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#Новостная лента.
12015-04-30. Eumetsat вступила в спор с ВВС США относительно емкости метеорологических спутников.
Глава европейской организации отверг претензии ВВС США об обязательствах предоставлять информацию о погоде над индийским океаном. При этом, Alena Ratier, генеральный директор компании, напомнила ВВС США о том, что емкость надо было создавать пока работает текущее поколение аппаратов, а не откладывать на потом. При этом, она также подчеркнула, что свободной емкости у Европы после 2017 года не будет.
Безусловно, что ВВС предполагала такой ответ, поэтому 29 апреля они обнародовали планы о запуске космических аппаратов DMSP-20. Однако, ведомство не раскрыло механизм использования космических аппаратов предназначенных для полярных орбит на геостационаре. При этом, военные, прямо обвинили европейцев в обмане относительно планов по финансированию создания новых космических аппаратов.Тэги: European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological SatellitesВоенно-воздушные силы США
22015-12-12. CNES и EUMETSAT пришли к соглашению относительно полезной нагрузки космических аппаратов серии Metop.
Космическое агентство Франции и Eumetsat подписали кооперационное соглашение по разработке нового поколения инфракрасных интерферометров. Согласно документу сроком запуска космических аппаратов с новыми приборами объявлены 2021-2040 годы. Также стороны согласились, что Франция выделит на разработку устройств порядка 70 процентов от общей суммы, а Eumetsat порядка 30 процентов. Новый прибор должен будет измерять инфракрасный спектр с два раза более высоким разрешением и радиометрической точностью чем предыдущие приборы. Это нововведение позволит получить более аккуратные профили температуры и влажности и улучшить точность прогнозов погоды в диапазонах от 12 часов до 10 дней.Тэги: Космическое агентство ФранцииEuropean Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological SatellitesСерия METOP
32016-09-07. Newtec и Telekom Austria Group получили новый контракт.
Newtec и Telekom Austria Group получили очередной заказ от EUMETCast на поставку оборудование и оказание услуг по сбору и обработки данных с орбитальной группировки European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT). На первом этапе проекта компании обеспечат реализацию дополнительных 18 Мгц спутниковой емкости космического аппарата Eutelsat 10A (в 2017 году этот ресурс будет увеличен до 36 Мгц) и сделают данную емкость доступной всем конечным пользователям. В качестве наземного оборудования проекта будут задействованы модемы Newtec MDM6000 и возможности австрийского телепорта. Также EUMETCast осуществит приобретение и установку программного обеспечения, которое должно будет позволить метеоорганизации получать и обрабатывать данные в режимах близких к реальному времени.Тэги: NewtecEutelsat W2AEuropean Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
42016-09-24. EUMETSAT переместила космический аппарат Meteosat 8.
European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) переместила космический аппарат Meteosat 8 (MSG 1) в точку стояния над индийским океаном. Данный маневр был совершен с целью замены отслужившего 20-и летний срок космического аппарата Meteosat 7. Ранее MSG 1 выполнял роль горячего резерва для космических аппаратов Meteosat 9/10. Переход занял около 80 дней и для его осуществления использовался дрифт спутника по орбите. Также, в ходе перемещения, европейская метеоорганизация выполнила ряд тестов бортового оборудования.Тэги: MSG 1European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
52016-12-15. EUMETSAT заключила контракт с Thales Alenia Space.
Компания Thales заключила с европейской метеорологической организацией контракт на поставку наземных систем для работы со вторым поколением Eumetsat Polar System (КА серий Metop SG-A/B). Частью нового контракта будет также являться оказание услуг по сбору, обработке и предоставлению данных заинтересованным лицам и организациям. При этом, согласно контракту, данный процесс будет проходить в режиме близкому к "реальному времени"юТэги: European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological SatellitesСпутники второго поколения METOP
62017-03-16. Serco выиграла контракт на управление европейскими метеоспутниками.
European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) заключила новый контракт с Serco на предмет продолжения работ по управлению серией геостационарных КА. В рамках нового контракта поставщик будет отвечать за:
1. Мониторинг и управление 4 КА.
2. Управлением наземной космической инфраструктурой.
3. Управление наземными станциями и антеннами.
4. Управление передачей данных между КА.
В рамках решения данной задачи Serco привлечет Telespazio Vega Deutschland. Срок действия договора шесть лет с опциональной возможностью продления на 1 год (данное продление может осуществляться три раза). Тэги: European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological SatellitesСерия METOPTelespazio
72017-09-12. Eumetsat заключило два пусковых контракта.
