Спутник ДЗЗ. Yaogan 22. [Редактировать]

Yaogan 22 это Китайский спутник ДЗЗ, вероятно военного назначения. Разработчиками и производителями  являются Aerospace Shanghai Technical Institute и Aerospace Science and Technology Corp. Оптическая полезная нагрузка разработана Changchun Light Technology Institute. 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна производитель - Китай
3Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
4Тип оператора(владельца) - военные
5Все спутники ДЗЗ

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1040

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Тайюань
2Дата пуска2014-10-20
3Полезная нагрузка 1xYaogan 22
4Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 4C

Найдено 149 документов по запросу «Yaogan 22». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
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... Satellite Exports ....................................................................... 21 Satellite Exports ............................................................................................................................. 22 China’s Satellite Exports in Detail... since 2000: vii the Gaofen, Yaogan, Huanjing, and Tianhui satellites. This..., infrared, and multispectral ranges. The Yaogan and Huanjing satellites also use... cover or at night. Certain Yaogan satellites are also rumored to... introduced since 2000: the Gaofen, Yaogan, Huanjing, Haiyang, and Tianhui satellites... Yaogan-1 2006 Yaogan-2 Yaogan-3 Yaogan-4 Yaogan-5 Yaogan-6 Yaogan-7 Yaogan-10 Yaogan-11 Yaogan-12 Yaogan-13 Yaogan-14 Yaogan-15 Yaogan-16A, B, C Yaogan-17A, B, C Yaogan-18 Yaogan-19 Yaogan-20A, B, C Yaogan-21 Yaogan-22 Yaogan-23 Yaogan... similar to the Ziyuan-3.358 Yaogan Satellites Yaogan (遥感/Remote Sensing) is a series... 2014 China had launched 26 Yaogan satellites. Official Chinese press describe... August 2014 China launched three Yaogan satellites on one launcher to... being electronic intelligence satellites (Yaogan-9A, 9B, 9C/Yaogan-16A, Bai Zhaoguang... for Meteorological Satellites, CNSA, May 22, 2014. 357 “高分一号的落后与特色” [Gaofen-1 Deficiencies and.../201408/09/c_133544286.htm. 360 “Yaogan,” Dragon in Space, accessed June....com/earth-observation/yaogan.aspx. 355 64 16B, 16C/Yaogan-20A, 20B... intelligence. 361 On February 4, 2010, Yaogan-1 broke up in orbit. Due... “China Returns to Action with Yaogan Weixing-20 Mission,” NASA Spaceflight.../08/china-returns-yaogan-weixing-20-mission/. 362 “Yaogan-1 Erupts,” Arms Control...://forden.armscontrolwonk.com/archive/2625/yaogan-1erupts. 363 “Orbital Debris Success... Taiyuan], 中国航天 [Aerospace China], 2013/10, 22. Li Qing, “中国气象卫星技术成就与展望(上)” [The Technological Accomplishments... Taiyuan], 中国航天 [Aerospace China], 2013/10, 22. 398 “Overview of Fengyun Meteorological... Taiyuan], 中国航天 [Aerospace China], 2013/10, 22. 403 “FY-4 Program,” National Satellite... 600 km, such as China’s Yaogan series, can communicate with ground... 25, 2007, along with the Yaogan-2 satellite. ZDPS-1 was developed by...-launch goal (Table 13). 437 “遥感卫星九号和实践十一号卫星喜获国防科技进步一等奖,” [Yaogan 9 and Shijian 11 Satellites Win... DFH Satellite/AMSAT-China 9/22/10 9/22/10 Zhejiang University Zhejiang University... Satellite Yaogan 4 (Remote Sensing Satellite 4) Yaogan 5 (Remote Sensing Satellite 5, JB 5-C, Jian Bing 5-C) Yaogan 6 (Remote Sensing Satellite 6, Jian Bing 7-A) Yaogan 7 (Remote Sensing Satellite 7) Yaogan 8 (Remote Sensing Satellite 8) Yaogan 9A (Remote Sensing Satellite 9A) Yaogan 9B (Remote Sensing Satellite 9B) Yaogan... Yaogan 10 (Remote Sensing Satellite 10) Yaogan 11 (Remote Sensing Satellite 11) Yaogan 12 (Remote Sensing Satellite 12) Yaogan 13 (Remote Sensing Satellite 13) Yaogan 14 (Remote Sensing Satellite 14) Yaogan 15 (Remote Sensing Satellite 15) Yaogan 16A (Remote Sensing Satellite 16A, Yaogan Weixing 16) Yaogan 16B (Remote Sensing Satellite 16B) Yaogan 16C (Remote Sensing Satellite 16C) Yaogan 17A (Remote Sensing Satellite 17A, Yaogan Weixing 17) Yaogan 17B (Remote Sensing Satellite 17B) Yaogan 17C (Remote Sensing Satellite 17C) Yaogan 18 (Remote Sensing Satellite 18) Yaogan 19 (Remote Sensing Satellite 19) Yaogan 2 (Remote Sensing Satellite 2, Jian Bing 5-2, JB 5-2) Yaogan 3 (Remote Sensing... DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO DirecTV-8 5/22/2005 DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO... Globalstar M096 (Globalstar 94, Globalstar 2-22) 2/6/2013 Globalstar Communications LEO Globalstar... Improved Trumpet 4 (NROL-22, National Reconnaissance Office Launch-22, SBIRS HEO-1, Twins...



