Спутник ДЗЗ. Yaogan-21. [Редактировать]

Спутник “Яогань-21″ разработан для проведения научных экспериментов, изучения земельных и природных ресурсов, оценки урожая сельхозкультур, а также предотвращения стихийных бедствий и минимизации ущерба от них.

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
3Страна производитель - Китай
4Все спутники ДЗЗ

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2014-053A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Тайюань
2Дата пуска2014-09-08
3Полезная нагрузка 1xYaogan-21
4Полезная нагрузка 1xTiantuo-2
5Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 4B

Найдено 145 документов по запросу «Yaogan-21». [Перейти к поиску]


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... Technologies .................................................................................. 20 Satellite Application Technologies ................................................................................................. 21 Commercial Launch Services and Satellite Exports ....................................................................... 21 Satellite Exports ............................................................................................................................. 22 China’s Satellite... since 2000: vii the Gaofen, Yaogan, Huanjing, and Tianhui satellites. This..., infrared, and multispectral ranges. The Yaogan and Huanjing satellites also use... cover or at night. Certain Yaogan satellites are also rumored to... Satellite Market,” China Daily, October 21, 2010. 21 Table 1. China’s share of... introduced since 2000: the Gaofen, Yaogan, Huanjing, Haiyang, and Tianhui satellites... Yaogan-1 2006 Yaogan-2 Yaogan-3 Yaogan-4 Yaogan-5 Yaogan-6 Yaogan-7 Yaogan-10 Yaogan-11 Yaogan-12 Yaogan-13 Yaogan-14 Yaogan-15 Yaogan-16A, B, C Yaogan-17A, B, C Yaogan-18 Yaogan-19 Yaogan-20A, B, C Yaogan-21 Yaogan-22 Yaogan-23 Yaogan... similar to the Ziyuan-3.358 Yaogan Satellites Yaogan (遥感/Remote Sensing) is a series... 2014 China had launched 26 Yaogan satellites. Official Chinese press describe... August 2014 China launched three Yaogan satellites on one launcher to... being electronic intelligence satellites (Yaogan-9A, 9B, 9C/Yaogan-16A, Bai Zhaoguang.../201408/09/c_133544286.htm. 360 “Yaogan,” Dragon in Space, accessed June....com/earth-observation/yaogan.aspx. 355 64 16B, 16C/Yaogan-20A, 20B... intelligence. 361 On February 4, 2010, Yaogan-1 broke up in orbit. Due... “China Returns to Action with Yaogan Weixing-20 Mission,” NASA Spaceflight.../08/china-returns-yaogan-weixing-20-mission/. 362 “Yaogan-1 Erupts,” Arms Control...://forden.armscontrolwonk.com/archive/2625/yaogan-1erupts. 363 “Orbital Debris Success... 600 km, such as China’s Yaogan series, can communicate with ground... 25, 2007, along with the Yaogan-2 satellite. ZDPS-1 was developed by...-launch goal (Table 13). 437 “遥感卫星九号和实践十一号卫星喜获国防科技进步一等奖,” [Yaogan 9 and Shijian 11 Satellites Win... Launches Kuaizhou-2 Satellite], 新华社 [Xinhua], November 21, 2014. 473快舟固体运载火箭总设计师 [Kuaizhou Solid Fueled... Cheng, “China’s Evolving Space Capabilities,” 21. 600“航天科技:中国航天科工飞航技术研究院关于公司详式权益变动报告” [Detailed Report on Change... Satellite Yaogan 4 (Remote Sensing Satellite 4) Yaogan 5 (Remote Sensing Satellite 5, JB 5-C, Jian Bing 5-C) Yaogan 6 (Remote Sensing Satellite 6, Jian Bing 7-A) Yaogan 7 (Remote Sensing Satellite 7) Yaogan 8 (Remote Sensing Satellite 8) Yaogan 9A (Remote Sensing Satellite 9A) Yaogan 9B (Remote Sensing Satellite 9B) Yaogan... Yaogan 10 (Remote Sensing Satellite 10) Yaogan 11 (Remote Sensing Satellite 11) Yaogan 12 (Remote Sensing Satellite 12) Yaogan 13 (Remote Sensing Satellite 13) Yaogan 14 (Remote Sensing Satellite 14) Yaogan 15 (Remote Sensing Satellite 15) Yaogan 16A (Remote Sensing Satellite 16A, Yaogan Weixing 16) Yaogan 16B (Remote Sensing Satellite 16B) Yaogan 16C (Remote Sensing Satellite 16C) Yaogan 17A (Remote Sensing Satellite 17A, Yaogan Weixing 17) Yaogan 17B (Remote Sensing Satellite 17B) Yaogan 17C (Remote Sensing Satellite 17C) Yaogan 18 (Remote Sensing Satellite 18) Yaogan 19 (Remote Sensing Satellite 19) Yaogan 2 (Remote Sensing Satellite 2, Jian Bing 5-2, JB 5-2) Yaogan 3 (Remote Sensing...-2) 1/30/1997 Communications GEO AMC-21 (Americom 21) 8/14/2008 Communications GEO... Intelsat, Ltd. Communications GEO Intelsat 21 (IS-21) 8/19/2012 Intelsat, Ltd...