Европейская метеорганизация Eumetsat объявила о том, что она осуществит выведение двух своих космических аппаратов нового поколения при помощи РН серии Союз-СТ, а третий аппарат будет запущен при помощи либо РН Союз-СТ или Ариан 6.
Первыми двумя аппаратами являются Metop-SG A1/B1 (платформа AstroBus) и они должны быть запущены в период между 2021 и 2023 годами. Всего в перспективную орбитальную группировку должно будет входить шесть аппаратов, которые будут производиться парами. Спутники будут функционировать на солнечно-синхронной орбите высотой около 800 км. Запуск КА Metop C должен будет состояться в конце 2018 года, и он станет последним аппаратом нынешнего поколения европейской метеогруппировки (должен будет заменить 11-и летний КА Metop A). Тэги: European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological SatellitesСерия РН Союз-СТMetop-SG-A1Metop-SG-B1

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..., NASA and 2 new partners : the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric... cover the needs of the operational community for near real time observations in World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) standardised formats for..., for the first delivery of OSTM/Jason-2 products to users, set to ‘d’ for the reprocessed delivery) : product duration (S : segment for OGDR, P : pass for I/GDR) : cycle number of... routinely used in meteorological and research entities, either for calibration of other data... services for the satellite  CNES provides a command and control center for the satellite, a European Earth Terminal and data processing, archiving and distribution infrastructure for the... distribution infrastructure for the mission  EUMETSAT provides a site and infrastructure for accommodation of the European Earth terminal, to be integrated into the EUMETSAT... the electronic one. Two Optical Units collect a part of the laser pulse, one for the time dating and the other one for detection and amplitude measurement of the pulse. The...://www.eumetsat.int EUMETSAT is the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites. Its role is to deliver..., which is the prime dissemination mechanism for EUMETSAT satellite data and meteorological products... the absolute bias to 19.5 cms.  A wrong antenna reference point for the computation of the Jason-2 range. If applied correctly, the JA2 range... for typical scientific applications. The MLE-3 Ku-band parameters are provided for the convenience of specialized studies on the calibration and validation of the mission and impact of... pulse of radiation and measuring the time required for the pulse to return from the... of the grid values. The MSS grid can be useful for data editing purposes, for the calculation of along track and cross track geoid gradients, for the calculation of gridded gravity anomalies, for geophysical studies, for a reference surface... the generation of the grid values. The MDT provides the absolute reference surface for the ocean circulation. The... only of the surface pressure, see Chelton et al. [2001]. The dry meteorological tropospheric... behavior makes the AMR measurement of the wet tropospheric delay unusable. The ECMWF meteorological fields are interpolated to provide the... from an interpolation of the ECMWF model. The best accuracy for the wind vector varies... in BUFR-formatted dataset for distribution via the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Global... title for the data set The name of the data producer The method of production of original data... Name of the Orbit Revolution File used to create the pass file Name of the meteorological files used to create the pass file Name of the... the difference between TAI and UTC reference time (seconds) for the first measurement of the data set. [leap_second] is the UTC time... the difference between TAI and UTC reference time (seconds) for the first measurement of the data set. [leap_second] is the UTC time... of the World Weather Watch. It is implemented and operated by National Meteorological Services of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) members and also by a few international organizations (ECMWF, EUMETSAT). The... meteorological telecommunication centres. Jason-2 BUFR products are designed primarily for dissemination via the... on the GTS. The WMO FM-94 BUFR (Binary Universal Form for the Representation of Meteorological... achieve efficient exchange and storage of meteorological and oceanographic data. It is... Satellites Océanographiques Basic Radar Altimetry Toolbox Binary Universal Form for the Representation of Meteorological data Climate Variability and Predictability program Collecte Localisation Satellites... Model European Center for Medium range Weather Forecasting Earth Gravity Model ElectroMagnetic European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites... Receiver Universal Time Coordinated World Meteorological Organisation 66 OSTM/Jason-2 Products Handbook...