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... – average connection speed by country 22 Figure 24 APAC region: average... than one category. 7 Devices Source: [22] 10 Figure 9 shows various wearable products, sorted by application sectors [22]. FIGURE 9: WEARABLE DEVICES BY CATEGORY... 75.5% 16.9% 3.2% 2.9% 1.5% Q1 2012 59.2% 22.9% 2.0% 6.3% 9.5% Source: IDC, May 2015 19... traffic by 2020 (see Figure 22). traffic per region (monthly ExaBytes) FIGURE 22: Smartphone SMARTPHONEdata DATA TRAFFIC PER... Finland 17.7 6.9% 30% Source: [75] 22 FIGURE 24: APAC REGION: AVERAGE...% 48 Australia 8.8 7.7% 15% 74 Malaysia 6.4 22% 49% 83 Sri Lanka 5.4 13.../issues/ megatrends/index.jhtml. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. [2] “World’s Top Global.../insights. [Accessed: 17-Jun-2015]. [22] Vandrico, “Wearable Technology Database | Vandrico.../14/internet-of-things/. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. 66 [26] E. Strickland...-toimplant-sensors-in-everyone. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. [27] M. Wilson, “From.... [Online]. Available: wareable.com. [Accessed: 22-Jun-2016]. [54] Skully, “SKULLY....com/flirone/explore.cfm. [Accessed: 22 Apr-2015]. 69 [61] Einsteinworld....internetlivestats.com/internet-users/. [Accessed: 22-Jun-2016]. [72] Ericsson, “Ericsson.../iridium-go-satellitehotspot/30711/. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. 70 [74] H. Williams... Mobile Metrics Measure Up?” pp. 1–22, Jun. 2015. [126] N. Eddy, “Location...-billion-by-2018.html. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. [127] Technavio, “Global...-serious-about indoor-location/. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. [130] M. Ballve, “Commercial.../2014/07/AerialServices_UASGuide.pdf. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. [138] RPASTrainingSolutions, “Drone..., 3D and geospatial – Geospatial World”, 22-Jun-2014. [Online]. Available: http.../cdc-ebola-cell-phonetracking/. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. [177] C. Leigh, “CSIRO...-scotland-scotland-business-26705812. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. [184] Moonitor, “Moonitor... vision restored through bionic eye”, 22-Jul-2015. [Online]. Available: http....html?lf1=3501240615d 618011202188d38053719. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. [229] M. Williams, “Disruptive... source=carsthatthink&utm_medium=email&u. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. 83 [234] K. Burnham.../d/d-id/1306643?page_ number=1. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2015]. [235] M. Kumar, “Marauder...-of-car20150721-gihmn3.html. [Accessed: 22-Jul-2015]. [239] K. Zetter, “Feds...-say-banned-researchercommandeered-plane/. [Accessed: 22-Jul-2015]. [240] FBI, “Chris... Improved Trumpet 4 (NROL-22, National Reconnaissance Office Launch-22, SBIRS HEO-1, Twins... Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional - LAPAN) 22/06/2016 2015-052G 40936.../04/2011 2010-038A 36834 Yaogan 10 (Remote Sensing Satellite 10... Yaogan 11 (Remote Sensing Satellite 11) China People's Liberation Army (C41) 22/09/2010 2011-066B 37875 Yaogan 12 (Remote Sensing...) 9/11/2011 2011-072A 37941 Yaogan 13 (Remote Sensing Satellite 13.../11/2011 2012-021A 38257 Yaogan 14 (Remote Sensing Satellite 14.../05/2012 2012-029A 38354 Yaogan 15 (Remote Sensing Satellite 15... 2012-066A 39011 Yaogan 16A (Remote Sensing Satellite 16A, Yaogan Weixing 16.../11/2012 2012-066B 39012 Yaogan 16B (Remote Sensing Satellite 16B.../11/2012 2012-066C 39013 Yaogan 16C (Remote Sensing Satlelite 16C... 2013-046A 39239 Yaogan 17A (Remote Sensing Satellite 17A, Yaogan Weixing 17...) 1/09/2013 2013-046B 39240 Yaogan 17B (Remote Sensing Satellite 17B...) 1/09/2013 2013-046C 39241 Yaogan 17C (Remote Sensing Satellite 17C...) 1/09/2013 2013-059A 39363 Yaogan 18 (Remote Sensing Satellite 18.../10/2013 2013-065A 39410 Yaogan 19 (Remote Sensing Satellite 19.../11/2013 2014-047A 40109 Yaogan 20A (Remote Sensing Satellite 20A...) 9/08/2014 2014-047B 40110 Yaogan 20B (Remote Sensing Satellite 20B...) 9/08/2014 2014-047C 40111 Yaogan 20C (Remote Sensing Satellite 20C...) 9/08/2014 2014-053A 40143 Yaogan 21 (Remote Sensing Satellite 21.../2014 2014-063A 40275 Yaogan 22 (Remote Sensing Satellite 22) China People's Liberation.../10/2014 2014-071A 40305 Yaogan 23 (Remote Sensing Satellite 23.../11/2014 2014-072A 40310 Yaogan 24 (Remote Sensing Satellite 24.../11/2014 2014-080A 40338 Yaogan 25A (Remote Sensing Satellite 25A.../12/2014 2014-080B 40339 Yaogan 25B (Remote Sensing Satellite 25B.../12/2014 2014-0808C 40340 Yaogan 25C (Remote Sensing Satellite 25C.../12/2014 2014-088A 40362 Yaogan 26 (Remote Sensing Satellite 26.../12/2014 2015-040A 40878 Yaogan 27 (Remote Sensing Satellite 27.../08/2015 2015-064A 41026 Yaogan 28 (Remote Sensing Satellite 28...) 8/11/2015 2015-069A 41038 Yaogan 29 (Remote Sensing Satellite 29.../11/2015 2016-029A 41473 Yaogan 30 (Remote Sensing Satellite 30.../05/2016 2008-061A 33446 Yaogan 4 (Remote Sensing Satellite 4) China People... Yaogan 6 (Remote Sensing Satellite 6, Jian Bing 7-A) China People's Liberation Army (C41) 22/04/2009 2009-069A 36110 Yaogan 7 (Remote Sensing...) 9/12/2009 2009-072A 36121 Yaogan 8 (Remote Sensing Satellite 8) China People.../12/2009 2010-009A 36413 Yaogan 9A (Remote Sensing Satellite 9A...) 5/03/2010 2010-009B 36414 Yaogan 9B (Remote Sensing Satellite 9B...) 5/03/2010 2010-009C 36415 Yaogan 9C (Remote Sensing Satellite 9C... Sensor Technology and Planetary Exploration 22/10/2001 2015-058E 40968...