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.../data as measured by Ericsson 21 Figure 22 Smartphone data traffic... peak interest. 14 Sep Source: [21] According to Vandrico, there are... networks (see Figures 20 and 21) [59]. FIGURE 20: EVOLUTION OF... 5 0 2014 2017 2020 Source: [72] 21 ASIA PACIFIC WILL GENERATE 45...% 1 South Korea 29.0 8.6% 24% 2 Norway 21.3 14% 68% 3 Sweden 20.6 8.3% 32... – are included for some USD 21.6 billion (i.e. revenues from the satellite... 302.9 6.7 BRA 259.2 1.3 BEL 244.8 21.9 IDN 142.0 0.6 CHE 133.0 16... Government relaxed that restriction on 21 February 2015, and 30cm imagery... osgEarth [164]. The review summarises 21 globes operating off 16 unique... of Things, 2014”. gartner.com, 21-Jul-2014. [Online]. Available: http... edge”, pp. 1–16, Feb. 2015. [21] Vandrico, “Wearable Tech Insights”, vandrico...-tango/about-project-tango/. [Accessed: 21-Jul-2015]. [64] Lenovo, “Lenovo.../Spacecrafts-index.html#Military. [Accessed: 21-Oct-2015]. [95] Planet4589, “Sat...:// www.urthecast.com/live. [Accessed: 21-Oct-2015]. [103] S. Clark, “Spaceflight... commercial ISS user”, spaceflightnow.com, 21-Oct-2014. [Online]. Available: http.../news/n1410/03urthecast/#.Vicehc4obdl. [Accessed: 21-Oct-2015]. [104] A. Wallace, “Airbus....com/tracking/launchlog.html. [Accessed: 21 Oct-2015]. [106] Spaceflight Now... Schedule | Spaceflight Now”, spaceflightnow.com, 21-Oct 2015. [Online]. Available: https://spaceflightnow.com/launch-schedule/. [Accessed: 21 Oct-2015]. [107] GPS World....insidegnss.com/node/4535. [Accessed: 21-Jul-2015]. 73 [110] A. Wallace....insidegnss.com/ node/4536. [Accessed: 21-Jul-2015]. [113] J. Lendino, “DARPA...: http://www.insidegnss.com. [Accessed: 21-Jul 2015]. [115] G. Gibbons, “South...://www. cattle-watch.com/. [Accessed: 21-Dec-2015]. [187] S. Leigo, “Media... Australian Cattle Stations From Space”, 21-Oct 2015. [188] L. Zhao, S. Sun....com/uk-news/2015/jul/21/ bionic-eye-pensioner-manchester-vision...) USA National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) 21/11/2010 2012-034A 38528.../2000 2001-033A 26880 DSP 21 (USA 159) (Defense Support Program... for Advanced Science & Technology (EIAST) 21/11/2013 2015-066A 41032...) USA National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) 21/09/2010 2012-014A 38109... National Space Program Office (NSPO) 21/05/2004 1997-047A 24920...-2) China National Academy of Sciences 21/11/2014 1997-064A 25017... the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites) 21/08/2002 2005-049B 28912... the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites) 21/12/2005 2006-044A 29499... German Aerospace Center (DLR)/Astrium 21/06/2010 2008-002A 32476... (Ofeq 8, Polaris) Israel Defense Ministry 21/01/2008 2015-077D 41169... Inc. Satellite 1) Japan Weathernews, Inc. 21/11/2013 2007-041A 32060.../04/2011 2010-038A 36834 Yaogan 10 (Remote Sensing Satellite 10...) 9/08/2010 2010-047A 37165 Yaogan 11 (Remote Sensing Satellite 11.../09/2010 2011-066B 37875 Yaogan 12 (Remote Sensing Satellite 12...) 9/11/2011 2011-072A 37941 Yaogan 13 (Remote Sensing Satellite 13.../11/2011 2012-021A 38257 Yaogan 14 (Remote Sensing Satellite 14.../05/2012 2012-029A 38354 Yaogan 15 (Remote Sensing Satellite 15... 2012-066A 39011 Yaogan 16A (Remote Sensing Satellite 16A, Yaogan Weixing 16.../11/2012 2012-066B 39012 Yaogan 16B (Remote Sensing Satellite 16B.../11/2012 2012-066C 39013 Yaogan 16C (Remote Sensing Satlelite 16C... 2013-046A 39239 Yaogan 17A (Remote Sensing Satellite 17A, Yaogan Weixing 17...) 1/09/2013 2013-046B 39240 Yaogan 17B (Remote Sensing Satellite 17B...) 1/09/2013 2013-046C 39241 Yaogan 17C (Remote Sensing Satellite 17C...) 1/09/2013 2013-059A 39363 Yaogan 18 (Remote Sensing Satellite 18.../10/2013 2013-065A 39410 Yaogan 19 (Remote Sensing Satellite 19.../11/2013 2014-047A 40109 Yaogan 20A (Remote Sensing Satellite 20A...) 9/08/2014 2014-047B 40110 Yaogan 20B (Remote Sensing Satellite 20B...) 9/08/2014 2014-047C 40111 Yaogan 20C (Remote Sensing Satellite 20C.../2014 2014-053A 40143 Yaogan 21 (Remote Sensing Satellite 21) China People's Liberation Army (C41) 8/09/2014 2014-063A 40275 Yaogan.../10/2014 2014-071A 40305 Yaogan 23 (Remote Sensing Satellite 23.../11/2014 2014-072A 40310 Yaogan 24 (Remote Sensing Satellite 24.../11/2014 2014-080A 40338 Yaogan 25A (Remote Sensing Satellite 25A.../12/2014 2014-080B 40339 Yaogan 25B (Remote Sensing Satellite 25B.../12/2014 2014-0808C 40340 Yaogan 25C (Remote Sensing Satellite 25C.../12/2014 2014-088A 40362 Yaogan 26 (Remote Sensing Satellite 26.../12/2014 2015-040A 40878 Yaogan 27 (Remote Sensing Satellite 27.../08/2015 2015-064A 41026 Yaogan 28 (Remote Sensing Satellite 28...) 8/11/2015 2015-069A 41038 Yaogan 29 (Remote Sensing Satellite 29.../11/2015 2016-029A 41473 Yaogan 30 (Remote Sensing Satellite 30.../05/2016 2008-061A 33446 Yaogan 4 (Remote Sensing Satellite 4) China People...) 1/12/2008 2009-021A 34839 Yaogan 6 (Remote Sensing Satellite 6, Jian Bing.../04/2009 2009-069A 36110 Yaogan 7 (Remote Sensing Satellite 7) China People...) 9/12/2009 2009-072A 36121 Yaogan 8 (Remote Sensing Satellite 8) China People.../12/2009 2010-009A 36413 Yaogan 9A (Remote Sensing Satellite 9A...) 5/03/2010 2010-009B 36414 Yaogan 9B (Remote Sensing Satellite 9B...) 5/03/2010 2010-009C 36415 Yaogan 9C (Remote Sensing Satellite 9C...



