Ракета-носитель. KT-1. [Редактировать]

Китайская твердотопливная ракета-носитель. Структурно состоит из первой и второй ступеней от ракеты DF-31 ICBM с новой третьей ступеней. Ракета имеет также название Kaituozhe-1 (Explorer-1) и предназначена для запуска 100 кг на полярную орбиту. Первый запуск был запланирован на конец 2002 года. Третья ступень была разработана и испытана в 2001 году. 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1KuaizhouНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Все ракеты-носители
2Ракеты-носители сверхлёгкого класса (до 300-400 кг ПН на НОО)

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг20000
2Диаметр, м2
3Масса ПН (НОО), кг100
4Высота, м18

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Страна Китай

Перечень запусков ракетаносителя

#Наименование Дата пуска Ракета-носитель Космодром АппаратыТип
12014-0732014-11-21KT-1ЦзюцюаньКитайКитай1xKuaizhou 2
Запуск
22013-0532013-09-25KT-1ЦзюцюаньКитайКитай1xKuaizhou 1
Запуск
32003-F012003-09-16KT-1Венчанг1xKT-1 Test Payload
Запуск
42002-F012002-09-15KT-11xHTSTL-1
Запуск

Надежность ракета-носителя



Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «KT-1». [Перейти к поиску]


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...,056.54 kt 8,286,891.95 kt 1,170,715.42 kt 745,383.76 kt 361,272.84 kt 419,754.16 kt 493,504.86 kt 406,307.27 kt 1,740,776.24 kt 2,008,822.94 kt 499,137.37 kt 373,080.58 kt 269,674.85 kt 443,674.00 kt 567,567.26 kt 433,989.45 kt 298,002.42 kt 464,480.55 kt 180,511.74 kt 460,124.16 kt 2010 2010...,615.55 kt 6,414,463.08 kt 1,231,301.59 kt 808,859.53 kt 382,581.78 kt 347,668.27 kt 542,041.27 kt 469,346.66 kt 1,669,618.10 kt 1,504,364.75 kt 550,233.35 kt 371,214.08 kt 350,037.15 kt 441,796.49 kt 470,806.13 kt 345,119.71 kt 261,570.78 kt 432,739.00 kt 174,237.51 kt 424,843.95 kt 5,601,404.84 kt 3,487,566.36 kt 1,202,266.29 kt 853,662.93 kt 385,827.07 kt 337,433.67 kt 550,552.38 kt 450,347.94 kt 1,558,012.96 kt 1,203,843.10 kt 525,690.12 kt 324,859.53 kt 297,830.07 kt 394,800.22 kt 450,193.92 kt 294,907.47 kt 194,538.02 kt 297,214.02 kt 132,631.72 kt 362,743.31 kt 4,491,176.58 kt 2,068,969.07 kt 915,327.20 kt n.a. 385,614.39 kt 198,883.41 kt 568,777.37 kt 366,454.31 kt n.a. 525,862.47 kt 387,220.53 kt 239,964.81 kt 190,467.65 kt 294,559.11 kt 182,451.58 kt 121,740.73 kt 116,881.96 kt 204,878.96 kt 104,212.47 kt 330,855.08 kt Table 2. Total...,596.57 21,851.65 kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt kt 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010...



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... , k ∈ K , t ∈T. (5.6) Âûáîð óðîâíÿ óäîâëåòâîðåíèÿ íàñóùíûõ ïîòðåáíîñòåé â êà÷åñòâå îñíîâû íîðìèðîâàíèÿ ðàçìåðà îòðàñëè îáóñëîâëåí òåì îáúåêòèâíûì ôàêòîì, ÷òî ýòà öåëü, â îòëè÷èå îò ëþáîé äðóãîé, çàâåäîìî ïðèñóùà êàæäîìó èíäèâèäóóìó. Ïîêàçàòåëü (5.6): !" âûðàæàåò ïîòåíöèàëüíóþ ñïîñîáíîñòü àãðàðíîãî ñåêòîðà óäîâëåòâîðÿòü íàñóùíûå ïîòðåáíîñòè; !" !" ikt ijk ó÷èòûâàåò öåëåíàïðàâëåííîñòü îáùåñòâåííîãî ïðîèçâîäñòâà, âûäåëÿÿ èç ñèñòåìû öåëåé íåîáõîäèìîñòü ïîëíîãî óäîâëåòâîðåíèÿ íàñóùíûõ ïîòðåáíîñòåé â êà÷åñòâå ïðèîðèòåòíîé — êàêîâîé îíà è ÿâëÿåòñÿ íà äåëå; íåñâÿçíîñòü ôóíêöèîíàëüíîé ìàòðèöû ìîäåëè â äàííîì îïòèìóìå ïî Ïàðåòî; !" íàëè÷èå àëüòåðíàòèâíûõ áàçèñíûõ ìèíîðîâ ñâÿçíîé ôóíêöèîíàëüíîé ìàòðèöû.  ýòîì ñëó÷àå íåîäíîçíà÷íû è ïîêàçàòåëè ðàçìåðà àãðàðíîãî ñåêòîðà. Åñëè ôóíêöèîíàëüíàÿ ìàòðèöà çàäà÷è ñâÿçíà, íî èìåþòñÿ àëüòåðíàòèâíûå áàçèñíûå ìèíîðû, öåëåñîîáðàçíî îïðåäåëÿòü îáà ïîêàçàòåëÿ ðàçìåðà àãðàðíîãî ñåêòîðà — Vkt è V'kt — äëÿ êàæäîãî àëüòåðíàòèâíîãî áàçèñà îòäåëüíî. Ðàññìîòðèì âîçìîæíûå ïðè÷èíû íåñâÿçíîñòè ôóíêöèîíàëüíîé ìàòðèöû. !" Ñóùåñòâîâàíèå ÷åëîâå÷åñêèõ îáùíîñòåé ñ àâòàðêè÷íîé ýêîíîìèêîé. Îíè è â ñàìîì äåëå ñóùåñòâóþò, íî ðàñïîëàãàþò íè÷òîæíûì êîëè÷åñòâîì áëàã ïî ñðàâíåíèþ ñ îñòàëüíîé ýêîíîìèêîé. – 241 – !" Ðàçäåëåíèå ñîöèóìà íà ñëîè (ñòðàòû), ïîòðåáëÿþùèå ïðîäóêòû ðàçíîãî – 242 – !" (ïîëàãàÿ t' > t''); êà÷åñòâà, äëÿ èçãîòîâëåíèÿ êîòîðûõ, ñîîòâåòñòâåííî, òðåáóþòñÿ ñûðü¸ è êàïèòàëüíûå áëàãà ðàçíîãî êà÷åñòâà.  