Спутник ДЗЗ. Yaogan Weixing-31. [Редактировать]

Как обычно КНР отнесла запущенный 12 декабря 2017 года космический аппарат Yaogan Weixing-31 к классу спутников ДЗЗ, которые ориентированы на решение сугубо гражданских задач. Однако, как предполагает ряд аналитиков, данный спутник будет управляться военными структурами страны и он будет обеспечивать решение исключительно военных задач. Наиболее вероятно, что спутник решает задачи оптико-электронного наблдения за Землей.

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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Тип оператора(владельца) - военные
3Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
4Страна производитель - Китай

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Цзюцюань
2Дата пуска2017-12-02
3Полезная нагрузка 1xYaogan Weixing-31
4Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 2D

Найдено 63 документов по запросу «Yaogan Weixing-31». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-10-09
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... назначения России по состоянию на 31.12.2010 года включала 74... на орбите по состоянию на 31.12.2010 Весь мир 1957...-2010 2001-2010 58 53 31 27 29 За весь период... назначения США по состоянию на 31.12.2010 года включала 440... группировка Китая по состоянию на 31.12.2010 года включала 69... на орбиту 27 спутников из 31. За период космической деятельности с 1975... аппаратов (КА) по состоянию на 31.01.2010 года входит более... BLITS 29=9/3/9/8 27=1/9/10/7 7 На 31.12.2010 в ОГ РФ 70... Major Disaster (Космос и крупные катастрофы) [31]. Эти же спутники одновременно проводят... Yaogan Weixing -1 26.04.06 март 2010 Hai Yang-2 11.04.07 Yaogan Weixing-2 25.05.07 Yaogan Weixing-2 25.05.07 CBERS-2B 19.09.07 окт 2010 Yaogan Weixing...) Yaogan Weixing-4 01.12.08 Yaogan Weixing-5 15.12.08 Yaogan Weixing-6 22.04.09 Yaogan Weixing-7 09.12.09 Yaogan Weixing-8 15.12.09 YaoGan Weixing-10 09.08.10 Tianhui-1 24.08.10 YaoGan Weixing-11... (Хуаньцзин), экспериментальный картографический миниспутник Shiyan Weixing (Шияньвэйсин), первый топографический спутник Tianhui... с Бразилией многоцелевой спутник CBERS-3 и другие. 31 Китай создаёт систему мониторинга природных... на базе нескольких КА типа Yaogan Weixing. Во время последнего сильнейшего землетрясения... земного шара». [32, раздел 5.3, стр. 31]. 42 Поражает стремительность, с которой авторы... Китая САС Коронас-Ф Компас-1 Фотон-М №1 31.07.01 06.12.05...-2 Бауманец Фотон-М №3 20.01.05 31.05.05 07.10.05....07 16.06.05 утерян 31.05.06 авария РН 26... атмосферы и пыли 5.1 30.2 66.5 73.9 31.1 0.0 0.0 Международные связи 0.0 10.0 3.7 16.3 48... журналов Новости космонавтики (№3/2002 стр.31, №10/2002 стр.27, №3/2006... решения задач мониторинга. // Геоматика. 2009, № 3. 31. А.Тертышников, А.Кучейко. Оперативный космический мониторинг... группировка. //Новости космонавтики, 2002, №3, cтр.31. 51. С.Шамсутдинов, И.Лисов. Российская орбитальная...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
