Грузовые/пилотируемые корабль. Shenzhou 10. [Редактировать]

В период с 11 по 26 июня 2013 года в рамках национальной космической программы состоялся пятый, самый длительный пилотируемый полет космического корабля (КК) Shenzhou-10. Основной задачей 15-суточного полета была отработка маневрирования и стыковочных операций КК Shenzhou-10 с орбитальным модулем Tiangong-1 в автоматическом и ручном режимах и проведение всесторонней оценки состояния модуля Tiangong-1 для целей, которые ставит перед собой Китай – создание модульной космической станции к 2020 году.

Полет проходил по следующей схеме:

  • 11 июня – запуск КК Shenzhou-10 с космодрома Цзюцюань;
  • 13 июня – стыковка КК Shenzhou-10 с модулем Tiangong-1 в автоматическом режиме;
  • 23 июня – расстыковка, отход КК Shenzhou-10, стыковка в ручном режиме;
  • 25 июня – расстыковка, облет модуля Tiangong-1 и сближение с обратной стороны;
  • 26 июня – посадка в автономном районе Внутренняя Монголия.  

11 июня 2013 года в 09 ч 38 мин (по Гринвичу) был произведен успешный запуск КК Shenzhou-10 со стартовой площадки № 921 космодрома Цзюцюань ракетой-носителем (РН) CZ-2F/G. Параметры орбиты: высота – 336×342 км, наклонение – 42,8˚, период обращения – 91,2 мин.

На борту КК Shenzhou-10 находился экипаж из двух мужчин и одной женщины. Командир экипажа – Не Хайшэн (Nie Haisheng), это его второй полет; Чжан Сяогуан (Zhang Xiaoguang) – пилот-оператор, первый полет; Ван Япин (Wang Yaping) – лаборант-исследователь, вторая женщина-тайконавт, первый полет.

Члены этого экипажа были дублерами тайконавтов корабля Shenzhou-9 в 2012 году. За пуском КК Shenzhou-10 наблюдал Председатель КНР, Генеральный секретарь ЦК КПК
Си Цзиньпин.

13 июня КК Shenzhou-10 с тремя тайконавтами на борту был выведен на промежуточную орбиту, затем с помощью собственной двигательной установки КК Shenzhou-10 поднялся до высоты 330 км, достигнув почти круговой орбиты. Когда КК Shenzhou-10 находился на расстоянии 52 км от модуля Tiangong-1, начались операции маневрирования и причаливания, а также был произведен мониторинг центральной системы проверки данных. Оба объекта получили данные об относительном положении и скорости друг друга.

Следующая фаза сближения началась, когда оба КК находились на расстоянии 20 км друг от друга, а затем во время нахождения так называемых «переходных точках» (parking points) на расстоянии 5 км, 400 м и 140 м. Наземными службами оценивалось относительное положение КК Shenzhou-10, после чего процесс продолжался, затем состоялся переход на автономное сближение, произошло касание и жесткая сцепка. В 05 ч 11 мин (по Гринвичу) была произведена стыковка КК Shenzhou-10 с орбитальным модулем Tiangong-1 в автоматическом режиме. Во время этих операций КК Shenzhou-10 выполнял роль «активного объекта», а модуль Tiangong-1 выступал в качестве «пассивного объекта». Для проведения стыковки потребовалось 15 минут, что позволило центру управления отрегулировать давление в стыкуемых объектах.

Во время стыковки экипаж находился в спускаемом аппарате корабля, а затем перешел в модуль Tiangong-1. Войдя в модуль Tiangong-1, экипаж начал производить проверку штатной работы модуля и систем жизнеобеспечения: давления, кислорода, температуры воздуха и влажности, а также производить контроль окружающей среды на наличие вредных газов и микробов.

Находясь на орбите, тайконавты провели большое количество научных экспериментов, в том числе медицинских; исследовалась работа сердца, легких и биохимии членов экипажа, а также проводились эксперименты по эффективной профилактике космической болезни. Кроме этого, устраивались сеансы связи с учащимися школ, которые длились по 40 мин. Во время этих уроков, которые проводила Ван Япин, тайконавты показали 5 основных физических экспериментов, с помощью которых они рассказали ученикам о характеристиках движения объектов в условиях невесомости, поверхностном натяжении жидкости, определили понятия веса и массы и объяснили законы Ньютона. Они также ответили на вопросы учеников.