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International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science 2014; 2(6): 81-87 Published online December 22, 2014 (http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ijass) doi: 10.11648/j.ijass.20140206.11 Space majors: Towards new deals Bertrand de Montluc Senior Member of Association for Aeronautics and Astronautics (France), Member of the European Academy of Air & Space, Former Director at the French Space Agency CNES, Lecturer at Paris University Sciences Po, international college (Scientific Humanities), Le Havre, France Email address: bertranddemontluc@yahoo.fr To cite this article: Bertrand de Montluc. Space Majors: Towards New Deals. International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 81-87. doi: 10.11648/j.ijass.20140206.11 Abstract: Space is nowadays conceived not only as important for scientific, cultural or security motivations but as a symbol of modernity, of political identity and as a strategic instrument on the international scene. That represents a new challenge for Europe puzzled by the weakening American leadership, the uncertainties of the Russian complex and the rise of the Asiatic nations. In such a context, while too many space policy experts see the space policies of the major space powers as rather conservative and “as usual”, the author cross examines in five points the main policy lines of the space strategies of the US, Russia, China and Europe. Many things have changed in the last ten years and there are today new dynamics at work. Considering these evolutions, it is suggested to start thinking to the future policy lines of the major space powers: towards a broader competition, or the beginning of a new rationale for international co-operation? Keywords: Space Exploration Long Term Strategies, Space Competition Rationale and Trends, International Space Policies, Space Powers Space technology is an indispensable catalyser of action in many scientific and economic fields as well as an indispensable mean of intelligence for the political rulers in times of crisis. With the acceleration of new forms of economic competition and arms races in the Middle East and Asia, a number of nations decided to develop themselves such capabilities and to make space policy a key element of their national identity, of their ‘posture’ as the diplomats say, on the international stage. At the same time, while the globalization process is accelerating, the utilization of space systems for civilian or commercial purposes is growing in importance, generating new ways of fulfilling more and more users’ needs (telecommunications, earth observation and environment monitoring, weather forecast, navigation). The usefulness of the two components of space systems, military and civilian, for modern countries that are anxious to develop rapidly and to structure their identity as autonomous states has become manifest worldwide; it even encourages today some major powers to think about means of limitating for others than themselves the strategic advantages provided by the mastering of space systems (launchers and satellites), paving the way to a possible weaponization of space. Thus the times when space exploration was seen as symbol of imperium for two dominant federations, the USSR and the US (the first satellite ever launched for the Russians, the first landing on the Moon surface by the Americans), and the times when later on space policies were understood as avenues for science, communications and earth observation 1 tend to make room for a period where geopolitical considerations acquire a new weight in an international context of global competition. Space is nowadays conceived not only as important for social or cultural motivations but as a symbol of modernity, of political identity and as a strategic instrument on the international scene. That represents a new challenge for Europe puzzled by the weakening American leadership, the uncertainties for the future Russian complex and the rise of the Asiatic nations. 1. More Actors, More Competition Space is affected by contradictory trends -globalization and nationalism- and also by an international environment in which the old order is contested and in which the balance of power is unstable. The willingness found in the previous decades to give priority to outer space exploration is somehow weakening, 1 See the research works by Nancy Gallagher and John D. Steinbruner, for example, Reconsidering the Rules for Space Security, American Academy of Arts and Science, 2008. 82 Bertrand de Montluc: Space Majors: Towards New Deals at least in western countries. For some years now we have been witnessing a tendency for several of the world’s space programs, traditionally aimed at developing science programs or ‘useful’ space applications sometimes in co-operation or ‘trans-continental partnership’, to take on a more distinctly nationalistic character. The desire to co-operate in the field of large endeavors is decreasing. China, India, South Korea, and ...