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..., NASA and 2 new partners : the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric... cover the needs of the operational community for near real time observations in World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) standardised formats for..., for the first delivery of OSTM/Jason-2 products to users, set to ‘d’ for the reprocessed... routinely used in meteorological and research entities, either for calibration of other data... for the satellite, a European Earth Terminal and data processing, archiving and distribution infrastructure for the... distribution infrastructure for the mission • EUMETSAT provides a site and infrastructure for accommodation of the European Earth terminal, to be integrated into the EUMETSAT... the electronic one. Two Optical Units collect a part of the laser pulse, one for the time dating and the other one for detection and amplitude measurement of the pulse. The...://www.eumetsat.int EUMETSAT is the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites. Its role is to deliver..., which is the prime dissemination mechanism for EUMETSAT satellite data and meteorological products... the GEONETCast initiative include the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the World Meteorological... the absolute bias to 19.5 cms. • A wrong antenna reference point for the computation of the Jason-2 range. If applied correctly, the JA2 range... for typical scientific applications. The MLE-3 Ku-band parameters are provided for the convenience of specialized studies on the calibration and validation of the mission and impact of... model for the sum total of the ocean tide and loading tide heights from the... pulse of radiation and measuring the time required for the pulse to return from the... of the grid values. The MSS grid can be useful for data editing purposes, for the calculation of along track and cross track geoid gradients, for the calculation of gridded gravity anomalies, for geophysical studies, for a reference surface... the generation of the grid values. The MDT provides the absolute reference surface for the ocean circulation. The... only of the surface pressure, see Chelton et al. [2001]. The dry meteorological tropospheric... behavior makes the AMR measurement of the wet tropospheric delay unusable. The ECMWF meteorological fields are interpolated to provide the... from an interpolation of the ECMWF model. The best accuracy for the wind vector varies... in BUFR-formatted dataset for distribution via the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Global... title for the data set The name of the data producer The method of production of original data... Name of the Orbit Revolution File used to create the pass file Name of the meteorological files used to create the pass file Name of the... the difference between TAI and UTC reference time (seconds) for the first measurement of the data set. [leap_second] is the UTC time... the difference between TAI and UTC reference time (seconds) for the first measurement of the data set. [leap_second] is the UTC time... of the World Weather Watch. It is implemented and operated by National Meteorological Services of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) members and also by a few international organizations (ECMWF, EUMETSAT). The... meteorological telecommunication centres. Jason-2 BUFR products are designed primarily for dissemination via the... on the GTS. The WMO FM-94 BUFR (Binary Universal Form for the Representation of Meteorological... achieve efficient exchange and storage of meteorological and oceanographic data. It is..., 2004: Non parametric estimates of the sea state bias for the Jason-1 radar altimeter... Satellites Océanographiques Basic Radar Altimetry Toolbox Binary Universal Form for the Representation of Meteorological data Climate Variability and Predictability program Collecte Localisation Satellites... Model European Center for Medium range Weather Forecasting Earth Gravity Model ElectroMagnetic European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites... Receiver Universal Time Coordinated World Meteorological Organisation 62 OSTM/Jason-2 Products Handbook...



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... of Expedition 28 and the beginning of Expedition 29. Launch Services The first launch for the... is reviewing the cause for the March 4, 2011, launch failure of the Orbital Sciences Corporation... radar astronomy observations for the exploration of the solar system and the universe. The network also...) for the TDRS K satellite, which will become part of the space segment of the Space Network. The... determine if the new requirements fit the scope of the existing contracts. For the SLS, NASA is reviewing each element of... whether the new SLS requirements are within the scope of the current contract. For the MPCV, NASA recently announced that the Orion... the intellectual foundation for the robotic and human expedi- Y e a r understanding of the Earth system and the history of the... volcanoes. The energy for the volcanic activity came from the squeezing and stretching of the moon... regulates the temperature of the interstellar material and controls initial conditions for the formation of new... ability to expand the boundaries of aeronautical knowledge for the benefit of the Nation. These partnerships... and 31 students. For the second year of operation, the number of tasks was expected... of CommerCe DOC participated in an American Meteorological Society workshop on the effects of..., the Antarctica Data Acquisition (ADA) Station successfully began receiving images from the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites’ (EUMETSAT) Metop polar-orbiting satellites for the first A c t i v i t i e s conditions, wind speed, cloud formation, and drought conditions over the.... The Metop series records meteorological and environmental data used by U.S. and European weather services for analyses of... Boeing on the applicability of laser scanning technology for the dimensional measurement of aircraft components... precisely measure the form errors of mandrels needed for the fabrication of x-ray mirrors for future space-borne x-ray telescopes. The... include calibrations of rocket-borne instruments to maintain the accuracy of the instrumentation for the EUV... used in the aerospace industry for the calibration of infrared remote sensing systems for the Missile Defense Agency. One of...), led by the State Department. The RSIWG coordinates policy for the export of commercial remote... areas for the presence of cultural sites and to assess the status of known sites. For... knowledge of the distribution of the landscape features in den habitat were developed for the central... mosaics for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), U.S. Fish and Wildlife A c t i v i t i e s meters) for parts of the... DEMs exceeds that of the original sources used for the Oregon dataset. The LIDAR-based...-imaging satellites used include the panchromatic-only WorldView-1 satellite, 2 0 1 1 Imagery used for the pilot... issues licenses for the launch and operation of all nongovernmental U.S. satellites. Internationally, the FCC coordinates... authorizations for satellite networks. Many involved the routine testing or redeployment of satellites within... with the development of algorithms for soil moisture estimation from aircraft and satellites. ARS... moving toward the next phase of funding for the design and development of the Large Synoptic... for a total of 23 new missions. As was the case for the previous CubeSat solicitations, the quality of the proposals, in terms of both...), the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), Météo France, the U.K. Met Office, the Meteorological Service of Canada, Taiwan’s Central Weather Bureau, and others. All of these... for model testing and initialization, including for the response of the global ionosphere to the impact of... data for the first full year of operating the complete array of 86 strings of optical... of the planets and their satellites that is a reference library for science researchers and the... Development Program Enhanced Thematic Mapper European Union European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites extreme ultraviolet extravehicular activity EUV Variability Experiment Export-Import Bank of the...



