Спутник ДЗЗ. Yaogan 19. [Редактировать]

20 ноября 2013 года в 07:31 по московскому времени (03:31 UTC) с космодрома «Тайюань» (провинция Шаньси, Китай) ракетой-носителем «Chang Zheng 4C» осуществлён запуск китайского спутника «Yaogan-19». Технические характеристики спутника не раскрываются.

Китайские средства массовой информации заявляют, что «Yaogan-19» – спутник дистанционного зондирования Земли, предназначенный для проведения научных экспериментов, изучения земельных и природных ресурсов, оценки урожая сельскохозяйственных культур, а также предотвращения стихийных бедствий и минимизации ущерба от них. Но западные аналитики уверены, что запущен очередной военный спутник оптической разведки высокого разрешения, подобный спутникам «Yaogan-8» и «Yaogan-15», выведенным в ОКП в 2009 и 2012 году соответственно.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
2Тип оператора(владельца) - военные
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - Китай
5Все спутники ДЗЗ

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град100.5
2Апогей, км1214.6
3Апогей, км1214.7
4Перигей, км1208.0
5Перигей, км1207.9
6Период, минут109.5
7Длинный диаметр эллипса, км7582

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2013-065A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2013-11-20 at 03:31:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xYaogan 19
3Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 4C

Найдено 117 документов по запросу «Yaogan 19». [Перейти к поиску]


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... Strike Operations Name Yaogan 9 (A,B,C) Yaogan 10 Tian Hui 1A Yaogan 11 Shi Jian...-02 Hai Yang 2A Yaogan 12 Shi Yan 4 Yaogan 13 Zi Yuan 1C Zi Yuan 3A Tian Hui 1B Yaogan 14 Tian Tuo 1 Yaogan 15 Shi Jian... (1 & 1A) Yaogan 16 (A,B,C) Gao Fen 1 Shi Jian 11-05 Yaogan 17 (A,B,C) Feng Yun 3C Kuai Zhou Shi Jian 16 Yaogan 18 Yaogan 19... later acquired by North Korea.19 Submarines.20 The PLA Navy... operations. EASTON & SCHRIVER 06. 2013| 19 |Assessing Japan’s National Defense | Japan... of Defense, 2012), pp. 17-19. Liquid-fueled ballistic missiles take... Access Concept,” Defense Daily, January 19, 2012, at http://www.defensedaily...