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... 2014-047B 2014-047C YAOGAN 20A YAOGAN 20B YAOGAN 20C CHINA CHINA CHINA... 35803 0.0 1 0 2014-053A 2014-053B YAOGAN 21 TIANTUO 2 CHINA CHINA 484 475...



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... carga. Lanzado a las 14 h 47 m 21 s GMT en Hammaguir, Argelia, con... SPACENET 3R. Pesaba 890 Kg (1,21 Tm al lanzamiento), y medía 3 m de... y 0º de inclinación; geoestacionario sobre los 21º de longitud Este. Vida útil... Matra Marconi, Alcatel y Aerospatiale, pesaba 2,21 Tm. Lanzado en Kourou con...ña, y sus datos fueron estudiados por 21 institutos de todo el planeta...ón. Vida útil proyectada de 1 año. WNISAT-1 21.11.2013 Japón MET Peque...élite recuperable). También llamado China 21. Satélite del programa FSW... fines científicos. También llamados Yaogan Weixing (esta última palabra significa..., emergencias y también YAOGAN 2006- YAOGAN 1 26.04.2006 China REC YAOGAN 2 25.05.2007 China REC YAOGAN 3 11.11.2007 China REC YAOGAN WEIXING-4 01.12.2008 China APL YAOGAN WEIXING-5 15.12.2008 China REC YAOGAN 6 22.04.2009 China REC YAOGAN 7 09.12.2009 China REC YAOGAN 8 15.12.2009 China REC YAOGAN 9 05.03.2010 China MIL YAOGAN 10 09.08.2010 China MIL YAOGAN 11 22... es 2009-021A. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 7, o YW-7. Satélite de... es 2009-69A. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 8, o YW-8. Satélite de... que los otros. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 10. Satélite de... y 98º de YAOGAN 12 09.11.2011 China MIL YAOGAN 13 29.11.2011 China MIL YAOGAN 14 10.05.2012 China MIL YAOGAN 15 29.05.2012 China MIL YAOGAN 16 25.11.2012 China MIL YAOGAN 17 01.09.2013 China MIL YAOGAN 18 29.10.2013 China MIL YAOGAN 19 20.11.2013 China MIL YAOGAN 20 09.08.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 21 08.09... Km de altura. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 16. Satélite militar... naturales y otras aplicaciones. Similar al Yaogan 9 según se cree, lleva 2 subsat... los subsatélites. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 17. Satélite militar... y de otras aplicaciones. Similar a los Yaogan 9 y 16, se cree que consta... y 63,4º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 18. Satélite militar...,55º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 19. Satélite militar... Km de altitud. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 20. Satélite múltiple... grupo de los Yaogan 9, 16 y 17. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 21. Satélite... base de YAOGAN 22 20.10.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 23 14.11.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 24 20.11.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 25 10.12.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 26 27.12.2014 China MIL YAOGAN 27 27.08.2015 China MIL YAOGAN 28 08.11.2015 China MIL YAOGAN 29 26... mismo tipo que los Yaogan 5 y 12. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 22. Sat... Km de altitud. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 23. Satélite militar...ón de 97,33º. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 24. Satélite declarado... Km de altitud. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 25. Satélite militar... y 63,4º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 26. Satélite militar... y 97,4º de inclinación. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 27. Satélite de... Km de altura También llamado Yaogan Weixing 28. Satélite de... es 2015-064A. También llamado Yaogan Weixing 29. Satélite de...én llevó al satélite principal Yaogan 2. Se cree que estuvo en... satélite Zheda Pixing y al Yaogan 11. Fue enviado a una órbita... satélite Zheda Pixing y al Yaogan 11. Fue enviado a una órbita... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 8. Su órbita fue una polar... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 12. Fue enviado a una órbita... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 14. Fue enviado a una órbita... también llevaba al satélite Yaogan 21. Fue enviado a una órbita polar... apogeo y una inclinación de 97,21º respecto al Ecuador. Estuvo dedicado... paneles solares desplegados, era de 21,5 m. Fue enviado a una órbita de... fundamental para proseguir activo. El 21 de noviembre de 2001 detect....2009 Alemania COMSATBW-2 21.05.2010 Alemania TANDEM-X 21.06.2010 Alemania... funcionaba como se esperaba. HUMSAT-D 21.11.2013 España EXP Minisat....08.2011 Argentina COM APRIZESAT 7 21.11.2013 Argentina COM APRIZESAT... 1,7 por 2,3 m; desplegado en órbita medía 21,5 m de envergadura. La energía el... País lanzamiento 2000Emiratos Árabes Unidos 21.10.2000 Emiratos Árabes Unidos... REC También llamado VRSS o Venezuela Yaogan Weixing Yi Hao, y Generalísimo....08.1973 INTELSAT COM INTELSAT 4 F-8 21.11.1974 INTELSAT COM INTELSAT... 0º, sobre la vertical de los 21,4º de longitud Oeste. Construido por... del programa INTELSAT lanzado a las 21 h 17 m, hora local, en Kourou... la banda C fundamentalmente y dan servicio a 21 naciones de lengua árabe (más la... 29.03.2002 desplegados de 21 m. Situado en una órbita geoestacionaria... le falló la batería, tras 21 años inactivo fue captada sorprendentemente... de 6,8 m; estos últimos tenían 21.888 células solares que aportaban... USAEXP Corea del SurGran Bretaña F-1 21.07.2012 Vietnam-Suecia ATHENA...



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....1961 12.12.1961 21.12.1961 21.12.1961 22.12... 19.12.1963 21.12.1963 21.12.1963 21.12.1963 11....1964 18.11.1964 21.11.1964 21.11.1964 04.12....1964 19.12.1964 21.12.1964 21.12.1964 11.01... 0072 COSMOS 0073 21.02.1965 21.02.1965 21.02.1965 22... COSMOS 0076 PEGASUS 3 KH 7-21 KH 7-21 COSMOS 0077 SECOR 05 ATLAS... 21.12.1965 21.12.1965 21.12.1965 21.12.1965 21.12.1965 21....1967 10.11.1967 21.11.1967 21.11.1967 23.11....1971 20.01.1971 21.01.1971 21.01.1971 26.01....1972 19.08.1972 21.08.1972 21.08.1972 30.08....1972 20.12.1972 21.12.1972 21.12.1972 26.12....1973 17.08.1973 21.08.1973 21.08.1973 22.08....1974 20.11.1974 21.11.1974 21.11.1974 22.11... 21.07.1982 21.07.1982 21.07.1982 21.07.1982 21.07.1982 21.07.1982 21.07.1982 21.07.1982 21... 21.03.1985 21.03.1985 21.03.1985 21.03.1985 21.03.1985 21.03.1985 21.03.1985 21... 19.06.1985 21.06.1985 21.06.1985 21.06.1985 26... 21.11.1986 21.11.1986 21.11.1986 21.11.1986 21.11.1986 21.11.1986 21.11.1986 21... 19.05.1988 21.05.1988 21.05.1988 21.05.1988 26....1997 21.08.1997 21.08.1997 21.08.1997 21.08.1997 21.08... 