äåéñòâèòåëüíîñòè ïîäîáíàÿ ñèòóàöèÿ íå âñòðå÷àåòñÿ, òàê êàê âðÿä ëè ìîæíî óêàçàòü çàìåòíûå ðàçëè÷èÿ â êà÷åñòâå, íàïðèìåð, çåìëè èëè ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè, èñïîëüçóåìûõ äëÿ ïðîèçâîäñòâà ïîòðåáèòåëüñêèõ áëàã ðàçíîãî êà÷åñòâà. !" Ñóùåñòâîâàíèå òàêîãî ìíîæåñòâà îòðàñëåé, äëÿ êîòîðîãî â äàííîì îïòèìóìå ïî Ïàðåòî ýôôåêòèâíà òîðãîâëÿ òîëüêî â åãî ïðåäåëàõ. Ýòî ìàëîâåðîÿòíî, íî èñêëþ÷àòü òàêóþ âîçìîæíîñòü èç òåîðåòè÷åñêîãî àíàëèçà âðÿä ëè áûëî áû ïðàâèëüíî.  íàçâàííûõ ñëó÷àÿõ äëÿ ñîïîñòàâëåíèÿ ðàçìåðà ýêîíîìè÷åñêèõ ñèñòåì ìîæíî ïîëüçîâàòüñÿ òîëüêî ïîêàçàòåëåì V'kt. Âîçíèêíîâåíèå íîâûõ òåõíîëîãè÷åñêèõ ñïîñîáîâ ïðè ïðî÷èõ ðàâíûõ óñëîâèÿõ íèêîãäà íå óìåíüøèò ðàçìåð àãðàðíîãî ñåêòîðà, âûðàæåííûé ëþáûì èç äâóõ ïîêàçàòåëåé, íî ìîæåò åãî óâåëè÷èòü. Åñëè íå èçâåñòåí íè îäèí ñïîñîá óäîâëåòâîðåíèÿ ïîòðåáíîñòåé, òî ñòîèìîñòü ëþáîé îòðàñëè ðàâíà íóëþ. Ñëåäîâàòåëüíî, ÷åì îáøèðíåå òåõíîëîãè÷åñêèå çíàíèÿ, òåì áîëüøå ñòîèìîñòü îòðàñëè. Ìîæíî ïîñòàâèòü çíàê ðàâåíñòâà ìåæäó ñòîèìîñòüþ àãðàðíîãî ñåêòîðà (òî åñòü ñòîèìîñòüþ íàáîðà áëàã, êîòîðûì îí ðàñïîëàãàåò) è ñòîèìîñòüþ çíàíèé, èì àêêóìóëèðîâàííûõ. Çíàíèÿ è áëàãà âçàèìîîáóñëîâëèâàþò ôóíêöèþ äðóã äðóãà â ôîðìèðîâàíèè ñòîèìîñòè: íè çíàíèÿ áåç áëàã, íè áëàãà áåç çíàíèé ñòîèìîñòè íå èìåþò. Ïîïûòêè âûÿñíèòü, êàêàÿ ÷àñòü ñòîèìîñòè àãðàðíîãî ñåêòîðà ïðèõîäèòñÿ íà çíàíèÿ, à êàêàÿ — íà áëàãà, íåêîððåêòíû â ïðèíöèïå. Ñëåäóÿ ìåòîäó, èñïîëüçîâàííîìó â äàííîì ïàðàãðàôå, ìîæíî ïîñòðîèòü è äðóãèå ïîêàçàòåëè, õàðàêòåðèçóþùèå ðàçìåð àãðàðíîãî ñåêòîðà ñ òî÷êè çðåíèÿ ñïåöèôè÷åñêèõ èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèõ çàäà÷. Íà îñíîâå ïîêàçàòåëåé ðàçìåðà ñòðîÿòñÿ ïîêàçàòåëè: !" ñîîòíîøåíèÿ ðàçìåðîâ äâóõ îòðàñëåé Vk't / Vk''t è V'k't / V'k''t; ðîñòà V'kt' – V'kt'' è òåìïà ðîñòà (V'kt' – V'kt'') / V'kt'' àãðàðíîãî ñåêòîðà !" óðîâíÿ èíôëÿöèè â àãðàðíîì ñåêòîðå Vkt′′ Vkt′′′ :   ′′ ′t ′−1  ⋅  Bikt... ðîäà, ëîêàëüíûõ â äàííîì îïòèìóìå ïî Ïàðåòî. Ïîêàçàòåëè ýêîíîìè÷åñêîãî ðîñòà è òåìïà èíôëÿöèè ñëåäóåò îñíîâûâàòü íà V'kt. Äëÿ ñîèçìåðåíèÿ ðàçìåðîâ îòðàñëåé ïðèìåíèìû è ñòîèìîñòü ýêîíîìè÷åñêîé ñèñòåìû, è å¸ îòíîøåíèå ê ñðåäíåé îöåíêå ïîòðåáèòåëÿ. Vk't / Vk''t îòðàæàåò ñîîòíîøåíèå âûðàæåííûõ â îäíîì è òîì æå áëàãå ïîòîêîâ áëàã, íåîáõîäèìûõ äëÿ óäîâëåòâîðåíèÿ âñåõ ïîòðåáíîñòåé â äàííîì îïòèìóìå ïî Ïàðåòî, à V'k't / V'k''t — ñîîòíîøåíèå ÷èñëåííîñòè èíäèâèäóóìîâ, ÷ü¸ ñóùåñòâîâàíèå ìîæåò ïîääåðæàòü êàæäàÿ èç îòðàñëåé ïðè óñëîâèè íåèçìåííîñòè õàðàêòåðíûõ äëÿ äàííîãî îïòèìóìà ïî Ïàðåòî òåõíîëîãè÷åñêèõ âîçìîæíîñòåé. Ïîêàçàòåëè ðàçìåðà àãðàðíîãî ñåêòîðà ïîçâîëÿþò íå òîëüêî îöåíèòü äèíàìèêó åãî ðîñòà, íî è ïðîàíàëèçèðîâàòü å¸. Ïîëîæèì t * T \ {0}. Òîãäà òåìï ðîñòà (V'kt' – V'kt'') / V'kt'' ìîæåò áûòü ïðåäñòàâëåí ñóììîé òð¸õ ñîñòàâëÿþùèõ, õàðàêòåðèçóþùèõ ðîñò, îáóñëîâëåííûé ïîñòóïëåíèåì áëàã èç îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû, âíóòðåííèì ïðîèçâîäñòâîì áëàã è òîðãîâûìè îïåðàöèÿìè.  ñâîþ î÷åðåäü, â êàæäîì èç ýòèõ êîìïîíåíòîâ ìîæíî âûäåëèòü ðîñò, îáóñëîâëåííûé èçìåíåíèåì âåêòîðà ñòîèìîñòè áëàã, è ðîñò, îáóñëîâëåííûé èçìåíåíèåì êîëè÷åñòâ áëàã. Ïðèìåð äëÿ ðîñòà, îáóñëîâëåííîãî ïîñòóïëåíèåì áëàã èç îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû: λ ′kt ′ ⋅ ( Bkt′ − Bkt ′′ ) λ′kt ′ ⋅ Bkt ′′ λ ′kt ′ ⋅ ( Bkt′ − Bkt ′′ ) ; = × λ ′kt ′′ ⋅ Bkt′′ λ ′kt ′ ⋅ Bkt ′′ λ ′kt ′′ ⋅ Bkt′′ – 243 – λ'kt = (λ'ikt...



