PSLV C17... India PSLV LEO 2011058A 10/12/2011 MeghaTropiques Government Earth Science.../France PSLV LEO 2011058D 10/12/2011 SRMSat Civil Technology Development India PSLV LEO 2011058C 10/12/2011 Vesselsat-1 Commercial Communications USA... 4B LEO 2011066B 11/9/2011 Yaogan 12 Military Remote Sensing China (PR... 2 MEO 2011072A 11/29/2011 Yaogan 13 Military Remote Sensing China...) Long March 2C LEO 2011073A 12/1/2011 Compass G-10 Military Navigation... Communications Israel Proton M GEO 2011074B 12/11/2011 Luch 5A Government Communications Russia Proton M GEO 2011075A 12/12/2011 IGS-7A Government Reconnaissance... France Soyuz 2/ Fregat LEO 2011077A 12/17/2011 NigComSat-1R Commercial.../Italy Soyuz 2/ Fregat LEO 2011076E 12/17/2011 SSOT Government/ Military... Chile Soyuz 2/ Fregat LEO 2011080B 12/28/2011 Globalstar M080 Commercial....org/assets/documents/nwgs/SatelliteCollision-2-12-09.pdf. 9 Nicholas Johnson, “USA..., “Mitigation of Orbital Debris,” #70, 12 October 2005. 26 Orbital Debris... Conference held in Bucharest, Romania, 9-12 May 2011, online: www.congrex...=orbital-debrisspace-fence. 11 Ibid. 12 Adapted from Secure World Foundation... skywatchers help space hazards team,” 12 October 2011, online: http://www..., entered into force 1 September 1972. 12 Peter Haanappel, “Enforcing the Liability..., online: www.broadbandtvnews.com/2011/12/09/international-broadcasterscall-for-action.../mission_pages/ shuttle/shuttlemissions/list_main.html. 12 CNN, “Bush Unveils Vision for... for Space Programs in 2011,” 12 January 2011, online: www.federalspace... fails with space monkey launch,” 12 October 2011, online: www.telegraph...://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2011-12-30/news/30572931_1_ moon-mission....xinhuanet.com/english/china/2011-12/22/c_131321922.htm. 161 SinoDefence... Navigation Augmentation Satellite,” GPS World, 12 December 2012, online: www.gpsworld...://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2011-12-02/news/30467982_1_navigation-satellitebeidou-xichang..., online: www.nasaspaceflight.com/2011/12/china-breaksrecord-long-march-3a.../headquarters_offices/ast/ media/2012_YearinReview.pdf. 12 Jim Yardley, “Snubbed by U.S., China... Governing Space Activities: Russian Federation,” 12 April 1996. 119 Futron Corporation... 4 rocket soars on NROL-27,” 12 March 2011, online: http:// spaceflightnow...: http://defensesystems.com/articles/2011/12/13/cover-story-sidebardisa-contracts... News, “SBIRS Can Gather Intelligence,” 12 April 2011, online: www.defensenews...’s Indigenous Satellite-Based Navigation System,” 12 Science and Global Security, 2004..., online: www.nasaspaceflight.com/2011/12/ china-breaks-record-long-march..., “Long March 4B launches YaoGan Weixing -12 for China,” NASA Spaceflight. com...-weixing-12. 187 Space Daily, “China launches remote-sensing satellite Yaogan XIII..., online: www.nasaspaceflight.com/2011/12/japanese-h-2a-lofts-igs-radar... Radar Reconnaissance Satellite,” Space.com, 12 December 2011, online: www.space....com/news/science/articles/2011/12/12/japan_launches_its_2nd_spy_satellite_ this_year. 313 JAXA, “First... Nonproliferation Studies Occasional Paper No. 12, August 2003, at 31-48..., “China Enhances Spacecraft Monitoring Network,” 12 December 2006, online: http://news3.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-12/12/content_5473204.htm; Zhour Honghsun and... suffers ‘massive’ Internet spy damage,” 12 September 2007, online: http://uk... tests airborne laser on missile,” 12 February 2010, online: www.reuters...