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... since 2000: vii the Gaofen, Yaogan, Huanjing, and Tianhui satellites. This..., infrared, and multispectral ranges. The Yaogan and Huanjing satellites also use... cover or at night. Certain Yaogan satellites are also rumored to... University Press, 2013), 5. 30 Ibid., 6. 31 Xi Jinping, “在中国科学院第十七次院士大会、中国工程院第十二次院士大会上的讲话” [Speech at the... Dream], 中国航天报 [China Space News], July 31, 2013, 3. 36 Wu Weiqiang, “浅谈航天强国评价体系研究” [A Brief... Future Wars], 江苏航空 [Jiangsu Aviation] 1 (2007), 31. 78 Qi Xianfeng, 空间信息系统防护探讨 [“Study on...-china-spacestation-europe-cooperation.html. 31 and China’s first female astronaut... introduced since 2000: the Gaofen, Yaogan, Huanjing, Haiyang, and Tianhui satellites... Yaogan-1 2006 Yaogan-2 Yaogan-3 Yaogan-4 Yaogan-5 Yaogan-6 Yaogan-7 Yaogan-10 Yaogan-11 Yaogan-12 Yaogan-13 Yaogan-14 Yaogan-15 Yaogan-16A, B, C Yaogan-17A, B, C Yaogan-18 Yaogan-19 Yaogan-20A, B, C Yaogan-21 Yaogan-22 Yaogan-23 Yaogan... similar to the Ziyuan-3.358 Yaogan Satellites Yaogan (遥感/Remote Sensing) is a series... 2014 China had launched 26 Yaogan satellites. Official Chinese press describe... August 2014 China launched three Yaogan satellites on one launcher to... being electronic intelligence satellites (Yaogan-9A, 9B, 9C/Yaogan-16A, Bai Zhaoguang.../201408/09/c_133544286.htm. 360 “Yaogan,” Dragon in Space, accessed June....com/earth-observation/yaogan.aspx. 355 64 16B, 16C/Yaogan-20A, 20B... intelligence. 361 On February 4, 2010, Yaogan-1 broke up in orbit. Due... “China Returns to Action with Yaogan Weixing-20 Mission,” NASA Spaceflight, August.../2014/08/china-returns-yaogan-weixing-20-mission/. 362 “Yaogan-1 Erupts,” Arms Control...://forden.armscontrolwonk.com/archive/2625/yaogan-1erupts. 363 “Orbital Debris Success... 600 km, such as China’s Yaogan series, can communicate with ground... 25, 2007, along with the Yaogan-2 satellite. ZDPS-1 was developed by...-launch goal (Table 13). 437 “遥感卫星九号和实践十一号卫星喜获国防科技进步一等奖,” [Yaogan 9 and Shijian 11 Satellites Win...://news.ifeng.com/mil/4/detail_2013_01/31/21820257_0.shtml. 500 Pollpeter, “China... Hacking of U.S. Satellites,” Reuters, October 31, 2011, http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/10/31/us-china-us-hackingidUSTRE79U1YI20111031?feedType... Vehicle Technology], 人民网 [People.cn], December 31, 2011, http://finance.people.com... Satellite Yaogan 4 (Remote Sensing Satellite 4) Yaogan 5 (Remote Sensing Satellite 5, JB 5-C, Jian Bing 5-C) Yaogan 6 (Remote Sensing Satellite 6, Jian Bing 7-A) Yaogan 7 (Remote Sensing Satellite 7) Yaogan 8 (Remote Sensing Satellite 8) Yaogan 9A (Remote Sensing Satellite 9A) Yaogan 9B (Remote Sensing Satellite 9B) Yaogan... Ministry GEO 8 Compass G-5 (Beidou IGSO-1) 7/31/10 Chinese Defense Ministry GEO... Yaogan 10 (Remote Sensing Satellite 10) Yaogan 11 (Remote Sensing Satellite 11) Yaogan 12 (Remote Sensing Satellite 12) Yaogan 13 (Remote Sensing Satellite 13) Yaogan 14 (Remote Sensing Satellite 14) Yaogan 15 (Remote Sensing Satellite 15) Yaogan 16A (Remote Sensing Satellite 16A, Yaogan Weixing 16) Yaogan 16B (Remote Sensing Satellite 16B) Yaogan 16C (Remote Sensing Satellite 16C) Yaogan 17A (Remote Sensing Satellite 17A, Yaogan Weixing 17) Yaogan 17B (Remote Sensing Satellite 17B) Yaogan 17C (Remote Sensing Satellite 17C) Yaogan 18 (Remote Sensing Satellite 18) Yaogan 19 (Remote Sensing Satellite 19) Yaogan 2 (Remote Sensing Satellite 2, Jian Bing 5-2, JB 5-2) Yaogan 3 (Remote Sensing... Concerned Scientists database, updated January 31, 2014, http://www.ucsusa.org...