23 июня КК Shenzhou-10 был отстыкован и отошел от модуля Tiangong-1 на 140 метров. После этого командир корабля Не Хайшэн совершил стыковку вручную.

25 июня КК Shenzhou-10 отстыковался от модуля Tiangong-1и произвел облет орбитального модуля. Далее КК Shenzhou-10 осуществил сближение с модулем Tiangong-1 с обратной стороны.

Процессы маневрирования непилотируемого КК Shenzhou-8 и пилотируемого
КК Shenzhou-9 производилось по схеме «V-bar» и были доступны для просмотра на вебсайте. Отработка операций маневрирования и сближения КК Shenzhou-10 ключевым образом отличалась от прежних – было произведено сближение с модулем по схеме «R-bar». Однако, если операции запуска и посадки КК Shenzhou-10 были доступны во время прямой трансляции на вебсайте, то информация по выполнению сближения и причаливания была недоступна, поэтому точная схема облета неизвестна (была ли это вертикальная связка с поворотом на 90°, или же это было положение противоположное вектору скорости с поворотом на 180°). В докладе экипажа руководству сообщалось, что программа полета выполнена успешно.

26 июня 2013 года в 03 ч 07 мин (по Гринвичу) после 15-суточного космического полета спускаемый аппарат пилотируемого КК Shenzhou-10 благополучно приземлился в установленном районе центральной части Внутренней Монголии, тайконавты благополучно вышли из спускаемого аппарата, завершив полет.

К 2015 году Китай планирует вывести на орбиту вторую космическую лабораторию Tiangong-2, и параллельно разворачивается проект пилотируемой орбитальной станции.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SZ 10НайтиНайти
239179НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
2Страна производитель - Китай
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
4Тип орбиты - НОО

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг7800
2Размер экипажа, чел.3

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС14 дней, 14 часов, 29 минут
2Дата (сведения с орбиты)2013-06-25

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2013-029A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Производитель China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2013-06-11 at 09:38:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xShenzhou 10
3Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 2F

Найдено 498 документов по запросу «Shenzhou 10». [Перейти к поиску]