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... the Department of Defense’s (DOD’s) polar-orbiting operational meteorological programs and capitalizing on the... continue the present collection of operationther the private or the public sector. al meteorological data for weather prediction and A coherent plan for.... Increassible for the onset of ENSO (El Niño and the ingly, the user community for remotely... of mul[ispectra]-image data from instruments on OWratiOna] meteorological satellites. CUITently, the number of spectral channels available and the calibration is insufficient for unambiguous... support the data needs of the National Weather Service for weather warning (the geostationary satellites) and global forecasting (the... its meteorological satellites to serve the public good. This has resulted in continuity of... announced, the Air Force had been planning a block change for DOD’s meteorological satellites. Like NOAA, DOD planned to initiate this upgrade after the satellites... distinctive meteorological satellites and perhaps fewer opportunities for program savings through economies of scale... satellites from Vandenberg Air Force Base. NOAA reimburses NASA and DOD for the... by the Air Force, as the basis for the next-generation series of polar-orbiting satellites... with the meteorological agencies and scientific organizations of other nations. ~ D.J. Baker, Under Secretaw for... environment. The importance of this factor is uncertain. DOD requirements for meteorological data have not changed in the post-Cold War... scenarios for consolidating meteorological programs. The first would, in effect, involve combining plans for DOD DMSP Block 6 with NOAA-O, -P, and -Q meteorological satellites. The principal technical... international agreement, meteorological data from NOAA’s POES satellites are provided to the U.S. National... not altered the U.S. intent to use European METOP satellites to satisfy a requirement for an AM polar orbiter. Plans call for... (chapter 4).53 Plans to use European satellites for NOAA’s AM mission—in effect...’s meteorological programs with European programs will require changes in the U.S.-supplied portion of METOP... for launch near the end of 2005. Similarly, the last of the current series of DOD DMSP satellites...: A Strategic Approach NOAA and DOD meteorological satellites.55 It also raises such... a system architecture consisting of both U.S. and European AM satellites, with the U.S. satellite designed to satisfy DOD’s imagery needs and the European... for operational meteorological and climatological data. Land remote sensing is not part of the... related to the development of an appropriate suite of instruments for converged environmental satellites cannot be fully resolved until the technical requirements for... set of requirements for NOAA’s and DOD’s meteorological systems will require an examination of the... reducing the number of spacecraft (the current total of four DOD and NOAA operational meteorological satellites in orbit simultaneously would be reduced to two), and reducing the... for NOAA (box 3-6). During the 1960s and 1970s, the development of NOAA’s operational weather satellites... assisted with the development of NOAA operational satellites through its funding for OSIP. For example, NASA built and paid for the launch of the first two geostationary operational satellites (called SMS, for synchronous meteorological satellite) that NOAA operated. TIROS-N, the prototype for the... of support within NASA for the development of operational meteorological instruments. Instead, as illustrated by the precursor and planned instruments for the... without the redundancy and backup satellites that characterize NOAA’s and DOD’s operational meteorological... with the documented need for the data. Lack of agreement within the U.S. government over the need for the... that are part of the instrument suite on the European ERS-1 and the Japanese JERS..., the only U.S. systems that routinely monitor the oceans are the weather satellites. Of particular interest for this report is the de- 1(~ DJ, Baker, P/ane( Earrh: The...