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... inherent ambiguities in China’s diplomacy.” 31 Perhaps the greatest blow to... to China in 1955, Tsien 31 organized, through the discipline of... of these FSW (Fanhuishi Shiyan Weixing or Recoverable Test Satellite in... radar imaging satellites known as YaoGan Weixing or “Remote Sensing Satellite” (RSS... its first YaoGan WeiXing 1 to the most recent launch of the Yaogan Weixing 6 on...-synchronous orbit (SSO). 153 64 YaoGan Weixing RSS - http://www.sinodefence.com... that their development of the YaoGan Weixing RSS based on SAR is.../spacecraft/dongfanghong4.asp Fanhuishi Shiyan Weixing (FSW). January 24, 2009. http....wsichina.org/attach/cs2_7.pdf YaoGan Weixing / Remote Sensing Satellites (RSS). May...://www.sinodefence.com/space/spacecraft/yaogan.asp Yuan Wang Tracking Ship.... 29 Hagt, 90. 30 Lewis, 3. 31 Hagt, 90. 32 Lewis, 9. 33.../china/facility.htm (accessed May 31, 2009). 111 Ibid. 112 “Jiuquan.../facility/jiuquan.asp (accessed May 31, 2009). 113 “Taiyuan Satellite Launch... 14, 2009). 151 “Fanhuishi Shiyan Weixing (FSW).” January 24, 2009. http... (accessed June 14, 2009). 152 “YaoGan Weixing / Remote Sensing Satellites (RSS).” May...://www.sinodefence.com/space/spacecraft/yaogan.asp (accessed June 14, 2009...



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... and other objects in space. 31 GAD’s space tracking network consists... DF-15 SRBM, and DF-31/DF-31A ICBM. CASC First... September 1987 when the Fanhuishi Weixing-1 (FSW-1) or recoverable satellite was... 13 launched since April 2006, Yaogan remote sensing satellites appear to... be the Yaogan-2, launched on May 25, 2007. 97 The Yaogan-5, likely... demonstrating similar characteristics as the Yaogan-2 and Yaogan-5 satellites have been launched... on April 27, 2006, the Yaogan-1 was launched from Taiyuan Satellite... launched. 107 A subsequent system, the Yaogan-6, was launched on April 22... date. 108 Among these include Yaogan-8, developed over a four year period... follow-on variants, designated Yaogan-10 and Yaogan-13, were launched from... lower China’s Evolving Space Capabilities | 31 earth orbit as part of... satellites include the Shijian-6 and Yaogan-9 satellites. R&D on the Shijian-6 series... technology demonstrations. A cluster of three Yaogan-9 satellites, launched from China’s Jiuquan... had overall responsibility for the Yaogan-9 program. 126 The GSD Fourth... Jiuquan in conjunction with the Yaogan-2 on May 25, 2007. Two... as piggyback payloads on the Yaogan-11 in September 22, 2010... have been one of the Yaogan series. 199 Possibly linked with... the range of a missile by 31.2%. 232 Chinese long-range precision... be Built,” China Daily, October 31, 2007, at http://www.chinadaily....cn/china/2007-10/31/content_6217880.htm. 30 31 In years past... senior designers of the DF-31 was Liu Baoyong, who worked.../zzjgzs/zzjgsyygzx/index.htm. 95 “Yaogan series (China), Spacecraft – Defense,” Jane...-Industry/Yaogan-series-China.html. 96 “Successful Launch of the Yaogan-2” [我国成功发射“遥感卫星二号”], Xinhua....htm. A key designer of the Yaogan-2’s high resolution camera system was... the Yaogan-2 may include Yaogan-4, Yaogan-7, and Yaogan-11. A follow-on variant of the Yaogan-5 may include the Yaogan... Targets Detection, Remote Sensing Journal [Yaogan xuebao]), March 2007, pp. 185... Targets Detection, Remote Sensing Journal [Yaogan xuebao]), March 2007, pp. 185... to be 5 meters. 106 The Yaogan-1 has also been referred to... SAR research was Yuan Xiaokang [袁孝康]. Yaogan-1 Chief Designer is said to... the Chief Designer for the Yaogan-6. For examples of Chen Junli... Hongchang, Chief Director of the Yaogan-3” [对话上海航天局遥感卫星三号总指挥朱鸿昌], Changsanjiao City Net, September 9, 2009... of the Yaogan-3” [对话上海航天局遥感卫星三号总指挥朱鸿昌], September 9, 2009. For reference to the Yaogan-6(2), see [第15... “CASC Eighth Academy Successfully Launches Yaogan-10 Satellite” [航天八院为遥感卫星十号发射成功奋战发射场], MOST website, November....htm. and http://210.82.31.84:9000/rp/fs/cp.... Among various sources, see “China’s Yaogan-9 may be ocean surveillance satellite...