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Дата загрузки: 2017-02-06
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0.28/5
... in Southern China By Elizabeth Van Heuvelen According to a Ministry of Health survey... years. According to China’s Ministry of Land and Resources, more than 10 percent of China’s arable land, or about... spur social discontent in China. The Chinese Ministry of Public Security announced in... and local levels. Uncoordinated Bureaucratic Response Two of China’s agencies—SEPA and Ministry of Health (MOH)—and their provincial and local branches... on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) and with guidance from the Chinese Ministry of Commerce... China, which could be a fruitful area of exchange for all countries involved. China’s Ministry of Health MOH is the highest administrative entity in charge of health...—perhaps China’s largest waste challenge—is the Ministry of Construction, which supervises and administers the collection, storage, transport, cleaning, and disposal of... Ministry of Commerce oversees the recycling of paper and cans, while the Ministry of Water Resources handles the treatment and disposal of.../CDC and SEPA, including the Ministry of Water Resources and Ministry of Construction. This more ambitious process of... government agencies, such as Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Construction, Ministry of Land and Resources, and others. Ultimately, a supra-ministerial...-Executive Commission on China (CECC). (2006, February). “Ministry of Public Security Report Rise..., and conferences, the program has identified priority needs of the Shanghai CDC and resources... 7 percent of the arable land and a quarter of the per capita freshwater resources globally. The... Ministry of Health reported in that 196 people died of food poisoning in China... of transportation and low volume of sales. Third, anecdotal evidence suggests that local Ministry of... Ministry of Health reported that 196 deaths from food poisoning in China in... in China, there is political overlap with insufficient coordination between the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) and the State Environmental... of frozen and live pigs that Ministry of Commerce holds to release in times of... of the Eco-Environment Division Department of S&T, Education and Rural Environment Ministry of Agriculture, PR China... guarantee of developing modern animal industry.” (2006, September 5). China Development Gateway. Ministry of Agriculture... in China and unsafe additives.” Nongwang Kuaixun (Farmer Net Dispatch). (Originally from China’s Ministry of... and the Ministry of Agriculture had allocated $1.43 million http://www.chinadaily.net/china... a number of forums in China. These forums have enabled China’s Ministry of Health (MOH) and SEPA... of interagency coordination, especially between the central and local offices of the Ministry of Health and...). “S. China province reinvents self to lead national change.” Reuters. “SEPA and the Ministry of Health will draw up standards of environmental damage... Ministry of Science and Technology granted Guangdong 150 million Yuan in 2007 under China... the China Center for Disease Control (China CDC)—a subordinate branch of the State Ministry of..., the Ministry of Information Industry put into effect its own China RoHS directive... Field of Energy. n In August 2001, the IEA and the Ministry of Science and Technology... and technical support to guide policy, regulations, and strategies within the Ministry of Health and provincial CDCs. IEHS also holds numerous national and international seminars and... 1. Five Chinese ministries, including Ministry of Health and Ministry of Civil Affairs, issued a notice on... of State Land and Resources for the period of 2006-2010. Nitrates from Agricultural Runoff China.... Part of this capacity building has been the introduction of tools and resources including... Survey conducted by China’s Ministry of Health. Sample Results The results of the IES... Science Foundation of Guangxi, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Ministry of Science and Technology, and Ministry of Land and Resources. Wo...) from China’s Ministry of Science and Technology for poverty reduction efforts throughout areas of Chongqing... management and energy efficiency, hosted by China’s National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance. The potential environmental benefits for China... of a green buildings demonstration project sponsored by China’s Ministry of Science and Technology and the U.S. Department of... codes and is also partnering with the China Human Settlement Council of the Ministry of... China’s 2006-2015 National Research and Development Plan and persuaded the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Chinese Academy of...