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... satellites— critical information gatherers for spaceflight, while serving a variety of other needs to the... model has become the premier model for assessment of small satellites,” Bearden said. Building... decided that the option of using astronauts for the repair was off the table. “So... projects for a number of nondefense agencies. For the Federal Aviation Administration, the company assisted with the Aerosat program, a system for communicating with transoceanic aircraft. For the Department of Transportation, Aerospace participated in studies of heavy-rail systems. For the Federal Energy Administration, the company did studies of energy-saving policies, and for the... operations study for the Western Conference of Councils of State Governments during the period 1968... was done for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Energy (DOE), the Energy... in the realm of energy resources covered a wide variety of issues. For the USGS, the company..., “The Future of High-Capacity 1968 within the Department of Justice), forcement projects for the city of... Aerospace for daily operation of these two successful missions, and for the resolution of anomalies... history in the development, launch, and operation of environmental satellites. For decades, the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) and the Polar... now include aspects of the European Meteorological Operational (MetOp) satellite program and the Ocean Surface... Meteorological Satellite Program, or DMSP) under a single national program. GOES I–M The mission of the... tracking, and meteorological research. The program formally began with the launch of the first operational..., and other meteorological data. The Solar Instrument Suite includes instruments for monitoring solar... distributed around the globe. The satellites also provide for the detection and location of emergency beacons... era of international cooperation between NOAA and EUMETSAT (the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites). In 1998, the two agencies signed an agreement creating the Initial... coverage of meteorological conditions for civil, military, and scientific purposes. A key capability of NPOESS... develop- For his work in assessing the cost effectiveness of different alternatives for the Hubble.... The failures of several satellites were attributed to the products of the Starfish test. During the 1960s... functions and oversaw the performance of the spacecraft fabricator and integrator for the Air Force... was in charge of systems engineering and oversight of the program for the Air Force.... Of concern is establishing the appropriate balance between the safety of the uninvolved public, the opportunity for the... to construct the launch site for the VentureStar vehicle during the height of its program... of the 10 sites on the results and the rankings. Interest in the Texas legislature for the development of a Texas spaceport waned with the cancellation of the VentureStar program, and many of the... developed the appropriate documentation for the license. Title 14, Chapter 3, Part 420 of the Code of... and preliminary layouts for the establishment of an operations center for the spaceport. Aerospace delivered... specifications for an operations center for the spaceport and will include the development of equipment... support of the state’s development of Spaceport America, and support in developing the application for the FAA launch site operator’s license. The Future of Spaceports Though the current focus for... without interruption, for their full orbit. The current constellation of nine satellites (seven active plus two spares) provides the communications link for a large suite of... to those used for the Dawn mission and the European Space Agency mission Rosetta... to the success of the mission. Another challenge for the Juno project is designing for operations... simulators for the entire upper portion of the vehicle forward of the solid rocket motor. The avionics... review of the certification requirements for the Orion heat shield for lunar return and the guidance... the success of the projects. During the past year, Aerospace has supported milestone reviews for the...



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... for the Agency’s space communications and tracking assets to the SCaN Office in the... descriptions of the target architectures of the integrated network are described in the ADD Volume 2 for... summarizes the evolution of the integrated network architecture for NASA's communication and navigation infrastructure for the... lay the groundwork for the next phase by beginning the implementation of key features of the Integrated... encompass the architectures of external organizations, nor of supported user missions. For example, the terrestrial.... Each element is responsible for the architecture of their respective development projects. Future... integration of the networks by the end of Phase 2 d) Development of a Destination Relay capability for exploration... to the supporting capabilities listed at the bottom of the figure for each time period. The... Architecture in Phases 2 and 3 The vision for the future SCaN Network architecture is... customers. The key feature of this concept for operations is the introduction of common internationally... integrated network architecture and set the stage for the Agency to provide high... for regions out of line-of-sight of Earth, filling a coverage gap. Operational details of the... 3. The SBR will augment/replace the TDRSS as the first and second generation satellites are retired. The capabilities for the... mitigate some of these issues. The concept of operations for Phase 3 builds upon the previous... include the addition of TDRS K, L, and M, and the completion of SGSS by the end of Phase 1. For the deep space domain, activities include the...), which will extend reliable communications for the MR; Interior Exploration using Seismic...&C). Many of these missions will be collaborative ventures with European or other... The primary driver for the Destination Relay capability is high data rate return for...