-s-Yaogan-9-may-be-oceansurveillance-satellite.html. The initial indication that the Yaogan... astronomers who reported that the Yaogan-9 mission saw the launch of... triangular formation. For example see: “Yaogan 9A, 9B, 9C,” Gunter’s Space....skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/yaogan9.htm; “Yaogan Weixing-9 CZ-4C launch March 5, 2010....zarya.info/Diaries/2010.php. Yaogan Weixing 9,” Jonathan’s Space Report, No. 625... the Yaogan-9 was Li Yandong [李延东]. Space industry reporting indicates that the Yaogan... satellite program. See “Warm Celebrations: ‘Yaogan-9’ Successfully Launched” [热烈庆祝:“遥感九号”成功发射], China Spacesat Company... Doors to Success: Behind the Yaogan-9 Satellite Launch Success” [叩开成功之门——遥感卫星九号发射见闻], China Space... Systems, April 2008, pp. 16-31; and Zhang Ming and Li...,” China Security, Winter 2007, pp. 31- 51, at http://www.wsichina... of Solid Rocket Technology, Vol. 31 No. 4, pp. 317-320; Yang... of Solid Rocket Technology, Vol 31, No. 4, 2008, p. 319. For one...



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... fighter with stealth characteristics, the J-31, but none of these aircraft... and U.S. Military Development, 1996–2017 31 Unlike the case with fighter..., “YJ-91, KR-1 (Kh-31),” March 31, 2015; Jane’s Air-Launched Weapons... amphibious vessels 63 39 38 31 31 U.S. Air Force FTR/FGA 3,444... the Dragon’s Lair, 2007, pp. 31–34. Scorecard 1: Chinese Capability to... would remain contested (Chinese advantage).31 For the Taiwan scenario, we..., Vol. 172, No. 21, May 31, 2010. U.S. SEAD operations against Chinese.../K SLAM-ER,” October 22, 2014. 31 Jane’s Defence Weekly, “USAF Approves... a requirement for low observability, was 31 percent. If stealth is not... 2 2 8 18 N/A 3–6 3–18 8–20 5 28–31 29–44 31–43 Stealth bomber Total... its first SAR imaging satellite (Yaogan 1) and the first of a new... its first ELINT satellite system (Yaogan 9), consisting of three elements flying...-30MK2 Fighters,” March 31, 2004. 8 Jane’s Space Systems, “Yaogan Series,” January 20.... 22 Launched NOSS include the Yaogan 9, 16, 17, 20, and 25... Perumal, the Yaogan 17 and Yaogan 25 likely replaced the Yaogan 9 and Yaogan 16. S. Chandrashekar and Soma Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan... and Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the Anti-Ship... SAR (Yaogan 1, 3, and 6) and four high-resolution EO satellite imaging systems (Yaogan... Yaogan 3 occupied the exact same orbit as the Yaogan 1, indicating that the Yaogan... as late 2007. Incidentally, the Yaogan 1 suffered from an internal explosion... Systems and Industry, “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. The Yaogan 1 and 3 carried... from 1.5 meters (Yaogan 2, 4, and 7) down to one meter (Yaogan 5).30 Without external....8 days (median value).31 Adding the two SAR satellites (Yaogan 3 and 6), the... Space, “Yaogan,” web page, last updated May 29, 2012. The Yaogan 2, 4, and 7 carried the Jianbing 6 EO sensor, and the Yaogan 5 carried the Jianbing 8 EO sensor. 31 These calculations assume that the Yaogan 2, 4, and 7 have imaging swaths of 40 km and that the Yaogan... of the Yaogan 10, 13, 18, and 23 (SAR) and Yaogan 14..., it is possible that the Yaogan 10 and 21 are no... operational. 39 These include the Yaogan 8, 15, 19, and 22. 40... and Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the Anti-Ship... (Jianbing 3A/B) 4 EO (Yaogan 2, 4, 5, 7) 3–4 EO (high-resolution) 2 SAR (Yaogan 3, 6) 3–4 EO (medium-resolution...