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0.17/5
... China faced potential shortfalls. In 2008, China's Ministry of Land and Resources issued guidelines for the development of the country's mineral resources. The Ministry's development... , and petroleum. In 2008, the Ministry of Land and Resources added indium, germanium, rare earths, tin , and..., China’s Policy on Mineral Resources, white paper, December 2003). In 2008, China’s Ministry of Land and Resources issued guidelines for development of the country’s mineral resources for the... in the development guidelines [Ministry of Land and Resources, the country’s mineral resources development guidelines (2008... supplier of heavy rare earths. Mineral Stockpiles In 2006, the Ministry of Land and Resources announced... 2008, the Ministry of Land and Resources added indium, germanium, rare earths, tin, and tungsten to the country’s strategic mineral stockpile list [Ministry of Land and Resources, the country’s mineral resources development guidelines (20082015... of drought and local climatic changes. Moreover, after the Ministry of Water Resources published a series of articles and... purchase of land in Brazil since China, itself, does not permit private ownership of land. Former Trade Minister and current president of the China-Brazil Business... of the planning and construction. The China Institute for Water Resources and Hydropower Research Institute and China... of Chinese companies is the development of draft guidelines by the Ministry of Commerce and Environmental Protection. Such guidelines would oversee the environmental impacts and... Council, National Development and Reform Commission, 49 Ministry of Commerce and State Administration for... Ministry of Commerce is the primary government institution that approves, manages and monitors... which social and environmental risks are considered by the Ministry of Commerce. However..., and he called Greenpeace in and then turned around and talked to the Ministry of Environmental Protection and said... on the Ministry of Water Resources Web site , just general public. Some of the..., the Ministry of Water Resources was saying it's technically just too difficult, and we... example, the Ministry of Agriculture dealing with pesticides , fertilizer, runoff and so forth that will cause them to be involved. And the Ministry of Water Resources. Local governments are the critical actor in all of... horizontal wells by 2015. The Ministry of Land and Resources also recently approved shale gas... agency as rare earths, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). In..., and Taiwan. China’s “Distant Water Fishing Supervisory Provisions,” promulgated by the Ministry of Agriculture..., East China Sea, or South China Sea” and states that “the Ministry of Agriculture is responsible for the planning, organization, and administration of the... Council and other related departments over policy and supervision of the industry.”4 The Ministry of Agriculture’s Bureau of Fisheries has a Distant Water Fishing Subdivision. The growth of China... and Feasibility Investigative Report”], 30 January 2008, 44pp. 12 农业部渔业局 [Ministry of Agriculture Bureau of Fisheries], 2010 中国渔业年鉴 [2010 China Fisheries Yearbook], 北京: 中国农业出版社 [Beijing: China Agriculture... the Ministry of Agriculture coined the concept of “grabbing the high seas and EEZs... of countries in which China operates, please see Appendix V. 42 Ministry of Agriculture Bureau of Fisheries, 2010 China... Ministry of Agriculture is responsible for supervising “…fishing in the disputed waters…” and... a less extreme and more compromising approach to claims and resources by Beijing. Indeed... handled by the Ministry of Agriculture, but the Public Security Ministry and the State...'s a Bureau of Fisheries in the Ministry of Agriculture, and that oversees fisheries, and there are... differences between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the PLA in China so you... Ministry of Transport has their forces there; the China Marine Surveillance; the Ministry of Public...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-06
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0.18/5
... terms of arable land protection. It further discusses the concept and practical implications of land governance in relation to food and environmental security, and.../en/. -3- Cultivated Land and Food Security in China: Discourses and Securitisations Famine and security ‘Security... Integrated Survey of Natural Resources and Chinese Academy of Sciences, has suggested that China should... 2010. 12 Zhong and Li 2009, 1-8; ‘Minister of China’s Ministry of Land and Resources talks about [China’s] food cannot... and more effective strategy. The best way to solve China’s water and land resources problems is to import food. Since grain growth needs more land and water resources, importing grain equates to importing land and water resources. Opponents of land protection are clearly concerned by the unhealthy explosion of... on land and food, many people still take a fairly optimistic view of China’s food... China’s limited land resources and large population. The second is man-made and centres on China... low, and the potential for land reserve resources limited.24 Of the total of 960....3 mha). See, ‘China has about 800 million mu of cultivable land resources’, sina.com..., Rong and Qiu Dao-chi 2008, 69-72. ‘Report of Ministry of Land and Resources: China lost 120... 2006 2007 2008 Year Source: Ministry of Land Resources (1996-2008) Four factors may... occupancy accounts for 23%. ‘Ministry of Land and Resource: China’s Cultivated land loss is moving in... factory, commercial, residential, and others uses), according to the Ministry of Land Resources, a 44.2% increase... of cultivation and land taken into cultivation; the second is the 33 See ‘Land resources’ 2009, published by the Ministry of Land and Resources, China, http://www.mlr.... Land governance: a comprehensive approach Land resources are essential for the survival and development of human beings. Cultivated land... of land governance. The Chinese government has already launched a survey of cultivated land quality and... a viable and inclusive system of land governance. In other words, good land governance is... to treat issues of land and food security merely as matters of national strategy... and to strengthen farmers’ and officials’ legal literacy. Similarly, raising public awareness of land issues as well as consciousness of environmental protection and sustainability... very much unless China takes the issue of land quality and agricultural productivity really seriously. Thus, when implementing land policies, cultivated land... time, China should actively support and promote activities to restore eroded land and polluted water. In particular, the promotion of innovation and development of water... Gongbao (China Communiqué of Land and Resources), 1996-2008. - 29 - Bibliography Ash, Robert F. and Richard Louis Edmonds. 