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... avoid the SSN# 39372), from Yaogan 12, launched by the close... Space Safety Conference (IAASS) 20-22 October 2014, Friedrichshafen, Germany The... (IAASS) conference was held 20-22 October in Friedrichshafen, Germany with... 13025 16906 CIS 2014-063A YAOGAN 22 CHINA 1198 1207 100.3 1 0 2014... 2014-071A YAOGAN 23 CHINA 511 513 97.3 1 3 2014-072A YAOGAN 24... 2014-080B 2014-080C YAOGAN 25A YAOGAN 25B YAOGAN 25C CHINA CHINA CHINA... NO ELEMS. AVAILABLE 2014-088A YAOGAN 26 CHINA 97.4 1 0 2014-089A...



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... satélite VEP. Disparo a las 22 h 20 m, GMT, en Tanegashima. Prototipo... anchura, y el panel solar de 22 m de longitud y 6 m de anchura. Estaba... en Banda C. También llamado China 22 y DFH-2-3. Satélite del programa... largo por 4,4 m por 3,8 m; dispone de 22,46 m² de paneles solares para... 1996-48A. También llamado CHINASTAR 22. Satélite de comunicaciones lanzado... empresa Alcatel Alenia europea. Llevaba 22 repetidores. Fue lanzado a las 16... fines científicos. También llamados Yaogan Weixing (esta última palabra significa..., emergencias y también YAOGAN 2006- YAOGAN 1 26.04.2006 China REC YAOGAN 2 25.05.2007 China REC YAOGAN 3 11.11.2007 China REC YAOGAN WEIXING-4 01.12.2008 China APL YAOGAN WEIXING-5 15.12.2008 China REC YAOGAN 6 22.04.2009 China REC YAOGAN 7 09.12.2009 China REC YAOGAN 8 15.12.2009 China REC YAOGAN 9 05.03.2010 China MIL YAOGAN 10 09.08.2010 China MIL YAOGAN 11 22.09... es 2009-021A. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 7, o YW-7. Satélite de... es 2009-69A. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 8, o YW-8. Satélite de... que los otros. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 10. Satélite de... y 98º de YAOGAN 12 09.11.2011 China MIL YAOGAN 13 29.11.2011 China MIL YAOGAN 14 10.05.2012 China MIL YAOGAN 15 29.05.2012 China MIL YAOGAN 16 25.11.2012 China MIL YAOGAN 17 01.09.2013 China MIL YAOGAN 18 29.10.2013 China MIL YAOGAN 19 20.11.2013 China MIL YAOGAN 20 09.08.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 21 08... Km de altura. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 16. Satélite militar... naturales y otras aplicaciones. Similar al Yaogan 9 según se cree, lleva 2 subsat... los subsatélites. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 17. Satélite militar... y de otras aplicaciones. Similar a los Yaogan 9 y 16, se cree que consta... y 63,4º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 18. Satélite militar...,55º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 19. Satélite militar... Km de altitud. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 20. Satélite múltiple... grupo de los Yaogan 9, 16 y 17. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 21. Sat... a las 03 h 22 min GMT en la base de YAOGAN 22 20.10.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 23 14.11.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 24 20.11.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 25 10.12.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 26 27.12.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 27 27.08.2015 China MIL YAOGAN 28 08.11.2015 China MIL YAOGAN 29 26... tipo que los Yaogan 5 y 12. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 22. Satélite militar... Km de altitud. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 23. Satélite militar...ón de 97,33º. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 24. Satélite declarado... Km de altitud. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 25. Satélite militar... y 63,4º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 26. Satélite militar... y 97,4º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 27. Satélite de... Km de altura También llamado Yaogan Weixing 28. Satélite de... es 2015-064A. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 29. Satélite de...én llevó al satélite principal Yaogan 2. Se cree que estuvo en... satélite Zheda Pixing y al Yaogan 11. Fue enviado a una órbita... satélite Zheda Pixing y al Yaogan 11. Fue enviado a una órbita... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 8. Su órbita fue una polar... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 12. Fue enviado a una órbita... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 14. Fue enviado a una órbita... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 21. Fue enviado a una órbita... cohete los satélites OSCAR 22, ORBCOMM-X, SARA y TUBSAT. Construido con... 10 nanosegundos/día. Fue lanzado a las 22 h 16 m GMT en Baikonur con... telecomunicaciones de Telespazio lanzado a las 22 h 49 min GMT en Kourou... los paneles solares desplegados de 22,3 m; la energía eléctrica proporcionada...%), Telefónica (25%), Caja Postal (22,5%), Retevisión (25%) y el CDTI (2,5%); más tarde... 600 Km con resolución de 22 m. Perteneciente a la empresa Deimos Imaging... del programa Palapa lanzado a las 22 h 22 m GMT en Cabo Cañaveral... la americana OSC, pesaba inicialmente 3,22 Tm. Llevaba 28 repetidores en... de anchura con resolución de 22 m. Construido por nigerianos y la empresa... REC También llamado VRSS o Venezuela Yaogan Weixing Yi Hao, y Generalísimo....01.1967 INTELSAT COM INTELSAT 2 F-3 22.03.1967 INTELSAT COM INTELSAT....02.1969 INTELSAT COM INTELSAT 3 F-4 22.05.1969 INTELSAT COM INTELSAT....02.1975 INTELSAT COM INTELSAT 4 F-1 22.05.1975 INTELSAT COM INTELSAT... Llevaba 72 repetidores en Banda C y 22 en Banda Ku. Destinado a sustituir.... Llevaba 76 repetidores en Banda C y 22 en Banda Ku. Tras 3 aplazamientos..., pesaba inicialmente 2.484 Kg. Llevaba 22 repetidores en Banda Ku. Fue... de perigeo y 0º de inclinación. Llevaba 22 repetidores en Banda C y 12 en...