+ 55 33 21 13 1.00 31 14 8 5 4 2.00 9 4 3 2 1 radius, targeting system... only), data current through January 31, 2015. Scorecard 7: U.S. Counterspace Capabilities Versus... seven of the total 34 Yaogan satellites are used by the... resource management purposes. Yet all Yaogan satellites are listed as “PLA... in the case of the Yaogan series and three other satellites... different spacecraft designs in the Yaogan series. Yaogan 1 (no longer operational), 3, 10... parameters and physical conformations of Yaogan 5, 12, 14, and 21 suggest... Yaogans, except for ELINT satellites (Yaogan 9, 16, 17, 20, and 20... launched on single rockets. The Yaogan 9, 16, 17, 20, and 25... capable than those on the Yaogan series, these satellites are primarily... some of the 19 listed Yaogan satellites may no longer be... instance, Rui C. Barbosa, “China Launch YaoGan Weixing-9, Announce Increase in Vehicle Production..., “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. 5 Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. 6 Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, “Yaogan Series... Database, data as of January 31, 2015. Scorecard 7: U.S. Counterspace Capabilities Versus... research also has counterspace applications.31 A final category of systems that... Base,” fact sheet, March 9, 2009. 31 William J. Broad, “Administration Researches Laser..., 2015. 49 Some of China’s Yaogan satellites are under 500 km... U.S. companies answer to the U.S. government.31 They also believe that the... 100 Software Leaders,” March 2014. 31 This information comes from our... to Chinese Government,” ArsTechnica, March 31, 2015. 86 By contrast, cyber... Jane’s Strategic Weapons Systems, “DF-31,” March 11, 2015, and National... Jane’s Strategic Weapons Systems, “DF-31,” March 11, 2015. 26 Similar... second, or retaliatory, strike capability.31 PRC Vulnerability to a Disarming First... Jane’s Strategic Weapons Systems, “DF-31,” March 11, 2015; and National... remain after a hypothetical U.S. first strike. 31 Critical factors necessary to model... survive a first strike). At a 0.9 Pk, 0.31 missiles survive, and at 0.5 Pk... of additional power projection capability.31 Greater 29 Our modeling of..., 2008. Barbosa, Rui C., “China Launch YaoGan Weixing-9, Announce Increase in Vehicle Production....nasaspaceflight.com/2010/03/china-yaogan-weixing-9-increase-in-vehicle-production Belasco... Soma Perumal, China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the Anti-Ship... 9, 2015: http://archive.is/iAKZ3 ———, “Yaogan,” web page, last updated May...)/Ziyaun Series,” December 17, 2014. ———, “Yaogan Series,” January 20, 2015. ———, “NAVSTAR... Nuclear Bomb,” February 5, 2015. ———, “DF-31,” March 11, 2015. ———, “UGM-133...



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...-­‐Satellite   (M3MSat)  in  July  2015.31    Russia  was  originally  asked  to...  fourth  quarter,  China  orbited  five  Yaogan  Weixing  high-­‐resolution  remote   sensing  satellites....  95  The  structure,  of  the  Yaogan  constellation  supports  the  military  purposes....97  The  Yaogan  Weixing  satellites  launched:     • On  October  20,  2014  Yaogan-­‐22  launched...;98     • On  November  14,  2014  Yaogan-­‐23  launched  on  a  Long  March...;99     • On  November  20,  2014  Yaogan-­‐24  launched  on  a  Long  March...;100     • On  December  10,  2014  Yaogan-­‐25,  three  satellites  orbiting  in...  Yaogan-­‐25  matches  the  setup  of  other   Yaogan  triplet  satellites,  such  as  Yaogan-­‐9,  16,  17  and  20;102     • On  December  27,  2014  Yaogan-­‐26...  into  geostationary  orbit  on  December  31,  2014.108  One  more  satellite... with ESA." U.S. Strategic Command. October 31, 2014. http://www.stratcom.mil...-to-buildexperimental-stpsat-5-for-pentagon/. 