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... military field, existing T-50 and KT-1 related programs will continue to...) T-50 related projects 771 940 KT-1 related projects 78 164 F-16... programs 2% 3% 5% T-50 related projects 21% KT-1 related projects 8% F-16 related projects... and ADD’s development of the KT-1 trainer and acquired jet plane.... 11 Aircraft Programs | Fixed Wing KT-1 Basic Trainer Program KAI builds... and advanced jet trainers. The KT-1, the basic training aircraft, was... today’s front-line fighters. The KT-1 is a high performance turbo-prop aircraft Since 2000, around 100 KT-1 related aircraft were enhanced with... conventional basic training aircraft. The KT-1 delivers for basic training and... Program Administration, with the the KT-1 straight-through training system, the... rates of student pilots. The KT-1 is a multi-role aircraft designed... meet the diverse requirements. The KT-1’s superiority is achieved through a mixture... delivery capability. 12 Derivatives of KT-1 KT-1(Trainer Version) KA-1(Armed Version) KT-1B(Indonesia Export Version) KT-1C(Enhanced/Multirole Version) KT-1T(Turkey Export Version) KT-1P(Peru Export...-project, development programs for the KT-1 and T-50 and its development... orbit due to selling KOREASAT-3, KT plans to launch KOREASAT-7 within... be replaced by another satellite. KT is planning to launched KOREASAT... successfully launched by KT on Decemeber 29, 2010. KT, in cooperation with...-50, FA-50 - K T-1 Family : KT-1 BASIC TRAINER, KT-1 - Depot Maintenance : 500MD/CH... Fighter Aircraft) AESA RADAR, IRST, - KT-1 Basic Trainer Landing gear SMFD... Link, CMFD, MC) - LYNX Undercarriage •KT-1(EFI, EEI) - UH-60 Landing... Ass’y, F-Chord etc.) •Military Airplane - KT-1/T-50(Slide Plate, Wing Skin... / Condition- Formed Section inspection project - KT-1 Starter - Generator Domestic development/ production... Condition inspection -50 / KHP Surion / KT-1 / UH-60 / LYNX Wire Harness.../F Wheel Brake Hydraulic Transducers - F-4C, D, E&G - KT-1/KO-1 - ISPU(Integrated Signal Processing... HQS - Wheel and Brake Systems ▶ •KT-1 Wheel Brake Metering Valves Wheel... - Case, Inner Case, Stator •etc. KT-1 - D-328 Door Coner, UAV Beam..., KUH, B787, B767, B737, A321, KT-1, KC-100 Airframe Parts URL..., •Defense industry : FRAME - AL PART KT-1, T-50, KUH, J85, J79 full... Buk-gu, Daegu, Korea •Parts : KT-1, FA-50, B777/787, Apache... Embedded Systems, ionESS™ KP-1P KT-1P FA-50 B787 •OpenVG... - P-3 Fax : 82-31-546-7409 - KT-1, F-5, K-55, T-50, KCDC Category : Navigation...-854-3694 •Military aircraft Parts : KT-1, KUH, T-50 Fax : 82-55...



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... - Korean Student Space Science Society KT - Korea Telecom MAAG - Military Assistance... Technology (KAIST), and Korea Telecommunication (KT) emerged as new actors in... the Korean space program, SaTReC, KT, and KARI, sequentially launched a microsatellite... well as science and 227 KT Satellite Project Team, White Paper of KOREAsat-1 (KT, 1996). (in Korean) 228 James... University Press, 2010), p. 38. 245 KT Satellite Project Team, White Paper of KOREAsat-1 (KT, 1999). (in Korean) 115 In... three main players, Korea Telecom (KT), Satellite Technology Research Center (SaTReC... the KOREAsat project in 1989. KT was chosen as the sole... (KAIST), and an industrial company (KT). Focusing on satellite development offered... engineers from other developing countries. KT – the Groundwork for Communication Satellite... KOREAsat project in 1989, and KT was chosen as the sole... by the government in 1982, KT had been responsible for the... networks and various other activities. KT began a satellite communication service in... INTELSAT-VA system, which enabled KT to acquire operational technology and... plans for KOREAsat crystallized when KT asked satellite suppliers to