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... 4 EXPLORER 10 KORABL SPUTNIK 5 DISCOVERER 22 DISCOVERER 23 MERCURY ATLAS 3 EXPLORER....1960 24.05.1960 22.06.1960 22.06.1960 29.06....1961 18.02.1961 22.02.1961 22.02.1961 24.02... 21.08.1964 22.08.1964 22.08.1964 22.08.1964 25... 0168 21.03.1967 22.03.1967 22.03.1967 24.03... 18.05.1967 22.05.1967 22.05.1967 22.05.1967 24....1969 19.01.1969 22.01.1969 22.01.1969 23.01... COSMOS 0283 COSMOS 0284 KH 8-22 COSMOS 0285 ¿? OGO 6 COSMOS 0286....1969 10.07.1969 22.07.1969 22.07.1969 23.07... 18.09.1969 22.09.1969 22.09.1969 22.09.1969 24... Militar Militar Militar Militar Militar 22 COSMOS 0414 COSMOS 0415 COSMOS... COSMOS 0537 INTERCOSMOS 08 MOLNIYA-1-22 NIMBUS 05 MOLNIYA-2-04 COSMOS... COSMOS 0767 COSMOS 0768 METEOR 1-22 COSMOS 0769 COSMOS 0770 COSMOS....1975 17.12.1975 22.12.1975 22.12.1975 25.12....1976 21.07.1976 22.07.1976 22.07.1976 23.07....1977 21.10.1977 22.10.1977 22.10.1977 25.10....1981 21.05.1981 22.05.1981 22.05.1981 23.05... COSMOS 1293 COSMOS 1294 INTERCOSMOS 22 GMS-2 COSMOS 1295 COSMOS 1296... COSMOS 1514 COSMOS 1515 MOLNIYA 3-22 COSMOS 1516 COSMOS 1517 COSMOS... COSMOS 1557 COSMOS 1558 PROGRESS 22 COSMOS 1559 COSMOS 1560 COSMOS....1984 21.06.1984 22.06.1984 22.06.1984 23.06....1985 21.03.1985 22.03.1985 22.03.1985 25.03....1985 21.10.1985 22.10.1985 22.10.1985 23.10....1986 20.02.1986 22.02.1986 22.02.1986 26.02....1986 20.10.1986 22.10.1986 22.10.1986 25.10....1987 21.01.1987 22.01.1987 22.01.1987 29.01....1988 17.03.1988 22.03.1988 22.03.1988 23.03... COSMOS 1975 COSMOS 1976 RADUGA 22 COSMOS 1977 COSMOS 1978 TDF....1988 16.12.1988 22.12.1988 22.12.1988 23.12... 22.01.1990 22.01.1990 22.01.1990 22.01.1990 22.01.1990 22.01.1990 22... 4 SATCOM C1 COSMOS 2105 GORIZONT 22 MOLNIYA 1-79 NAVSTAR BIIA-10... 22.12.1990 22.12.1990 22.12.1990 22.12.1990 22.12.1990 22... 4 MICROSAT 5 MICROSAT 6 MICROSAT 7 ORBCOMM X OSCAR 22 SARA TUBSAT A RESURS F-12 MOLNIYA....1992 21.12.1992 22.12.1992 22.12.1992 25.12... 19.07.1993 22.07.1993 22.07.1993 22.07.1993 02...-2 DARPASAT STEP-0 COSMOS 2274 PROGRESS M-22 COSMOS 2275 COSMOS 2276 COSMOS... 18.03.1995 22.03.1995 22.03.1995 22.03.1995 24... 2 PANAMSAT 6 COSMOS 2345 AGILA 2 IRIDIUM 22 IRIDIUM 23 IRIDIUM 24 IRIDIUM... ECHOSTAR 5 IKONOS 2 TELSTAR 7 LMI 1 RESURS F-22 NAVSTAR SVN 46 DIRECTV 1R....09.1999 22.09.1999 22.09.1999 22.09.1999 22.09.1999....11.1999 22.11.1999 22.11.1999 22.11.1999 22.11.1999...-3B-08 GALAXY 10R ZHONGXING 22 ASUSAT FALCONSAT 1 JAK JAWSAT LOUISE... NOAA 17 PROGRESS M-46 22.10.2001 22.10.2001 25.10....2003 19.08.2003 22.08.2003 22.08.2003 29.08... Navegación Comunicaciones 88 EKSPRESS AM-22 DOUBLESTAR-1 TELSTAR 14 PROGRESS M1... 1KR PROGRESS M-56 EROS B1 YAOGAN 1 CALIPSO CLOUDSAT COSMOS 2420 GOES... PROGRESS M-57 COSMOS 2421 NRO-L-22 INSAT 4C GENESIS 1 COSMOS 2422... 1 14.09.2006 22.09.2006 22.09.2006 22.09.2006 25... GALAXY 17 PROGRESS M-60 NIGCOMSAT 1 YAOGAN 2 ZHEDA PIXING 1 GLOBALSTAR A GLOBALSTAR B GLOBALSTAR... 2432 COSMOS 2433 SAR-LUPE 3 YAOGAN 3 DSP 23 STAR ONE C1... 2445 PROGRESS M-01M YAOGAN WEIXING-4 COSMOS 2446 CIEL 2 YAOGAN WEIXING-5 HOT BIRD... G2 ANUSAT RISAT-2 SICRAL 1B YAOGAN 6 COSMOS 2450 STSS-ATRR PROGRESS...-3 YAOGAN 7 WISE COSMOS 2456 COSMOS 2457 COSMOS 2458 XI WANG 1 YAOGAN 8 HELIOS... 2460 COSMOS 2461 GOES 15 YAOGAN 9 ECHOSTAR 14 CRYOSAT 2 GSAT 4 COSMOS... NILESAT 201 RASCOM-QAF-1R YAOGAN 10 AEHF-1 TIANHUI-1 COSMOS 2464... PIXING 1C ZHEDA PIXING 1B YAOGAN 11 SBSS COSMOS 2469 SJ....09.2010 22.09.2010 22.09.2010 22.09.2010 22.09.2010....2011 20.04.2011 22.04.2011 22.04.2011 27.04... TX-1 YAOGAN 12 CHUANGXIN 1-03 SHIYAN 4 ASIASAT 7 COSMOS 2478 YAOGAN 13 BEIDOU...-03 EDOARDO AMALDI INTELSAT-IS-22 COSMOS 2479 APSTAR 7 NRO-L-25... BEIDOU 2 M4 AEHF-2 TIANHUI-1-2 TIANTUO 1 YAOGAN 14 JCSAT 13 VINASAT 2 COSMOS... DRAGON-C2+ FAJR ZHONGXING 2A YAOGAN 15 INTELSAT-IS-19 NUSTAR....2012 22.07.2012 22.07.2012 22.07.2012 22.07.2012 22.07... HJ-1C XINYAN-1 ECHOSTAR 16 YAOGAN 16 ZHONGXING 12 PLEIADES-HR1B...-L-65 EUTELSAT 25B GSAT 7 AMOS 4 YAOGAN 17 GONETS-M5 GONETS-M6... POPACS SIRIUS-FM6 SJ-16 YAOGAN 18 RADUGA 1M-3 26.04...