Запуск. 2005-001. [Редактировать]

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
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Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2005-01-12 at 18:47:08 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xDeep Impact/EPOXI
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

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... РФ от 23 декабря 2005 г. № 1522 // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 52. Ч. III. Ст.... Ст. 4448; 2005. № 43. Ст. 4400) и от 17 октября 2005 г. № 619 «О совершенствовании.... 3969; от 7 марта 2005 г. № 13-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 10. Ст. 761... закон от 7 марта 2005 г. № 13-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 10. Ст. 761... определены задачи экономические и социальные, а в Послании 2005 г. — политические и идеологические, раскрыт «глубинный смысл... общества и государства». Как подчеркнуто в Послании 2005 г., «для современной России ценности демократии... с законами и иными нормативными праРоссийская газета. 2005. 8 сент. 70 Тема 2. Общество, предпринимательство... закон от 2) июля 2005 г. № 104-ФЗ //' СЗ РФ. 2005. № 30. Ч. 1. Ст. 3115...-правовая категория в Российской Федерации. СПб., 2005. § 2. Нормативно-правовая основа предпринимательства 113... дисквалифицированных лиц 1 , а постановлением от 2 августа 2005 г. № 483 формирование и ведение реестра возложило.... № 46. Ст. 4584; 2005. № 32. Ст. 3323. СЗ РФ. 2005. № 32. Ст.... 7 дек. Российская газета. 2005. 19 апр. Российская газета. 2005. 31 мая. § 3. Законность... специальные учебные заведения2. 1 Российская газета. 2005. 7 окт. См.: Постановление Правительства РФ... закон от 2 июля 2005 г. № 83-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 27. Ст. 2722... РФ от 13 декабря 2005 г. № 760 // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 51. Ст. 5546... 2 июля 2005 г. № 83-ФЗ 1 , внесшем изменения в Закон о государственной регистрации. С июля 2005 г. наряду... закон от 9 мая 2005 г. № 45-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. Ст. 1752. Феде... от 18 июля 2005 г. № 90-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. №30. Ч. I. Ст. 3101... РФ от 14 ноября 2005 г. № 1318 // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 47. Ст. 4879... закон от 9 мая 2005 г. № 45-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 19. Ст. 1752... от 18 июля 2005 г. № 87-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 30. Ч. 1. Ст. 3098... закон от 9 мая 2005 г. № 45-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 19. Ст. 1752... сроков», постановлением от 14 июля 2005 г. № 8-П признал п. 3, 5 и 6 Правил не соответствующими Конституции... государство и (или) муниципальное образование. В конце 2005 г. Федеральное Собрание приняло федеральный закон... приватизировать к 2008 г. В 2005 г. следовало продать 1,7 тыс. объектов. План 2005 г. по доходам от... от 12 октября 2005 г. № 129-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 42. Ст. 4216... саморегулируемых организаций. В Послании Президента РФ 2005 г. серьезной задачей государства названо «проведение... закон от 4 ноября 2005 г. № 138-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 45. Ст. 4586... в пределах компетенции налоговых органов. В середине 2005 г. насчитывалось более 40 различных государственных... 1 СЗ РФ. 2005. № 30. Ч. II. Ст. 3136. СЗ РФ. 2005. № 35. Ст... от 26 декабря 2005 г. № 189-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 52. Ч. II. Ст... Правительства РФ от 1 февраля 2005 г. № 49 // СЗ РФ. 2005 № 7. Ст. 560. 3 СЗ... Правительства РФ от 1 февраля 2005 г. № 49 // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 7. Ст. 560. 508... соглашений, охватывающих всю страну. В январе 2005 г. подписано Генеральное соглашение между общероссийскими... производимую ими продукцию. Например, в начале 2005 г. соглашение о сотрудничестве подписали МИД России... РФ от 21 марта 2005 г. № 316 // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 13. Ст. 1135..., подлежащих обязательной сертификации (СЗ РФ. 2005. № 2. Ст. 155). § 4. Техническое регулирование, единство... совместно с научными и учебными учреждениями в июле 2005 г. создали Национальный институт технического регулирования... РФ от 15 апреля 2005 г. № 221 // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 17. Ст. 1556... от 21 июля 2005 г. № 104-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 30. Ч. I. Ст. 3115... от 18 июля 2005 г. № 90-ФЗ // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 30. Ч. I. Ст. 3101... о прекращении нарушений антимонопольного законодательства. Так, в 2005—2006 гг. участились случаи, когда... РФ от 17 августа 2005 г. № 520 // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 34. Ст. 3512... «О кредитных историях»2, обязавший банки с 1 сентября 2005 г. передавать все сведения о своих заемщиках... в отмывании денег и налоговых преступлениях. 5 апреля 2005 г. подписано совместное заявление Правительства РФ... 1 2 Вестник Банка России. 2005. № 37. Вестник Банка России. 2005. № 19. 670 Тема... № 77-Т от 26 мая 2005 г. // Вестник Банка России. 2005. № 28. § 3. Банковская тайна... активности говорил Президент РФ в Послании 2005 г. 2. Термин «инвестиции» сложен и универсален, употребляется... привлекательность для инвесторов — отечественных и иностранных. В 2005 г. прирост инвестиций составил 40%. Инвестиционная... РФ от 21 марта 2005 г. № 148 // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 13. Ст. 1175... РФ от 21 марта 2005 г. № 148 // СЗ РФ. 2005. № 13. Ст. 1175... рассматривает их обращения с просьбой о защите, а в 2005 г. — комитеты по лесной промышленности и лесному... РФ с Федеральной таможенной службой, заключенное в 2005 г., предусматривает сотрудничество в подготовке изменений и дополнений... 10 марта 2005 г. № САЭ-3-19/80@/53/34н // БНА. 2005. № 17. § 1. Понятие... Специальное приложение к «Вестнику ВАС РФ». 2005. № 12. § 2. Общая правовая характеристика банкротства... особенностей конкретного дела о банкротстве и 1 БНА. 2005. № 5. § 2. Общая правовая характеристика банкротства 887... регулирующим органом 1 , а постановлением от 3 февраля 2005 г. № 52 установило, что таким регулирующим... случаях (1,3%); в 2004 г. соответственно 1369 и 14 (1%); в 2005 г. — 1013 и 21 (2,1%); в первом полугодии 2006...