supply...) together with domestic companies participated. KT signed a contract with a consortium made...; 30 engineers were selected by KT, KARI, ETRI (Electronics and Telecommunications... more than half.293 290 KT Satellite Project Team, White Paper of KOREAsat-1, (KT, 1999). (in Korean) 291 Ibid... October 18, 2015) 292 293 KT Satellite Project Team, White Paper of KOREAsat-1, KT (1999). (in Korean) 139 Although KT could have abandoned the spacecraft ... January 14, 1996, so that KT did not suffer any setback... providing satellite services. Thus, the KT started its operation of the... As KOREAsat-1’s lifetime was shortened, KT decided to advance the launch... of a long-term relationship between KT and Lockheed Martin, which began.... 295 296 30th Anniversary KT: 1981-2011 (KT 2012), p. 451 (in Korean... company. It was sold by KT in mid-2000 to the..., 2015) 300 30th Anniversary KT: 1981-2011 (KT, 2012) p. 129 (in Korean.... During the KOREAsat program period, KT and other involved industries accumulated... (KITsat) using miniaturized components, and KT acquired operational technology of communication... program, SaTReC in KAIST and KT emerged as the central figures...) purchased from U.S. satellite company by KT, and a multipurpose observation satellite KOMPsat...). KT Satellite Project Team, White Paper of KOREAsat-1. KT, 1996. KT. 30th Anniversary KT: 1981-2011. KT, 2012. (in...



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... ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐ ƚŚĞŝƌ ƉŽůĂƌ ƌĞŐŝŽŶƐ͗ ǀĞƌLJ ŚĂƌƐŚ ĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚƐ ƐƵďũĞĐƚ ƚŽ ĞdžƚƌĞŵĞ ƚĞŵƉĞƌĂƚƵƌĞ ŐƌĂĚŝĞŶƚƐ͕ ƌĂĚŝĂƚŝŽŶƐ͕ ĨŝŶĞ ĚƵƐƚ ĂŶĚ ǀĞƌLJ ŚŝŐŚ ǁŝŶĚƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐĂƐĞ ŽĨ DĂƌƐ͘ dŚĞƐĞ ĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚĂů ĐŚĂůůĞŶŐĞƐ ĐŽŶƐƚŝƚƵƚĞ Ă ĐƌŝƚŝĐĂů ŶĞĞĚ ƚŽ ŝŶǀĞƐƚŝŐĂƚĞ ĂŶĚ ĂĚǀĂŶĐĞ ŬĞLJ ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐŝĞƐ ŝŶ ŽƌĚĞƌ ƚŽ ƌĞĂĐŚ ƚŚĞƐĞ ĚĞƐƚŝŶĂƚŝŽŶƐ ĂŶĚ ĞŶĂďůĞ ĨƵƚƵƌĞ ƌŽďŽƚŝĐƐ ƚŚĞŶ ŚƵŵĂŶ ƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĂďůĞ ƉƌĞƐĞŶĐĞ͘ &ŝŐƵƌĞ ϭ͗ 'ůŽďĂů džƉůŽƌĂƚŝŽŶ ZŽĂĚŵĂƉ ;' ZͿ ϮϬϭϯ dŚĞ DŽŽŶ͗ ^ĐŝĞŶƚŝƐƚƐ ĂŶĚ ĞŶŐŝŶĞĞƌƐ ŚĂǀĞ ďĞĞŶ ŝŶǀĞƐƚŝŐĂƚŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ DŽŽŶ ĂŶĚ ŝŶ ƉĂƌƚŝĐƵůĂƌ ƚŚĞ ƉƌĞƐĞŶĐĞ ŽĨ ƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ůƵŶĂƌ ƌĞŐŽůŝƚŚ ĨŽƌ ŵĂŶLJ LJĞĂƌƐ͘ ^ŝŶĐĞ ϭϵϵϰ͕ Ă ŶƵŵďĞƌ ŽĨ ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ DŽŽŶ ŚĂǀĞ ŝĚĞŶƚŝĨŝĞĚ ƚŚĞ ƉƌĞƐĞŶĐĞ ŽĨ ŚLJĚƌŽŐĞŶ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ůƵŶĂƌ ƌĞŐŽůŝƚŚ Ăƚ ƚŚĞ ƉŽůĞƐ͘ &ŝŐƵƌĞ Ϯ ƐƵŵŵĂƌŝnjĞƐ ƚŚĞ ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞŝƌ ŵĂŝŶ ŽƵƚĐŽŵĞƐ͘ ͲϭϱϬ &ŝŐƵƌĞ Ϯ͗ >ƵŶĂƌ ǀŽůĂƚŝůĞƐ DŽŽŶ ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ /Ŷ ůŝŐŚƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞƐĞ ĨŝŶĚŝŶŐƐ͕ ƚŚĞ ŶĞdžƚ ůŽŐŝĐĂů ƐƚĞƉ ĂŶĚ ƉƌŝŵĂƌLJ ŐŽĂů ŽĨ ůƵŶĂƌ /^Zh ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ ŝƐ ƚŽ ǀĞƌŝĨLJ ƚŚĞ ƉƌĞƐĞŶĐĞ ŽĨ ǁĂƚĞƌ ĂŶĚ ŽƚŚĞƌ ǀŽůĂƚŝůĞƐ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ DŽŽŶ ďLJ ĚŝƌĞĐƚ͕ ŐƌŽƵŶĚ ƚƌƵƚŚ ŵĞĂƐƵƌĞŵĞŶƚƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƌĞŐŽůŝƚŚ ŝŶ ĂŶĚ ĂƌŽƵŶĚ ƉĞƌŵĂŶĞŶƚůLJ ƐŚĂĚŽǁĞĚ ƌĞŐŝŽŶƐ ƚŚĞŶ ĞdžƉĂŶĚ ŽŶ ƚŚĞƐĞ ƉƌŝŵĂƌLJ ŽďũĞĐƚŝǀĞƐ ƚŽ ůƵŶĂƌ ŶŝŐŚƚ ƐƵƌǀŝǀĂů ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ͘ WĂƐƚ ůƵŶĂƌ ŶŝŐŚƚ ƐƵƌǀŝǀĂů ĂŶĚ ĞdžƚĞŶĚĞĚ ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ůĂƚĞƐƚ ŚŝŶĞƐĞ zƵƚƵ ƌŽǀĞƌ ƌĞůŝĞĚ ŽŶ ƵƐĂŐĞ ŽĨ ƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƚŝǀĞ ŵĂƚĞƌŝĂů͘ dŚŝƐ ĂƉƉƌŽĂĐŚ ƉƌĞƐĞŶƚƐ ǀĞƌLJ ŐŽŽĚ ĂĚǀĂŶƚĂŐĞƐ ĨŽƌ ůŽŶŐ ƚĞƌŵ ƐƵƌǀŝǀĂďŝůŝƚLJ ƉƌŽǀŝĚŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ĞŶĞƌŐLJ ƌĞƋƵŝƌĞĚ ĨŽƌ ĂŶ ĞdžƚĞŶĚĞĚ ƐLJƐƚĞŵ ůŝĨĞ͕ ďƵƚ ƉƌĞƐĞŶƚƐ ŵĂŶLJ ƌŝƐŬƐ͕ ŝŶĐŽŶǀĞŶŝĞŶƚƐ͕ ŝƐ ƌĞůĂƚŝǀĞůLJ ĐŽŵƉůĞdž ĂŶĚ ŝƐ ǀĞƌLJ ĞdžƉĞŶƐŝǀĞ͘ 'ŝǀĞŶ ƚŚĞƐĞ ĨĂĐƚŽƌƐ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ŶĞĞĚ ƚŽ ĞdžƉůŽƌĞ WĞƌŵĂŶĞŶƚůLJ ^ŚĂĚŽǁĞĚ ZĞŐŝŽŶƐ ;W^ZƐͿ͕ ůƵŶĂƌ ƉŽůĞƐ ĂŶĚ ďĞ ƐƵďũĞĐƚ ƚŽ ǀĞƌLJ ƐŚŽƌƚ ůƵŶĂƌ ĚĂLJƐ͕ ĂůƚĞƌŶĂƚŝǀĞƐ ĂƌĞ ƌĞƋƵŝƌĞĚ͘ dŚĞƐĞ ƐŽůƵƚŝŽŶƐ ǁŽƵůĚ ĂƉƉůLJ ƚŽ ĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶƚ ƌŽǀĞƌ ƐŝnjĞƐ͘ &Žƌ ƚŚĞ ďĞŶĞĨŝƚ ŽĨ ƚŚŝƐ ^Kt͕ ƚŚĞ ďĂƐĞůŝŶĞ ŝƐ Ă ŵĞĚŝƵŵ ƐŝnjĞ ƌŽǀĞƌ ĂŶĚ ƚŽ ĚĞŵŽŶƐƚƌĂƚĞ ŝƚƐ ƐĐĂůĂďŝůŝƚLJ ƚŽ Ă ƐŵĂůů ƌŽǀĞƌ ĐůĂƐƐ ĂƐ ĚĞƐĐƌŝďĞĚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƵƉͲĐŽŵŝŶŐ ƐĞĐƚŝŽŶƐ͘ WŽǁĞƌ͕ ŵĂƐƐ͕ ĂŶĚ ǀŽůƵŵĞ ďƵĚŐĞƚ ĐŽŶƐƚŝƚƵƚĞ ƚŚĞ ŵĂŝŶ ĐŚĂůůĞŶŐĞƐ ŽĨ ƵƐŝŶŐ ŶŽŶͲƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƚŝǀĞ ŵĂƚĞƌŝĂůƐ ĂƐ ŚĞĂƚ ƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ ĨŽƌ ƐŵĂůů ĂŶĚ ŵĞĚŝƵŵ ƌŽǀĞƌƐ͘ /Ŷ ĂĚĚŝƚŝŽŶ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ƵƐĂŐĞ ŽĨ ƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƚŝǀĞ ŚĞĂƚ ƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ͕ ŵŽǀŝŶŐ ƉĂƌƚƐ ĂŶĚ ŵĞĐŚĂŶŝƐŵƐ ĂƌĞ ŽƚŚĞƌ ĐŚĂůůĞŶŐĞƐ ƚŽ ŶŝŐŚƚ ƐƵƌǀŝǀĂů ĂŶĚ ƌĞĚƵĐƚŝŽŶ ŽĨ ŚĞĂƚ ƌĞũĞĐƚŝŽŶ͘ dŚĞ ZĞĐĞŶƚ ŚŝŶĞƐĞ zƵƚƵ ƌŽǀĞƌ ĂŶĚ ƉƌĞǀŝŽƵƐůLJ ƚŚĞ >ƵŶŽŬŚŽĚ ƌŽǀĞƌ ŚĂǀĞ ĚĞŵŽŶƐƚƌĂƚĞĚ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚĞ ƌŝƐŬƐ ĂƚƚĂĐŚĞĚ ƚŽ ŵŽǀŝŶŐ ƉĂƌƚƐ ŝŶ ŽƌĚĞƌ ƚŽ ĨŽƌŵ Ă ƌŽǀĞƌ ŚŝďĞƌŶĂƚŝŽŶ ƐƚĂƚĞ ĂƌĞ ĐƌƵĐŝĂů ƚŽ ŐƵĂƌĂŶƚĞĞ ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶ ƐƵĐĐĞƐƐ͘ dŚĞƐĞ ĂƉƉƌŽĂĐŚĞƐ ŚĂǀĞ ƉƌŽǀĞŶ ƚŽ ǁŽƌŬ ǁĞůů͕ ďƵƚ ĐŽŵƉůĞdž ŵĞĐŚĂŶŝĐĂů ĂŶĚ ƐĞŶƐŽƌƐ ƐLJƐƚĞŵ ĂƌĞ ƐƵďũĞĐƚ ƚŽ ĨĂŝůƵƌĞ ĂŶĚ ĐŽƵůĚ ĐĂƵƐĞ ĞŝƚŚĞƌ Ă ƐŝŐŶŝĨŝĐĂŶƚůLJ ĚĞŐƌĂĚĞĚ ƐƚĂƚĞ ŽĨ ŽƉĞƌĂƚŝŽŶƐ Žƌ ůŽƐƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ǀĞŚŝĐůĞ͘ ůƚĞƌŶĂƚŝǀĞƐ ĂƌĞ ƚŚĞŶ ƌĞƋƵŝƌĞĚ ƚŽ ĂĚĚƌĞƐƐ ƚŚĞƐĞ ŝƐƐƵĞƐ ĂŶĚ ŝŶĐƌĞĂƐĞ ƚŚĞ ƌĞůŝĂďŝůŝƚLJ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ůŝĨĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ DŽŽŶ ƐƵƌĨĂĐĞ ƉůĂƚĨŽƌŵ͘ DĂƌƐ͗ DĂƌƐ ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ ĂƌĞ ĂůƐŽ ƐƵďũĞĐƚ ƚŽ ůĂƌŐĞ ƚĞŵƉĞƌĂƚƵƌĞ ŐƌĂĚŝĞŶƚƐ ŝŶ ƉĂƌƚŝĐƵůĂƌ Ăƚ ƚŚĞ ƉŽůĞƐ͘ dŚĞƐĞ ƚĞŵƉĞƌĂƚƵƌĞ ĐŚĂŶŐĞƐ ĂƌĞ ŶŽƚ ĂƐ ĚƌĂƐƚŝĐ ĂƐ ƚŚĞ DŽŽŶ ďƵƚ ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ ŽŶ DĂƌƐ ŵƵƐƚ ƐƵƌǀŝǀĞ ůŽŶŐĞƌ ƉĞƌŝŽĚƐ ĂŶĚ ĂƐ ƉĞƌ ƚŚĞ DŽŽŶ͕ ƚŚĞ ƵƐĂŐĞ ŽĨ ƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƚŝǀĞ ŵĂƚĞƌŝĂůƐ ƉƌĞƐĞŶƚ ƚŚĞ ƐĂŵĞ ĐŽŵƉůŝĐĂƚŝŽŶƐ ĂŶĚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĞǀĞŶƚƵĂůŝƚLJ ŽĨ DĂƌƐ ƐĂŵƉůĞ ƌĞƚƵƌŶ ǁŽƵůĚ ĂůƐŽ ďĞ ĂŶ ŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚ ĨĂĐƚŽƌ ŝŶ ĂĚǀĂŶĐŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ Ͳϭϱϭ ďĞLJŽŶĚ ƚŚĞ ƵƐĂŐĞ ŽĨ ƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƚŝǀĞ ŵĂƚĞƌŝĂů ďĂƐĞĚ ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐŝĞƐ͘ dŚŝƐ ^Kt ŝƐ ƉƵƚƚŝŶŐ ĂŶ ĞŵƉŚĂƐŝƐ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ DŽŽŶ ďƵƚ ƚŚĞ ƉƌŽƉŽƐĞĚ ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ŵƵƐƚ ďĞ ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĞĚ ĨŽƌ DĂƌƐ ĂƐ ĂŶ ĂůƚĞƌŶĂƚĞ ĂŶĚ ĨƵƚƵƌĞ ĚĞƐƚŝŶĂƚŝŽŶ͘ …‘’‡ ‘ˆ ‘” dŚĞ ƐĐŽƉĞ ŽĨ ǁŽƌŬ ĚĞĨŝŶĞĚ ŚĞƌĞŝŶ ĐŽŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚƐ ^ĞĐƚŝŽŶ ͘ϲ 'ĞŶĞƌŝĐ dĂƐŬ ĞƐĐƌŝƉƚŝŽŶ ŽĨ ŶŶĞdž ͘ /ƚ ĐŽŶƐŝƐƚƐ ŽĨ ĚĞůŝǀĞƌŝŶŐ Ă ZŽǀĞƌ EŝŐŚƚ ŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚĂů ^ƵƌǀŝǀĂů dĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ;ZE ^dͿ ƉƌŽƚŽƚLJƉĞ ǀĞƌŝĨŝĞĚ ŝŶ Ă ůƵŶĂƌ ƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĂƚŝǀĞ ůĂďŽƌĂƚŽƌLJ ĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ ĨŽƌ Ă WůĂŶĞƚĂƌLJ ZŽǀĞƌ Θ ŝƚƐ ĨƵƚƵƌĞ ŽŶ ďŽĂƌĚ ŝŶƐƚƌƵŵĞŶƚƐ ƚŽ ƐƵƌǀŝǀĞ ƚŚĞ džƚƌĞŵĞ ůƵŶĂƌ ŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ ŽĨ >ƵŶĂƌ EŝŐŚƚ ďĂƐĞĚ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ ƌĞƋƵŝƌĞŵĞŶƚƐ ĂŶĚ ƌĞĨĞƌĞŶĐĞƐ ĞdžƉƌĞƐƐĞĚ ŝŶ ƚŚŝƐ ^Kt ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐ͗ Ă͘ dŚĞ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ ŽĨ Ă ƚŚĞƌŵĂů ƐLJƐƚĞŵ ĐŽŶĐĞƉƚ ĚĞƚĂŝůĞĚ ĚĞƐŝŐŶ ƉƌŝŵĂƌŝůLJ ĂůůŽǁŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ƌŽǀĞƌ ĂŶĚ ŝƚƐ ĐƌŝƚŝĐĂů ƐƵďͲƐLJƐƚĞŵƐ ĂŶĚ ŵĂƐƚ ŵŽƵŶƚĞĚ ĞƋƵŝƉŵĞŶƚ͕ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞŶ ŝƚƐ ŽŶ ďŽĂƌĚ ŝŶƐƚƌƵŵĞŶƚƐ ƐƵŝƚĞ ŵŽƵŶƚĞĚ ŝŶ Ă ƉĂLJůŽĂĚ ĞŶĐůŽƐƵƌĞ ƚŽ ƐƵƌǀŝǀĞ ůƵŶĂƌ ŶŝŐŚƚ Ăƚ Ă ƉŽůĂƌ ůŽĐĂƚŝŽŶ ĞdžĐůƵĚŝŶŐ ĂŶLJ ĨŽƌŵ ŽĨ ƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƚŝǀĞ ŚĞĂƚŝŶŐ͘ ď͘ dŚĞ ƚƌĂĚĞͲƐƚƵĚŝĞƐ ƚŽ ĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶƚ ĚĞƐŝŐŶ ŽƉƚŝŽŶƐ ƐŚŽƵůĚ ďĞ ƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĞĚ ďLJ ŚŝŐŚͲůĞǀĞů ƚŚĞƌŵĂů ĂŶĂůLJƐŝƐ ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐ Ă ƚƌĂĚĞͲŽĨĨ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƉŽƚĞŶƚŝĂů ƌŝƐŬƐ ĂŶĚ ĐŚĂůůĞŶŐĞƐ ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ůƵŶĂƌ ƌĞŐŽůŝƚŚ ŝŵƉĂĐƚƐ ůĞĂĚŝŶŐ ƚŽ Ă ŵŝŶŝŵƵŵ ŽĨ ŽŶĞ ƌĞĐŽŵŵĞŶĚĞĚ ĚĞƐŝŐŶ ďĂƐĞĚ ŽŶ ŬĞLJ ĐŽƌĞ ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐŝĞƐ ĂŶĚ ƐLJƐƚĞŵƐ ƚŽ ďĞ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉĞĚ͘ Đ͘ dŚĞ ƌĞƐƵůƚŝŶŐ ƉƌŽƉŽƐĞĚ ĚĞƐŝŐŶ ǁŝůů ďĞ ƐƵďƐƚĂŶƚŝĂƚĞĚ ďLJ ĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞ ƚŚĞƌŵĂů ĂŶĂůLJƐŝƐ͕ ŵŽĚĞůŝŶŐ ĂŶĚ ǀĂůŝĚĂƚŝŽŶ ŝŶ Ă ůĂďŽƌĂƚŽƌLJ͘ Ě͘ dŚĞ ŝŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚĂƚŝŽŶ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĚĞƐŝŐŶ ŝŶƚŽ Ă ĨƵŶĐƚŝŽŶĂů ƉƌŽƚŽƚLJƉĞ͘ dŚĞ ƉƌŽƚŽƚLJƉĞ ĐĂŶ ĞŝƚŚĞƌ ďĞ Ă ĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞ ŶĞǁ ƚŚĞƌŵĂů ĐŽŶƚƌŽů ŝŶƚĞŐƌĂƚĞĚ ƐŽůƵƚŝŽŶ Žƌ ĨŽĐƵƐ ŽŶ ĐŽƌĞ ĞůĞŵĞŶƚƐ ƚŚĂƚ ǁŝůů ďĞ ƐƵƌƌŽƵŶĚĞĚ ĂŶĚ ŝŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚĞĚ ƵƐŝŶŐ ŵŽƌĞ ĐŽŶǀĞŶƚŝŽŶĂů ĂƉƉƌŽĂĐŚĞƐ͘ Ğ͘ dŚĞ ƚĞƐƚŝŶŐ ĂŶĚ ĚĞŵŽŶƐƚƌĂƚŝŽŶ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƉƌŽƚŽƚLJƉĞ ŝŶ Ă ůƵŶĂƌ ƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĂƚŝǀĞ ůĂďŽƌĂƚŽƌLJ ĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ͗ ƚĞŵƉĞƌĂƚƵƌĞ ĂŶĚ ƌĞŐŽůŝƚŚ ƐŝŵƵůĂŶƚ ĞdžƉŽƐŝƚŝŽŶ͘ Ĩ͘ dZ> ZŽĂĚŵĂƉ ƚŽ &ůŝŐŚƚ ĨŽƌ Ăůů ĂƐƉĞĐƚƐ ŽĨ ƚŚŝƐ ĚĞƐŝŐŶ͘ /Ŷ ĂĚĚŝƚŝŽŶ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ĂďŽǀĞ ŵĞŶƚŝŽŶĞĚ ĞůĞŵĞŶƚƐ͕ ƚŚĞ ŽŶƚƌĂĐƚŽƌ ŵƵƐƚ ƉĞƌĨŽƌŵ Ă dĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ZĞĂĚŝŶĞƐƐ ĂŶĚ ZŝƐŬ ƐƐĞƐƐŵĞŶƚ ;dZZ...ͲϬϬϬϭ ^ ^LJƐƚĞŵƐ ŶŐŝŶĞĞƌŝŶŐ DĞƚŚŽĚƐ ĂŶĚ WƌĂĐƚŝĐĞƐ ZĞǀ͘ DĂƌ ϭϬ͕ ϮϬϭϬ ^ Ͳ^ϯͲZ Ͳϭ͘ Eͬ 'ůŽďĂů džƉůŽƌĂƚŝŽŶ ZŽĂĚŵĂƉ ;' ZͿ ŚƚƚƉ͗ͬͬǁǁǁ͘ŐůŽďĂůƐƉĂĐĞĞdžƉůŽƌĂƚŝŽŶ͘ŽƌŐͬŶĞǁƐͬϮϬϭϯ ͲϬϴͲϮϬ ϰ ĚŝƚŝŽŶ DĂƌĐŚ ϮϬϬϵ ƵŐƵƐƚ ϮϬϭϯ ^ ͲZ ͲϮ ĐĂŶ ďĞ ŽďƚĂŝŶĞĚ ĨƌŽŵ ƚŚĞ ĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐ &ŝůĞ dƌĂŶƐĨĞƌ WƌŽƚŽĐŽů ;&dWͿ ƐŝƚĞ͗ ĨƚƉ͗ͬͬĨƚƉ͘ĂƐĐͲĐƐĂ͘ŐĐ͘ĐĂͬƵƐĞƌƐͬdZWͬƉƵďͬdZZ ͬ͘ ^ ͲZ Ͳϯ ĂŶĚ ^ ͲZ Ͳϰ ĐĂŶ ďĞ ŽďƚĂŝŶĞĚ ĨƌŽŵ ƚŚĞ ĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐ &ŝůĞ dƌĂŶƐĨĞƌ WƌŽƚŽĐŽů ;&dWͿ ƐŝƚĞ͗ ĨƚƉ͗ͬͬĨƚƉ͘ĂƐĐͲĐƐĂ͘ŐĐ͘ĐĂͬƵƐĞƌƐͬdZWͬƉƵďͬ^ Ͳ^d ͬ ‡…Š‘Ž‘‰› ‡•…”‹’–‹‘ dŚĞ ůĂƚĞƐƚ 'ůŽďĂů džƉůŽƌĂƚŝŽŶ ZŽĂĚŵĂƉ ;' ZͿ ŚĂƐ ďĞĞŶ ƉƵďůŝƐŚĞĚ ƌĞĐĞŶƚůLJ ďLJ ^ƉĂĐĞ ĂŐĞŶĐŝĞƐ ŵĞŵďĞƌƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ /ŶƚĞƌŶĂƚŝŽŶĂů ^ƉĂĐĞ ŽŽƌĚŝŶĂƚŝŽŶ 'ƌŽƵƉ ;/^ 'Ϳ ;^ Ͳ^ϭͲZ ͲϭͿ͘ dŚŝƐ ƐƉĂĐĞ ƌŽĂĚŵĂƉ ĚĞĨŝŶĞƐ Ă ŶƵŵďĞƌ ŽĨ ŚƵŵĂŶ ĞdžƉůŽƌĂƚŝŽŶ ƉƌĞƉĂƌĂƚŽƌLJ ĂĐƚŝǀŝƚŝĞƐ ĂƐ ǁĞůů ĂƐ ĐƌŝƚŝĐĂů ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ŶĞĞĚƐ ŝŶ ĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶƚ ĂƌĞĂƐ͘ ^ŽŵĞ ĂƐƉĞĐƚƐ ŽĨ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƚŝŽŶ ĂŶĚ ŶĂǀŝŐĂƚŝŽŶ ŶĞĞĚƐ ĂƌĞ ĂĚĚƌĞƐƐĞĚ ŝŶ ƚŚŝƐ ^ƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚ ŽĨ tŽƌŬ ;^KtͿ͘ ^ƉĞĐŝĨŝĐĂůůLJ͕ ŚŝŐŚ ƌĂƚĞ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƚŝŽŶ ƚŚĂƚ ƚĂƌŐĞƚƐ ĞŶĂďůŝŶŐ ŚŝŐŚ ĚĂƚĂ ƌĂƚĞ ůŝŶŬƐ ďĞƚǁĞĞŶ ŝŶͲƐƉĂĐĞ ĨůŝŐŚƚ ĞůĞŵĞŶƚƐ͘ dŚŝƐ ĐĂƉĂďŝůŝƚLJ ŝƐ ĞdžƉĞĐƚĞĚ ƚŽ ďĞ ŝŶ ĚĞŵĂŶĚ ĨŽƌ ƌŽǀĞƌ ƚŽ ƌŽǀĞƌͬůĂŶĚĞƌ͕ ƌŽǀĞƌ ƚŽ ŽƌďŝƚĞƌ Žƌ ƌŽǀĞƌ ƚŽ ĂƌƚŚ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƚŝŽŶƐ ĞƐƉĞĐŝĂůůLJ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŽŶƚĞdžƚ ŽĨ >ƵŶĂƌ ĞdžƉůŽƌĂƚŝŽŶ͘ ĂŶĂĚĂΖƐ ůĞĂĚŝŶŐ ƉŽƐŝƚŝŽŶ ŝŶ >/ Z ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ŝƐ ƌĞŶŽǁŶ ƚŚĂŶŬƐ ƚŽ ƚŚĞƐĞ ƐĞŶƐŽƌƐ ďĞŝŶŐ ƉĂƌƚ ŽĨ ŝŶƚĞƌŶĂƚŝŽŶĂů ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ͕ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ͕ WŚŽĞŶŝdž DĂƌƐ ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶ͕ ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ ŽŶďŽĂƌĚ /^^ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ĨŽƌƚŚĐŽŵŝŶŐ KƐŝƌŝƐͲ ZĞdž ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶ͘ ƐŝŐŶŝĨŝĐĂŶƚ ĂĚǀĂŶĐĞŵĞŶƚ ŝŶ Ă ĐůŽƐĞůLJ ƌĞůĂƚĞĚ ĂƉƉůŝĐĂƚŝŽŶ ĂƌĞĂ͕ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ͕ ƐĂƚĞůůŝƚĞ ůĂƐĞƌ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƚŝŽŶ ŵĂLJ ďĞ ƉŽƐƐŝďůĞ ĚƵĞ ƚŽ ƚŚŝƐ ƐƚƌĞŶŐƚŚ͘ ƚLJƉŝĐĂů ůĂƐĞƌ ůŝŶŬ ŝŶƐƚƌƵŵĞŶƚ ǁŽƵůĚ ŚĂǀĞ ƐŝŵŝůĂƌ ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ĞůĞŵĞŶƚƐ ƐŝŵŝůĂƌ ƚŽ Ă ƐĐĂŶŶŝŶŐ >/ Z͕ ŶĂŵĞůLJ͗ ůĂƐĞƌ͕ ĚĞƚĞĐƚŽƌ͕ ƐĐĂŶŶŝŶŐ ƐLJƐƚĞŵ͕ ĂŶĚ ŚŝŐŚ ƉĞƌĨŽƌŵĂŶĐĞ ĚĂƚĂ ƉƌŽĐĞƐƐŝŶŐ ĞůĞĐƚƌŽŶŝĐƐ͘ dŚĞ ƐLJŶĞƌŐLJ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĚƵĂů ƵƐĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞƐĞ ĐĂƉĂďŝůŝƚŝĞƐ ŚĂƐ ďĞĞŶ ĚĞŵŽŶƐƚƌĂƚĞĚ ƌĞĐĞŶƚůLJ ĚƵƌŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ >ƵŶĂƌ KƌďŝƚĞƌ >ĂƐĞƌ ůƚŝŵĞƚĞƌ ;>K> Ϳ ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶ͘ dŚŝƐ ƉƌŽũĞĐƚ ƚĂƌŐĞƚƐ ĂĚĂƉƚĂƚŝŽŶ ŽĨ ĂŶĂĚŝĂŶ ŶŝĐŚĞ >/ Z ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ƚŽ ĂŶ ŽƉƚŝĐĂů ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƚŝŽŶ ĂƉƉůŝĐĂƚŝŽŶ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ůŽŶŐ ĚŝƐƚĂŶĐĞƐ͘ dŚŝƐ ^Kt ĨŽĐƵƐĞƐ ŽŶ ĐŽŶĐĞƉƚƵĂůŝnjŝŶŐ ƌĞĐĞŝǀĞƌ ĂŶĚ ƚƌĂŶƐŵŝƚƚĞƌ ĂƌĐŚŝƚĞĐƚƵƌĞƐ ďĞŝŶŐ ĐŽŵƉĂƚŝďůĞ ǁŝƚŚ ĂŶĚ ƚĂŬŝŶŐ ĂĚǀĂŶƚĂŐĞ ĨƌŽŵ ĞdžŝƐƚŝŶŐ >/ Z ƉůĂƚĨŽƌŵƐ ǁŝƚŚ dZ>Ͳϱ Žƌ ŚŝŐŚĞƌ ĂŶĚ ĚĞŵŽŶƐƚƌĂƚŝŶŐ Ă ƉƌŝŶĐŝƉůĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽŶĐĞƉƚ ŝŶ Ă ůĂďŽƌĂƚŽƌLJ ƐĞƚƚŝŶŐ͘ dŚŝƐ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ ƐŚĂůů Ͳϭϲϲ ĂĚĂƉƚ ĞdžŝƐƚŝŶŐ >/ Z ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ĞůĞŵĞŶƚƐ͗ ůĂƐĞƌ͕ ĚĞƚĞĐƚŽƌ͕ ƚŝŵĞ ŽĨ ĨůŝŐŚƚ ŵĞĂƐƵƌĞŵĞŶƚ ĞůĞĐƚƌŽŶŝĐƐ ĂŶĚ ƐĐĂŶŶŝŶŐ ƐLJƐƚĞŵ ƚŽ Ă ŶĞǁ ĂƉƉůŝĐĂƚŝŽŶ ŬĞĞƉŝŶŐ Ă ĐĂƉĂďŝůŝƚLJ ŽĨ ĚƵĂů ĨƵŶĐƚŝŽŶĂůŝƚLJ͘ …‘’‡ ‘ˆ ‘” dŚĞ ƐĐŽƉĞ ŽĨ ǁŽƌŬ ĚĞĨŝŶĞĚ ŚĞƌĞ ĐŽŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚƐ ^ĞĐƚŝŽŶ ͘ϲ 'ĞŶĞƌŝĐ dĂƐŬ ĞƐĐƌŝƉƚŝŽŶ ŽĨ ŶŶĞdž ͘ dŚĞ ĐŽŶƚƌĂĐƚŽƌ ƐŚĂůů ƉĞƌĨŽƌŵ ƚŚĞ ǁŽƌŬ ƌĞƋƵŝƌĞĚ ƚŽ ďƌŝŶŐ Ă >/ ZͲďĂƐĞĚ KƉƚŝĐĂů dƌĂŶƐĐĞŝǀĞƌ ;>KdͿ ĐŽŶĐĞƉƚ ƚŽ dZ> ϰ͕ ǁŚĞƌĞ ƚŚĞ ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ŚĂƐ Ă ƉĂƚŚ ƚŽ ĨůŝŐŚƚ͘ /ƚ ŝƐ ĞdžƉĞĐƚĞĚ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚĞ ďĂƐĞ >/ Z ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ĨƌŽŵ ǁŚŝĐŚ ƚŚĞ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƚŝŽŶ ƐLJƐƚĞŵ ǁŝůů ďĞ ĂĚĂƉƚĞĚ ďĞ Ăƚ Ă ŵĂƚƵƌĞ ƐƚĂƚĞ ;dZ>Ͳϱ Žƌ ŚŝŐŚĞƌͿ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚĞ >Kd...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-22
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... the event, 33 ms-1 (64 kt), was recorded at Freedom station... 25 ms-1 (35 to 49 kt). Downburst wind gusts recorded by... 23 ms-1 (40 to 45 kt), consistent with gust potential as... gust of 23 ms-1 (45 kt) was recorded at 2305 UTC... 33 ms-1 (50 to 64 kt). A dry air notch, apparent in... 25 ms-1 (40 to 50 kt) were measured in the upper... gusts of 23.7 ms-1 (46 kt) at Hereford at 0110 UTC and 22.1 ms-1 (43 kt) at Muleshoe at 0120 UTC... 25 ms-1 (46 to 48 kt). Figure 6, composite GOES-NEXRAD images..., up to 33 ms-1 (64 kt), over Hampton Roads, where wind... 35 ms-1 (57 to 67 kt) were recorded by WeatherFlow and... 25 ms-1(35 to 49 kt) was indicated at 2000 UTC... gust of 24.2 ms-1 (47 kt) recorded at Sandbridge at 2050... wind of 22.6 ms-1 (44 kt) was measured by the buoy... 24 ms-1 (37 and 47 kt) were recorded by PORTS stations... 23 ms-1 (43 to 45 kt). The wind histogram from the... wind of 22.6 ms-1 (44 kt) was recorded as the convective... 26 ms-1 (35 to 50 kt), and MWPI values greater than... greater than 26 ms-1 (50 kt). The scatterplot illustrates the effectiveness... UTC. Time Gust Speed ms-1 (kt) OT OT Dist OT Min... “WF”. Time Gust Speed ms-1 (kt) Location 2015 27.3 (53) Poquoson... UTC. Gust Speed Time ms-1 (kt) Location 2123 22.4 (44) Potomac...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-28