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... Detail .................................................................................................. 45 Human Spaceflight ......................................................................................................................... 45 Shenzhou Space Capsule................................................................................................................ 46 Tiangong-1 Space... Long-term Space Station ................................................................................................................ 48 Shenzhou Missions in Detail .......................................................................................................... 48 Lunar... through Shenzhou 5 (1992‒2003) was 18 billion yuan (~$2.2 billion). This included 10... on Shenzhou flights 1‒6 and 19 billion yuan being spent on Shenzhou missions 7‒10..., “The Space Report 2014,” 4. 223 “[神舟快报] 国新版记者招待会详解神五发射” [Shenzhou News Flash] The State Council... on the Shenzhou-5 capsule. It concluded in 2005 with the Shenzhou-6 mission... Time Purpose Shenzhou-1 20 November 1999 NA 21 hours Test Shenzhou-2 10 January 2001 14 Months 7 days Test Shenzhou-3 25 March 2002 14 Months 7 days Test Shenzhou-4 30 December 2002 9 Months 7 days Test Shenzhou-5 15 October 2003 10 Months 21 hours Manned (1 crew) Shenzhou-6 12 October 2005 24 Months 4+ days Manned (2 crew) Shenzhou-7 25... lab Shenzhou-8 1 November 2011 37 months 17 days Unmanned (docking) Shenzhou-9 16 June 2012 7.5 months 13 days Manned (3 crew docking) Shenzhou-10 11 June 2013 12 months 15 days Manned (3 crew docking) Shenzhou Space Capsule 248 The Shenzhou spacecraft was developed.... The Shenzhou 7‒10 missions had just one set of solar panels, however. Shenzhou... on the orbital module for Shenzhou missions 8‒10 were unnecessary due to... module into a docking module. 248 “Shenzhou III Unmanned Spacecraft Successfully Launched... 4. Comparison of Shenzhou 5 space capsule and Soyuz TM Description Shenzhou Soyuz TM.../01/07/20030107001009_todaynews.html. 255 “神舟专家揭密载人飞船 航天员有望 2 年内升空” [Shenzhou Expert Reviews Space Capsule, Astronauts... the space station.259 Shenzhou Missions in Detail Shenzhou-1 Shenzhou-1 was launched November...), 122‒24. 48 Shenzhou-2 Shenzhou-2 was launched January 10, 2001, and returned to... return of the descent module. Shenzhou-3 268 Shenzhou-3 was launched March 25... spaceflight program leaders declared the Shenzhou space capsule 270 “technically suitable... its intended orbit. 272 Unlike Shenzhou-2, Shenzhou-3 carried a “simulated person” to monitor....com/reports/Shenzhou5_May_Carry_Out_First_Chinese_Manned_Mission.html. 270 “Shenzhou III Unmanned Spacecraft Returns,” People... “Shenzhou Expert Reveals Secrets of Human Space Flight.” 272 Wei Long, “Shenzhou... Astronauts of the Shenzhou Spaceship: Dummy Astronauts on Board Shenzhou-3,” People’s Daily, April 6, 2002. 264 49 Shenzhou-4 Shenzhou-4 was launched... flights.” The Shenzhou-4 mission was a dress rehearsal for the Shenzhou-5 mission and..., hygiene articles, and other necessities. Shenzhou-5 Shenzhou-5 was launched October 15, 2003... manned spaceflight. Shenzhou-5’s 277 mission schedule was similar to the Shenzhou-1 launch... emerge again 279 for photos. Shenzhou-6 Shenzhou-6, China’s second manned mission, was... of unknown scientific experiments.282 Shenzhou-7 Shenzhou-7 is the only Chinese mission... Satellite Will Chase After the Shenzhou 7 Orbital Capsule After Separation], Xinhuanet.../newscenter/200809/24/content_10104787.htm; “Shenzhou-7 Launches Small Monitoring Satellite,” Xinhuanet... communicate with ground control.288 Shenzhou-8 Shenzhou-8 was an unmanned mission launched... 17, 2011, when Shenzhou-8 returned to Earth. Shenzhou-8 conducted two dockings. It... high to be considered safe. Shenzhou-9 Shenzhou-9 was the first manned mission..., three astronauts participated in the Shenzhou-9 mission. Shenzhou-9 was launched June 16... Tiangong-1 to support human spaceflight. Shenzhou-9 conducted two dockings with Tiangong... physiological studies and microbiological experiments. Shenzhou-10 Shenzhou-10 was the second manned mission... Shenzhou-9, Shenzhou-10 had a crew of three, one of whom was a woman. Shenzhou-10 was....com/watch?v=HV4FWYTVLsU. 296 “China’s Shenzhou-10 Mission Successful,” Xinhuanet, June 26.../c_132488807.htm. 289 52 Figure 4. Shenzhou-10 (left) docked with the Tiangong... days. The goal of the Shenzhou-10 mission was to further verify... function of Tiangong-1’s systems. Like Shenzhou-9, the Shenzhou-10 crew performed a second docking...-1 (see Figure 4). This time the Shenzhou-10 faced in a forward-flying position... Tiangong space station and docked. Shenzhou-10 was the last mission to... asteroid 4179 Toutatis. 297 “Tiengong I/Shenzhou X Manned Spaceflight Mission.” “许达哲:以’探月梦’托起’中国梦’,” [Xu Dazhe... periods experienced by early Shenzhou missions. Table 10.Tianlian launches Spacecraft Tianlian...