18.12.1999 21.12.1999 21.12.1999 21.12.1999 22....11.2000 21.11.2000 21.11.2000 21.11.2000 21.11.2000....09.2001 21.09.2001 21.09.2001 21.09.2001 21.09.2001... 18.12.2004 21.12.2004 21.12.2004 21.12.2004 23... 1KR PROGRESS M-56 EROS B1 YAOGAN 1 CALIPSO CLOUDSAT COSMOS 2420 GOES....2005 21.12.2005 21.12.2005 21.12.2005 21.12.2005 21.12... GALAXY 17 PROGRESS M-60 NIGCOMSAT 1 YAOGAN 2 ZHEDA PIXING 1 GLOBALSTAR A GLOBALSTAR B GLOBALSTAR... 2432 COSMOS 2433 SAR-LUPE 3 YAOGAN 3 DSP 23 STAR ONE C1... 2441 TRAILBLAZER PRESAT NANOSAIL-D 21.12.2007 21.12.2007 23.12... 2445 PROGRESS M-01M YAOGAN WEIXING-4 COSMOS 2446 CIEL 2 YAOGAN WEIXING-5 HOT BIRD... G2 ANUSAT RISAT-2 SICRAL 1B YAOGAN 6 COSMOS 2450 STSS-ATRR PROGRESS...-3 YAOGAN 7 WISE COSMOS 2456 COSMOS 2457 COSMOS 2458 XI WANG 1 YAOGAN 8 HELIOS... 2460 COSMOS 2461 GOES 15 YAOGAN 9 ECHOSTAR 14 CRYOSAT 2 GSAT 4 COSMOS... NILESAT 201 RASCOM-QAF-1R YAOGAN 10 AEHF-1 TIANHUI-1 COSMOS 2464... PIXING 1C ZHEDA PIXING 1B YAOGAN 11 SBSS COSMOS 2469 SJ... TX-1 YAOGAN 12 CHUANGXIN 1-03 SHIYAN 4 ASIASAT 7 COSMOS 2478 YAOGAN 13 BEIDOU... BEIDOU 2 M4 AEHF-2 TIANHUI-1-2 TIANTUO 1 YAOGAN 14 JCSAT 13 VINASAT 2 COSMOS... DRAGON-C2+ FAJR ZHONGXING 2A YAOGAN 15 INTELSAT-IS-19 NUSTAR... 21.07.2012 21.07.2012 21.07.2012 21.07.2012 21.07.2012 21... HJ-1C XINYAN-1 ECHOSTAR 16 YAOGAN 16 ZHONGXING 12 PLEIADES-HR1B....2013 21.04.2013 21.04.2013 21.04.2013 21.04.2013 21.04...-L-65 EUTELSAT 25B GSAT 7 AMOS 4 YAOGAN 17 GONETS-M5 GONETS-M6... POPACS SIRIUS-FM6 SJ-16 YAOGAN 18 RADUGA 1M-3 26.04...-3 SWAMPSAT TJ3SAT TRAILBLAZER 1 VERMONT LUNAR YAOGAN 19 $50SAT APRIZESAT 7 APRIZESAT 8 BEAKERSAT... 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21.11.2013 21... LEMAÎTRE GPS 2F-7 ASIASAT 8 YAOGAN 20 WORLDVIEW 3 BRITE-PL-2 GAOFEN... 6 CHUANGXIN 1-04 LINGQIAO-1 ASIASAT 6 TIANTUO 2 YAOGAN 21 MEASAT 3B OPTUS 10 CLIO...-1C ARSAT-1 INTELSAT-IS-30 YAOGAN 22 EKSPRESS AM-6 4M SJ...-1 HODOYOSHI-1 QSAT-EOS TSUBAME YAOGAN 23 YAOGAN 24 KUAIZHOU-2 COSMOS 2502 ORION...-1 DIRECTV 14 GSAT 16 CBERS-4 YAOGAN 25 NRO-L-35 YAMAL 401... 2503 RESURS-P2 ASTRA 2G YAOGAN 26 FY-2G AESP-14... EUTELSAT 8 WEST-B INTELSAT 34 GSAT 6 YAOGAN 27 INMARSAT 5F3 MUOS-4 GALILEO...-8 YAOGAN 28 GSAT 15 BADR 7 COSMOS 2510 LAOSAT-1 TELSTAR 12V YAOGAN 29...



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... contact met andere Ruimtevaart 2014 | 4 21 Hengeveld aan het werk aan... een SC-19 (gemodificeerde DF-21 ballistische raket) een Chinese meteorologische.... Daarbij werd een gemodificeerde DF-21 ballistische raket gebruikt om de...-3 serie) en een verscheidenheid aan Yaogan remote sensing satellieten (optisch, SAR... triplets). Zowel Feng Yun als Yaogan satellieten worden gebouwd door SAST... tabel 2. Kaituozhe / Kuaizhou De DF-21 ballistische raket werd in 1988... gemaakt, per schip (de Yuanwang-21) aan te voeren en in... niet meer reageert op grondcommando’s. 21 juli 2014 De Progress M-23M... van radarexperimenten. 23 juli 2014 | 21:44 uur Draagraket: Soyuz-U • Lanceerplaats...: Chang Zheng-4C • Lanceerplaats: Jiuquan • Yaogan-20A/B/C • COSPAR: 2014-047A/B/C Drie...: Chang Zheng-4B • Lanceerplaats: Taiyuan • Yaogan-21 • COSPAR: 2014-053A Chinese militaire... in een geostationaire overgangsbaan gebracht. 21 september 2014 | 05:52 uur...