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... CO2 emissions/ removals (8) (9) Organic soils(7) (kt C) (kt) 18,470.6 High Potential for... CO2 emissions/ removals (8) (9) Organic soils(7) (kt C) (kt) NO NO NO 0.0090 0.0391... change in dead organic matter(4) (7) (kt C) Net CO2 emissions/ removals (10... soils (4) (8) Mineral soils Organic soils(9) (kt) 343.9 343.1 0.8 NE NE NE... change in dead organic matter(4) (7) (kt C) Net CO2 emissions/ removals (10... soils (4) (8) Mineral soils Organic soils(9) (kt) 1909.7 1909.7 NO NE NE... change in living biomass(3), (4), (6) Gains (kt C) NE NE NE NE 2.3 Land... Commission and Indufor: Appendix 6 (11) (kt) 272.6 272.6 2.1 Land converted for... in living biomass(3), (4), (6) Gains (11) ) (7) (kt C) (kt) 61.2 59.8 1.4 NE NE NE... in living biomass(3), (4), (6) Gains (kt C) (10) (11) (kt) 63.9 54.1 9.8 NE NE...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
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... values of 11-Ketotestosterone (11-KT) in females of Anguilla dieffenbachi...) implanted with a vehicle containing 11-KT, that this steroid was involved..., vitellogenin (VTG), 11-ketotestosterone (11-kT), 17-β-estradiol (E2) and melanophore... 13 Plasma levels of 11-kT and E2 were measured specific... animals between 3.3-5.9 ng/ml; 11-kT: one animal 18.4 ng/ml... in this study. Physiologically, 11-kT is the most important androgen...). Despite the fact that 11-kT is generally a male-specific androgen... al. (1998) suggested that 11-kT may play a role in preparing... has recently demonstrated that 11-kT administration induced silveringrelated changes in... controls. In our study, 11-kT was slightly, but not significantly... least, this suggests that 11-kT is not directly involved in.... (2001), the role of 11-kT is limited to the pre...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-28
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... kinetic Michaelis-Menten equation V = Vmax × S/[(Kt + Sn)+S], (where V = incorporation rate, Vmax = maximum incorporation rate, Kt + Sn = apparent halfsaturation constant, i.e. half... reached and calculated as Vmax90 = 9 × Kt + Sn (Ayo et al. 2001... kinetics Apparent half-saturation constants (Kt + Sn) were variable across sample... in the calculations, and apparent (Kt + Sn) values include the ambient... 4.5 1200 1100 4.0 1000 r2 3.5 2 r = 0.81 (Kt + Sn) = 3.58 Vmax = 4.88 r 2 = 0.98 (Kt + Sn) = 230 Vmax = 1422 900 ... TdR 2.0 160 1.8 150 1.6 140 r 2 = 0.94 (Kt + Sn) = 3.99 Vmax = 2.12 1.4 120 1.0 110 Water TdR r 2 = 0.97 (Kt + Sn) = 91.8 Vmax = 183 130... Leu sd = 38.7 160 r 2 = 0.90 (Kt + Sn) = 2.06 Vmax = 2.37 1.8 150 B 1.6 0 10 r 2 = 0.94 (Kt + Sn) = 26.0 Vmax = 167 140...-linear Michaelis-Menten kinetics. Vmax, Kt + Sn and adjusted r2 values...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-28
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..., 1975), S/11900, December 8, 1975, 18 S. & 1 Kt. & Add. (forthe period 9December1975 to...), S/12093, June 5,1976, 21 S.&Ann. A-G & 1 Kt. idem, (for the period 6 June... 1976), S/12253, December 9, 1976, 23 S. & 1 Kt. & Add. Report of the S-G pursuant... to 16 October 1975, S/11849, - - & 1 Kt. idem, for the period 17..., S/12212, October 18, 1976, 11 S. & 1 Kt. October 17, 1975, 11 S. 18..., T/1774, June 1976, VII, 112 S. & I Kt. (TCOR 43rd Sess. Report of... and December 1975, NovemVIII, 73 S. & 1 Kt. idem, 31st year: Supplement for January, ber 1976, VIII, 75 S. & 7 Kt. idem, for April, May February..., 37 S. & Ann. 1, 11 & I Kt. 1977, VII, 74 S. & 1 Kt. and - Index - - the S-G, S/12315.... III: Terminological graphic displays, 35 Kt. (Unesco Publ. No. SC. 76...