31 Sandeep Dikshit, “ISRO to Launch... Launches in 2015,” TASS, December 31, 2014, http://itar-tass.com... 95 Rui C. Barbosa, “China Lofts Yaogan-22 via Long March 4C....com/2014/10/china-lofts-yaogan-22-long-march-4b/. 96... Long March 2D Lofts Next Yaogan Reconnaissance Satellite,” SpaceFlight101.com, November....spaceflight101.com/long-march-2d---yaogan-24-launch.html. 97 Ed... Long March 2D Lofts Next Yaogan Reconnaissance Satellite,” SpaceFlight101.com, November...-march-2d---yaogan-24-launch.html. 98 UN-SPIDER, “China: Yaogan-22....org/news-andevents/news/china-yaogan-22-remote-sensing-satellite-launched..., “Long March 2C Conducts Surprise Yaogan-23 Launch,” NASASpaceFlight.com, November... Long March 2D Lofts Next Yaogan Reconnaissance Satellite,” SpaceFlight101.com, November....spaceflight101.com/long-march-2d---yaogan-24-launch.html.. 100 Stephen... March 4C Successfully Launches Next Yaogan Satellite Triplet,” SpaceFlight101.com, December...-march-4c---yaogan-25-launch.html. 102 Gunter Krebs, “Yaogan 9, 16, 17.../doc_sdat/yaogan-9.htm. 103 Rui B. Barbosa, “Chinese Long March 4B Launches Yaogan Weixing.../12/chinese-long-march-4b-yaogan-26/. The  Marshall  Institute  —  Science... into Orbit,” SpaceflightNow.com, December 31, 2014, http://spaceflightnow.com/2014/12/31/chinasends-new-weather-satellite-into... Launches,” The Japan Times, December 31, 2014, http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/12/31/national/science-health/jaxaplanning-busy...



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... cording to authoritative PLA documents.* 31 This requires China to narrow...-relevant ISR satellites are the Yaogan, Shijian, Gaofen, and Haiyang, each... during a crisis or conflict. Yaogan Satellites The Yaogan series of satellites, the... to date has launched 37 Yaogan satellites,125 including EO, SAR... users. In comparison, GPS has 31 satellites and can provide positioning... 600 [km], such as China’s Yaogan series, can communicate with ground... of China 2009, 2009, 11. 31. For example, see China Information... Committee Meets,’’ Space Daily, May 31, 2000. 79. Kevin Pollpeter, China... C. Barbosa, ‘‘Long March 4C Lofts Yaogan Weixing-25 Mission,’’ NASA Spaceflight.com...: Andrew Tate, ‘‘China Launches Latest Yaogan-Series Satellite,’’ IHS Jane’s Defense..., ‘‘Chinese Long March 4B Launches Yaogan Weixing-26,’’ NASA Spaceflight.com, December... C. Barbosa, ‘‘Long March 4C Lofts Yaogan Weixing-25 Mission,’’ NASA Spaceflight.com...; Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, ‘‘Yaogan Series’’; Andrew Erickson, ‘‘Chinese Air... Soma Perumal, ‘‘China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the ASBM,’’ International...,’’ IHS Jane’s Defense Weekly, March 31, 2015. 139. China Satellite Navigation... and the China Dream,’’ July 31, 2013. 214. Office of the...: Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, ‘‘Yaogan Series’’; Kevin Pollpeter, China Dream... Soma Perumal, ‘‘China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the ASBM,’’ International...



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... was 2000.20 As of 31 December 2011 a total of 994... 101 are from Russia.23 31 Space Security Index 2012 Figure... from LEO within 25 years.31 The Scientific and Technical Subcommittee... were to be completed by 31 May 2011, with a final report... join the Space Surveillance Network.31 The $110-million SST is... to international peace and security.”31 The United States consistently registers... the 2011-2012 General Budget,31 which amounts to an increase... Shenzhou-8 unmanned capsule launched on 31 October successfully docked two days... lunar orbit as planned on 31 December 2011 and 1 January 2012... its Global Xpress satellite system.31 A four-year drawdown will be... Commercial Space be