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... interface with space system users. 21 The Comprehensive Planning Department appears..., and manufacturing of the DF-21 MRBM and associated variants. 56... integration China’s Evolving Space Capabilities | 21 programs involving a complex supply chain... 13 launched since April 2006, Yaogan remote sensing satellites appear to... be the Yaogan-2, launched on May 25, 2007. 97 The Yaogan-5, likely... demonstrating similar characteristics as the Yaogan-2 and Yaogan-5 satellites have been launched... on April 27, 2006, the Yaogan-1 was launched from Taiyuan Satellite... launched. 107 A subsequent system, the Yaogan-6, was launched on April 22... date. 108 Among these include Yaogan-8, developed over a four year period... follow-on variants, designated Yaogan-10 and Yaogan-13, were launched from... satellites include the Shijian-6 and Yaogan-9 satellites. R&D on the Shijian-6 series... technology demonstrations. A cluster of three Yaogan-9 satellites, launched from China’s Jiuquan... had overall responsibility for the Yaogan-9 program. 126 The GSD Fourth... Jiuquan in conjunction with the Yaogan-2 on May 25, 2007. Two... as piggyback payloads on the Yaogan-11 in September 22, 2010... have been one of the Yaogan series. 199 Possibly linked with... U.S. Security,” AdAstra, Spring 2005, pp. 21-23, at http://www.space... Zheng presentation,” Qinghua University, June 21, 2010, at http://jointsinghua.edu... [航天装备总体研究发展中心] Senior Engineer is Yang Qiangwen [杨强文]. 21 22 Among various sources, see... Satellite Market,” China Daily, October 21, 2010 at http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2010-10/21/content_11437002.htm. 52 For background.../zzjgzs/zzjgsyygzx/index.htm. 95 “Yaogan series (China), Spacecraft – Defense,” Jane...-Industry/Yaogan-series-China.html. 96 “Successful Launch of the Yaogan-2” [我国成功发射“遥感卫星二号”], Xinhua....htm. A key designer of the Yaogan-2’s high resolution camera system was... the Yaogan-2 may include Yaogan-4, Yaogan-7, and Yaogan-11. A follow-on variant of the Yaogan-5 may include the Yaogan... Targets Detection, Remote Sensing Journal [Yaogan xuebao]), March 2007, pp. 185... Targets Detection, Remote Sensing Journal [Yaogan xuebao]), March 2007, pp. 185... to be 5 meters. 106 The Yaogan-1 has also been referred to... SAR research was Yuan Xiaokang [袁孝康]. Yaogan-1 Chief Designer is said to... the Chief Designer for the Yaogan-6. For examples of Chen Junli... Hongchang, Chief Director of the Yaogan-3” [对话上海航天局遥感卫星三号总指挥朱鸿昌], Changsanjiao City Net, September 9, 2009... of the Yaogan-3” [对话上海航天局遥感卫星三号总指挥朱鸿昌], September 9, 2009. For reference to the Yaogan-6(2), see [第15... “CASC Eighth Academy Successfully Launches Yaogan-10 Satellite” [航天八院为遥感卫星十号发射成功奋战发射场], MOST website, November.... Among various sources, see “China’s Yaogan-9 may be ocean surveillance satellite...-s-Yaogan-9-may-be-oceansurveillance-satellite.html. The initial indication that the Yaogan... astronomers who reported that the Yaogan-9 mission saw the launch of... triangular formation. For example see: “Yaogan 9A, 9B, 9C,” Gunter’s Space....skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/yaogan9.htm; “Yaogan Weixing-9 CZ-4C launch March....zarya.info/Diaries/2010.php. Yaogan Weixing 9,” Jonathan’s Space Report, No... the Yaogan-9 was Li Yandong [李延东]. Space industry reporting indicates that the Yaogan... satellite program. See “Warm Celebrations: ‘Yaogan-9’ Successfully Launched” [热烈庆祝:“遥感九号”成功发射], China Spacesat Company... Doors to Success: Behind the Yaogan-9 Satellite Launch Success” [叩开成功之门——遥感卫星九号发射见闻], China Space... Director’s ‘Hard Headedness’” [“曾卫华故事集——部长的 ‘执着面’”], Renminwang, September 21, 2009, at http://military.people.../abouts.asp, accessed on June 21, 2011. China’s Evolving Space Capabilities...-1), Union of Concerned Scientists, October 21, 2008, at http://www.ucsusa.../nwgs/UCS-Shenzhou7-CompanionSat-10-21-08.pdf; and Brian Weeden... Space Capabilities | 76 2005, pp. 21-23, at http://www.space... Informationization Conditions” [确立信息化条件下防空作战新观念], PLA Daily, June 21, 2005, at http://www.china.com.cn/military/txt/200506/21/content_5894857.htm. 210 “Establishing a National... Astronautics, (Shenzhen ISSCAA 2006), 19-21 Jan. 2006, page(s): 638-642... and Astronautics, (ISSCAA 2006), 19-21 Jan. 2006, page(s): 1-4. The authors... Astronautics (ISSCAA), Shenzhen, China, 19-21 Jan. 2006, page(s): 4-6. Chen Hongbo... NASA-USAF-AIAA X-Vehicle Symposium, 21 May 2002, at http://www...