-3 SWAMPSAT TJ3SAT TRAILBLAZER 1 VERMONT LUNAR YAOGAN 19 $50SAT APRIZESAT 7 APRIZESAT 8 BEAKERSAT...-F19 SENTINEL 1A 22.11.2013 22.11.2013 22.11.2013 25....2014 15.03.2014 22.03.2014 22.03.2014 23.03... LEMAÎTRE GPS 2F-7 ASIASAT 8 YAOGAN 20 WORLDVIEW 3 BRITE-PL-2 GAOFEN... 6 CHUANGXIN 1-04 LINGQIAO-1 ASIASAT 6 TIANTUO 2 YAOGAN 21 MEASAT 3B OPTUS 10...-1C ARSAT-1 INTELSAT-IS-30 YAOGAN 22 EKSPRESS AM-6 4M SJ-11....2014 19.08.2014 22.08.2014 22.08.2014 04.09...-1 HODOYOSHI-1 QSAT-EOS TSUBAME YAOGAN 23 YAOGAN 24 KUAIZHOU-2 COSMOS 2502 ORION...-1 DIRECTV 14 GSAT 16 CBERS-4 YAOGAN 25 NRO-L-35 YAMAL 401... 2503 RESURS-P2 ASTRA 2G YAOGAN 26 FY-2G AESP-14... EUTELSAT 8 WEST-B INTELSAT 34 GSAT 6 YAOGAN 27 INMARSAT 5F3 MUOS-4 GALILEO...-8 YAOGAN 28 GSAT 15 BADR 7 COSMOS 2510 LAOSAT-1 TELSTAR 12V YAOGAN 29... 22.12.2015 22.12.2015 22.12.2015 22.12.2015 22.12.2015 22.12.2015 22.12.2015 22.12.2015 22.12.2015 22.12.2015 22...



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... bureaus and one program office. 22 The Aerospace Equipment Bureau is... recently, China’s Evolving Space Capabilities | 22 the base has become a key... 13 launched since April 2006, Yaogan remote sensing satellites appear to... be the Yaogan-2, launched on May 25, 2007. 97 The Yaogan-5, likely... demonstrating similar characteristics as the Yaogan-2 and Yaogan-5 satellites have been launched... on April 27, 2006, the Yaogan-1 was launched from Taiyuan Satellite... A subsequent system, the Yaogan-6, was launched on April 22, 2009, and at... date. 108 Among these include Yaogan-8, developed over a four year period... follow-on variants, designated Yaogan-10 and Yaogan-13, were launched from... satellites include the Shijian-6 and Yaogan-9 satellites. R&D on the Shijian-6 series... technology demonstrations. A cluster of three Yaogan-9 satellites, launched from China’s Jiuquan... had overall responsibility for the Yaogan-9 program. 126 The GSD Fourth.... Fenghuo-1, also known as ChinaSat-22, was launched in January 2000... Jiuquan in conjunction with the Yaogan-2 on May 25, 2007. Two... piggyback payloads on the Yaogan-11 in September 22, 2010 from Jiuquan... Fenghuo and Shentong systems (ChinaSat-22 and ChinaSat-20). Key organizations... have been one of the Yaogan series. 199 Possibly linked with... Engineer is Yang Qiangwen [杨强文]. 21 22 Among various sources, see “GAD... Space Administration, 12 Dec 2006, 22 June 2011 < http://www.cnsa... Electronic Countermeasures [航天电子对抗], June 2010, pp. 22-34. Huang is from the.../zzjgzs/zzjgsyygzx/index.htm. 95 “Yaogan series (China), Spacecraft – Defense,” Jane...-Industry/Yaogan-series-China.html. 96 “Successful Launch of the Yaogan-2” [我国成功发射“遥感卫星二号”], Xinhua....htm. A key designer of the Yaogan-2’s high resolution camera system was... the Yaogan-2 may include Yaogan-4, Yaogan-7, and Yaogan-11. A follow-on variant of the Yaogan-5 may include the Yaogan... Targets Detection, Remote Sensing Journal [Yaogan xuebao]), March 2007, pp. 185... Targets Detection, Remote Sensing Journal [Yaogan xuebao]), March 2007, pp. 185... to be 5 meters. 106 The Yaogan-1 has also been referred to... SAR research was Yuan Xiaokang [袁孝康]. Yaogan-1 Chief Designer is said to... the Chief Designer for the Yaogan-6. For examples of Chen Junli... Hongchang, Chief Director of the Yaogan-3” [对话上海航天局遥感卫星三号总指挥朱鸿昌], Changsanjiao City Net, September 9, 2009... of the Yaogan-3” [对话上海航天局遥感卫星三号总指挥朱鸿昌], September 9, 2009. For reference to the Yaogan-6(2), see [第15... “CASC Eighth Academy Successfully Launches Yaogan-10 Satellite” [航天八院为遥感卫星十号发射成功奋战发射场], MOST website, November.... Among various sources, see “China’s Yaogan-9 may be ocean surveillance satellite...