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... inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production...’ systems to create a collective intelligence [12]. To achieve an economy of... 25 0 12 11 12 12 12 Mar Nov May Jan Jul 13 12 12 13 13... sustainability of the current relationship. 12 There are examples of wearable... Google Trends Source: [34] FIGURE 12: VARIOUS SMART GLASSES Google Glass... 20 Q4 20 12 Q3 12 20 Q2 12 20 20 12 Q1 0% Others... number of U.S satellites: 576 Civil: 12 Commercial: 286 Source: [93] FIGURE... Arabia, 11, 1% Argentina, 11, 1% Israel, 12, 1% Spain, 15, 1% Luxembourg, 18, 1% Germany... MARKET, 2013–2024 14 Civillian 12 Defence 8 $ Billions 10 6 4 2 2013 2014...: RPAS R&D BY COUNTRY R&D BY COUNTRY: 12% China United States 56% 9% Israel... to inform prioritisation and release 12. Publish data management standards to.... [Accessed: 10-Jun-2015]. 65 [12] D. Helbing, “The Digital Society: A Summary.../news-story/9b1c4e0a3952cdc08b25dc5044fd d8e9. [Accessed: 12-Dec-2015]. [20] L. Hickin, “Cut...] Einsteinworld, “einstein™Tablet Technology for K-12 STEM Education Tool”, einsteinworld.com....1111/j.14680297.2011.02420.x/abstract, 12-May-2011. [Online]. Available: http... Its eLoran Program | Inside GNSS”, 12-Jan-2016. [116] Locata, “Synchronized...]. [121] R. Mautz, “Indoor Positioning Technologies”, 12-Jun-2012. [Online]. Available: http... supply chain”, ICIC International, pp. 1–12, Jan. 2011. [189] Surur, “First... of things to come | ExtremeTech”, 12-Nov-2014. [Online]. Available: http... technologies”, ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, 12-Feb-2014. [Online]. Available: http... and beneficial artificial intelligence”, pp. 1–12, Jan. 2015. [221] PRNewswire, “Next... Institute for Space Research (Brazil) 7/12/2014 2008-056B 33434 Chuangxin..., USA 147) USA DoD/NOAA 12/12/1999 86 2003-048A 28054...-067GR 40739 Dove 1e-12 (0 Flock 1E-12 0B0A) USA Planet Labs...-040R 41614 Dove 2p-12 (0 Flock 2P-12 0E3A) USA Planet Labs...-2D) China China Meteorological Administration 8/12/2006 2008-066A 33463 Fengyun...) China China Meteorological Administration 23/12/2008 2012-002A 38049 Fengyun...-2F) China China Meteorological Administration 12/01/2012 2014-090A 40367...) China China Meteorological Administration 31/12/2014 2008-026A 32958 Fengyun...) USA National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) 6/12/2013 2016-010A 41334 FIA... Cabinet Satellite Intelligence Center (CSIC) 12/12/2011 2013-002A 39061 IGS... Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites) 21/12/2005 2006-044A 29499 MetOp... Radarsat-2 Canada Radarsat International 14/12/2007 2008-040C 33314 RapidEye.../04/2011 2010-038A 36834 Yaogan 10 (Remote Sensing Satellite 10...) 9/08/2010 2010-047A 37165 Yaogan 11 (Remote Sensing Satellite 11.../2010 2011-066B 37875 Yaogan 12 (Remote Sensing Satellite 12) China People's Liberation Army (C41) 9/11/2011 2011-072A 37941 Yaogan.../11/2011 2012-021A 38257 Yaogan 14 (Remote Sensing Satellite 14.../05/2012 2012-029A 38354 Yaogan 15 (Remote Sensing Satellite 15... 2012-066A 39011 Yaogan 16A (Remote Sensing Satellite 16A, Yaogan Weixing 16.../11/2012 2012-066B 39012 Yaogan 16B (Remote Sensing Satellite 16B.../11/2012 2012-066C 39013 Yaogan 16C (Remote Sensing Satlelite 16C... 2013-046A 39239 Yaogan 17A (Remote Sensing Satellite 17A, Yaogan Weixing 17...) 1/09/2013 2013-046B 39240 Yaogan 17B (Remote Sensing Satellite 17B...) 1/09/2013 2013-046C 39241 Yaogan 17C (Remote Sensing Satellite 17C...) 1/09/2013 2013-059A 39363 Yaogan 18 (Remote Sensing Satellite 18.../10/2013 2013-065A 39410 Yaogan 19 (Remote Sensing Satellite 19.../11/2013 2014-047A 40109 Yaogan 20A (Remote Sensing Satellite 20A...) 9/08/2014 2014-047B 40110 Yaogan 20B (Remote Sensing Satellite 20B...) 9/08/2014 2014-047C 40111 Yaogan 20C (Remote Sensing Satellite 20C...) 9/08/2014 2014-053A 40143 Yaogan 21 (Remote Sensing Satellite 21...) 8/09/2014 2014-063A 40275 Yaogan 22 (Remote Sensing Satellite 22.../10/2014 2014-071A 40305 Yaogan 23 (Remote Sensing Satellite 23.../11/2014 2014-072A 40310 Yaogan 24 (Remote Sensing Satellite 24.../11/2014 2014-080A 40338 Yaogan 25A (Remote Sensing Satellite 25A... Army (C41) 10/12/2014 2014-080B 40339 Yaogan 25B (Remote Sensing... Army (C41) 10/12/2014 2014-0808C 40340 Yaogan 25C (Remote Sensing... Army (C41) 10/12/2014 2014-088A 40362 Yaogan 26 (Remote Sensing... Army (C41) 27/12/2014 2015-040A 40878 Yaogan 27 (Remote Sensing.../08/2015 2015-064A 41026 Yaogan 28 (Remote Sensing Satellite 28...) 8/11/2015 2015-069A 41038 Yaogan 29 (Remote Sensing Satellite 29.../11/2015 2016-029A 41473 Yaogan 30 (Remote Sensing Satellite 30... 33446 Yaogan 4 (Remote Sensing Satellite 4) China People's Liberation Army (C41) 1/12/2008 2009-021A 34839 Yaogan 6 (Remote Sensing Satellite... 36110 Yaogan 7 (Remote Sensing Satellite 7) China People's Liberation Army (C41) 9/12/2009 2009-072A 36121 Yaogan 8 (Remote Sensing Satellite 8) China People's Liberation Army (C41) 15/12/2009 2010-009A 36413 Yaogan 9A (Remote Sensing...) 5/03/2010 2010-009B 36414 Yaogan 9B (Remote Sensing Satellite 9B...) 5/03/2010 2010-009C 36415 Yaogan 9C (Remote Sensing Satellite 9C...



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... 16 years of service, NOAA-12 (International Designator  1991-032A, U.S. Satellite... small debris separated from NOAA-12 at very low velocities, less.... One month before the NOAA-12 incident, the derelict GOES-10..., the overall orbital debris population 12  months. Likewise, many debris from... Editor Debi Shoots 2011-066B YAOGAN 12 CHINA 485 497 97.4 2011... 19102 19158 64.8 1 1 0 0 1 0 2011-072A YAOGAN 13 CHINA 502 512 97...