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... Article On-Ground Processing of Yaogan-24 Remote Sensing Satellite Attitude... whereby the accuracy of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s on...; star sensor; gyroscope; bidirectional filter; Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite; earth...) [2]. On 20 November 2014, the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite, with... to achieve high-precision processing [21]. Therefore, the attitude accuracy of.... To address these problems, the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite was... On-Ground Processing Workflow The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite is... 1 shows the details of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s star... as an alternative. Table 1. The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s star... for attitude data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite and...ˆ1 “ Rˆ BI ¨ ViBody pi “ 1, 2, ¨ ¨ ¨ , nq (7) qˆ20 ` qˆ21 ` qˆ22 ` qˆ23 “ 1 We do a Taylor...: # EpVk q “ 0 EpVk VjT q “ Rk δkj (21) where δ represents the Dirichlet function... ˆ k{k´1 q “ e qpt forecast „can be derived: 2 1 1 2 ∆Θ p 2 ∆Θq 2! 3 p 21 ∆Θq 3! bi k / k 1 ˆ k´1 q ¨ qpt  ˆ k´1 q ` ¨ ¨ ¨ ¨ qpt » 0 ´ωx ş tk ş tk... data of thefor Yaogan-24 data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing... the following conditions: (a) The Yaogan-24 Yaogan-24remote remote sensing satellite uses... the data provided by the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite that... 31 Observation data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite 3.1. Experimental..., 1203Data 16 of 31 The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s original... analysis (1) Observation data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite Experimental... observations of Astro10 A and B, The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s and... mentioned (1) Observation data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite analysis... satellite in orbit test. The Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite’s observation... 54 The E/34 13 –35˝ 21 N, 2 The geometric calibration fields included..., 2016, 16, 16, 1203 1203 21 21 of of 31 31 Sensors...,16, 16,1203 1203 Sensors 21 of 30 22of of31 31... to the orbit. Figures 19–21 present the direction and the... to the orbit. Figures 19–21 present the relative attitude error... calibration calibration field: field: Figure 21. Distribution of relative attitude error... ground pretreatment system for the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite image....942 16.788 21.329 13.727 2.101 21.329 ´18.69313... 8.381 15.747 18.288 21.099 17.676 ´11.581... for attitude data of the Yaogan-24 remote sensing satellite and.... 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. Iwata, T. Precision... Remote Sensing Symposium, Toulouse, France, 21–25 July 2003; pp. 797...



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... of its human spaceflight missions.21 Defense Industrial Organizations The China... Conflict and Cooperation, March 2, 2015), 21–22. VerDate Sep 11 2014...-relevant ISR satellites are the Yaogan, Shijian, Gaofen, and Haiyang, each... during a crisis or conflict. Yaogan Satellites The Yaogan series of satellites, the... to date has launched 37 Yaogan satellites,125 including EO, SAR... 600 [km], such as China’s Yaogan series, can communicate with ground... Purpose Shenzhou-1 November 20, 1999 21 hours Test Shenzhou-2 January 10... Test Shenzhou-5 October 15, 2003 21 hours Manned (1 crew) Shenzhou-6 October... New Experiment,’’ Space.com, August 21, 2015; and Eric Berger, ‘‘For...’s Strategy in Space,’’ Springer, 2013, 21; Natalie Apostolou, ‘‘Australia’s First Space... Street Journal, November 17, 2011. 21. Jane’s Space Systems and Industry... Conflict and Cooperation, March 2, 2015), 21, 62, 65–66, 101. 49... Conflict and Cooperation, March 2, 2015), 21, 62, 65–66, 78, 101... Conflict and Cooperation, March 2, 2015), 21–22. 54. China Great Wall... Conflict and Cooperation, March 2, 2015), 21. 61. Kevin Pollpeter, China Dream... Conflict and Cooperation, March 2, 2015), 21–22. 62. Kevin Pollpeter (Deputy... Conflict and Cooperation, March 2, 2015), 21–22; U.S.-China Economic and Security... C. Barbosa, ‘‘Long March 4C Lofts Yaogan Weixing-25 Mission,’’ NASA Spaceflight...: Andrew Tate, ‘‘China Launches Latest Yaogan-Series Satellite,’’ IHS Jane’s Defense..., ‘‘Chinese Long March 4B Launches Yaogan Weixing-26,’’ NASA Spaceflight.com... C. Barbosa, ‘‘Long March 4C Lofts Yaogan Weixing-25 Mission,’’ NASA Spaceflight...; Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, ‘‘Yaogan Series’’; Andrew Erickson, ‘‘Chinese Air... Soma Perumal, ‘‘China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the ASBM,’’ International... Hours,’’ NASA Spaceflight.com, November 21, 2014; Cornelius Weening, Airshow China...: Jane’s Space Systems and Industry, ‘‘Yaogan Series’’; Kevin Pollpeter, China Dream... Soma Perumal, ‘‘China’s Constellation of Yaogan Satellites and the ASBM,’’ International... the 21st Century, 2015, 20–21. 219. Michael Chase et al...