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... either ‘legal’ and ‘illegal’ (c.f. Roy, 2005; Van Gelder, 2010). The thesis...-Beckmann et al., 2009b; Merry, 2005; Tamanaha, 2011). Plural legal orders... continuous construction and reconstruction” (Schauer, 2005, 498). As Harvey (2000, 178... political transition that follows the 2005 ‘Tulip Revolution’ in Bishkek (Marat..., closure and neutrality (c.f. Massey, 1994; 2005; Blomley, 2003). By examining the... attracting Foreign Direct Investment (Sassen, 2005; Harvey, 2012). Blank (2006, 910... topics, and especially ‘illegality’ (Roy, 2005; Van Gelder, 2010; Datta, 2012... and nonstate/illegality/informality (Roy, 2005; Rajagopal, 2008; Van Gelder, 2010... generally) from human geographers (Smith, 2005). Critics argue that the sub... service of technocratic power” (Smith, 2005, 899). In particular, GIS has... example, ethnography (Griffiths, 2005), discourse analysis (Seneviratne, 2005), as well as quantitative... migration and urban transformation: 1990 - 2005 Linking urban change in Bishkek... (Kostyukova, 1994; Parkinson and Talipova, 2005). Rather than a movement of migrants... Ashar movement (Parkinson and Talipova, 2005). A new wave of novostroikas therefore... (Kostyukova, 1994; Parkinson and Talipova, 2005). This continued up until 2002... fully.” (International Crisis Group (ICG), 2005, 12) Those individuals who were... a more spontaneous manner than in 2005, following unrest in provincial cities... of private homes.’ Unlike the 2005 Tulip Revolution, however, law enforcement...’s establishment and ‘illegal’ beginnings in 2005 after the Tulip Revolution until... actors varies over time (c.f. Bennett, 2005). The concept of the ‘assemblage... Bishkek’s 74 history, including the 2005 Tulip Revolution. In particular, the... established debate in geography (Massey, 2005; Schwanen and Kwan, 2012; Rogaly... law with ethnographic approaches (Riles, 2005) offers a broader, although still partial... through these legal technicalities (Riles, 2005; Valverde, 2009). Understanding legal technicalities... interviewed. In Bishkek, notably the 2005 Tulip Revolution, and the unrest... to peace during following the 2005 Tulip Revolution. Legalisation of a ‘squatter.... Benda-Beckmann, F., Benda-Beckmann, K., Griffiths, A. (2005) Mobile people, mobile law: Expanding...] Stanford, Stanford University Press. Bennett, J. (2005) The Agency of Assemblages and... Socio-Legal Research (Hart Publishing, 2005) pp. 113-131 Grubbauer, M. and... Group [ICG] (2005) Kyrgyzstan: After the Revolution, 4 May 2005, Asia Report No... of Minnesota Press. 93 Massey, D. (2005) For Space, London, Sage. Matthews... August 2014). Parkinson, J. and Talipova, L. (2005) Kyrgyz Republic: Sanitation assessment and..., Indiana, Indiana University Press. Riles, A. (2005) A New Agenda for the Cultural... University of Michigan Press. Sassen, S. (2005) The Global City: Introducing a Concept..., Connecticut, Yale University Press. Seneviratne, M. (2005) Researching Ombudsmen in R. Banakar and... CT, Yale University Press. Smith, N. (2005) What’s Left? Neo-critical Geography... these novostroikas retrospectively up until 2005. Most of these have developed... in a sense of ‘becoming’ (c.f. Massey, 2005), unpacks this seemingly static (il... migratory character (Parkinson and Talipova, 2005). Notably, the population of Bishkek... mafia and the ‘illegal state’ (2005) Although media reports suggest a chaotic... of the 2005 Revolution. In the aftermath of the 2005 unrest, individuals... Group [ICG] (2005) “Kyrgyzstan: After the Revolution”, 4 May 2005, Asia Report No..., The Jamestown Foundation, Washington. Massey, D. (2005) For Space, London, Sage. Mayor... 4 August 2014). Parkinson, J. and Talipova, L. (2005) Kyrgyz Republic: Sanitation assessment and... 32, no. 9. eScholarID:107644 Roy, A. (2005) Urban Informality: Toward an Epistemology... emphasises the distributed agency (Bennett, 2005) of the (il)legal assemblage... power grid (Bennett, 2005), neoliberalism (Ong and Collier, 2005) and urban policies... the capital in March 2005 (International Crisis Group, 2005). Within weeks of... land legitimate. As a protestor (IRIN, 2005) interviewed by one local newspaper...’ to destabilise the country (IRIN, 2005). Moreover, months later, the government... knowledge’ (Benda-Beckmann et al., 2005, 1). These mobile conceptions of law...: establishing the boundaries Following the 2005 Tulip Revolution, the settlement gradually..., disappeared without a trace. 192 Between 2005 and 2010, the settlement remained... the social and material (Bennett, 2005; McFarlane, 2011), which becomes evident... the legalisation process. As Bennett (2005, 463, author’s emphasis) argues “[i]n emphasising.... Benda-Beckmann, F., Benda-Beckmann, K., Griffiths, A. (2005) Mobile people, mobile law: Expanding...] Stanford, Stanford University Press. Bennett, J. (2005) The Agency of Assemblages and... Group [ICG] (2005) Kyrgyzstan: After the Revolution, 4 May 2005, Asia Report No. 97, International Crisis Group. IRIN (2005) KYRGYZSTAN: Land Seizures challenge interim... January 2014). Ong, A. and Collier, S. (2005) Global Assemblages: Technology, Politics and...