1998. China’s land resources, environment and agricultural production. The China Quarterly... Land Carrying Capacity of China Based on Man-Grain Relationship. Journal of Natural Resources 23... and Qiu Dao-chi. 2008. The situation and countermeasures of the protection of cultivated land resources in China. Urban Problems 12... and protection of the cropland in China: based on the perspective of land supervision. Journal of Natural Resources 24(3): 387-401. Li, Yue, Lin Erda and... of, and vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in water resources and agricultural sectors in China.... The Tragedy of Great Power Politics. New York: W.W. Norton. Minister of Land and Resources: [China’s] food... Times 24 September 2009. Ministry [of Agriculture]: China becomes first nation to halve.../6502903.html. Ministry of Land and Resources Report: China lost 120 million mu cultivated land in ten.../16/content_4308627.htm. MLR (Ministry of Land and Resource), China. ‘Land resources 2009’, http://www.mlr.gov.... MLR (Ministry of Land and Resource), China. Report on China’s cultivated land quality level survey and assessment. Released.../ t20091224_130738.htm. MLR (Ministry of Land and Resource), China. Communiqué of Land and Resources in China 1996-2009. Cf. www.... 2007. Analysing the problems of China’s cultivated land resources and search for strategic options. Agro... of water resources and the food security in the border area of China: a case study of... on Cultivated Land Protection: from both quantity and quality. China Land and Resource 22 January...



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0.14/5
China Matters: Exploring this Diverse Land and People Global Classroom Workshops made ... ...................................................................................................................... 2 CHINA-U.S. FACT SHEETS ............................................................................................... 3 General............................................................................................................................ 3 Environmental ............................................................................................................... 4 CHINA - GENERAL RESOURCES .................................................................................. 5 GENERAL RESOURCES FOR EDUCATORS.............................................................. 6 Teaching Materials ........................................................................................................ 7 CHINALAND... include China Matters: Exploring This Multidimensional Land and People, China’s Environmental Challenge, China: Factory of the..., and resources. XPEDITIONS http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/ Searchable database of a wide variety of... and awareness about China. The GlobalEd database includes a variety of international teacher resources on China and.../15699/ China’s constitution lays down the principle of collective ownership of land as the... community, and non-governmental organizations. MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION – THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA http... of China's remarkable growth record has been increasingly severe environmental degradation. Water MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES – THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA http://www.mwr.gov.cn/english/ The Ministry of Water Resources of the People’s Republic of China is the department of the State... Dianchi Lake and the Taihu Lake Basin. Industrial Pollution MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... because of rampant illegal use. The Ministry of Land and Resources recently announced the land-use plan... A survey released last month by China’s Ministry of Land and Resources revealed that the country has... of their compound without a word. 30 Additional “Green” Efforts MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION: CHINA... nation and aspires to a more middle-class lifestyle, China's air, land, and water are beginning to suffer. Already, a massive dust cloud of... – TO HAVE AND HAVE NOT – DOCUMENTARY OF CHINA AND LAND REFORM PLUS RESOURCES FOR TEACHERS http... summer of 2000. 38 China Curriculum Unit CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE... U.S. Institute of Peace CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION..., ECONOMIC, AND SOCIAL MOSAIC” POWERPOINT 2 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE INTRODUCTION FOR TEACHERS “One’s approach to China’s diversity is first of... of China into their lives. TIME: One week 3 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND... verdant rice paddies? 4 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE 4) Do you think that huge swaths of China’s geography... China. 5 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE MONUMENTS REFLECTING OLD AND NEW 16) China is a great blend of... leader of the People’s 6 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE Republic of China until... be taken apart and transported. 7 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE 42... commonplace all over China. 8 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE DIVERSE POPULATION... made and fitted while you wait. 9 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE... consumer and polluter* 10 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE • • • • Emerging regional and... should know about China? 11 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE NOTE... end of the PowerPoint) to study China? 12 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND... a simplified and shallow image of China. 13 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE “Why... the focus of their topics. 14 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE.... 15 CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE RESOURCES FOR STUDENTS AND TEACHERS PHOTOGRAPHS OF CHINA (1979-2008) • All of the... CHINA MATTERS: EXPLORING THIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAND AND PEOPLE Watch three excerpts from “Young and Restless in China” (http...