-s-Yaogan-9-may-be-oceansurveillance-satellite.html. The initial indication that the Yaogan... astronomers who reported that the Yaogan-9 mission saw the launch of... triangular formation. For example see: “Yaogan 9A, 9B, 9C,” Gunter’s Space....skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/yaogan9.htm; “Yaogan Weixing-9 CZ-4C launch March....zarya.info/Diaries/2010.php. Yaogan Weixing 9,” Jonathan’s Space Report, No... the Yaogan-9 was Li Yandong [李延东]. Space industry reporting indicates that the Yaogan... satellite program. See “Warm Celebrations: ‘Yaogan-9’ Successfully Launched” [热烈庆祝:“遥感九号”成功发射], China Spacesat Company... Doors to Success: Behind the Yaogan-9 Satellite Launch Success” [叩开成功之门——遥感卫星九号发射见闻], China Space... Unit Deputy Bureau Director, see [胡锦涛签署通令给军队1个单位22名个人记功], at http://www.wpeu.net... Guo Boxiong Speaks” [解放军战略规划部成立大会举行 郭伯雄出席并讲话], Xinhua, November 22, 2011, at http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/201111/22/c_111187194.htm. 190 191 The... of Astronautics (Yuhang xuebao), Vol. 22, No. 5 (Sep 01), pp. 72...



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... can be achieved at about 22,000–23,000 miles above... the central and local governments.22 Since the division, CASC and... to Commission, Beijing, China, July 22, 2015. VerDate Sep 11 2014... and Cooperation, March 2, 2015), 21–22. VerDate Sep 11 2014 09... and Security Review Commission, May 22, 2013; Xinhua, ‘‘China Carries out...-relevant ISR satellites are the Yaogan, Shijian, Gaofen, and Haiyang, each... during a crisis or conflict. Yaogan Satellites The Yaogan series of satellites, the... to date has launched 37 Yaogan satellites,125 including EO, SAR... for the 21st Century, 2015, 22. VerDate Sep 11 2014 09... 600 [km], such as China’s Yaogan series, can communicate with ground... Flight, Springer, 2004, 185–187. 22. China Aerospace Science and Industry... to Commission, Beijing, China, July 22, 2015; China Great Wall Industry... to Commission, Beijing, China, July 22, 2015. 29. Kevin Pollpeter, China... and Security Review Commission, May 22, 2013; China Information Office of... and Security Review Commission, May 22, 2013); China Information Office of... and Cooperation, March 2, 2015), 21–22. 54. China Great Wall Industry... to Commission, Beijing, China, July 22, 2015. 55. Kevin Pollpeter (Deputy... and Cooperation, March 2, 2015), 21–22. 62. Kevin Pollpeter (Deputy Director... and Cooperation, March 2, 2015), 21–22; U.S.-China Economic and Security Review... a Ride from Europe,’’ Reuters, December 22, 2013. 86. House of Lords... and Security Review Commission, May 22, 2013; Xinhua (English edition), ‘‘China... and Security Review Commission, May 22, 2013. 97. Brian Weeden, ‘‘Through...), interview with Commission staff, September 22, 2015; Official, U.S. Depart- VerDate Sep... C. Barbosa, ‘‘Long March 4C Lofts Yaogan Weixing-25 Mission,’’ NASA Spaceflight...: Andrew Tate, ‘‘China Launches Latest Yaogan-Series Satellite,’’ IHS Jane’s Defense..., ‘‘Chinese Long March 4B Launches Yaogan Weixing-26,’’ NASA Spaceflight.com... C. Barbosa, ‘‘Long March 4C Lofts Yaogan Weixing-25 Mission,’’ NASA Spaceflight...; Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, ‘‘Yaogan Series’’; Andrew Erickson, ‘‘Chinese Air... Soma Perumal, ‘‘China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the ASBM,’’ International... Institute of Advanced Studies, January 22, 2014; and Kevin Pollpeter, ‘‘Controlling...,’’ IHS Jane’s Defense Weekly, September 22, 2015; Stephen Clark, ‘‘Debut Launch... Navigation System,’’ China Brief, August 22, 2014; Andrew Erickson, ‘‘China’s Air... Beidou Satellite Navigation System,’’ May 22, 2013. OSC ID: CHO2013 071608611379..., 10; and SinoDefense, ‘‘FengHuo 1 (ChinaSat 22/A) Tactical Communications Satellite,’’ September 26... to Commission, Beijing, China, July 22, 2015; U.S. Department of Defense, Annual...,’’ IHS Jane’s Defense Weekly, September 22, 2015; Stephen Clark, ‘‘Debut Launch...: Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, ‘‘Yaogan Series’’; Kevin Pollpeter, China Dream... Soma Perumal, ‘‘China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the ASBM,’’ International... Institute of Advanced Studies, January 22, 2014; and Kevin Pollpeter, ‘‘Controlling... to Commission, Beijing, China, July 22, 2015; Kevin Pollpeter (Deputy Director...