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..., от 27.12.2005 N 194-ФЗ, от 31.12.2005 N 208-ФЗ..., от 27.12.2005 N 194-ФЗ, от 31.12.2005 N 208-ФЗ..., от 27.12.2005 N 194-ФЗ, от 31.12.2005 N 208-ФЗ... заимствования. Успешное проведение IPO в начале 2005 года позволило повысить ликвидность компании.... 2009г. Индекс актива постоянного 2004 г. 2005 г 2006 г. 2007 г. Факторы, вызвавшие изменения.... 2009 г. Текущий коэффициент ликвидности 2004 г. 2005 г. 2006 г. Быстрый коэффициент ликвидности 2007...: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2003-2005 Организация: ОАО АФК «Система» Должность...» Должность: член Совета директоров Период: 2005-2006 Организация: ОАО Концерн «СИТРОНИКС...» Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2005-2006 Организация: ОАО «Система-Венчур... Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2005-2006 Организация: ООО «КСК» Должность...: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2004-2005 Организация: ОАО «ЭЛИОН» Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2004-2005 Организация: ОАО «Элакс» Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2004-2005 Организация: ЗАО «СИТРОНИКС» Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2003-2005 Организация: ОАО «КНЦ» Должность: Генеральный...: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2003-2005 Организация: ЗАО «Медицинские технологии «МТХ...: член Совета директоров Период: 2003-2005 Организация: ЗАО «Олимпийская Система» Должность...: заместитель Председателя Совета директоров Период: 2005-наст. время Организация: ОАО ВАО...: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2003-2005 Организация: ОАО ВАО «Интурист» Должность...: член Совета директоров Период: 2003-2005 Организация: ЗАО «Олимпийская Система» Должность...: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 1995-2005 Организация: ОАО АФК «Система» Должность...» Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2005-2006 Организация: ОАО Концерн «СИТРОНИКС... услуги Должность: Директор Период: 2003-2005 Организация: Morgan Stanley Должность: Президент...» Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2005-наст.время Организация: ЗАО «Системный...: член Совета директоров Период: 2004-2005 Организация: ЗАО «Олимпийская Система» Должность...» Должность: член Совета директоров Период: 2005-2006 Организация: ОАО «РЕГИОНЫ» Должность...: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2003-2005 Организация: ЗАО «Медицинские технологии «МТХ... Комплекса экономической и информационной безопасности Период: 2005-наст.время Организация: ЗАО «Системный...: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2004-2005 Организация: ОАО «Тамбовская Финансовая Компания...» Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2005-2006 Организация: ОАО «Камов» Должность...» Должность: Генеральный директор Период: 2003-2005 Организация: ЗАО «Ландшафт» Должность: член...: член Совета директоров Период: 2004-2005 Организация: ОАО «Пансионат с лечением «Камелия... корпорация «Система» ИНН 7703104630 Период: 2005-2006 Организация: ОАО «Ялтинский рыбокомбинат...» Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2005-2007 Организация: ОАО «Детский мир... власти и общественными организациями с органами Период: 2005-2007 Организация: ОАО АФК «Система...» Должность: Генеральный директор Период: 2003-2005 Организация: ОАО «КНЦ» Должность: член...» Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2005-2008 Организация: ОАО «ЯРЗ» Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2005-2006 Организация: ОАО «МТУ Сатурн...» Должность: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 2005-2007 Организация: ОАО «Система-Венчур...» Должность: Управляющий директора Период: 1999-2005 Организация: ОАО «Сибирская нефтяная компания... «Система» ИНН 7703104630 Период: 01.2005-03.2005 Организация: ОАО АФК «Система... контроля и аудита Период: 01.2005-03.2005 Организация: ОАО АФК «Система» Должность...» Должность: член Ревизионной комиссии Период: 2005 – 2006 Организация: ООО «МТС» Должность...» Должность: член Ревизионной комиссии Период: 2005 – 2006 Организация: ООО «МТС-К» Должность: член Ревизионной комиссии Период: 2005 – 2006 Организация: ЗАО «Телесот-Алания...: член Ревизионной комиссии 231 Период: 20052005 Организация: ОАО «Горизонт-РТ» Должность...» Должность: член Ревизионной комиссии Период: 20052005 Организация: ООО «МТС-РТК» Должность... блока Корпоративного центра Период: 04.2005 - 06.2005 Организация: ЗАО «Эйч Эл... Внешаудит» Должность: Аудитор Период:01.2005 - 04.2005 Организация: ЗАО «Эйч Эл...: Председатель Совета директоров Период: 1995-2005 Организация: ОАО АФК «Система» Должность... корпорация «Система» ИНН 7703104630 Период: 2005-2006 Организация: ОАО Концерн «СИТРОНИКС... услуги Должность: Директор Период: 2003-2005 Организация: Morgan Stanley Должность: Президент... АФК «Система» 29 апреля 2005 года: 25 марта 2005 года Полное / сокращенное... АФК «Система» 30 июня 2005 года: 16 мая 2005 года Полное / сокращенное... АФК «Система» 21 октября 2005 года: 12 сентября 2005 года Полное / сокращенное... рублей каждая. 2005 год: По состоянию на 1 января 2005 года размер уставного...) объявленные дивиденды по акциям эмитента: 2005 год. Общий размер дивидендов, выплаченных...



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... both politicians and bureaucrats (Colebatch 2005, 21). From this perspective, policy... of pleasure over pain’ (Crisp 2005), utilitarian philosophers have developed several... example, money as a standard)’ (Crisp 2005). John Wiseman and Kathleen Brasher... (Clark and Gough 2005; Fleuret and Atkinson 2007; Nussbaum 2005). Thus, although... perceive well-being differently.’ Nussbaum (2005, 29) recognises that needs are... society. According to Saul Tobias (2005, 81), Foucault implicitly recognises some... Aristotelian sense (Nussbaum 2013; Tobias 2005). This discussion highlights the implications... (Gunnell 2010; Manderson 2005a; Nussbaum 2005). Improving human wellbeing has been...). More broadly, according to Nussbaum (2005, 30), wellbeing is the underlying... (Clark and Gough 2005; Fleuret and Atkinson 2007; Nussbaum 2005; Wiseman and... issues (Badham 2009; 2012; Duxbury 2005; Johanson, Glow, and Kershaw forthcoming... use in different disciplines (Bennett 2005; Grossberg 2010). Within cultural studies... (Haybron 2008, 7; see also Crisp 2005). Reviewing literature that connects aesthetic... distinctive beliefs and behaviours’ (Bennett 2005, 68). Bennett thus draws our..., e.g., Badham 2009; Choudharey 2009; Jeannotte 2005; SNZ 2006; UCLG 2004). 