completed by 31 May 2011, with a final report... Port, lasted 14 minutes and 31 seconds.90 Virgin Galactic also....20 The EELV program is a $31.8-billion USAF effort that began... aboard a Minotaur 1 rocket on 5 February,31 NROL-27 on a Delta IV... on 28 November.128 The 31-satellite constellation includes 23 operational... had launched a series of six Yaogan satellites for “scientific experiment, survey... satellites from the Yaogan remote sensing series were launched: Yaogan 12 on a Long March 4B on 9 November,186 and Yaogan 13.... According to some sources, the Yaogan-series of remote sensing satellites... synchronization in a GPS-denied environment.31 The HIGPS Technology Concept Demonstration... 134 Space Systems Resiliency a MiG-31 to launch small commercial satellites... designed for launch from a MiG-31 and is capable of placing... Ballistic Missile Defense Products budget.31 The KE-ASAT program was... to be launched from MiG-31 aircraft Megawatt-class chemical laser... Miniature Vehicle 1982-1987 1 MiG-31 Air-launched ASAT U.S. (USAF) USSR... vehicle. Shenzhou 8’s mission started on 31 October 2011 when it was... 4B LEO 2011066B 11/9/2011 Yaogan 12 Military Remote Sensing China... 2 MEO 2011072A 11/29/2011 Yaogan 13 Military Remote Sensing China... Concerned Scientists, “UCS Satellite Database,” 31 December 2011, online: www.ucsusa....SD.AI20.3.10.2004.pdf. 31 Ibid. 32 Orbital Debris Quarterly... Ibid. 143 CSA, “CSA – NEOSSat,” 31 December 2011, online: www.asc... Space Debris Problem,” Scientific American, 31 August 2011, online: www.scientificamerican... Space Debris Problem,” Scientific American, 31 August 2011, online: www.scientificamerican...%28SST%29.aspx. 30 Ibid. 31 Gwyneth Dickey Zakaib, “Telescope will.... A/62/20. 2007 at 30-31; United Nations General Assembly, Recommendations... Space,” CD/1645, 6 June 2001. 31 United Nations General Assembly, “Transparency... Security, Conference Report, Geneva, 30-31 March 2006. 34 Henry L. Stimson...: India Should Lead the Way,” 31 May 2011, online: www.observerindia... over N.K. jamming,” The Korea Herald, 31 March 2011, online: www.koreaherald.../docs/DG/ESA_2011_ Budget_040111_rev2.ppt. 31 K.S. Jayaraman, “Indian Space Budget Boost... launch Mars mission by 2013,” 31 August 2009, online: http://www... by 2013-2015, says ISRO,” 31 August 2009, online: http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes. com/2009-08-31/india/28164136_1_chandrayaan-1-indian-deep-space... First Space Docking Mission,” Space, 31 October 2011, online: www.space... ESA, “Israel signs Cooperation Agreement,” 31 January 2011, online: www.esa... of the Earth Observation Summit,” 31 July 2003; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency... Agreement to Host Galileo Headquarters,” 31 January 2012, online: www.gpsworld... News, 16 May 2011, at 1. 31 Peter B. de Selding, “Inmarsat Secures... High Throughput Satellite Goes Live,” 31 May 2011, Press Release, online... for USAF Launches,” Space News, 31 October 2005. 112 J. A. Vedda, Study...-nro-sat-closed-gap.html. 31 Stephen Clark, “Classified satellite climbs...-81. 125 Stat. 1509-1510. 31 December 2011. 100 Justin Ray... C. Barbosa, “Long March 4B launches YaoGan Weixing -12 for China,” NASA Spaceflight...-launchesyaogan-weixing-12. 187 Space Daily, “China launches remote-sensing satellite Yaogan... No. 12, August 2003, at 31-48. 3 Bruce deBlois, Richard Garwin....cfm?meetingID=34&pid=416&t=D&s=3. 31 J. Oaks et al, “System-Level... for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, 31 October 2007, online: www.csbaonline..., March 2006, at 43, Table 4. 31 Hitchens et al, at 43... ‘Suggestive of a Military Program,’” Wired, 31 August 2010, online: www.wired... rendezvous in orbit,” New Scientist, 31 August 2010, online: www.newscientist...