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...-mounted displays 18 Figure 19 Smartphone operating systems 19 Figure 20 Evolution... market will be worth US$19 trillion within the next 10... market will be worth US$19 trillion within the next 10... costs down by factor 10 [19]. Microsoft commissioned research that found... smartphone users (see Figure 19). FIGURE 19: SMARTPHONE OPERATING SYSTEMS Worldwide Smartphone....2% 22.9% 2.0% 6.3% 9.5% Source: IDC, May 2015 19 1.3 NETWORKS/CONNECTIVITY Digital services are...% 3 Sweden 20.6 8.3% 32% 4 Hong Kong 19.9 19% 19% 5 Switzerland 18.7 12% 25% 6 Latvia... Korea 29.0 8.6% 24% 4 Hong Kong 19.9 19% 19% 7 Japan 18.2 4.6% 20% 13 Singapore 16.5 19% 29% 21 Taiwan 14.8 15... the civilian drone market of 19% CAGR and 5% CAGR in the...% (2012-2020) Smart Energy CAGR: 19.6% (2012-2020) 4 Source: [2] FIGURE 65....com. [Accessed: 29-Jul-2015]. [19] Foreshew, Jennifer. “Myriota Aims to...-apple-pay-usage.html. [Accessed: 19-Aug- 2015]. [69] IDC, “IDC...-gnss-to-benefit-australia/. [Accessed: 19-Dec-2015]. [112] D.A. Divis, “PNT...-sands-missile-range-locatanetnew/. [Accessed: 19-Aug-2015]. [119] A. Wallace, “Australia...-Market-Report-2015-2019. [Accessed: 19-Aug-2015]. [124] Al Urbanski....com/research/nwllfw/global_lbs_market. [Accessed: 19-Aug-2015]. [128] ABIResearch, “BLE....com/pages/ble-beacons/. [Accessed: 19-Aug-2015]. [129] A. Buczkowski, “With...-041A 27937 Advanced Orion 3 (NROL 19, USA 171) USA National Reconnaissance... E2 South Africa Armed Forces 19/12/2014 2006-011A 29047... Imaging/DMC International Imaging (DMCII) 19/06/2014 2015-032A 40715...-1 0903) USA Planet Labs, Inc. 19/06/2014 2014-033P 40023... 090C) USA Planet Labs, Inc. 19/06/2014 2014-033Z 40033...-2 0904) USA Planet Labs, Inc. 19/06/2014 2014-033AH 40041...-3 0905) USA Planet Labs, Inc. 19/06/2014 2014-033X 40031...-4 0906) USA Planet Labs, Inc. 19/06/2014 2014-033AE 40038...-5 0907) USA Planet Labs, Inc. 19/06/2014 2014-033AC 40036...-6 0908) USA Planet Labs, Inc. 19/06/2014 2014-033S 40026...-7 0909) USA Planet Labs, Inc. 19/06/2014 2014-033AG 40040...-8 090A) USA Planet Labs, Inc. 19/06/2014 2014-033AB 40035...-9 090B) USA Planet Labs, Inc. 19/06/2014 1998-067GP 40737... Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST) 19/08/2014 2015-083A 41194... Earth Observation Satellite) Kazakhstan Kazcosmos 19/06/2014 2015-077B 41167...) USA National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) 19/10/2005 2011-002A 37348... the Exploitation of Meterological Satellites) 19/10/2006 2012-049A 38771.../2005 2009-005A 33591 NOAA-19 (NOAA-N Prime, COSPASSARSAT) USA National... SAR-Lupe 1 Germany Armed Forces 19/12/2006 2007-030A 31797... La Sapienza University of Rome 19/06/2014 1997-068A 25034.../04/2011 2010-038A 36834 Yaogan 10 (Remote Sensing Satellite 10...) 9/08/2010 2010-047A 37165 Yaogan 11 (Remote Sensing Satellite 11.../09/2010 2011-066B 37875 Yaogan 12 (Remote Sensing Satellite 12...) 9/11/2011 2011-072A 37941 Yaogan 13 (Remote Sensing Satellite 13.../11/2011 2012-021A 38257 Yaogan 14 (Remote Sensing Satellite 14.../05/2012 2012-029A 38354 Yaogan 15 (Remote Sensing Satellite 15... 2012-066A 39011 Yaogan 16A (Remote Sensing Satellite 16A, Yaogan Weixing 16.../11/2012 2012-066B 39012 Yaogan 16B (Remote Sensing Satellite 16B.../11/2012 2012-066C 39013 Yaogan 16C (Remote Sensing Satlelite 16C... 2013-046A 39239 Yaogan 17A (Remote Sensing Satellite 17A, Yaogan Weixing 17...) 1/09/2013 2013-046B 39240 Yaogan 17B (Remote Sensing Satellite 17B...) 1/09/2013 2013-046C 39241 Yaogan 17C (Remote Sensing Satellite 17C...) 1/09/2013 2013-059A 39363 Yaogan 18 (Remote Sensing Satellite 18.../2013 2013-065A 39410 Yaogan 19 (Remote Sensing Satellite 19) China People's Liberation.../11/2013 2014-047A 40109 Yaogan 20A (Remote Sensing Satellite 20A...) 9/08/2014 2014-047B 40110 Yaogan 20B (Remote Sensing Satellite 20B...) 9/08/2014 2014-047C 40111 Yaogan 20C (Remote Sensing Satellite 20C...) 9/08/2014 2014-053A 40143 Yaogan 21 (Remote Sensing Satellite 21...) 8/09/2014 2014-063A 40275 Yaogan 22 (Remote Sensing Satellite 22.../10/2014 2014-071A 40305 Yaogan 23 (Remote Sensing Satellite 23.../11/2014 2014-072A 40310 Yaogan 24 (Remote Sensing Satellite 24.../11/2014 2014-080A 40338 Yaogan 25A (Remote Sensing Satellite 25A.../12/2014 2014-080B 40339 Yaogan 25B (Remote Sensing Satellite 25B.../12/2014 2014-0808C 40340 Yaogan 25C (Remote Sensing Satellite 25C.../12/2014 2014-088A 40362 Yaogan 26 (Remote Sensing Satellite 26.../12/2014 2015-040A 40878 Yaogan 27 (Remote Sensing Satellite 27.../08/2015 2015-064A 41026 Yaogan 28 (Remote Sensing Satellite 28...) 8/11/2015 2015-069A 41038 Yaogan 29 (Remote Sensing Satellite 29.../11/2015 2016-029A 41473 Yaogan 30 (Remote Sensing Satellite 30.../05/2016 2008-061A 33446 Yaogan 4 (Remote Sensing Satellite 4) China People...) 1/12/2008 2009-021A 34839 Yaogan 6 (Remote Sensing Satellite 6, Jian Bing.../04/2009 2009-069A 36110 Yaogan 7 (Remote Sensing Satellite 7) China People...) 9/12/2009 2009-072A 36121 Yaogan 8 (Remote Sensing Satellite 8) China People.../12/2009 2010-009A 36413 Yaogan 9A (Remote Sensing Satellite 9A...) 5/03/2010 2010-009B 36414 Yaogan 9B (Remote Sensing Satellite 9B...) 5/03/2010 2010-009C 36415 Yaogan 9C (Remote Sensing Satellite 9C...



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... --14119 170 180 75 85 19 20 14120 170 180 75...-6 USA 35777 35796 0.0 1 1 2013-059A YAOGAN 18 CHINA 508 512 97... additional payloads) USA 2013-065A YAOGAN 19 2013-066A 2013-066C 2013...