39...) articulates, drawing on Nicholas Garnham (2005), the basic definition of ‘the...; Mulcahy 2006a; O’Regan 2001; Poirier 2005). These scholars may not explicitly... O’Halloran (2003) and Peter Skilling (2005), who both make connections between..., biculturalism and multiculturalism (see, e.g., Moss 2005; Pettersen 2008), the centralised state... the local creative economy (Jeannotte 2005, 131). Florida’s approach follows the... cultural indicator researcher Nancy Duxbury (2005, 258, 269), many recent efforts... and application (Andrew and Gattinger 2005; Badham 2009; Duxbury 2008; Markusen... New Zealand and Australia (Bush 2005; Aulich 2005). Local authorities account for... mechanisms for assuring accountability’ (Bush 2005, 174). The requirement in New... a power of general competence (Aulich 2005; Bush 2005; Sullivan et al. 2006... a ‘whole-of-government’ approach (Lawn 2005; Leonard and Memon 2008). Substantially..., Glow, and Kershaw forthcoming; Poirier 2005). I explore the challenge of measurement... associated effects of disadvantage (Evans 2005; Johnson and O’Connor 2006; Markusen... (e.g. Andrew and Gattinger 2005), creative industries (e.g. Garnham 2005) or the social impacts... attract ‘the creative class’ (Florida 2005). Ultimately aiming to contribute to...), aligning their discourse with Florida’s (2005) ‘3 Ts’ of a creative city: talent... Ministry for Culture and Heritage (2005, 1) definition of cultural wellbeing as... cultural citizenship (Andrew and Gattinger 2005; Duxbury 2008; Yue, Khan, and... 15 (2): 141–153. Aimers, Jenny. 2005. “Developing Community Partnerships - the Key.... Andrew, Caroline, and Monica Gattinger. 2005. “Introduction.” In Accounting for Culture... Zealand. Auckland: Artwork2. Aulich, Chris. 2005. “Australia: Still a Tale of Cinderella... McCarthy, 47–63. Albany: SUNY. ———. 2005. “Culture.” In New Keywords: a Revised...–168. Auckland: Oxford University Press. ———. 2005. “New Zealand: A Quantum Leap Forward...: Palgrave Macmillan. Callon, M, and J Law. 2005. “On Qualculation, Agency, and Otherness....” Clark, David A., and Ian Gough. 2005. “Capabilities, Needs and Wellbeing: Relating.... Cobb, Clifford, and Craig Rixford. 2005. “Historical Background of Community Indicators....” Policy Sciences 28 (2): 149–164. ———. 2005. “Policy Analysis, Policy Practice and..., University of Nottingham. Duxbury, Nancy. 2005. “Cultural Indicators and Benchmarks in...: An Urban Renaissance? London: Routledge. ———. 2005. “Measure for Measure: Evaluating the... 18 (2): 125–148. Garnham, Nicholas. 2005. “From Cultural to Creative Industries... Public Administration 61 (4): 68–79. ———. 2005. “Localisation in Contemporary Public Management.... Hoernig, Heidi, and Mark Seasons. 2005. “Understanding Indicators.” In Community Indicators..., DC: Urban Institute. Jeannotte, M. Sharon. 2005. “Just Showing Up: Social and... Humanities 24 (2-3): 122–139. 265 ———. 2005. “Arts, Culture and Heritage.” In...: Taylor & Francis. 266 Lowell, Robert. 2005. Localising Human Services: A History of... (Ministry for Culture and Heritage). 2005. “Definitions and Contexts of Cultural...: Facts On File. Moss, Linda. 2005. “Biculturalism and Cultural Diversity: How... Research Centre. 269 Murray, Catherine. 2005. “Cultural Participation: A Fuzzy Cultural Policy..., 242–269. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ———. 2005. “Wellbeing, Contracts and Capabilities.” In..., University of Auckland. Pierre, Jon. 2005. “Comparative Urban Governance.” Urban Affairs... mmunity_Governance_-_A_Literature_Review.pdf. Poirier, Christian. 2005. “Vers Des Indicateurs Culturel Elargis... 43 (9): 1395 –1411. Rose, Richard. 2005. Learning from Comparative Public Policy...: Cambridge University Press. Skilling, Peter. 2005. “Trajectories of Arts and Culture.... Straw, Will, and M. Sharon Jeannotte. 2005. “Reflections on the Cultural and... Churchill Memorial Trust. Tobias, Saul. 2005. “Foucault on Freedom and Capabilities...



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... PURCHASED 2005 1996 1996, 2004 1998 1995-2005 1980? 1989-1991 1985-2005... X 1996-2005 X 1994-2004 X 1975-2000 X 1978-2002 X 1980-2005 X X 1995-2005 1990... group in 2005 in ISK. The group’s turnover in 2005 was 27... climatic variability from arctic lakes (2005-9) Late Weichselian early Holocene Deglaciation... purchased 1997-2005 1999-2005 1974-90 1990-2005 1995 2005-6 Avail. At IES... group in 2005 in ISK. The group’s turnover in 2005 was 84... Askja X X Year purchased 2005 19702005 19802005 1975-85 1990 X 2005 X X X 1990-95... X Purchased Year 2005 Available within IES X 1970-2005 X X X 1980-2005 1975-85 2003 1960 1974-96 2000 1998 2005 2003 1992-2005 1996-2005 1985-2005 1999 1985 2000... of Nordvulk´s expenses in 2005 in ISK. During 2005, approximately 84 million.... Cosmochim. Acta, 68, 48434858, 2004. 2005 Aðalgeirsdóttir, G, H Björnsson, F Pálsson..., B12308, doi:10.1029/2005JB003701, 2005. Clifton, A, & P Einarsson. Styles of surface..., F02011, doi:10.1029/2004JF000200, 2005. Gisladottir, G, & M Stocking. Land Degradation Control.... Applied Geochemistry, 20, 1607-1625, 2005. Gunnarsson, I, S Arnórsson & S Jakobsson. Precipitation... Holocene. Geology 33, 73-76, 2005. Jouzel, J, V Masson-Delmotte, M Stievenard, A Landais.... Antarctic Science, 17, 409-417, 2005. Kumar, P, R Kind, W Hanka, Wylegalla, Reigber..., B11405, doi:10.1029/2005JB003675, 2005. Landvik, J, Ó Ingólfsson, J Mienert, A Solheim... Ice Cap Dynamics. J. Geophys. Res., 2005. Martin, E, & O Sigmarsson. Fractional crystallization of... oceanic crust. Geol. Mag., 142, 1–8, 2005. Masson-Delmotte, V, J Jouzel, A Landais, M Stievenard... origin. Science, V309, 67-71, 2005. Mattson, H, & Á Höskuldsson. Stratigraphy, formation of..., south Iceland. J. Volc. Geoth. Res., 2005. Mattson, H, Á Höskuldsson & S Hand. Crustal xenoliths..., Surtseyjan eruption. J. Volc. Geoth. Res., 2005. Mattsson, HB, & N Óskarsson. Petrogenesis of... Quaternary Science 20, 209-219, 2005. Pagli, C, F Sigmundsson, Þ Árnadóttir, P Einarsson...., doi:10.1016/j. jvolgeores.2005.09.014., 2005. Pilidou, S, K Priestley, E Debayle & Ó Gu... Science Reviews, 24, 1723-1740, 2005. Soosalu, H, P Einarsson & B Þorbjarnardóttir. Seismic..., Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L08315, 2005. van Dalfsen, E, H Rymer, F Sigmundsson & E Sturkell... frequency. Jökull, 55, 53-74, 2005. Soosalu, H, & P Einarsson. Seismic characteristics of... Iceland, EOS, 86, 245-248, 2005. Þorsteinsson, Þ, ED Waddington, K Matsouka, I Howat.... Taylor & Francis Group, London, 2004. 