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..., and over 100 journal articles. 10 Mr. Dean Cheng is a senior... a legitimate peaceful use. With the Shenzhou-7 in 2009, China used the...-1, to orbit the Shenzhou-7 to take images of the Shenzhou-7. In 2010... positioning accuracies of less than 10 meters. With the use of... an altitude of more than 10,000 kilometers and released a barium... also serve legitimate peacetime functions.10 According to the U.S. Defense Department....”11 During the Shenzhou-7 mission the Banxing-1 flew around Shenzhou-7 at a distance... departed for Earth, BX-1 orbited Shenzhou-7 at a distance of one to... cameras that took images of Shenzhou-7. The stated reason for the... orbiting of a spacecraft with the Shenzhou 7 to prepare for an 5 Office... Command and Technology (装备指挥技术学院学报), 2006/6, 49. 10 See, for example, Huang Siyong... been practice for docking the Shenzhou space capsule with the Tiangong... Satellite Will Chase After the Shenzhou 7 Orbital Capsule After Separation], Xinhuanet.../2008-09/24/content_10104787.htm; “Shenzhou-7 Launches Small Monitoring Satellite,” Xinhuanet... Satellite Will Take Photographs of Shenzhou 7], Xinhuanet, September 24, 2008, accessed.../content_10104656.htm. 13 “Closer Look: Shenzhou-7’s Close Pass by the International...://www.reuters.com/article/2011/10/31/us-china-us-hackingidUSTRE79U1YI20111031... can increase launch payloads by 10–15 percent and satellite life...) and cited in the NSSS (p.10). Language in the National Defense... 2008 as part of the Shenzhou-7 (SH-7) human spaceflight mission. Weighing... and provided images of the Shenzhou-7 (SH-7) capsule, demonstrated the ability... are those related to the Shenzhou human spaceflight and the robotic... simply as Project 921, the Shenzhou program was approved as a three... experiments in conjunction with the Shenzhou 8-10 spacecrafts. Taingong-2 was to be... 2. China is executing the robust Shenzhou human spaceflight program at a pace... there was only one other Shenzhou program flight. Compare that to... Mercury (6 crewed flights) and Gemini (10 crewed flights) programs, and one... smaller steps taken by each. Shenzhou 9, launched in June 2012, included... interception technology within its territory.”10 As American defense officials noted.../content_12797459.htm (accessed February 6, 2015). 10 “China: Missile Defense System Test... docking maneuvers by the Shenzhou-VIII, Shenzhou-IX, and Shenzhou-X space capsules with....usatoday.com/tech/news/2006-10-05-satellite-laser_x.htm (accessed...://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-10-27/chinese-military-suspected-in... Jinping, he's met with the Shenzhou astronauts, he's gone to congratulate... know they have the manned Shenzhou program. We know they have... time. We will reconvene at 10:50 with panel number two... and includes activities around the Shenzhou series of spacecraft, Tiangong-1 space... the successful completion of the Shenzhou-5 to Shenzhou-7 missions from 2003 to... missions. Tiangong - 1 successfully docked with Shenzhou 10 on 13 June 2013 and... the China Construction Bank from 10 billion yuan to 20 billion... of examples support this. The Shenzhou capsule, for example, is not... Chengdu Aircraft Corporation’s 4th generation J-10 fighter and its J-20 5th... space companies the 921-1 or Shenzhou spaceship made its first unmanned... the April 2002 landing of Shenzhou-3. The dual-use nature of... demonstrated by the first manned Shenzhou-5 mission in 2005, when Astronaut... about 40 optical surveillance satellites, 10 radar satellites, 8 possible early warning... it reached an altitude of 10,000km, while U.S. sources noted it... space platforms. The September 2008 Shenzhou 7 mission, remembered most for China... the previous use of the Shenzhou to carry military payloads, mean... the PLA could equip the Shenzhou orbital module to launch the... satellites may include 5-ton and 10-ton systems able to reside... may enable a revisit time of 10 minutes. The PLA or “civil... may have a life span of 10 years, the second may be... possible conclusion from the 2008 Shenzhou 7 mission is that China has... -8.6 3.4 1968 4,722 -13.0 2.7 1969 4,251 -10.0 2.3 1970 3,752 -11.7 1.9 1971 3,382... the U.S. terminology of “force enhancement.”10 Space support operations make use... China’s Military Space Efforts,” 218. 10 Kevin Pollpeter, “The Chinese Vision... People’s Republic of China 2014,” 10. 169 and is pursuing other... heard of, the September 2008 Shenzhou 7 mission which was the Chinese...