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..., pero con una envergadura de 19,23 m desplegados sus 2 paneles solares.... HODOYOSHI 2014- Japón APL HODOYOSHI-3 19.06.2014 Japón APL HODOYOSHI... fines científicos. También llamados Yaogan Weixing (esta última palabra significa..., emergencias y también YAOGAN 2006- YAOGAN 1 26.04.2006 China REC YAOGAN 2 25.05.2007 China REC YAOGAN 3 11.11.2007 China REC YAOGAN WEIXING-4 01.12.2008 China APL YAOGAN WEIXING-5 15.12.2008 China REC YAOGAN 6 22.04.2009 China REC YAOGAN 7 09.12.2009 China REC YAOGAN 8 15.12.2009 China REC YAOGAN 9 05.03.2010 China MIL YAOGAN 10 09.08.2010 China MIL YAOGAN 11 22... es 2009-021A. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 7, o YW-7. Satélite de... es 2009-69A. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 8, o YW-8. Satélite de... que los otros. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 10. Satélite de... y 98º de YAOGAN 12 09.11.2011 China MIL YAOGAN 13 29.11.2011 China MIL YAOGAN 14 10.05.2012 China MIL YAOGAN 15 29.05.2012 China MIL YAOGAN 16 25.11.2012 China MIL YAOGAN 17 01.09.2013 China MIL YAOGAN 18 29.10.2013 China MIL YAOGAN 19 20.11.2013 China MIL YAOGAN 20 09.08.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 21 08... Km de altura. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 16. Satélite militar... naturales y otras aplicaciones. Similar al Yaogan 9 según se cree, lleva 2 subsat... los subsatélites. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 17. Satélite militar... y de otras aplicaciones. Similar a los Yaogan 9 y 16, se cree que consta... y 63,4º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 18. Satélite militar...º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 19. Satélite militar de reconocimiento... Km de altitud. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 20. Satélite múltiple... grupo de los Yaogan 9, 16 y 17. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 21. Sat... base de YAOGAN 22 20.10.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 23 14.11.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 24 20.11.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 25 10.12.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 26 27.12.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 27 27.08.2015 China MIL YAOGAN 28 08.11.2015 China MIL YAOGAN 29 26... mismo tipo que los Yaogan 5 y 12. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 22. Sat... Km de altitud. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 23. Satélite militar...ón de 97,33º. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 24. Satélite declarado... Km de altitud. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 25. Satélite militar... y 63,4º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 26. Satélite militar... y 97,4º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 27. Satélite de... Km de altura También llamado Yaogan Weixing 28. Satélite de... es 2015-064A. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 29. Satélite de...én llevó al satélite principal Yaogan 2. Se cree que estuvo en... satélite Zheda Pixing y al Yaogan 11. Fue enviado a una órbita... satélite Zheda Pixing y al Yaogan 11. Fue enviado a una órbita... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 8. Su órbita fue una polar... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 12. Fue enviado a una órbita... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 14. Fue enviado a una órbita... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 21. Fue enviado a una órbita... órbita polar heliosincrónica. XINGCHEN-1 19.09.2015 China EXP XINGCHEN...). Construido por la Alcatel, pesaba 3,19 Tm. Llevaba 32 transmisores-receptores... anteriores y que estaba formado por 19 detectores hexagonales de germanio puro... Baikonur, operación llevada a cabo a las 5 h 19 m GMT. Estuvo en una órbita... Aerospace, pesaba 1.152 Kg y medía 19,4 m de envergadura con el panel... espectrales y sonda de 19 canales. Fue lanzado a las 19 h 45 m GMT en... lanzado por los rusos a las 19 h 19 m GMT en la base de... investigación magnetosférica lanzado a las 19 h 36 min, hora local, en... OCEANSAT 2 y otros 5 minisatélites BEESAT-2 19.04.2013 Alemania EXP BEESAT...ón. Vida útil proyectada de 1 año. SOMP 19.04.2013 Alemania EXP Minisat... llevaba aportaban 3,2 kW y medían 19 m de envergadura. Disponía de 5 repetidores...élite de comunicaciones lanzado a las 19 h 53 m, hora local, en Kourou... REC También llamado VRSS o Venezuela Yaogan Weixing Yi Hao, y Generalísimo... servicio a varias decenas más) y disponía de 19 satélites; gestionaba el 60... en los paneles solares de 19 m. Situado en una órbita geoestacionaria... y una inclinación de 0º y sobre los 19,2º de longitud Este. Disponía de... y 0,2º de inclinación; geoestacionario sobre los 19,2º de longitud Este. Llevaba 30... una órbita geoestacionaria sobre los 19,2º de longitud Este, pero fall...ón, sobre la vertical de los 19,2º de longitud Este. Destinado a sustituir... de forma provisional y en los 19,2º de longitud Este más tarde definitivamente... 1) y 1 noruego (nCube). Fueron lanzados a las 19 h 43 m GMT en Baikonur con...