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0.18/5
... China haven’t distinguished conventional and unconventional oil, so “China’s conventional oil resources” published by China’s Ministry of Land and Resources (MLR) include some unconventional oil [6]. Furthermore, China... of China, the URR of unconventional oil he selects contains a significant portion of undiscovered resources. The aim of this paper is to objectively forecast China..., and suitable production forecasting methodology. 2. Resource and Production 2.1 Ultimate Recoverable Resources (URR) of China’s oil Ultimate Recoverable Resources (URR) is an estimate of the total resources... for China’s conventional oil. According to the “New round of oil and gas resources assessment report”, published by China’s Ministry of Land and Resources in 2006, China’s conventional... evaluation of oil and gas resources in China” published in 2010 [15]; and was again... in the “Dynamic evaluation of oil and gas resources in China” published in 2015... technically recoverable resources (TRR) of China’s light tight oil (including tight oil and shale... recoverable resources (TRR) of China’s light tight oil is in the range of 0.273... recoverable resources (TRR), 3.948 billion tons, as the ultimate recoverable resources (URR) of China... TRR, not economically and technically recoverable resources. For the URR of China’s kerogen oil, the first authoritative estimation comes from China’s Ministry of Land and Resources. According to its “New round of oil and gas resources assessment... “New round of oil and gas resources assessment report” published by China’s Ministry of Land and Resources in 2006. According to this report, the technically recoverable resources of China... to the report of BGR [3], the technically recoverable resources of China’s oil sands is only 25 million tons, and the URR of China.... Nevertheless, for some unconventional oil and gas resources, e.g. China’s oil sands, it has... Foundation of China University of Petroleum, Beijing (No. 2462014YJRC024), Humanities and Social Sciences Fund of China’s Ministry of Education (Grant No. 15YJC630121), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant... Institute of Geology and Natural Resources (BGR). Energy study 2012: reserves, resources and availability of Energy resources... L, Steve M, et al. China's unconventional oil: A review of its resources and outlook for long... of Newcastle; 2010 [PhD thesis]. [14] Ministry of China National Land and Resources: Research Center for Oil and Gas Resources Strategy. New Round Evaluation of Domestic Oil and Gas Resources. Beijing: China Earth Press; 2005. [15] Ministry of China National Land and Resources Research Center for Oil and Gas Resources Strategy. National Petroleum Resource Assessment 2010. Beijing: China Earth Press; 2010. [16] Ministry of China National Land and Resources Research Center for Oil and Gas Resources Strategy. National Petroleum Resource Assessment 2013. Beijing: China Earth... T. Discussion on the effectiveness of reserve and resources. Journal of UEST of China 1994; 4 (in Chinese... connection of China’s oil and gas resources to the world. Management Geological Science And Technology... discussion on the integration of China’s oil and gas resources to the world. Special... al. Evaluation form of China’s oil and gas resource series and recoverable resources. 1995. (in... F. Exploration Prospect of China’s unconventional oil and gas resources. Petroleum Exploration and Development. 2002(5). (in... hydrocarbon resources in China and the prospect of exploration and development. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2012a...] Ministry of China National Land and Resources. New round of oil and gas resources assessment report——Evaluation report of domestic oil shale resource. Beijing: China... WH, Zhao Q. Potentials and prospects of tar sands resources in China. Nat Gas Ind.... China’s unconventional oil and gas resources and the prospect of their exploration and development. Petroleum exploration and... LY, Zhao L, Snowden S. China's natural gas: Resources, production and its impacts. Energy Policy...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-18
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0.21/5
... include energy efficiency legislation and the renewal of clean energy tax credits... relief bill (H.R. 152) and on President Obama’s nomination of Senator John Kerry... 2011 tsunami and Fukushima nuclear disaster. The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee will hold one of its first hearings on the issue of... Resource Committee Priorities House Natural Resources Committee Chairman Doc Hastings (R-WA... reducing federal environmental regulation and maintaining strong oversight of executive actions. Chief... of scientific information into regulatory decision making, oversee energy research, and encourage... prevention of federal fracking regulation, continued Environmental Protection Agency rulemaking oversight, and the reduction of electricity generator burdens at the top of the list, with nuclear waste, coal ash, and renewable... force January 24, and acknowledged that much of the burden to act... audits of its buildings to improve energy efficiency. The Promoting Efficiency and... the risk of releases of hazardous chemicals from public water systems and wastewater... prohibit CO2 emissions regulations until China, India, and Russia implement similar reductions... relating to the use of