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... cooperation and international collaboration  .......................................................  9   1.3 Background  .................................................................................................................................  10   1.3.1 Overview of the potential benefits of space exploration  ........................................................  10   1.3.2 Barriers to international cooperation in... the Space Economy, OECD Publishing.     10   failures, managing growth, and controlling... most national space programs face.10 International cooperation allows partners to.... 9 Keller, Collopy, and Compination (2014) 10 Peeters, Walter and Bernd Madauss... informal interviews with representatives from 10 of the Global Exploration Strategy59... Force Academy, Colorado. (Winter 2009): 10. 81 Johnson-Freese (2009) 82... (CASC). The Nuclear Threat Initiative. 10 August 2012. Web. Accessed 14... is a leading organization in China’s Shenzhou program.97 The Academy of... Manned Space Engineering Office. “Tiangong I / Shenzhou X Manned Spaceflight Mission.” Web. Accessed...                                                                                                                 112 Defense Group Inc., pg.10-11. Johnson-Freese (2009): 56... proposal in March 1986, the Shenzhou and Tiangong programs were eventually... included the development of a spaceship (Shenzhou or Project 921-1) and a multi... Space Engineering Office.133 The Shenzhou program’s mandate was to develop... ten Shenzhou spacecraft mission launches since November 1999, with the Shenzhou-5 mission... a person into space.135 Shenzhou-7 (September 2008) and Shenzhou-9 (June 2012) missions...-1.136 The most recent mission, Shenzhou-10, had a crew of three taikonauts... of the Shenzhou-10 mission marked the end of the Shenzhou program. The... Manned Space Engineering Office. “Tiangong I / Shenzhou X Manned Spaceflight Mission.” Web. Accessed... Manned Space Engineering Office. “Tiangong I / Shenzhou X Manned Spaceflight Mission.” Web. Accessed... in the duration of the Shenzhou program are not explicit and...): 107-115. 145 Dangen, Sun. “Shenzhou and Dreams of Space.” China.... First, although visual similarities between Shenzhou and the Russian Soyuz suggested... to the Shenzhou design. These specifications were needed to allow Shenzhou to... Encyclopedia Astronautica. “Shenzhou”. http://www.astronautix.com/craft/shenzhou.htm 169 Study....cnn.com/2007/TECH/space/10/16/china.space.ap/ index... Manned Space Engineering Office. “Tiangong I / Shenzhou X Manned Spaceflight Mission.” Web. Accessed... (2009): 73-88. Dangen, Sun. “Shenzhou and Dreams of Space.” China....cnn.com/2007/TECH/space/10/16/china. space.ap/index... Manned Space Engineering Office. “Tiangong I / Shenzhou X Manned Spaceflight Mission.” Web. Accessed... Manned Space Engineering Office. “Tiangong I / Shenzhou X Manned Spaceflight Mission.” Web. Accessed... Encyclopedia Astronautica. “Shenzhou.” http://www.astronautix.com/craft/shenzhou.htm Encyclopedia Astronautica....uk/mssl/aboutmssl/newsletter/volume-10/newsletter_1212.pdf     76   “Wolf: U.S. Should...: http://swfound.org/media/42018/10.%20swfcas%20space%20policies%20and%20laws...: Complete Tiangong Space Station with Shenzhou spacecraft. Source: China Daily. Available.../06/18/shenzhou-9docks-with-tiangong-1/     81   A-5 Image: China Shenzhou-9 and Tiangong...