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....07.1963 19.07.1963 19.07.1963 19.07.1963 19.07.1963....1965 15.01.1965 19.01.1965 19.01.1965 21.01... TRANSTAGE 5 TRANSIT 5B6 KH 7-19 KH 7-19 COSMOS 0069 TIROS 10 COSMOS....1966 07.01.1966 19.01.1966 19.01.1966 22.01... 18.08.1966 19.08.1966 19.08.1966 19.08.1966 26... 19.12.1973 19.12.1973 19.12.1973 19.12.1973 19.12.1973 19.12.1973 19.12.1973 19... 19.09.1974 19.09.1974 19.09.1974 19.09.1974 19.09.1974 19.09.1974 19.09.1974 19....06.1981 19.06.1981 19.06.1981 19.06.1981 19.06.1981... 18.09.1981 19.09.1981 19.09.1981 19.09.1981 21... 19.01.1983 19.01.1983 19.01.1983 19.01.1983 19.01.1983 19.01.1983 19.01.1983 19... 17.05.1984 19.05.1984 19.05.1984 19.05.1984 22... 15.08.1992 19.08.1992 19.08.1992 19.08.1992 22... 13 COSMOS 2261 PROGRESS M-19 RESURS F-19 NAVSTAR BIIA-22 METEOR 2-21....1996 19.02.1996 19.02.1996 19.02.1996 19.02.1996 19.02... 1KR PROGRESS M-56 EROS B1 YAOGAN 1 CALIPSO CLOUDSAT COSMOS 2420 GOES... GALAXY 17 PROGRESS M-60 NIGCOMSAT 1 YAOGAN 2 ZHEDA PIXING 1 GLOBALSTAR A GLOBALSTAR B GLOBALSTAR... 2432 COSMOS 2433 SAR-LUPE 3 YAOGAN 3 DSP 23 STAR ONE C1... 19.06.2008 19.06.2008 19.06.2008 19.06.2008 19.06.2008 19... 2445 PROGRESS M-01M YAOGAN WEIXING-4 COSMOS 2446 CIEL 2 YAOGAN WEIXING-5 HOT BIRD... G2 ANUSAT RISAT-2 SICRAL 1B YAOGAN 6 COSMOS 2450 STSS-ATRR PROGRESS....2009 19.05.2009 19.05.2009 19.05.2009 19.05.2009 19.05...-3 YAOGAN 7 WISE COSMOS 2456 COSMOS 2457 COSMOS 2458 XI WANG 1 YAOGAN 8 HELIOS... 2460 COSMOS 2461 GOES 15 YAOGAN 9 ECHOSTAR 14 CRYOSAT 2 GSAT 4 COSMOS... NILESAT 201 RASCOM-QAF-1R YAOGAN 10 AEHF-1 TIANHUI-1 COSMOS 2464... PIXING 1C ZHEDA PIXING 1B YAOGAN 11 SBSS COSMOS 2469 SJ... 19.10.2010 19.10.2010 19.10.2010 19.10.2010 19.10.2010 19... TX-1 YAOGAN 12 CHUANGXIN 1-03 SHIYAN 4 ASIASAT 7 COSMOS 2478 YAOGAN 13 BEIDOU... BEIDOU 2 M4 AEHF-2 TIANHUI-1-2 TIANTUO 1 YAOGAN 14 JCSAT 13 VINASAT 2 COSMOS...+ FAJR ZHONGXING 2A YAOGAN 15 INTELSAT-IS-19 NUSTAR NRO-L-38 NRO... HJ-1C XINYAN-1 ECHOSTAR 16 YAOGAN 16 ZHONGXING 12 PLEIADES-HR1B... 19.04.2013 19.04.2013 19.04.2013 19.04.2013 19.04.2013 19.04.2013 19...-L-65 EUTELSAT 25B GSAT 7 AMOS 4 YAOGAN 17 GONETS-M5 GONETS-M6... POPACS SIRIUS-FM6 SJ-16 YAOGAN 18 RADUGA 1M-3 26.04....07.2013 19.07.2013 19.07.2013 19.07.2013 19.07.2013...-3 SWAMPSAT TJ3SAT TRAILBLAZER 1 VERMONT LUNAR YAOGAN 19 $50SAT APRIZESAT 7 APRIZESAT 8 BEAKERSAT-1 DELFI... 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19... 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19.06.2014 19... LEMAÎTRE GPS 2F-7 ASIASAT 8 YAOGAN 20 WORLDVIEW 3 BRITE-PL-2 GAOFEN... 6 CHUANGXIN 1-04 LINGQIAO-1 ASIASAT 6 TIANTUO 2 YAOGAN 21 MEASAT 3B OPTUS 10...-1C ARSAT-1 INTELSAT-IS-30 YAOGAN 22 EKSPRESS AM-6 4M SJ...-1 HODOYOSHI-1 QSAT-EOS TSUBAME YAOGAN 23 YAOGAN 24 KUAIZHOU-2 COSMOS 2502 ORION...-1 DIRECTV 14 GSAT 16 CBERS-4 YAOGAN 25 NRO-L-35 YAMAL 401... 2503 RESURS-P2 ASTRA 2G YAOGAN 26 FY-2G AESP-14... EUTELSAT 8 WEST-B INTELSAT 34 GSAT 6 YAOGAN 27 INMARSAT 5F3 MUOS-4 GALILEO... 19.08.2015 19.08.2015 19.08.2015 19.08.2015 19.08.2015 19... 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19.09.2015 19...-8 YAOGAN 28 GSAT 15 BADR 7 COSMOS 2510 LAOSAT-1 TELSTAR 12V YAOGAN 29...