clean-fuel and fuel efficient vehicles by... and responsibilities of members and discussion of committee structure, review the previous committee’s work, and discuss the status of the U.S. Environmental Export initiative. Department of Energy... January 24 both in support of and in opposition to exporting natural... Bill Johnson (R) and Tim Ryan (D) and signed by 108 of their colleagues; DOE... utilities for the management of nuclear waste and does not need to... version of a proposed rule for fracking regulations on federal land to the White House Office of Management and Budget for... disclose fracking chemicals and address issues of well-bore integrity and flowback water..., and Natural Resources Defense Council asked the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of...’s approval of interpollutant transfers of HCFCs January 22. Honeywell International and DuPont challenged... of green building rating systems. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007...’s use of green building certification systems every five years, and the agency... equipment prices, Japan’s Minister of Economy, Trade, and Industry, Toshimitsu Motegi, said... Nigam, director of wind policy at the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, said... Summit that despite years of concessions, exemptions, and incentives, India’s wind energy... stand on its own. The Ministry of Finance is questioning why the... and the Accelerated Depreciation scheme. Chinese GHGs Highest on Record The China... 1990. Average annual concentrations of CO2, CH4, and NOx for 2011 were... readings of 38.2 ppm for CO2, 1,861 ppb for CH4, and 324... in 2013 and have a market fully operational by the end of 2015... Gas January 27, 2013 Page 6 China’s Ministry of Land and Resources awarded January 22 16 companies... of such tenders. All but two of the winners are stateowned enterprises, and... each. Chinese Energy Development Plan China’s State Council released a development plan... energy and limiting total energy demand to the equivalent of 4 billion MT of... GW, and biomass power will reach 1.3 GW. The share of energy from... Korea’s Ministry of Environment announced January 21 that the promotion of environmentally friendly... more electric and hybrid vehicles on the road. About one of every.... Improving the US-China Trade Agenda The US-China Business Council released... about doing business with China. The report, China and the U.S. Economy: Advancing a Winning...; the reduction of regulatory and market access barriers; and the removal of favoritism toward... a number of products and processes by 2020, ban primary mercury mining, and promote the use of technologies in controlling emissions and releases from... down all of its 54 reactors and reconsider the role of nuclear power... encourage harmonization of technological standards, increase production, and lower the cost of electric... GHG Reductions The California Air Resources Board released emissions data January..., North Dakota, and Texas announced January 23 the membership of a new organization... January 17 to California Air Resources Board Chairman Mary Nichols encouraging... silent on the issue of updating direct and indirect ethanol carbon intensity... evaluate the energy and water efficiency of their buildings and report that information... of fracking fluid as it is the aggregate volume of brine and other... Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton informing them of his approval of the... sued the California Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources in the Alameda... biodiesel tax and market incentives are increasing the cost of feedstocks and forcing...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-06
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0.18/5
.... China’s Coal Industry: Resources, Constraints, and Externalities Contents Executive Summary .................................................................................................................... 4 I. Overview .............................................................................................................................. 5 II. China Coal Resources and Production ............................................................................. 5 2.1. Reserve estimates ......................................................................................................... 5 2.2. Reserves by location, quality, and depth... ................................................................................... 10 2.5. Water resources and requirements .............................................................................. 12 2.6. International coal prices and trade .............................................................................. 12 III... the range of Chinese and international estimates of remaining coal reserves and resources as well as key characteristics of China... role of coal in China‘s ongoing energy and economic development. II. China Coal Resources and Production It is widely agreed that China possesses the third largest coal resources in the world, behind the United States and Russia... extent or availability of China‘s coal resources. Estimates vary among Chinese and international sources... types of coal, and due to confusion of reserve and resource categories. 