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... the European Commission – July 2012 - 10 - COFSEP – Final report BRAZIL 1. Institutional... Human spaceflight 40 30 20 10 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005... to the acceleration of the Shenzhou program and is further expected... consisted in four unmanned spacecrafts (Shenzhou-1 to 4), which led to the... Chinese manned mission, Shenzhou-5, in 2003. A second manned mission, Shenzhou-6, was completed... on board during a 5-day flight. Shenzhou-7 mission in 2008 included three... laboratory module, Tiangong-1. An unmanned Shenzhou vehicle was launched in 2011... successfully with Tiangong-1. The next Shenzhou mission, Shenzhou-9, to be launched in... followed by a second manned mission, Shenzhou 10, which will be the last... Launched Shenzhou-1 CNSA Unmanned Spacecraft CAST Prime Contractor 2001 Launched Shenzhou-2 CNSA... CAST Prime Contractor 2002 Launched Shenzhou-3 CNSA Unmanned Spacecraft carrying a dummy... CAST Prime Contractor 2002 Launched Shenzhou-4 CNSA Unmanned Spacecraft carrying a dummy... CAST Prime Contractor 2003 Launched Shenzhou-5 CNSA First Manned spacecraft carrying... CAST Prime Contractor 2005 Launched Shenzhou-6 CNSA Manned mission with two... CAST Prime Contractor 2008 Launched Shenzhou-7 CNSA Manned mission with two... CAST Prime Contractor 2011 Launched Shenzhou-8 CNSA Unmanned mission to demonstrate...-1 CAST Prime Contractor 2012 Launched Shenzhou-9 CNSA First manned mission (3 astronauts... Prime Contractor 2012 In development Shenzhou-10 CNSA Manned mission with two... the development of the Chinese Shenzhou spacecraft, whose technology was transferred... the cooperation with China on Shenzhou, was sentenced to 11 years... experiment which was fitted on Shenzhou-8. This cooperation was considered as... of a German Experiment for the Shenzhou-8 spaceflight. Cooperation agreement covering science... Plan (LTP) which establishes on a 10 year time frame its strategic... scientific actors over the past 10-15 years seem to have... robotic mission. Over the past 10-15 years, TAS-I Turin site... experiment that was fitted on Shenzhou-8. This cooperation was considered as... of a German Experiment for the Shenzhou-8 spaceflight. Framework Framework agreement on... the spacecraft was lost after 10 months of operation, having nonetheless... 25 20 Human spaceflight 15 10 5 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005...,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 Human spaceflight 6,000... technologies to China (for the Shenzhou vehicle) and India (for the... the cooperation with China on Shenzhou, was sentenced to 11 years... Dollars in million 12,000 10,000 Robotic activities 8,000 6,000... 2001 to $9.7 billion in 2011 (10-Y CAGR of 1%), essentially due to...% Russia 0.14% expenditure USA 0.12% 0.10% 0.08% India 0.06% Japan 0.04...% Russia 20% Japan ESA 10% India 0% 0 5 10 15 20 25 Number of... countries to dedicate more than 0.10% of their GDP to civil...-$500 million 15 < $100 Million 10 5 0 USA ESA Japan China Russia...* (in US$ millions) 1997-2011 10,000 Three missions 5,000 Two... 7, <2016: ISS Cargo supply spacecrafts Shenzhou: Several manned missions to be... China for a scientific cooperation on Shenzhou-8, which was fitted with bio... and microgravity experiments onboard the Shenzhou program, which is launched on...



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Issue 10 December 2013 Welcome to China ... CAST. • Development of the Shijian 10 engineering model was approved in... and would start immediately. SJ-10 is a recoverable satellite designed to... built around 2020. After about 10 years of planning and pre... (credit: CASC/Go Taikonauts!) page 10 GO TAIKONAUTS! All about the... mechanism, used on Tiangong 1 and Shenzhou, is still the best choice... the Shenzhou spaceship; • a recovered Shenzhou capsule; • the presentation of CZ-2F/Shenzhou launch... concert. Nie Haisheng, Commander of Shenzhou 10, together with CMSA Spokeswoman Wu.... Nie made a report summarising the Shenzhou 10 mission, although without any fresh... of CASC. CMSA displayed the Shenzhou 10 capsule that was the only... a few days later from 9 to 10 October 2013, the 23rd ASEAN.... Up to now we have 10 projects, some of them are.... Up to now we have 10 projects. But the other most... can be transported by a Chinese Shenzhou spaceship to the Chinese Space... with his flight on the Shenzhou 5 mission. As of the time... 2013 exhibition. (credit: Go Taikonauts!) Shenzhou 10 re-entry capsule on display...!) Close-up view of the Shenzhou 10 capsule. (credit: Go Taikonauts!) Scale...