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...-1, Iridium 33, or Cosmos 5521.19 France’s Centre national d’études spatiales performed or assisted in 19 debris avoidance maneuvers, up from... outer space. Controlled reentries of 19 spacecraft and rocket-bodies were... and polarorbiting meteorological satellite systems.19 The Global Earth Observation System... into orbit 250 satellites for 19 countries. Ukraine allocated about $322... U.S. Government-sponsored spacecraft.”286 The 19 November 2013 launch was the... The recordbreaking Minotaur 1 launch on 19 November carried 29 satellites.315... Laboratory Technology Development LEO 11/19/2013 Prometheus 4A Los Alamos... Laboratory Technology Development LEO 11/19/2013 Prometheus 3B Los Alamos... Laboratory Technology Development LEO 11/19/2013 Prometheus 3A Los Alamos... Laboratory Technology Development LEO 11/19/2013 Prometheus 2B Los Alamos... Laboratory Technology Development LEO 11/19/2013 Prometheus 2A Los Alamos... Laboratory Technology Development LEO 11/19/2013 Prometheus 1B Los Alamos... Laboratory Technology Development LEO 11/19/2013 Prometheus 1A Los Alamos... Laboratory Technology Development LEO 11/19/2013 STARE-B NRO Remote Sensing... Date Yaogan 19 People’s Liberation Army Remote Sensing LEO 11/20/2013 Yaogan 18 People’s Liberation Army Remote Sensing LEO 10/29/2013 Yaogan 17C People’s Liberation Army Remote Sensing LEO 9/1/2013 Yaogan 17B People’s Liberation Army Remote Sensing LEO 9/1/2013 Yaogan 17A... Space Technology Technology Development LEO 7/19/2013 Chuangxin 3 Chinese Academy of Space Technology Technology Development LEO 7/19/2013 Shijian 15 Chinese Academy... Development LEO 7/19/2013 Intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance China’s Yaogan constellation fulfills multiple remote sensing missions. On 1 September Yaogan 17A... 4C. Yaogan 17, with Yaogan 9 and 16, provide broad ocean surveillance. Yaogan 18 was launched aboard a Long March 2C on October 29. Yaogan 18 and Yaogan 10, 13, and 14.... Yaogan 19 was launched on a Long March 4C on 20 November. Yaogan 19 and Yaogan... LEO Dnepr 21/11/2013 Yaogan 19 China (PR) Military Remote Sensing... Commercial Technology Development LEO JSSOD 19/11/2013 CAPE-2 USA Civil Technology Development LEO Minotaur 19/11/2013 Firefly USA Government... Government Technology Development LEO Minotaur 19/11/2013 ORS - Tech 1 USA Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 19/11/2013 ORS - Tech 2 USA Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 19/11/2013 ORSES (ORS USA...) Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 19/11/2013 Phonesat 2.4 USA Government Technology Development LEO Minotaur 19/11/2013 PicoDragon Vietnam Government Technology Development LEO JSSOD 19/11/2013 Prometheus 1A USA Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 1 19/11/2013 Prometheus 1B USA Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 1 19/11/2013 Prometheus 2A USA Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 1 19/11/2013 Prometheus 2B USA Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 1 19/11/2013 Prometheus 3A USA Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 1 19/11/2013 Prometheus 3B USA Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 1 19/11/2013 Prometheus 4A USA Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 1 19/11/2013 Annex 4 Satellite name... Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 1 19/11/2013 STARE-B USA Military Remote Sensing LEO Minotaur 1 19/11/2013 STPSat-3 USA Military Technology Development LEO Minotaur 1 19/11/2013 Vermont Lunar Cubesat... Civil Technology Development LEO Minotaur 19/11/2013 Raduga 1-M3 Russia... GEO Proton M 11/11/2013 Yaogan 18 China (PR) Military Remote... LEO Rokot 11/09/2013 Yaogan 17A China (PR) Military Remote... March 4C 01/09/2013 Yaogan 17B China (PR) Military Remote... March 4C 01/09/2013 Yaogan 17C China (PR) Military Remote... Technology Development LEO Soyuz 2.1a 19/04/2013 BeeSat-2 Germany Civil Technology Development LEO Soyuz 2.1a 19/04/2013 BeeSat-3 Germany Civil Technology Development LEO Soyuz 2.1a 19/04/2013 Dove-2 USA Commercial.../ODQNv17i3. 17 Matney. 18 Ibid. 19 Heiner Klinkrad, “Space Debris Mitigation... for Glonass Launched in Brazil,” 19 February 2013, online: www.themoscowtimes... Complex Launch Pad 3 Environmental Assessment,” 19 September 2013, online: www.faa... lofts MUOS-2 satellite,” NASA Spaceflight, 19 July 2014, online: www.nasaspaceflight... Host Russian Glonass Navigation Stations,” 19 June 2014, online: http://cubarights... Soma Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites & the Anti-Ship Ballistic.../wp-content/uploads/2014/01/Yaogan-and-ASBM-December-2013Update.pdf... Built CubeSat & PhoneSat 2.4,” Parabolic Arc, 19 November 2013, online: www.parabolicarc.com/2013/11/19/ minotaur-record-satellite-launch-includes... Flight 23,” The Space Review, 19 January 2009, online: www.thespacereview... Space Power – Head of Roscosmos,” 19 August 2005. 6 China Daily, “China... Mystify Western Experts,” Spacepolicyonline.com, 19 August 2013. Endnotes 7 See Amy...