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... Article On-Ground Processing of Yaogan-24 Remote Sensing Satellite Attitude... whereby the accuracy of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s on...; star sensor; gyroscope; bidirectional filter; Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite; earth...) [2]. On 20 November 2014, the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite, with.... To address these problems, the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite was... On-Ground Processing Workflow The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite is... 1 shows the details of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s star... as an alternative. Table 1. The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s star... for high-resolution optical satellites [22–24]. Figure 1 shows the on... for attitude data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite and... ´ q1B q0B q  2( q1 B q3B  q 2  q2 B 22  q3 B 2 2 q0 B 2 2 2( q2 B q3 B  q1... ¨ ViBody pi “ 1, 2, ¨ ¨ ¨ , nq (7) qˆ20 ` qˆ21 ` qˆ22 ` qˆ23 “ 1 We do a Taylor series... feature, a gyroscope measurement model is: ωg “ ω ` b ` ηg (22) in which ω g represents the gyro... data of thefor Yaogan-24 data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing... the following conditions: (a) The Yaogan-24 Yaogan-24remote remote sensing satellite uses... the data provided by the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite that... 31 Observation data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite 3.1. Experimental..., 1203Data 16 of 31 The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s original... analysis (1) Observation data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite Experimental... observations of Astro10 A and B, The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s and... mentioned (1) Observation data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite analysis... satellite in orbit test. The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s observation.... sensor opticalAs axis angle8error, Table 22 show, the error of the... of 30 22of of31 31 22 bx bx 0.3 0.3 by by bz... geometric Sensors 2016, 16, 1203 (3) 22 of 30 Relative attitude accuracy... evaluate the fitting accuracy. Figures 22–24, describe the attitude fittingvalues... evaluate the fitting accuracy. Figures 22–24, describe respectively, the fitting... accuracy distribution infrom thein The 22–24, attitude data used to... 40 50 (b) 20 60 (b) Figure 22. Distribution of attitude fittingaccuracy accuracy... interpolation model: model: -0.4 -0.4Lagrange Figure 22. Distribution ofofattitude fitting inthe the Lagrange polynomial interpolation Figure 22. attitude40 fitting in the 0 Distribution....2 Lagrange polynomial interpolation yaw yawmodel: 0.2 22. Distribution of attitude fitting accuracy... ground pretreatment system for the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite image....288 ´24.406 ´12.752 22.788 −19.509 2.7883.117... for attitude data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite and.... 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. Iwata, T. Precision Geolocation...



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... development of high energy lasers 22 Executive Summary Space security impact... to almost 200 per week.22 Additionally, Iridium has reported an... maneuvered its Terra satellite on 22 June 2007 to avoid a close... has been fully operational since 22 December 2005. The system is... has a brightness magnitude greater than 22 (approximately 150 meters in diameter... maintaining peace and international security.”22 A summary of the key space... uses of outer space On 22 May 2007 a new European Space... first launch announced for 2008.22 The ESA contracted with Surrey... social development. In China the Yaogan-2 and Yaogan-3 (Remote Sensing Satellite-2 and... 2007 respectively. Yaogan-2 is an optical imaging satellite while Yaogan-3 uses advanced... Space Capsule Recovery Experiment on 22 January 2007.85 In December... 5/25/07 Chang Zheng 2D Yaogan 2 China China Remote sensing (Optical.../11/07 Chang Zheng 4C Yaogan 3 China China Remote sensing (Radar... percent from 2006 to 2007.22 Figure 4.2: Commercial spacecraft launched in... from $6-billion to $18-billion,22 it was put under review... civilian SAR Remote Sensing Satellite-1 (Yaogan-1) for “scientific experiment, survey of... satellite, officially known as ChinaSat-22. Officially a civilian communications satellite, ChinaSat-22 is thought to enable “theater ... intelligence since 1999.160 On 22 August 2006 Sea Launch launched... jammed.199 China also launched Yaogan-3 (Remote Sensing Satellite-3) on 11... that Yaogan-3 will be used for both civilian and military purposes. Yaogan-3 and an optical imaging satellite, Yaogan-2, were both... used to support negation efforts.22 While the ability to constantly... vessels raised as potential causes.22 The interference has disrupted the... probable responses from other countries.”22 While the development of an.../2000 Yaogan 3 Chang Zheng 4B China Imaging LEO 11/11/2007 Yaogan 2 Chang Zheng 2D China Imaging LEO 25/05/2007 Yaogan... Kosmos 11K65M Russia Navigation LEO 22/07/2004 Kosmos-2404 Proton... Zenit-3SL France Communications GEO 22/08/2006 XTAR-EUR Ariane...) Atlas II US Communications GEO* 22/10/1995 USA 113 Atlas.../IUS US Early Warning GEO* 22/12/1994 DSP F13 Titan... Titan 404B US Imaging LEO 22/05/1999 DMSP 5D-3 F-16... Delta 7925 US Navigation MEO* 22/11/1992 Navstar GPS 27....gov/newsletter/pdfs/ODQNv12i1.pdf. 22 Kevin Whitelaw, “The Problem of...