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...; space assets; or space operations.10 General Staff Department The General... can increase launch payloads by 10–15 percent and satellite life... centers rely on a network of 10– 20 telemetry and tracking stations...-profile space projects, including the Shenzhou series of manned spacecraft, the... plans. The Academy employs over 10,000 people.25 • The China... dollar invested estimated to yield $10 in gross domestic product growth... set the goal of capturing 10 percent of this market by... to 2013 but only achieved 10 percent in 2011 and 2012... mission in September 2008, China’s Shenzhou 7 spacecraft deployed the BX–1, a miniature... September 1, 2015, compared to about 10 in 2000 and 35 in...’’ are satellites with a mass between 10 and 100 kilograms. Kevin Pollpeter... reportedly provides positioning accuracies of 10 meters or better, depending on... from 2010 to 2014, only 10 fewer than the United States...–2005), China launched several unmanned Shenzhou spacecraft to develop technologies necessary... unmanned docking maneuvers between the Shenzhou spacecraft and the Tiangong-1 space... 10 Shenzhou missions and plans to conduct the 11th in 2016. The Shenzhou... Shenzhou-1 November 20, 1999 21 hours Test Shenzhou-2 January 10, 2001 7 days Test Shenzhou-3 March 25, 2002 8 days Test Shenzhou-4 December 30, 2002 7 days Test Shenzhou-5 October 15, 2003 21 hours Manned (1 crew) Shenzhou-6 October...) 2+ days Manned (3 crew); Extravehicular activity Shenzhou-7 September 25, 2008 Tiangong-1 September... space lab Shenzhou-8 November 1, 2011 16 days Unmanned docking Shenzhou-9 June 16, 2012 14 days Manned (3 crew) docking Shenzhou-10 June... 2049 Institute, April 26, 2012), 10; and U.S.-China Economic and Security..., Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014, 10; U.S.-China Economic and Security Review... Cooperation and Exchange.’’ Staff translation. 10. U.S.-China Economic and Security Review...,’’ IHS Jane’s Defense Weekly, February 10, 2015; National Aeronautics and Space...; and Richard Fisher, ‘‘Closer Look: Shenzhou-7’s Close Pass by the International... Mission,’’ NASA Spaceflight.com, December 10, 2014; Kevin Pollpeter, China Dream... Mission,’’ NASA Spaceflight.com, December 10, 2014; Jane’s Space Systems and...,’’ Project 2049 Institute, February 2011, 10; and SinoDefense, ‘‘FengHuo 1 (ChinaSat 22... of China 2014, June 2014, 10–11; Mark Stokes and Dean... be Established around 2022,’’ September 10, 2014; Irene Klotz, ‘‘China Unveils... Be Established around 2022,’’ September 10, 2014; Joan Johnson-Freese, ‘‘A Long... Review of Global Affairs, February 10, 2013. 180. China National Space...’ of the Moon,’’ CNN, September 10, 2015. 186. Quoted in Leonard... Morning Post (Hong Kong), November 10, 2014. 193. Kevin Pollpeter, China...



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... 64th IAC Held in Beijing Shenzhou 10 Misson Successfully Accomplished Chang’e 3 Achieved... for China’s Manned Space Program, 10 Shenzhou the national economy. spaceships and... rendezvous and docking between the Shenzhou spaceship China’s initial space infrastructure... resolution resolution of better than 10 meters to China and and... the Program. Chang’e 3 lunar and 10 types of mature products, capable.... Research on autonomous pulsars the Shenzhou 10 spaceship and the Tiangong 1 target... space station for other countries. Shenzhou 10 Misson Successfully Accomplished After 15... given. The success of the Shenzhou 10 landed in the preset area... of the module. Tiangong 1 and Shenzhou 10 manned spaceflight mission achieved a full... Program. According to the The Shenzhou 10 spaceship was launched from the... around June 11. During the Shenzhou 10 mission, technological 2020. tests of... of its space transportation 1 and Shenzhou 10 manned spaceflight mission marked system...×100km elliptical orbit on December 10 and the probe made a soft...



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.../mmm/ MMM, has been published 10 times a year since issue #1 December...-%20Space%20CAFE.pdf 9 TTSIQ #4 page 10 JULY 2013 Because refrigeration and... Soars into Space on board Shenzhou 5 http://www.space.com/21509...-china-shenzhou-10-mission-photos.html http://www.space.com/21507-shenzhou-10-china... blasted off aboard the Shenshou 10 spacecraft toward the Tiangong 1 station....org/wiki/Jiuquan_Satellite_Launch_Center] Shenzhou 10's astronauts Nie Haisheng, a veteran from Shenzhou 5, and first... by China. 10 TTSIQ #4 page 11 JULY 2013 The Shenzhou 10 crew docked...-1] in June 2012. Before the Shenzhou 10 mission, 8 Chinese astronauts had made...://www.space.com/21506-china-shenzhou-10-mission-photos.html MISSION TO... messages to the ground. Measuring 10 centimeters (4”) on each side, it.... It exploded in a flash nearly 10 times as bright as anything... water with a depth of between 10-100 cm (4-40”) and a flow... slated to occur in 2023, 10 years from today . The purpose... like "hoax" and "hype." Some 10,000 people from China had... orbit around the Moon. April 10 2013: The capture would be... 2014 will measure 30x10x10 cm (10”x 4”x4”). These "Arkyd-3" satellites will... efficient. It currently costs about $10,000 to launch 1 liter (0.26... and mass drivers would require 10 or 20 years of advance..., in the same direction: about 10 hours per circuit for the... pull becomes amplified and generates 10 times more heat, the researchers... by shifting the frequency by 10 Hz, with a power of 1000... shifting at the rate of 10 bits per second. The Arecibo... the transmission from Sun's center (10 min) 2. Analog Section -- Theremin concert... close to the surface, say 10 kilometers (6 miles) or so, and...