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... Article On-Ground Processing of Yaogan-24 Remote Sensing Satellite Attitude... whereby the accuracy of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s on...; star sensor; gyroscope; bidirectional filter; Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite; earth...) [2]. On 20 November 2014, the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite, with...-frequency angular displacement sensor [1,17–19]. However, to our best knowledge.... To address these problems, the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite was... On-Ground Processing Workflow The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite is... 1 shows the details of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s star... as an alternative. Table 1. The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s star... for attitude data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite and... pqqrl Bh3 Ñ B∆ q T ˆ b3 ˆs “ ´2Abi pqqrl (19) Therefore, Equation (14) becomes linear... data of thefor Yaogan-24 data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing... the following conditions: (a) The Yaogan-24 Yaogan-24remote remote sensing satellite uses... the data provided by the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite that... 31 Observation data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite 3.1. Experimental..., 1203Data 16 of 31 The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s original... analysis (1) Observation data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite Experimental... observations of Astro10 A and B, The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s and... mentioned (1) Observation data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite analysis... satellite in orbit test. The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s observation... Province, China, featuring a plain, 114°19′–115°12′ elevation model. ˝ 191... Province, China, featuring a plain, 114°19′–115°12′ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 2 70 1m),N, and..., 1203 processes. reliable for16, other 19 19 of of 31 31 20... 0.01 0.02 0.01 0 0.01-40 19 20ofof3031 Probability Between Limits = 0.8370820... ˆ ×1010 −5 −6 −5 −5 −5 Songshan 1.52775 × 10 × 10 1.19 7.91 × 10 5.79 × 10 7.67 10−5−5 ´5 Songshan 1.52775 ´5 × 10 1.1 × ´6 10 1.19 × 10 7.91 × 10 ´5 5.79 × 10... ××10 ´5 Songshan 1.52775 ˆ 10 1.1 ˆ 10 1.19 ˆ 10 7.91 ˆ 10 5.79 ˆ 10... perpendicular to the orbit. Figures 19–21 present the direction and... perpendicular to the orbit. Figures 19–21 present the relative attitude... 100 (a) 150 200 250 (b) Figure 19. 19. Distribution Distribution of of relative... ground pretreatment system for the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite image... Yili Taiyuan Dongying Sanya Taiyuan 19.643 19.643 25.364 25... 9.23322.788 −5.762 1.8732.788 ´19.509 37.255 10.912....406 ´12.752 22.788 −19.509 2.7883.117 24.622... for attitude data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite and.... 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24... determination. J. Guid. Control Dyn. 1996, 19, 1034–1038. [CrossRef] Shuster, M. A simple...



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... as many aspects of these 19 Space Security 2008 capabilities are... field has changed over time.19 It is spread over a narrower... most serious breakup occurred on 19 February when a Russian Briz-M rocket...; 46.6° 60+ 0 Long Briz-M CIS 19 Feb 495 km x 14,750... of Germany 3 1 25 4 33 Canada 3 0 19 1 21 Italy 4 0 7 7 18 Luxembourg 0 0 14... prohibitions against weapons in space.19 Starting in 1995 the US... and the domestic scientific community.19 The Romanian Space Agency signed... has a separate budget of roughly $4.19-million plus $3.49-million for... social development. In China the Yaogan-2 and Yaogan-3 (Remote Sensing Satellite-2 and... 2007 respectively. Yaogan-2 is an optical imaging satellite while Yaogan-3 uses advanced... orbit with an altitude of 19,100 83 Space Security 2008... 5/25/07 Chang Zheng 2D Yaogan 2 China China Remote sensing (Optical... China Lunar CAST * 2007-042A 9/19/07 Chang Zheng 4B Zi.../11/07 Chang Zheng 4C Yaogan 3 China China Remote sensing (Radar... of total revenues in 2006.19 The five major manufacturers of... market revenues and grew by 19 percent in 2007.31 End....76 By 2005 there were 19 suborbital launch vehicles under development... near-real-time satellite imagery.19 Open source information suggests that... of November 2007 there were 19 successful EELV launches.33 The... constellation of 24 satellites at a 19,100-kilometer orbit.51 With... civilian SAR Remote Sensing Satellite-1 (Yaogan-1) for “scientific experiment, survey of... jammed.199 China also launched Yaogan-3 (Remote Sensing Satellite-3) on 11... that Yaogan-3 will be used for both civilian and military purposes. Yaogan-3 and an optical imaging satellite, Yaogan-2, were both... objects up to 4,000 kilometers.19 Royal Air Force Fylingdales in... spread across Israel and Lebanon.19 The source of the interference... Russia SS-18 (Satan) SS-19 (Stiletto) SS-24 (Scalpel) SS... deployment of an SBI testbed.19 While such a system would have.../2000 Yaogan 3 Chang Zheng 4B China Imaging LEO 11/11/2007 Yaogan 2 Chang Zheng 2D China Imaging LEO 25/05/2007 Yaogan...-11K65M Russia Imaging LEO 12/19/2006 Shavyit 1 Israel Imaging LEO... Kosmos 11K65M Russia Communications LEO 19/08/2003 Kosmos-2400 Kosmos 11K65M Russia Communications LEO 19/08/2003 Molniya-1T Molniya... Atlas II US Communications GEO* 19/07/1993 USA 82 Atlas... Titan 404B US Imaging LEO 19/10/2005 USA 182 Titan... & Space Technology (9 March 1992) at 19; David J. Nauer, History of On....org (date accessed: 1 February 2008). 19 Data compiled from the public... Debris Mitigation Handbook (Noordwijk, NE, 19 February 1999); R. Walker et al..., “Chinese Space Facilities” (last modified 19 October 2005), online: http://www... schedule,” Inside the Air Force (19 January 2007), online: http://integrator...