2.1. Reserve estimates China... Review of World Energy. In 2003, based on a new national survey of resources, China‘s Ministry of Land and Resources released an updated estimate of 189 billion tonnes... tonnes of reserve base, on to a 1,021 billiontonne estimate of total resources.3 The reserve base encompasses all identified resources that meet the physical and... Survey of Energy Resources. London: WEC Press. MLR. 2003. National Coal Resources and Reserves... beyond proven technology and current economic conditions. Figure 1: China Coal Resources and Reserves, 20084 Economic, Engineering, & Environmental Factors Sub-economic Resources Marginally... Resources Probability Range Undiscovered Resources Geological Factors According to the National Bureau of..., and 19% natural gas. 4 Data are sourced from the Ministry of Land and Natural Resources and NBS... provincial distribution of indicated economic reserves according to the Ministry of Land and Resources 2003 Survey... recovery rates and localscale investment and regulatory costs. 2.5. Water resources and requirements China‘s average per... reserves and production are concentrated in the north, limited water resources have posed problems for increased production and coal washing. North China...% of national water resources. Average per-capita water availability in North China is..., southern China has ample water resources and often faces the threat of annual flooding. As for China‘s mining... energy consumption because of the availability of other fossil fuel resources in large... Guodong. (2008) Coal in China: Resources, Use, and Advanced-Coal Technologies. Pew Center... Guodong. (2008) Coal in China: Resources, Use, and Advanced-Coal Technologies. Pew Center... of China‘s coal resources are located in the inland northern provinces of Shanxi, Shaanxi, and... years 4.1.2. Grid options China‘s divergent distribution of coal resources presents attractive policy potential..., political stability, and ballooning carbon emissions. Given the Ministry of Land and Resources estimate of 189 billion tonnes remaining domestic coal reserves and the... according to the Ministry of Land and Resources indicated economic reserve estimate of 189 billion tonnes... a price of at least $130 per kilogram of uranium, China‘s identified resources are estimated at 60,000 tons of uranium.56 However, China... largest uranium resources at 816,000 tons. In 2006 China signed an...% and 40% and sulfur between 1% and more than 5%. Since the 1980s, the fraction of China... Watch Group (EWG). 2007. Coal: Resources and Future Production. Berlin: EWG-Paper... Coming Decades: The Case of China,‖ Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Vol. 33: 19...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-28
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0.26/5
... RUSH Promise and Pitfalls of Greenland’s Energy and Mineral Resources tim boersma and kevin foley... AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 01 About the John L. Thornton China Center and... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES III Table of Contents Acronyms and Abbreviations... RUSH – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES IV Acronyms and Abbreviations BP... Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Greenland Institute of Natural Resources Greenland Minerals and Energy... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES VI POLITICS, POLICY, AND REGULATION CHINA AND GREENLAND Investment in mineral and energy resources... AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES VII discussions about raw materials security, and... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES VIII The town of Ilulissat (formally... AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 1 have also encouraged mining, but the resources... mineral and energy resources. Then, we provide a broad overview of energy and mineral resources in... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 3 strategic anxieties in the U.S. and European... RUSH – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 4 Arctic ice of Rode Fjord... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 7 Danish firms, primarily Danish and Faroese... management and exploitation of its subsoil resources, ending the system of joint administration and joint... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 9 Figure 2: Greenland Seafood and Prepared Foods... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 10 mineral revenue and stipulated that... of Minerals and Petroleum (which in early 2014 became the Ministry of Industry and Mineral Resources).25 GREENLANDIC DEBATES ON MINING AND POLITICAL... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 11 Figure 3: Greenland Geology and Selected... RUSH – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 12 of seats in the... season and exposing more areas of land to geologic research. In the case of... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 15 ENERGY RESOURCES The government of Greenland has high expectations of oil... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 16 Figure 4: Areas of Hydrocarbon Development... indicated resources of 380 million metric tons at 33 percent Fe and inferred resources of... RUSH – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 25 reserves of REE are... AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 26 a London-based mining consultant and former... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 27 Uranium Uranium resources are thought... (tU) of indicated resources (somewhat well defined) and 120,000 tU of inferred resources (in... AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 31 A small town in the south of... RUSH – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 33 policies, and may someday... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 34 Table 1: EU List of 20... AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 37 of the lack of geological research and data... with the Greenland Ministry of Education. Finally, the indicative amount of financial support... AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 39 positive from a global trade point of... RUSH – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 41 Village of Kulusuk in.... EXCHANGES BETWEEN CHINA AND GREENLAND With the passage of the 2010 Mineral Resources Act... support of investment deals.134 In 2012, Xu Shaoshi, China’s Minister of Land and Resources (and now the head of China’s National Development and Reform Commission... AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 45 with brief case studies of the... – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES 47 International memoranda of understanding are... visited China in 2011 to attend the China Mining Congress in Tianjin, China’s Ministry of Land and Resources... a key outcome of the conference. Following the Mining Congress, China’s Ministry of Land and Resources announced non... China’s economic security, and from Beijing’s perspective securing iron ore resources remains a point of acute strategic anxiety. China’s economic planning... delivered this year to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the government... of resources, the Isua project would reduce China’s dependence on mines in Australia and... of any THE GREENLAND GOLD RUSH – PROMISE AND PITFALLS OF GREENLAND’S ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-09
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0.27/5
... to pursue comprehensive exploration of both onshore and offshore areas within North... review efforts to find and develop oil and gas resources in the Yellow..., in vain, to find and develop petroleum resources. This effort has been... Korea established the “Administration Bureau of Fuel Resources and Geological Exploration.” The first... along the coastal seabed of the East and Yellow Seas. 1970s: The... Exploration Consultants (AEC) of Singapore regarding oil exploration and development, but this..., a subsidiary of Schlumberger, to survey Blocks, 1, 2 and 3. The exact location of these blocks... of West Korea Bay within the INAP zone. During this period, China also carried out a seismic survey of the western Korea... issue unsettled, and there have been no reports of Chinese participation in...’s offshore exploration and development since the second half of the 1980s. In... of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and the Pyunsung division of North Korea’s Academy of Sciences undertook a study on North Korea’s coastal geological structure and untapped resources, and found signs of oil from Heungnam offshore... Oil Exploration Bureau to the Ministry of Crude Oil Industry. Then during... related equipment and concentrating on exploration of the promising areas and finding more... NL of Australia in 1990. Meridian was formerly part of the Independent Resources Ltd (ILR) group, which acquired control of Beach Petroleum NL, Adelaide, and... and Australian companies were invited to examine prospects after North Korea’s Ministry of National Resources Development drafted framework laws governing... firm that acts on behalf of the Ministry of Energy. The agreement provides... and interpretation of the earlier seismic shot by GECO, together with acquisition and processing of... period of the exploration phase at an approximate cost of US $7 million and then one more well in each of the... Sulbi. This consists of a five-year exploration period and a twenty-year production... line kilometers of seismic shot during the Soviet period and evaluated data... the Lower and Middle Miocene sediments at subsurface depths of below 2,100... an exploration area of 7,000 kilometers, two thirds offshore and one third onshore in the Anju and Onshon basins. The terms of... the northeastern part of the Korean Peninsula and southwest of Vladivostok, Russia. According to Ben Tan, executive vice president of... of one trillion cubic fact of natural gas and 10 million barrels of oil... with the government of North Korea to explore and develop all the... to reserve royalties, revenues and the pick of the best acreage should... data and introducing foreign investment in return for a share of future production and... R. Choi, a geologist of Korean ancestry, based in Australia and a technical adviser for... made of thick carbonate rocks (5,000 meters) of the Late Preterozoic and Early... oil and gas from several wells and hydrocarbon shows from all of the... are Tertiary sandstone of a good reservoir physical property and fractured carbonate rocks... million tonnes, those of the second, third and fourth fifth are 50... million tonnes, a small amount of oil, and 10 million tonnes respectively. It... both the China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) and Korea National Oil... exploration technology and financial capacity to determine the extent and location of these reserves, the exploration of the Yellow... any existence of hydrocarbon resources could trigger the kind of claims and counterclaims that have been witnessed in other parts of... North Korea and China, and South Korea and China is very difficult. If China maintains the silt-line principle based on the concept of the... issue between South Korea and China, the focus of the argument is different... 