-orbiting optical relay for higher availability c) Destination Relay satellites d) Space internetworking nodes... of relay communications payloads on science orbiters, or use dedicated relay satellites with storeand-forward, space internetworking, and system capabilities evolved from the.../Program Drivers The near-term primary drivers for the MR are the upcoming missions... in the long term, using more powerful transmitters and arrayed antennas. For the optical trunk lines to Earth, rates of at least... required for the successful implementation of the optical communication link capability, including demonstration of efficient..., which will enable the Earth-orbiting optical relay satellites. Adaptive and lightweight optics technologies will enable the deep.... The following sections contain descriptions of the SCaN integrated service architecture for each of the three time phases of deployment. The discussion includes the complete chronological set of ADPs identified for each phase. The... effectiveness of network management functions for the Agency. 3.4 Phase 3 Evolution The deployment of the third phase of... the Mars Relay communications payload LR-1: Coverage and Orbits of Lunar Relay Satellites – determine the orbital configuration of the Lunar Relay Satellites and... and the configuration of an integrated communications payload and support its development for the... Relay procurement – decide the capabilities and schedule for the Earth-based relay capability that succeeds TDRSS MR-3: Configuration of... the configuration of a mid-term integrated communications payload and support its development for the Mars Relay COM-1: Internetworking Architecture Deployment – make decisions regarding the... of space- and ground-based optical systems for the Earth domain - determine the optimum implementation mix of Earth-based optical stations and Earthorbiting optical relays for the near... the configuration of a long-term integrated communications payload and support its development for the Mars Relay OPT-3: Mars trunk decision - decide if the Mars... of space- and ground-based optical terminals for the deep space domain - determine the optimum mix of space relay and Earth-based ground terminals for the deep... EOP Earth Orientation Parameters EUMETSAT European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites EVA Extra Vehicular Activity FAR... ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging MetOp-B Meteorological Operational - B MPCV Multi-Purpose Crew...



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... benefit the numerical weather prediction, Published by Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European... through the European GMES/Copernicus initiative. 1 Introduction Infrared sounders are a key element of... part of the Earth Polar System Second Generation (EPS-SG) program of the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), the Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) has initiated the study of the IASI... consists in identifying the spectral regions offering the optimal characteristics for the retrieval. Three criteria might be used: the target... is the number of pressure layers. Figure 2 displays the channel sensitivity for the spectral resolution of...) The first term of Eq. (4) is the smoothing error, which accounts for the vertical sensitivity of the measurements to the retrieved profile and is related to the...−1 , the range covered by the temperature signal is higher for the IRS2 (∼ 0.3 K) than the IRS1 (∼ 0.15 K) scenarios. This stems directly from the... of degrees of freedom for the retrieval of temperature profile for the eight scenarios, using all the channels located in the... 6 represents the half-height widths and altitudes of the maximum of the H2 O Jacobians for the water..., the maxima of water vapour Jacobians cover a wider range of pressure levels for the IRS2...) Table 3. Number of degrees of freedom for the retrieval of water vapour profile for the six scenarios, using all channels located in the... seen: the gain in error is higher for the IRS2 scenarios, whatever the noise reduction is. The most significant... Sect. 2.3.2. Only a subset of channels is used for the retrievals, based on their.... Table 4 gives the improvement in the relative retrieval error obtained for the various scenarios with regards to the...) and for the IRS2 scenarios using the channels located either in the 15 µm CO2... the following, results are presented for the 7.7 µm band only. 4.2.2 Figure 9. As Fig. 2, for the CH4... the retrieved emissivity spectra and the reference ones averaged over the set of simulations for the IRS1a, b and c scenarios. For IRS1a-IASI, the standard deviation estimated for the spectral emissivity varies from about 0.01–0.015 % for the... used for the CO retrieval – average over the whole tropical TIGR situations. duction of the... spectra are analysed for monitoring tropospheric composition and for the study of its rapid... the boundary layer is better sounded, with a gain of 36 % for the IRS2c scenario. The... the surface, in particular for the less favourable polluted winter case (left): a value of... at 2–3 km for the IRS2b scenario. Even for the more favourable case of 26 May (Fig. 12, right), the IRS2b... used for the ozone retrieval. Average over the whole tropical TIGR situations. Retrieval of ozone Improvement in terms of errors and vertical information for the different... of independent information. It increases to five for the best-case scenario (IRS2c). For.... The figures provided here are for the tropical case situation, for which the impact of water vapour lines interferences is the... in the same spectral range interfere with each other (e.g. H2 O for the retrieval of CO and CH4 ). Reducing the interferences thus leads... a necessary condition for ice nucleation as well as for the persistence of condensation trails...: A high resolution physical method for temperature retrievals from satellites of the TIROS-N series, J. Clim... products for climate, Supplemental details to the satellite-based component of the “Implementation Plan for the Global Observing System for Climate in Support of the UNFCCC”, September 2006, WMO/TD No. 1338, WMO – World Meteorological... for satellite-based products for climate – 2011 update, December 2011, , WMO – World Meteorological... of IASI assimilation at global and convective scales and challenges for the assimilation of... distributions of methanol and formic acid retrieved for the first time from the IASI...