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0.07/5
... of the Iridium communications constellation. 31 Space Security 2010 2009 Development...-orbit debris by launching State.31 Figure 1.5: Growth in on-orbit... question was most likely the Yaogan-1, also known as the JianBing... about $1,126 in 2000 to $31,277 in 2003, resulting in... with the Minotaur IV booster.31 Originally delayed from April to... Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).31 India’s civil space agency ISRO... launched two remote sensing satellites: Yaogan VI (for land resources survey... three months ending 31 March 2009 compared to 31 December 2008.27... vehicle, and missile defense programs.31 2009 Development Economic crisis impacts... to invest approximately A$43-billion ($31-billion) in national broadband infrastructure... Launch Vehicle (EELV) program is a $31.8-billion USAF effort that began... satellites with post-Soviet technology.31 In 2006, the first year... has stated that there are 31 satellites currently active (24 are... has launched a series of six Yaogan satellites for “scientific experiment, survey... the Yaogan-4 and -5 remote sensing satellites in late 2008, China launched Yaogan....236 In December China launched Yaogan-7 and -8, both reportedly classified as... believe that these satellites, like Yaogan-6,238 are being used for....239 Specifically, experts believe that Yaogan-7 is likely an electro-optical...; it would be the third Yaogan spacecraft fitted with an optical... program Misty (cancelled in 2007).31 Still, if a hostile space actor... carrying out research, using a MiG-31 to launch small commercial satellites... designed for launch from a MiG-31 and is capable of placing...) Ballistic Missile Defense Products budget.31 The KE-ASAT program was... with a high-speed collision MiG-31 Air-launched ASAT USSR 1980... to be launched from MiG-31 aircraft, never tested MIRACL Laser... not afford to do so.31 While early in President Obama... and 1988 the USSR launched 31 low-powered reactors in Radar... Russia (cont'd.) Zenit 2/2M 1985 31/37 Baikonur Iran Safir 2008... Sea Launch Zenit 3SL 1999 31/33 Pacific Ocean Land Launch... 2 LEO 2009-021A 4/22/2009 Yaogan 6 (Remote Sensing Satellite 6, Jian Bing... Commercial China (PR) 2009-046A 8/31/2009 Palapa D1 Commercial Communications... 4 GEO 2009-069A 12/9/2009 Yaogan 7 (Remote Sensing Satellite 7) Remote Sensing... 2009-072A 12/15/2009 Yaogan 8 (Remote Sensing Satellite 8) Government Remote....gov/newsletter/pdfs/ ODQNv14i1.pdf. 31 Orbital Debris Quarterly News (January....com/news/n0911/18debris. 54 “YaoGan Weixing / Remote Sensing Satellites (RSS),” Sinodefence...://www.sinodefence.com/space/spacecraft/yaogan.asp. 55 Presentation given to... for concept development,” U.S. Air Force (31 July 2009), online: http://www... for concept development,” U.S. Air Force (31 July 2009), online: http://www... 2009), Vol 15, No. 22. 31 M. Mecham, “Launch of First SBSS... for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (31 October 2007) at 66, online.... A/62/20 (2007) at 30-31; Recommendations on enhancing the practice... Techniques, 18 May 1977, UST 31, no. 333. 28 Anti-Satellite... and Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles, 31 May 1988. 30 Treaty on... 1992, 30 ILM 1, Article XV (2). 31 Treaty between the United States... Strategic Offensive Arms, Article IX, 31 July 1991, Strategic Treaty Documents... Research, Conference Report, Geneva (30-31 March 2006). 50 51 “Model.... 30 Ibid., pp. 96-97. 31 Ibid., p. 81. 32 Ibid., pp... Summit,” Group on Earth Observations (31 July 2003); “Basic Information,” Global...



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0.18/5
... based on three types of ‘Yaogan’ series satellites with complementary functionalities... sensing satellites of Yaogan series that China has launched, Yaogan 1, 3, 10 and 13 seem to have SARs. Yaogan 2, 4, 7 and... older optical reconnaissance satellites and Yaogan 5, 6, 12 and 14 are the... generation higher resolution optical satellites. Yaogan 8 and14 are possibly different from... optical sensor having coarser resolution. Yaogan 9A, 9B and 9C, launched... the exact role of the Yaogan 16 satellite, launched on 25... ELINT cluster akin to the Yaogan 9 triplets.11 This deployment of... Defense (DoD) report of 2005.31 In 2009, the Office of.... The complementary network of the Yaogan series of SAR, electrooptical and... duplicate infrastructure similar to the Yaogan series with its focus on... possibility of the recently launched Yaogan 16 satellite being the first.... 11. Information relating to the Yaogan series has been sourced from... C. Barbosa, ‘Long March 4C Launches Yaogan Weixing-16 Spy Satellite for China.../2012/11/long-march-4c-yaogan-weixing-16-spy-satellite-china/, accessed...’ Republic of China’, 2011, p. 29. 31. US Department of Defense, Annual... C. Barbosa, ‘Long March 4C Launches Yaogan Weixing-16 Spy Satellite for China...