2003, Interfax China reported that China is conducting active surveying and prospecting for... Yellow Sea and part of the East China Sea. Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology (QIMG), under the auspices of China’s Ministry of Land and Resources... of hydrocarbon deposits. However, fearing the prospect of a territorial dispute with Japan and... in cooperation with South Korea and China, specifically cooperation between North Korea... National Oil Corporation (KNOC) and the China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC... Korea and led to cancellation of the proposed meeting. To date, KNOC and... issue with China and to cooperating in exploration and development. Such contacts and, better... North and South should first adopt a common approach to China in resolving... this issue and proceed to joint exploration and development in one of the...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-16
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0.2/5
... Mr Xiao Yong, Partner and Head of China Practice of Vinson & Elkins, for the... its unconventional resources. Natural gas only made up 4 per cent of China’s total... of shale gas and liquids in China lags significantly behind the USA. Although China... purposes of this article that the development of shale gas and liquids resources in China and... Geologic Evaluation and Targets Optimization of Shale Gas’ issued by the Ministry of Land and Resources on... forward. Does China have the resources required to satisfy these needs? China’s Ministry of Land and Resources (MLR), which currently has responsibility for shale gas and shale... metres (tcm) of potentially recoverable shale gas resources.7 US estimates of Chinese shale... of China’s insatiable need for oil and gas, the Chinese government began a push of... assess China’s shale gas potential, promote environmentally-sustainable development of shale gas resources, conduct joint technical studies to accelerate development of shale gas resources in China, and promote shale gas investment in China through the U.S.-China Oil and... (and consciously) maintained a high-profile focus on developing its shale gas resources. Therefore, there exists great and exciting potential for.... 3. China’s legislative and regulatory framework Overview 10 11 See Art 3 of the Mineral Resources Law of... Petroleum Resources, first promulgated by the State Council in October 1993 and... occasions, and the Regulations on the Exploitation of Offshore Petroleum Resources in Cooperation... resource exploration and exploitation is that all natural resources in China belong to... of natural resources in China, including shale gas. In this regard, the Mineral Resources Law of... NEA) and the Ministry of Commerce (MOC). These agencies have various supervisory and approval... over the development of shale resources. Unfortunately, the result of this struggle was... Notice of the Ministry of Land and Resources no 30 of 2011. The notice is dated and made effective as of... a similar way to other mining resources, and in particular, MLR probably intended... petroleum resources would not apply to the exploration for and production of shale... regulation of the shale gas industry in China. Paul Deemer and Nicholas Song Á China... petroleum resources which are used in Chinese offshore and onshore oil and gas... growth of natural gas output, and the development and utilization of unconventional oil and gas resources, such as coal bed gas and..., the Ministry of Finance (the MOF), the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Environmental Protection. The absence of regulations creates... for a comprehensive geological survey of China’s shale gas resources in order to better... State Council of China issued the Circular on the Planning and Development of Strategic... basis of China’s next phase of industrial development, including energy efficient technologies and new... production, exemption from mineral resources compensation fees and exemption from customs tariffs...-ftsi-form-jv-to-tap-china-s-unconventional-resources.html4 Downloaded from http... purpose of gaining technology and know-how in the development of shale resources, although... for 2014. The Notice of the Ministry of Finance and the National Energy Administration...? Since CNPC and Sinopec control vast tracts of land within China for conventional petroleum... geology and geography of the shale plays in China are quite different from, and... to end users, and the lack of plentiful water resources close to the... of August 2013, only China Huadian had started drilling, and only 627 kilometers of... due to the absence of the ‘Majors’ and China’s oil and gas SOEs from... typical issues surrounding exploration and extraction of mineral resources, it would be useful... and action plans for land owners in terms of respecting the rights of land owners and compensation for the owners in agricultural areas, conservation areas and... have on its water resources and possible contamination of its land. The Shale Gas... 12, 2014 Land access policies Paul Deemer and Nicholas Song Á China’s ‘Long March... out of reach. By all accounts, China has abundant shale gas resources which... conditions of China’s shale gas plays and that also reduces the pressure on China’s limited water resources.