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..., Vol. 12, No. 4, Spring 1988. 19 Joshua M. Epstein, Measuring Military Power..., Washington, D.C., March 2015, pp. 16, 19. 26 Jane’s Fighting Ships, “Luyang...-Based Air Defence, “S-300P,” February 19, 2014; Jane’s Land Warfare Platforms... maintain on-station force 1.6–2.1 5.3–10.6 9.3–19.6 13.8–29.9 NOTES: In each...-generation J-5 (MiG-17) and J-6 (MiG-19) fighters, incorporated modern weapons and... 14, 2015. 7 GlobalSecurity.org, “HQ-19 Anti-Ballistic Missile Interceptor,” updated... Next Generation Missile (NGM),” August 19, 2014. 126 The U.S.-China Military... achieve a high confidence (90 percent) 19 U.S. Department of Defense, Airfield Damage... its first SAR imaging satellite (Yaogan 1) and the first of a new... its first ELINT satellite system (Yaogan 9), consisting of three elements flying... 31, 2004. 8 Jane’s Space Systems, “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. 9 SinoDefence.... 22 Launched NOSS include the Yaogan 9, 16, 17, 20, and 25... Perumal, the Yaogan 17 and Yaogan 25 likely replaced the Yaogan 9 and Yaogan 16. S. Chandrashekar and Soma Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan... and Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the Anti-Ship... SAR (Yaogan 1, 3, and 6) and four high-resolution EO satellite imaging systems (Yaogan... Yaogan 3 occupied the exact same orbit as the Yaogan 1, indicating that the Yaogan... as late 2007. Incidentally, the Yaogan 1 suffered from an internal explosion... Systems and Industry, “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. The Yaogan 1 and 3 carried... from 1.5 meters (Yaogan 2, 4, and 7) down to one meter (Yaogan 5).30 Without external... Adding the two SAR satellites (Yaogan 3 and 6), the median revisit time... Space, “Yaogan,” web page, last updated May 29, 2012. The Yaogan 2, 4, and 7 carried the Jianbing 6 EO sensor, and the Yaogan 5 carried... Yaogan 2, 4, and 7 have imaging swaths of 40 km and that the Yaogan... of the Yaogan 10, 13, 18, and 23 (SAR) and Yaogan 14..., it is possible that the Yaogan 10 and 21 are no... operational. 39 These include the Yaogan 8, 15, 19, and 22. 40 Due... and Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the Anti-Ship... (Jianbing 3A/B) 4 EO (Yaogan 2, 4, 5, 7) 3–4 EO (high-resolution) 2 SAR (Yaogan 3, 6) 3–4 EO (medium-resolution... Intelligence, The PLA Navy, 2015, p. 19. Table 7.5 PLAN Destroyers and Frigates... (Type 035) 1971 2,113 10 19 19 19 19 Kilo (877) 1995 2,350 2 2 2 2 2 N/Aa... 27 27 Ka-28 — 8 10 19 19 Z-9C — 6 25 25 25 Aircraft...-6 (RF6, SD-1 and CSA-N-2),” August 19, 2013; Jane’s Strategic Weapons Systems... seven of the total 34 Yaogan satellites are used by the... resource management purposes. Yet all Yaogan satellites are listed as “PLA... in the case of the Yaogan series and three other satellites... different spacecraft designs in the Yaogan series. Yaogan 1 (no longer operational), 3, 10... parameters and physical conformations of Yaogan 5, 12, 14, and 21 suggest... Yaogans, except for ELINT satellites (Yaogan 9, 16, 17, 20, and 20... launched on single rockets. The Yaogan 9, 16, 17, 20, and 25... capable than those on the Yaogan series, these satellites are primarily..., and some of the 19 listed Yaogan satellites may no longer be... instance, Rui C. Barbosa, “China Launch YaoGan Weixing-9, Announce Increase in Vehicle..., “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. 5 Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. 6 Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, “Yaogan Series... interrupt enemy command-andcontrol communications.19 Both of these efforts were....: Air University Press, September 1999. 19 U.S. Air Force, Exhibit R-2, RDT&E Budget..., 2015. 49 Some of China’s Yaogan satellites are under 500 km... Nation,” The Register, February 7, 2013. 19 Jeremy Kirk, “Microsoft Finds New... Advantage,” Press Release, Washington, D.C., May 19, 2014. 38 In testimony to... Number 1,090 7,646 None Total 19 19 SOURCE: IISS, The Military Balance... for second strike U.S.: 7,646 China: 19 0 7,620 Weapons remaining in U.S. stores... remaining for second strike China: 19 U.S.: 7,646 1,000 2 0 0 Weapons remaining in... Policy, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1993, p. 19; and Laurence S. Seidman, “Crisis Stability..., 2008. Barbosa, Rui C., “China Launch YaoGan Weixing-9, Announce Increase in Vehicle....nasaspaceflight.com/2010/03/china-yaogan-weixing-9-increase-in-vehicle-production... Soma Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the Anti-Ship... 9, 2015: http://archive.is/iAKZ3 ———, “Yaogan,” web page, last updated May... SBIRS GEO-2 Successful,” NASASpaceflight, March 19, 2013. As of June 4, 2015..., Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, June 19, 2001. Hillestad, Richard J., Bart E. Bennett...-2 ‘Guideline’),” August 5, 2011. ———, “S-300P,” February 19, 2014. Jane’s Land Warfare Platforms...)/Ziyaun Series,” December 17, 2014. ———, “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. ———, “NAVSTAR... Espionage Units, Alexandria, Va., February 19, 2013. Mann, Charles C., “The Mole... Advantage,” press release, Washington, D.C., May 19, 2014. U.S. Department of State, Transparency..., GAO-13-690T, Washington, D.C., June 19, 2013. ———, F-35 Sustainment: Need for...