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... a relatively small amount; an estimated 1/10 of NASA’s budget which translates... far only 5 manned missions with 10 taikonauts involved (2 taikonauts flew twice... Hall of the People only 10,000 people can hear it... Chinese engineers, it took China 10 years to become the 5th...), was ready in time, the Shenzhou capsule was behind schedule and... on the 20 November 1999, Shenzhou 1 lifted off from the Jiuquan... the last unmanned mission, the Shenzhou 4 flight, were equipped to support... flight of Yang Liwei with Shenzhou 5 on 15 October 2003 was... approach space. 6.1 Shenzhou China started its manned mission with Shenzhou 5 and a one-person-crew in 2003. Followed relatively quickly by Shenzhou....pdf Figure 2: Time line of Shenzhou and Tiangong missions. IAC-16...). All rights reserved. crew on Shenzhou 7 successfully conducted China’s first EVA... launching in 2011 the next Shenzhou mission, an automatic docking with... in orbit Tiangong 1 space module. Shenzhou 9 docked with a three-person crew... one year later, in 2013, Shenzhou 10 delivered three taikonauts to Tiangong... station based on Shenzhou technologies, consisting of an improved Shenzhou propulsion section...-named ‘Xiaofei’. ‘Xiaofei’ was a downscaled Shenzhou capsule flying on a lunar trajectory... this year, saw the Shijian 10 retrievable science satellite with international... Vladimir Putin’s Eurasian Trade Page 10 of 14 67th International Astronautical... with the European Space Agency.” [10] 10. How could the future look..., Vienna, 11 - 20 June 2014. [10] http://news.xinhuanet.com/english...



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... people to work together...” ... page 10 Prof. John Zarnecki “We hope... space launches with in total 10 rockets launched in the fourth... space launches with in total 10 rockets launched in the fourth... on other spacecraft such as Shenzhou and Tiangong, the FSW recoverable... on 26 October at 15:10 by a CZ-2D from Jiuquan... on 4 November at 0:25 and 10 December at 0:46 respectively. From.... NAGA-1’s launch cost is about 10 million USD, according to the... estimated launch cost of only 10 million USD. It is another... the Wukong launch. The Shijian 10 recoverable microgravity satellite will be... recovered in Siziwang Banner (the Shenzhou and Chang’e 5-T1 landing zone... the parachute used by the Shenzhou. The test was performed using... developed for the CSS. The 10.2 m long, 7 degrees of freedom arm... invest $70 million to develop 10 satellites as part of the...-orbit delivery of the Apstar 10 comsat. CGWIC also started discussion... a 10 yuan coin, featuring the DFH-1 satellite, the CZ-2F rocket, Shenzhou 5, Tiangong 1 - Shenzhou 9 docking, Chang’e 1 lunar probe... development and launch of the Shenzhou spacecraft and the Long March... “Taikong” (credit: ISSI/NSSC) page 10 issue # 18 - January 2016 GO... happened 15 years, or even 10 years ago when the CSS..., say 300-350 km, orbit (Shenzhou and Tiangong orbits) but still... Tianzhou cargo ship and the Shenzhou crewed vehicle, the problem is...) and onboard equipment/supply (from Shenzhou where full supply and even.... But there will still be Shenzhou launches from Jiuquan because China... may have to launch the Shenzhou in its descending orbit phase...-450 km; • a lifetime of some 10 years; • a permanent crew of 3 people... following months by one manned Shenzhou (SZ-11) spaceship also launched... start the construction of its 10-year modular space station in... launch site. However, the manned Shenzhou spaceships, each with up to... actively in China, and Figure 10 shows a blackboard in a school classroom... in the manned spaceflight of Shenzhou 10 (Figure 11); we can note...