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... - European Space Research Institute ESRO - European Space Research Organisation EU - European Union EUMETSAT - European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites viii Eurocontrol - European Organisation for the Safety of Air... for the sake of human exploration and exploitation in the domain, astrophysical phenomena such as the... described as pivotal in the establishment of the first European organisation dedicated to outer space... a host of other satellites, including those operated by the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) and other meteorological organisations... for arranging contracts with European industries for the design and construction of the satellites constituting the space segments of... calls for the dissolution of European state boundaries and the establishment of a European federal state (Diez, 2006). The..., the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions towards a space strategy for the European... (MSAS) (European Commission, 2006a: ix). The development of these systems influenced the planning for the European GNSS... coverage. 126 European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol) (Eurocontrol, 2010a; European Space Agency... Council of the European Union, 2000; European Commission, 2008; 2009). For the EU, the potential security applications of... the programme: the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), for example, owns and operates the satellites planned to be used for the meteorology dimension (European Commission, 2008; 2009). The... the first three Sentinel missions, Sentinels-4 and -5 will be housed on meteorological satellites operated by EUMETSAT (European Space Agency, 2014e). The purpose of the Sentinel... outside the geopolitical borders of the EU, migration, nuclear facilities, treaty verification, the exploitation of natural... and operating satellites meant that the early years of the exploitation and exploration of near-Earth... example, meteorological satellites offer civilian populations information about weather in the coming days... a particular day. These meteorological satellites also provide a stream of data to scientific research... militaries for a number of purposes, including the coordination of ground and air operations. These meteorological satellites and services could thus be considered critical infrastructures for both... for reasons of confidentiality, information pertaining to the protection measures for the Galileo and Sentinel satellites... which may only worsen as the exploitation of near-Earth space grows. Although... the organisation for satellites which may or may not be launched. This has slowed the... for the first thirty years of space exploration and exploitation (Crowther, 2003: 157) and the... spacecraft, such as geostationary meteorological satellites and the Galileo satellites (Anonymous, 2012e). Although these... of consideration for financial viability, this is even more relevant for the physical protection of satellites. Because of the high costs of launching satellites, any additional...). According to the Impact Assessment accompanying the 2013 EC proposal for the creation of the European SST... beyond the competence of the civilian space agency (European Commission, 2013a: 22). The justification for the development of... financial support for the development of new SST sensors” (The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union... of recommended practices for states and organisations engaged in the exploration and exploitation of outer..., working to compensate for the uncertainties of the effects of radiation upon satellites and their components... value and benefits of space for the security of European citizens’, Official Journal of the European Union, 23... for the European Communities. European Commission (2007a) Communication from the Commission State of progress with the project..., the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions towards a space strategy for the European... and the Committee of the Regions on the establishment of an Intergovernmental Agreement for the operations of the European Earth... for the Defence and Security of the Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation adopted by Heads of... 1285/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the implementation and exploitation of European satellite navigation...