2005 Einarsson, P, H Soosalu, E Sturkell, F Sigmundsson & H Geirsson..., Past Environments, Elsevier, 127-151, 2005. Gudmundsson, MT. Characteristics and morphological.... Routledge, New York, 1717-1721, 2005. Larsen, G, K Smith, A Newton & Ó Knudsen. Jökulhlaup..., Amsterdam, 2005. Ringbom, Å, T Bartholin, P Klein, A Lindroos, ÁE Sveinbjörnsdóttir & J Heinemeier, 2005. Naturvetenskaplig... Museibyrå, Mariehamn, Åland, Finland, 2005. 3, 100-110, 2005. Reports (incomplete) 2001 Arn...élag Íslands. Rit 12/2005 15 bls, 2005. Gíslason, SR, Á Snorrason, GB..., Reykjavík, Iceland, RH-12-2005, 54 pp, 2005. Guðmundsson, MT, og... Háskólans, RH-02-2005. 14 bls, 2005. Guðmundsson, S, H Björnsson...ðvísindastofnun Háskólans. RH-18-2005, 2005. Pálsson, F, H Björnsson & E Magnússon...ðvísindastofnun Háskólans. RH-04-2005. Stefánsson, A, & I Gunnarsson. Sulphur geochemistry.... Science Institute Report RH-17-2005, 25 p, 2005. Sturkell, E, H Geirsson, F Sigmundsson, C Pagli... Vegagerðarinnar, Janúar 2005, 12 pp, 2005. 57 Sturkell, E, & BG Ófeigsson..., A.A.Balkema Publishers, 2, 1401-1405, 2004. 2005 Arnórsson, S, & A Stefánsson. Wet... Geothermal Congress 2005, Antalya, Turkey, 24-29 April, 2005, paper 0870, 2005. Arn... Geothermal Congress 2005, Antalya, Turkey, 24-29 April, 2005. Paper 0896, 2005. Giroud... landbúnaðarins 2005 II-Veggspjöld, 360363, 2005. Gunnarsdóttir, B, & G Gíslad... landbúnaðarins 2005 II-Veggspjöld, 307-310, 2005. 58 Gunnarsson... Geothermal Congress 2005, Antalya, Turkey, 24-29 April, 2005. Paper 2025, 2005. Jakobsson..., Santiago, Chile 2 - 8 October, paper 473, 2005. Kardjilov MI, Gíslason SR & G Gíslad...-27 august 2005, AixEn-Provence, France, bls. 377-381, 2005. Kristmannsdóttir... Geologisk Undersøgelse Rapport 2005/67, 29-34, 2005. Stefánsson, A, & S Arn... Geothermal Congress 2005, Antalya, Turkey, 24-29 April, 2005. Paper 0890, 2005. Sveinbj... landbúnaðarins 2005 II-Veggspjöld, 269272, 2005. Popular science articles..., in Finnish). Geologi, p. 413, 2004. 2005 Danielsen, PE, & E Sturkell. Krafla-udbruddene...: Orka, afl og uppdrif. Verpill 2005, 6-10, 2005. Guðmundsson, MT. Vorfer... Iceland. Jökull 55, 147-154, 2005. Soosalu, H, E Sturkell & F Holm. Islannin aktiivisin... by surprise, in Finnish). Natura 3/2005, 9-12, 2005. Sturkell, E, & F Holm. Vulkanutbrott under... i november 2004, GeologiskNyt 4, 10-17, 2005. Sturkell, E. Kraflaeldarna 1975-1984. Geologiskt forum 48, 8-15, 2005. Sørensen, JH, E Sturkell & F Holm, F. Udbruddet...



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... Schrattenholzer, 2001, Goldemberg, 2004, Junginger, 2005). The application of the experience..., McDonald and Schrattenholzer, 2001, Junginger, 2005), thereby indicating a decrease of production... on-shore wind farms (Junginger, 2005), 22% for photovoltaics (McDonald and... bio-fuelled CHP plants (Junginger, 2005) but somewhat higher than the...) 1998 (17) 50 2001 (8) 2004 (3) 2005 (4) 2006 (51) 104 105 Cumulative... with a cost increase (1999-2003, 2005-2007). The observed cost dynamics... Yearly savings in EUR2006 8 6 4 2 0 -2 -4 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000... for condensing gas boilers in 2005 ........... 23 Simplified scheme of a conventional... the periods of 1981-2005 and 1988-2005 ......................................................... 53 CHP capacity in... Netherlands, Blok and de Visser (2005) identified economy-wide energy saving... Schrattenholzer, 2001, Goldemberg, 2004, Junginger, 2005, Junginger et al., 2008). The... report, Blok and de Visser (2005) identified for the Netherlands energy... source: Blok and de Visser (2005)) Lack of consumer awareness, insufficient... of production costs. Following Junginger (2005), we differentiate the following mechanisms... and in Spain (Source: Junginger (2005)) Based on this approach, a product...-TIMER (Hoogwijk, 2004), MARKAL (e.g., Smekens, 2005) or DEMETER (van der Zwaan...). 21 We refer to Boonekamp (2005), who applies a similar formulation to...) 1998 (17) 50 2001 (8) 2004 (3) 2005 (4) 2006 (51) 104 105 Cumulative...) 2004 (3) 1998 (17) 50 2001 (8) 2005 (4) 104 105 Cumulative installed capacity... on-shore wind farms (Junginger, 2005), 22% for photovoltaics (McDonald and... bio-fueled CHP plants (Junginger, 2005), 6% for combined cycle power plants... 14.0 ± 1.2 14.1 ± 1.0 Martinus et al. (2005) 4 Haug et al. (1998) 4 The... boiler technology23. For the year 2005, we estimate energy savings of... 200 0 Year 2005 2001 1997 1993 1989 1985 1981 2005 2001 1997... <1966 bovenwoning 1966–1988 vrijstaand 2005 1966–1988 2/1kap 0 1981 1985... 1966–1988 portiekwoning 1997 2001 2005 1980–1988 rijtjeswoningen 1966–1988...% 1995 30% 2000 2005 20% 5 Year Payback 10% 2005 0% 5 Year Payback 0% 0 Figure...% Payback Time 90% a) Fitted 1981-2005, alpha=0.7; PB50=4.8; Adj. R squared = 0.55 b) Fitted 1988-2005, alpha=0.5; PB50=4.8; Adj. R squared = 0.82... the periods of 1981-2005 and 1988-2005; in years coloured red... Sterling engine (Source: da Rosa, 2005)) Sterling engines can be constructed... with water (da Rosa, 2005, van der Hilst, 2005, Wikipedia, 2008a). In... the energy company Eneco (Infinia, 2005). This system uses a Stirling engine... the Japanese company Rinnai (Infinia, 2005, Pehnt et al., 2006). Both... the information given by Ruijg (2005) and MBC (2007), the assumptions... (adapted from Martinus et al. (2005)) 79 Technology studies The efficiency... European countries (Data sources: Martinus (2005), FWS (2007)) The Western European... 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Year Residential buildings - number... pumps Total residential heat pumps 2005 2006 Yearly heat pump installations... pump sales (e.g., Martinus et al., 2005, FWS, 2007)), we conduct a sensitivity... findings of Martinus et al. (2005), who identified a learning rate of... (Data source: FWS (2007), Martinus (2005), CBS (2007a,b) The observed cost... storage systems Year 2030 Year 2005 Ground suitability (cumulative thickness water..., and rising profit margins since 2005) (IF Technology, 2007). • Raw material...) increased considerably in the years 2005-2007. • Neither of the functional... finally (iv) cost increases since 2005 due to increased profit margins...-2004) and increased (1999-2003, 2005-2007). The observed dynamics can...% of global electricity consumption. In 2005, residential lighting consumed worldwide 811... Yearly savings in EUR2006 8 6 4 2 0 -2 -4 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000...