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... military targets, resulting in an 19 Space Security Index 2012 overall... A third breakup took place on 19 December 2011 when a Chinese CZ... 126 new satellites in orbit.19 The last year with this... number of midsize NEOs to 19,500 and the number of... the planned S-Band Space Fence.19 The Space Fence is expected... contentious issues surrounding lunar exploration.19 States continue to object to... 1.3 percent less than in 2010,19 going from $18.724-billion... the proposed GMES budget reduction, 19 ESA states issued a joint letter... orbit with an altitude of 19,100 km.127 Although the... to Earth observation data On 19 June 2011 Iran successfully received... approximately $15-billion by 2020.19 However, the report also forecasts... controlled directly by deployed U.S. commanders.19 The latest TacSat satellite, TacSat... constellation of 24 satellites at a 19,100-km orbit. 124 Details... had launched a series of six Yaogan satellites for “scientific experiment, survey... satellites from the Yaogan remote sensing series were launched: Yaogan 12 on a Long March 4B on 9 November,186 and Yaogan 13.... According to some sources, the Yaogan-series of remote sensing satellites... design of a third deployment site.19 On 17 January 2012 it... hours after it was launched.19 The station is a London-based... Launch Vehicle Orbit 2011059A 10/19/2011 ViaSat-1 Commercial Communications USA... 4B LEO 2011066B 11/9/2011 Yaogan 12 Military Remote Sensing China... 2 MEO 2011072A 11/29/2011 Yaogan 13 Military Remote Sensing China.... 17 Ibid.; Johnson. 18 Johnson. 19 Wang Ting, “Deployed Satellite,” online... Debris Mitigation Handbook, Noordwijk, NE, 19 February 1999; R. Walker et al...,” Crosslink, Winter 2002, at 14-19, online: www.aero.org/publications.../contracts/ contract.aspx?contractid=4457. 19 Linda Haines and Phillip Phu..., “Space debris: scanning and observing,” 19 February 2009, online: www.esa... Global Security, “Chinese Space Facilities,” 19 October 2005, online: www.globalsecurity..., “European Space Surveillance Conference,” Congrex, 19 July 2011, online: www.congrex.... 68 ESA, “Space debris measurements,” 19 February 2009, online: www.esa... Data Sharing Agreements,” Space News, 19 July 2011, online: www.spacenews... force 11 July 1984), Article 3(4). 19 Ibid. 20 Given the usefulness... Space Power – Head of Roscosmos,” 19 August 2005. 72 China Daily... Sights on Mars,” Asia Times, 19 April 2007, online: www.atimes....reuters.com/article/scienceNews/idUSSEO24596320071120. 19 Brian Berger, “Budget Compromise Includes... Base with NASA: Reports,” Space, 19 January 2012, online: www.space... to replace earlier failed attempt,” 19 December 2011, online: http://phys... Nigerian Satellite Into Orbit,” Space, 19 December 2011, online: www.space... and Education Cooperation,” Fact Sheet, 19 March 2011, online: www.whitehouse....br/news/history/2011/03/19/framework-agreement-betweenbrazil-and-usa... Outer Space with China,” Reuters, 19 July 2011, online: www.reuters.com/article/2011/07/19/us-usa-china-space-idUSTRE76I6F320110719... GNSS, “Selective Availability: Completely Dead,” 19 September 2007, online: www.insidegnss... images from home-made satellite,” 19 June 2011, online: www.iranwpd...&id=news/awst/2011/12/19/ AW_12_19_2011_p28-406519.xml. 166 ISRO... Space Transportation 2008, at 17-19. 14 K. Raghu, “India to build.../2006/displaynews.asp?NewsID=2023. 19 Ibid. 20 Jeffrey Hill, “Euroconsult... Pleiades 1A Launch,” Space News, 19 December 2011. 61 Graham Warwick... Spot Imagery Policy,” Space News, 19 October 2001. 191 Space Security...,” Space News, 2 May 2011, at 19. 143 Turner Brinton, “Pentagon Considering....skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/tacsat-1.htm. 19 M. Hurley, “Tactical Microsatellite Experiment (TacSat... Avalanche of Data,” Space News, 19 October 2011, online: www.spacenews... Satellite Found off Designated Orbit,” 19 August 2011, online: http://en... C. Barbosa, “Long March 4B launches YaoGan Weixing -12 for China,” NASA..., “China launches remote-sensing satellite Yaogan XIII,” 1 December 2011, online: www... After Rocket Failure,” Space.com, 19 September 2011, online: www.space....com, “France launches spy satellite,” 19 December 2004, online: www.physorg... Spy Satellite Launches into Space,” 19 December 2006, online: www.spaceflightnow..., “Organization of the ORFEO Program,” 19 May 2009, online: http://smsc... French Company for Spy Satellite,” 19 July 2004. 244 Union of... to Contribute Voluntarily,” Space News, 19 July 2011, online: www.spacenews... Ibid. 292 Peter B. de Selding, 19 July 2011. 205 Space Security.../30208062/detail.html. 18 Ibid. 19 Satnews Daily, “Integral Systems… RAIDRS....reuters.com/article/internetNews/idUKPEK7050420070912. 19 Article 19, “World Television Day: satellite... Lasers Conference, San Diego, CA, 19-22 June 1995, online: www... Flight 23,” The Space Review, 19 January 2009, online: www.thespacereview... Express Space Operations Architecture,” DARPA, 19 October 2004. 89 U.S. Tactical Technology... Interest,” Center for Defense Information, 19 December 2007, online: www.cdi... of mysterious X-37B,” LA Times 19 November 2011, online: http://latimesblogs...