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... Summary 13 L. Canada European Space Agency (ESA) European Organisation for the Exploration of Meteorological Satellites (Eumetsat) (ESA) France... has become increasingly international: the European Space Agency (ES A), the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (Eumetsat), France, India... agreements for the open distribution of basic meteorological data, whether they come from satellites, ground... data from the NOAA and DMSP meteorological satellites. 10 U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment...: GOES-Next IS the new generation of geostationary meteorological satellites developed for NOAA and built... for specific policy issues concerning land remote sensing, the convergence of polar-orbiting meteorological satellites... involved. The history of efforts to converge civil and military meteorological satellites demonstrates how... of mul[ispectra]-image data from instruments on OWratiOna] meteorological satellites. CUITently, the number of spectral channels available and the calibration is insufficient for unambiguous... its meteorological satellites to serve the public good. This has resulted in continuity of... announced, the Air Force had been planning a block change for DOD’s meteorological satellites. Like NOAA, DOD planned to initiate this upgrade after the satellites... distinctive meteorological satellites and perhaps fewer opportunities for program savings through economies of scale... combining plans for DOD DMSP Block 6 with NOAA-O, -P, and -Q meteorological satellites. The principal technical... reducing the number of spacecraft (the current total of four DOD and NOAA operational meteorological satellites... paid for the launch of the first two geostationary operational satellites (called SMS, for synchronous meteorological satellite) that NOAA operated. TIROS-N, the prototype for the... Meteorological Satellite Program ESA = European Space Agency b Including $150 million estimated for the Japan... Ice of Technology Assessment, 1994 ropean Space Agency (ESA) and the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (Eumetsat) has allowed European countries to pursue much... take place through the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (Eumetsat; box 4-6). ESA currently operates ERS- 1 and is preparing ERS-2 for... around the world receive data of various kinds from polar and geostationary meteorological satellites.... The World Weather Watch of the World Meteorological Organization is a cooperative program for worldwide sharing of meteorological... tradition of open and timely sharing of meteorological data (box 4-3). CGMS. The Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites was founded in 1972 to harmonize the operations of geosynchronous meteorological satellites in connection with the WMO’S x SCC ch:iptcr -$, 9 SW [1.S. Congrc\\, Offlcc of... ~rigina] name of CGMS was tie Coordination of Geosynchronous Meteorological Satellites group. For more details, see Us. (Don- gress, Office of...) Commission of the European Community (C EC) World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological SatelIites (Eumetsat) Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS... and the Department of Defense is responsible for the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP). The National...-ALT EOS-AM Coordination of Geostationary Meteorological Satellites Consortium for International Earth Science Information... European Space Operations Center European Scientific Research Institute Engineering Test Satellite-VI European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites Federal Aviation Administration Food and Agriculture Organization Federal Coordinating Council for... European Remote-Sensing Satellite-1 ESA. See European Space Agency Eumetsat. See European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites, 12, 17, 20, 26, 27, 65, 123, 124 European Remote...



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... study for the establishment of Space Industry standards requested by the European Commission with the Programming... important interface for the exploitation of EO missions in particular in the context of high resolution... Observation ESA European Space Agency ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute EUMETSAT EUropean organisation for the exploitation of METeorological SATellites GCM... trade, the safety of workers and consumers, interoperability of networks, environmental protection, exploitation of research... set of voluntary electrotechnical standards as a basis for the creation of the Single European Market/European Economic Area without internal frontiers for goods... be the basis for the definition of the necessary missions. 3.2.2 Meteorological Missions (EUMETSAT) 3.2.2.1 Meteosat First Generation The first generation of...-on system. It consists of four geostationary meteorological satellites, along with their ground... placed on the use of commercially available telecommunications satellites for the purpose of distributing meteorological satellite data... the M/415 mandate and the specific target of this document. GMES is a European initiative for the implementation of information... monitoring tools for the duration of the crisis; • Delivery of tailored solutions and services. The European Commission... atmospheric variables in support of European policies and for the benefit of European citizens. Services are... 84 of 209 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • o Promote the construction of a European inter-pillar capability for the monitoring services...). 5.1.6 VGISC The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) in 2002 created a project for the development of a Global Information... for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. As a service of the European Commission, the JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the Union... also tools for the assurance of scientific information quality. 5.2.1.5 European Environment Agency The European Environment Agency... as the Statistical Office (Eurostat) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the United Nations... Member States for their research; • assists in implementing the programmes of the World Meteorological Organisation; • provides advanced training to the scientific staff of the Member States in the field of...-operation with the UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and the European Organisation of High Energy... - BUFR, GRIB The WMO Binary Universal Form for the Representation of meteorological data (BUFR) is a binary code designed to represent any meteorological... Forms have been widely adopted for the distribution of meteorological satellite products, especially those... addressed in the following as it represents an important interface for the exploitation of EO missions in particular in the context of high resolution... standardisation one level up. With the exploitation of synergies among INSPIRE, GEOSS and... of life. The European Commission presented it in June 2005 as the new initiative for the... Establish the baseline for the development of the European Space infrastructure in the context of the GMES Programme capable of... organisation to exploit the know-how and service provision ability of the others, also for the...; • a percentage of the revenue of the commercial operator; • a contribution to the cost incurred for the operation of the satellites. There are strong/established interfaces between the satellite operator and the... an effect of the current evolution of the EO system towards the use and exploitation of data... the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) as an international standardizing body for the purpose of Council... Establish the baseline for the development of the European Space infrastructure in the context of the GMES Programme capable of...