-2007 1993-2005 1980-1998 1969-2003 1993-2005 2001-2005 1989-2000 1980-2001 1980-1998 1964-2007 1993-2005...-1897. Blok, K. and de Visser, E. (2005): Energiebesparing: De onbegrensde mogelijkheden. Ecofys... Pump Centre Newsletter 18 (4). Boonekamp, P.G. (2005): Improved methods to evaluate realised... – Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (2005): Jaarcijfers 2005 – De Nederlandse Energiehuishouding. CBS... Spectrum June 1980. da Rosa, A.V. (2005): Fundamentals of renewable energy processes.... IF Technology (2006): Referentiekaart energieopslag 2005. Energieopslag in de bodem: Stand.... Wennekes. Arnhem, The Netherlands. Infinia (2005): International companies sign combined heat.... Ecofys. Utrecht, The Netherlands. Junginger, H.M. (2005): Learning in renewable energy technology.... Martinus, G.H., Blesl, M., Smekens, K.E.L., Lako, P., Ohl, M. (2005): Technical and economic characterization of.... Den Haag, The Netherlands. Ruijg, G.J. (2005) Micro-warmtekracht: Hoe magisch is de toverketel? ECN colloquium 2 May 2005. Sanner, B. (2003): Current status of.... H. Sijbring B.V. Tilburg, The Netherlands. Smekens, K. (2005): Technology R&D and CO2 Policy Scenarios.... 30-32. van der Hilst, F. (2005): Micro-w/k, Een macro innovatie? Master...



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Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, 1400 Vienna, Austria Tel.: (+43-1) 26060-0, Fax: (+43-1) 26060-5866, www.unodc.org The Globalization of Crime United Nations publication printed in Austria Sales No. E.10.IV.6 — June 2010 — 2,000 A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment USD 49 ISBN 978-92-1-130295-0 The Globalization of Crime A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment “A ground-breaking assessment of transnational organized crime activities that INTERPOL will use in its work.” Ronald Noble, INTERPOL Secretary General UNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME Vienna THE GLOBALIZATION OF CRIME A TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME THREAT ASSESSMENT Copyright © 2010, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime ISBN: 978-92-1-130295-0 United Nations publication, Sales No. E.10.IV.6 Acknowledgements This report was prepared by the Studies and Threat Analysis Section, Policy Analysis and Research Branch, Division for Policy Analysis and Public Affairs, UNODC. Consultants: Chapter 6: Hugh Griffiths (Stockholm Peace Research Institute); Chapter 7: Justin Gosling (Environmental Investigation Agency); Chapter 10: Marco Gercke (Cybercrime Research Institute). Cartography: UNODC and Atelier de Cartographie de Sciences Po. Special thanks go to all the UNODC staff at headquarters and in the field who reviewed various sections of this report. Special thanks also go to a range of experts, including from TRAFFIC, INTERPOL, Small Arms Survey and Europol, who provided comments. The preparation of this report would not have been possible without the data and information reported by governments to UNODC and other international organizations. This report was undertaken in the context of the work on Threat and Risk Analysis mandated to UNODC by Member States under theme 2 (Policy and Trend Analysis) of the UNODC strategy for 2008-2011 (E/CN.7/2007/14). Disclaimers This report has not been formally edited. The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of UNODC or contributory organizations and neither do they imply any endorsement. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this report do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNODC concerning the legal status of any country, territory or city or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries. Photos: © UNODC, OSCE CONTENTS CONTENTS PREFACE BY THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR ii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 INTRODUCTION 19 CHAPTER 1. THE THREAT OF TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME 25 CHAPTER 2. TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS 2.1. To Europe for sexual exploitation 39 43 CHAPTER 3. SMUGGLING OF MIGRANTS 3.1. From Latin America to North America 3.2. From Africa to Europe 55 59 67 CHAPTER 4. COCAINE 4.1. From the Andean Region to North America 4.2. From the Andean Region to Europe 81 85 95 CHAPTER 5. HEROIN 5.1. From Afghanistan to the Russian Federation 5.2. From Afghanistan to Europe 109 113 119 CHAPTER 6. FIREARMS 6.1. From the United States to Mexico 6.2. From Eastern Europe to the world 129 133 141 CHAPTER 7. ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES 7.1. Wildlife from Africa and South-East Asia to Asia 7.2. Timber from South-East Asia to the European Union and Asia 149 151 161 CHAPTER 8. COUNTERFEIT PRODUCTS 8.1. Consumer goods from East Asia to Europe 8.2. Medicines from South- and East Asia to South-East Asia and Africa 173 175 183 CHAPTER 9. MARITIME PIRACY 9.1. Maritime piracy off the coasts of the Horn of Africa 193 195 CHAPTER 10. CYBERCRIME 10.1. Identity theft 10.2. Child pornography 203 205 211 CHAPTER 11. REGIONS UNDER STRESS: WHEN TOC THREATENS GOVERNANCE AND STABILITY 221 The impact of the transnational cocaine market on stability 11.1. The impact on the Andean Region 11.2. The impact on West Africa 11.3. The impact on Mesoamerica 225 227 233 237 The impact of the transnational heroin market on stability 11.4. The impact on South-West and Central Asia 11.5. The impact on South-East Europe 11.6. The impact on South-East Asia 243 245 251 257 The impact of minerals smuggling on Central Africa 261 The impact of maritime piracy on the Horn of Africa 267 CONCLUSION 273 ENDNOTES 281 Case studies of transnational threats i PREFACE PREFACE BY THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR have been sent to capture pirates. Yet the threat persists. In the past quarter century (namely, since the end of the Cold War), global governance has failed to keep pace with economic globalization. Therefore, as unprecedented openness in trade, finance, travel and communication has created economic growth and well-being, it has also given rise to massive opportunities for criminals to make their business prosper. Despite the gravity of the threat, organized crime is insufficiently understood. There is a lack of information on transnational criminal markets and trends. The few studies that exist have looked at sections of the problem, by sector or country, rather than the big picture. Without a global perspective there cannot be evidence-...