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.... Further improvements in relative Chinese 22 The U.S.-China Military Scorecard: Forces... (4-Round) Artillery Rocket System,” July 22, 2013; Jane’s Land Warfare Platforms... overall effectiveness. Especially important, the F-22 should be able to operate...-Speed Anti-Radiation Missile),” October 22, 2014. Scorecard 3: U.S. Penetration of Chinese..., Washington, D.C., November 25, 2002. 21 22 Federation of American Scientists, “F-16... World’s Aircraft, “Lockheed Martin (645) F-22 Raptor,” April 8, 2013. Scorecard 3: U.S. Penetration... (High-Speed AntiRadiation Missile),” October 22, 2014. 122 The U.S.-China Military... 8 6 (75%) 7 (88%) 8 (100%) 8 (100%) 2017 9 2 (22%) 3 (33%) 6 (67%) 9 (100%) the United... its first SAR imaging satellite (Yaogan 1) and the first of a new... its first ELINT satellite system (Yaogan 9), consisting of three elements flying... 31, 2004. 8 Jane’s Space Systems, “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. 9 SinoDefence... 21st Century,” Washington, D.C., April 2015, p. 22; and Ian Easton, China’s Evolving... Ballistic Missile,” 2009. 22 Launched NOSS include the Yaogan 9, 16, 17, 20... Perumal, the Yaogan 17 and Yaogan 25 likely replaced the Yaogan 9 and Yaogan 16. S. Chandrashekar and Soma Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan... and Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the Anti-Ship... SAR (Yaogan 1, 3, and 6) and four high-resolution EO satellite imaging systems (Yaogan... Yaogan 3 occupied the exact same orbit as the Yaogan 1, indicating that the Yaogan... as late 2007. Incidentally, the Yaogan 1 suffered from an internal explosion... Systems and Industry, “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. The Yaogan 1 and 3 carried... from 1.5 meters (Yaogan 2, 4, and 7) down to one meter (Yaogan 5).30 Without external... Adding the two SAR satellites (Yaogan 3 and 6), the median revisit time... Space, “Yaogan,” web page, last updated May 29, 2012. The Yaogan 2, 4, and 7 carried the Jianbing 6 EO sensor, and the Yaogan 5 carried... Yaogan 2, 4, and 7 have imaging swaths of 40 km and that the Yaogan... of the Yaogan 10, 13, 18, and 23 (SAR) and Yaogan 14..., it is possible that the Yaogan 10 and 21 are no.... 39 These include the Yaogan 8, 15, 19, and 22. 40 Due to... and Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the Anti-Ship... (Jianbing 3A/B) 4 EO (Yaogan 2, 4, 5, 7) 3–4 EO (high-resolution) 2 SAR (Yaogan 3, 6) 3–4 EO (medium-resolution...-3 ‘Seersucker’), Fu-Feng-1/JL-9 (SS-N-22 ‘Sunburn’)”; “CSS-N-4 ‘Sardine’ (YJ-8/YJ...-47) 1983 9,600 27 27 22 22 22 Arleigh Burke (DDG-51) Flight... 12 7,147 20 23 23 22 22 1997 9,138 — 2 3 3 3 2004 7,800 — — 5 11... 8.2 (using sonar only)—a reduction of 22 percent.26 Moreover, U.S. forces would... seven of the total 34 Yaogan satellites are used by the... resource management purposes. Yet all Yaogan satellites are listed as “PLA... in the case of the Yaogan series and three other satellites... different spacecraft designs in the Yaogan series. Yaogan 1 (no longer operational), 3, 10... parameters and physical conformations of Yaogan 5, 12, 14, and 21 suggest... Yaogans, except for ELINT satellites (Yaogan 9, 16, 17, 20, and 20... launched on single rockets. The Yaogan 9, 16, 17, 20, and 25... capable than those on the Yaogan series, these satellites are primarily... some of the 19 listed Yaogan satellites may no longer be... instance, Rui C. Barbosa, “China Launch YaoGan Weixing-9, Announce Increase in Vehicle..., “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. 5 Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. 6 Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, “Yaogan Series... and Defense Intelligence Report, October 22, 2014; Missile Defense Agency, “Terminal..., 2015. 49 Some of China’s Yaogan satellites are under 500 km... Network,” Surveys in Geophysics, Vol. 22, No. 5–6, 2001. Scorecard 8: Chinese Counterspace... China 2007, Washington, D.C., May 2007, p. 22. Scorecard 9: U.S. and Chinese Cyberwarfare Capabilities... Industry and Information Technology. Nearly 22 percent reported that their accounts... have inflicted against U.S. counterforce targets.22 The analysis provides a baseline against... impressive advantages enjoyed by the F-22, China’s much more extensive replacement... and conventional submarines, and larger 22 The analysis does consider U.S. anti... intensive debate and interested lobbying. 3 “F-22 Raptor: Program and Events,” Defense..., 2008. Barbosa, Rui C., “China Launch YaoGan Weixing-9, Announce Increase in Vehicle....nasaspaceflight.com/2010/03/china-yaogan-weixing-9-increase-in-vehicle-production... Soma Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the Anti-Ship... 9, 2015: http://archive.is/iAKZ3 ———, “Yaogan,” web page, last updated May...-Speed Anti-Radiation Missile),” October 22, 2014. ———, “GBU-39/B Small Diameter... 15, 2011. ———, “Lockheed Martin (645) F-22 Raptor,” April 8, 2013. ———, “SAC (Sukhoi... (4-Round) Artillery Rocket System,” July 22, 2013. ———, “NORINCO Type 63A Light... (4-Round) Artillery Rocket System,” July 22, 2013. ———, “China Precision Machinery Import...)/Ziyaun Series,” December 17, 2014. ———, “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. ———, “NAVSTAR...