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... 2005 Belarus 2005 Turkmenistan 2005 Monaco 2004 Kyrgyzstan 2005 CARK 2005 Russian Federation 2005 Azerbaijan 2005 Poland 2005 Slovakia 2005... 2005 Romania 2005 Eur–B+C 2005 TFYR Macedonia 2005 Netherlands 2005 Bulgaria 2005 Israel 2005 Estonia 2005 Ukraine 2005 Serbia 2005 Croatia 2005 Luxembourg 2005 Sweden 2005 Denamrk 2005 Latvia 2005 Armenia 2005 San Marino 2005... Tajikistan 2005 European Region 2005 Germany 2005 Portugal 2005 Georgia 2005 EU 2005 Turkey 2005 Austria 2005 Norway 2005 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2005 Iceland 2005 Eur-A 2005... 2005 Belarus 2005 2005 Georgia 2005 2003 Belgium 2004 2005 Russian Federation 2005 2005 Lithuania 2005 2005 Switzerland 2000 2005 Italy 2005 2005 Iceland 2004 2005 Israel 2005 2005 CIS 2005 2005 Netherlands 2005 2005 Norway 2005 2005 Kazakhstan 2005 2005 Bulgaria 2005 2005 Azerbaijan 2005 2004 Denmark 2004 2005 Czech Republic 2005 2005 Austria 2005 2005 Malta 2005 2005 Armenia 2005 2005 Portugal 2005 2005 France 2005 2005 Germany 2004 2005 Andorra 2005 2005 European Region 2005... 2005 EU 2005 2005 Latvia 2005 2004 Slovakia 2004 2005 Republic of Moldova 2005 2005 Eur-B+C 2005 2005 Ukraine 2005 2005 CARK 2005 2005 Ireland 2005 2005 Hungary 2005 2004 Luxembourg 2004 2005 Uzbekistan 2005 2004 Turkmenistan 2004 2005 Serbia 2005 2005... 2004 2005 TFYR Macedonia 2005 2002 United Kingdom 1989 2005 Tajikistan 2005 2005 Romania 2005 2005 Montenegro 2005 2005 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2005...



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... per capita in LDCs, 1970–2005 ........................95 14. Food expenditure shares... in 2005–2007 ......49 7. Consumer price inflation in the LDCs, 2005–2007... sub-Saharan African countries, 1960–2005 .....................................................................................................................................................97 Explanatory Notes The term... they were higher than in 2005. Moreover, the Food and Agricultural... LDC manufactured exports in the 2005–2006 period (including food, drinks... 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 5 -25 C. Agricultural exporters... 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 D. Other LDCs 0 0 -5 -5 -10... 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Current account (weighted... 2002 2003 2004 Mineral exporters 2005 2006 Others Source: UNCTAD secretariat... public goods” (Brinkerhoff and Goldsmith, 2005: 200). This covers both what... service Source: Brinkerhoff and Goldsmith (2005). With regard to political processes... inequality, reduction of corruption. Bangladesh 2005 Promoting good governance: improving implementation..., promoting social dialogue. Sierra Leone 2005 Promoting good governance: public sector...-corruption "empowerment with information". Uganda 2005 Good governance: democratization; justice, law... the ground. Brinkerhoff and Goldsmith (2005) have suggested that one tendency... to influence provision. Similarly, Gilbert (2005: 6) affirms that the enabling State... development and governance process” (Edigheji, 2005: 5). Rethinking the Role of the... desires of ordinary citizens (Evans, 2005). Whereas the old developmental State... improvements in State capacity (Teskey, 2005). The reason is that improvements... purposes by main categories in 2005–2007 A. Policy management General 15110... related purposes Average annual disbursement 2005–2007 (constant 2007 $ millions) 2 426... and Nsonzi (2008). 11 Between 2005 and 2007, ODA disbursements averaged... (4): 519–547. Brinkerhoff, D.W. and Goldsmith, A.A. (2005). Institutional dualism and international development... and the Caribbean, Santiago. Edigheji, O. (2005). A democratic developmental state in Africa... Studies, 34 (6): 66–86. Evans, P. (2005). Harnessing the state: rebalancing strategies... Development, 19 (6): 723–734. Gilbert, N. (2005). The “enabling state”? from public.... Oxford University Press, Oxford. Rodrik, D. (2005). Growth strategies. In Aghion, P. and... the Community, 8 (6): 372–379. Teskey, G. (2005). Capacity development and state building... University Press, Oxford. World Bank (2005). Economic Growth in the 1990s... trend in total revenue around 2005 and 2006 compared with estimates... Tareq, which investigated the period 2005–2006. (b) Revenue trends in African... components that continued until approximately 2005–2006. Imports rose significantly between... IMF study of the 1999–2005 period suggests. Meeting the Macroeconomic... of its copper boom in 2005 and 2006, IMF conditionalities prevented... the domestic price level (McKinley, 2005). Even if there were a rise... agriculture, see Stiglitz and Charlton (2005). For instance, a similarly tight approach... flight. 5HIHUHQFHV Baunsgaard, T. and Keen, M. (2005). Tax revenue and (or?) trade... Monetary Fund, Washington, DC. McKinley, T. (2005). Why is the “Dutch Disease..., Washington, DC. Stiglitz, J. and Charlton, A. (2005). Fair trade for all: how..., V. and Patel, S. (2007). Kwacha appreciation 2005–2006: implications for the Zambian... LDCs declined from 1970 to 2005. However, the level has stabilized... sub-Saharan African countries, 1960–2005 (Land to person ratio) 1960... price trend indices, 2005–2008 260 240 Index, 2005=100 220 200... 160 140 120 100 80 2005 2006 F M Dec Jan A M J J A S O N D 2007 F Jan... undernourished population, by region, 1990–2005 B. Share of undernourished population, by... trade categories, 2003–2005 35 350 2003–2005 Agricultural exporters Services exporters... 1995–1997 E. Asia S. Asia 2003–2005 S.E. Asia Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations... 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 2004 2005 LDC agricultural exports 2006 LDC... the country group classification. 2004 2005 2006 Manufactures exporters LDCs 107... 4 3 2 1 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 B. LDCs by agricultural... (Start, 2001; Balcombe et al., 2005). Recently, the attention in rural.... Balcombe, K., Bezemer, D., Davis, J. and Fraser, I. (2005). Livelihoods, farm efficiency and poverty..., M.S., Dobie, P., Yuksel, N. and Sachs, J. (eds.) (2005). Halving Hunger: It Can Be... generate new dynamic activities” (Ocampo, 2005). Mobilizing domestic resources to strengthen... absorptive capacity (Lall, 1992; UNIDO, 2005). A particular focus of debate is...–1994 1995–1999 2000–2004 2005–2007 LDCs: Agricultural exporters LDCs... LDC manufactured exports in the 2005–2006 period (including food, drinks... future crises. Similarly, the UNCTAD (2005: 82) concludes that “not only.... Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Ocampo, J.A. (2005). The quest for dynamic efficiency....D.7, New York and Geneva. UNCTAD (2005). Economic Development in Africa: Rethinking... York and Geneva. UNIDO (2005). Industrialization Report 2005: Capacity-building for Catching...



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... growth, which fell from 3.2% in 2005 to 0.8% in 2008 and subsequently... 218.0 Malignant neoplasms 239.9 2000 2005 2009 5.6 4.1 3.8 3.3 2.1 1.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 592.0 521.0 502.4 421... a clear downward trend only since 2005 (WHO Regional Office for Europe... a substantial decrease from 2004 to 2005 (WHO Regional Office for Europe... of mortality among men between 2005 and 2007 (Ádány, 2008). A notable... in Hungary (Szucs et al., 2005). Table 1.6 Factors affecting health status... neoplasms (Széles et al., 2005). Table 1.7 shows selected findings of... years) 1980 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009 Adolescent pregnancy rate, per... certain non-contributing social groups (2005/5); • covering the HIF deficit (upon... and their health services (1993/8, 2005/7). Subsequently, the Ministry of Education... incorporated into Hungarian law in 2005 (2005/1), although prior to that the... obligatory or optional (1995/7). In 2005, the government refined the regulation... health aspects more in detail (2005/10). There is a tendency towards... updated after its expiry in 2005, although the Ministry of Health... health care in Hungary in 2005 represented only 4.7% of the total... remained stable around 23.7% since 2005. Spending through voluntary health insurance... 6.0% of GDP between 2003 and 2005 (WHO Regional Office for Europe...–2011 Expenditure category 1995 2000 2005 2010 p 2011p Total expenditure (current... contribution payment, was launched in 2005, applicable for persons or entrepreneurs... to 5.5% of the GDP in 2005 (see also Table 3.6), while expenditures... between revenues and expenditures in 2005 was a planned deficit approved by... provider reimbursement (Figueras, Robinson & Jakubowski, 2005). 81 82 Health systems in... been levelling off again since 2005 (HCSO, 2010c). Obviously, there are...) County/Region 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009   Budapest... per hospital) (State Audit Office, 2005). Health systems in transition Hungary... grants for hospital reconstruction in 2005, found that the 22 surveyed... per year (State Audit Office, 2005). The Directorate of Medical and... been prioritized (State Audit Office, 2005). Since the introduction of the... and 2003 (State Audit Office, 2005). The central government has always... development plan (State Audit Office, 2005). 4.1.2 Infrastructure In 2009, local governments... the 36.5% figure reported for 2005 (HCSO, 2010d). Table 4.4 Number of... academic title for doing so) (2005/7). The professional, the managerial and... the university professor grade 1 respectively (2005/7). The professional career path for... professor” and of “titular professor” (2005/7). The general principle underlying Act... for supervising health care professionals (2005/2), the NCHAI is also responsible... Greece (1982) Portugal (2008) Iceland (2005) Finland (2006) Denmark (2007) Norway... Public Company (established in November 2005), whereas the regional offices supervise... at the bottom of a prescription (2005/3). Under the so-called pro... pharmaceutical treatment for a given patient (2005/4). Only one pharmaceutical is allowed... (about €24) for acute problems (2005/8). The range of accessible medicines... pilot was expanded gradually. By 2005 the project covered more than... system was regulated in detail (2005/12). After plans were introduced... earning below a certain income ceiling (2005/6). Instead of paying regular HIF... medical expenditures 0.00% 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Source: Gaál, 2009..., the new hybrid tax/contribution (2005/6), called the “simplified contribution payment... high among OECD countries in 2005, both overall and disaggregated by... the highest. Between 1997 and 2005 there was a relatively low decline... Healthcare Audit and Inspection in 2005; the quality indicator initiative of... for assessment. Between 1994 and 2005, all hospital discharges increased by... as a whole. Between 1993 and 2005, the number of hospital admissions... country (about 2.2 million inhabitants) in 2005. The project was criticized mainly... as well as colorectal cancer´(2005) 2. Resolution No.  2084/2003. (IV... systems in transition Hungary 2005 1. Act III of 2005 on enacting the... control (promulgated: 04/03/2005) 2. Decree No. 15/2005. (V. 2.) EüM of the Minister... Markets (promulgated: 25/07/2005) 4. Decree No. 52/2005. (XI. 8.) EüM of the..., section (2), point c) 5. Act CXIX of 2005 on the Amendment of Certain... Central Budget (promulgated: 15/11/2005) ● defines the obligation of the... public charges (Proclaimed 15/11/2005) ● defines entitled occupational groups (Article... of 2005 on Higher Education (proclaimed 14/12/2005) 8. Act CLXX of 2005... 10. Government Decree No. 314/2005 (XII.25) on environmental impact... (Article 6) 11. Decree No. 67/2005. (XII. 27.) EüM of the Minister... health insurance (promulgated: 29/12/2005) ● sets up the Care Coordination... March 2011). Figueras J, Robinson R, Jakubowski E (2005). Purchasing to improve health systems... transition Hungary State Audit Office (2005). Jelentés a címzett támogatásból finansz... Miskolc. Széles G et al. (2005). A preliminary evaluation of a health monitoring..., 2003b, 2007g) Sweden (2001, 2005) Canada (2005) Switzerland (2000) Croatia (1999, 2007...