Грузовые/пилотируемые корабль. Shenzhou 10. [Редактировать]

В период с 11 по 26 июня 2013 года в рамках национальной космической программы состоялся пятый, самый длительный пилотируемый полет космического корабля (КК) Shenzhou-10. Основной задачей 15-суточного полета была отработка маневрирования и стыковочных операций КК Shenzhou-10 с орбитальным модулем Tiangong-1 в автоматическом и ручном режимах и проведение всесторонней оценки состояния модуля Tiangong-1 для целей, которые ставит перед собой Китай – создание модульной космической станции к 2020 году.

Полет проходил по следующей схеме:

  • 11 июня – запуск КК Shenzhou-10 с космодрома Цзюцюань;
  • 13 июня – стыковка КК Shenzhou-10 с модулем Tiangong-1 в автоматическом режиме;
  • 23 июня – расстыковка, отход КК Shenzhou-10, стыковка в ручном режиме;
  • 25 июня – расстыковка, облет модуля Tiangong-1 и сближение с обратной стороны;
  • 26 июня – посадка в автономном районе Внутренняя Монголия.  

11 июня 2013 года в 09 ч 38 мин (по Гринвичу) был произведен успешный запуск КК Shenzhou-10 со стартовой площадки № 921 космодрома Цзюцюань ракетой-носителем (РН) CZ-2F/G. Параметры орбиты: высота – 336×342 км, наклонение – 42,8˚, период обращения – 91,2 мин.

На борту КК Shenzhou-10 находился экипаж из двух мужчин и одной женщины. Командир экипажа – Не Хайшэн (Nie Haisheng), это его второй полет; Чжан Сяогуан (Zhang Xiaoguang) – пилот-оператор, первый полет; Ван Япин (Wang Yaping) – лаборант-исследователь, вторая женщина-тайконавт, первый полет.

Члены этого экипажа были дублерами тайконавтов корабля Shenzhou-9 в 2012 году. За пуском КК Shenzhou-10 наблюдал Председатель КНР, Генеральный секретарь ЦК КПК
Си Цзиньпин.

13 июня КК Shenzhou-10 с тремя тайконавтами на борту был выведен на промежуточную орбиту, затем с помощью собственной двигательной установки КК Shenzhou-10 поднялся до высоты 330 км, достигнув почти круговой орбиты. Когда КК Shenzhou-10 находился на расстоянии 52 км от модуля Tiangong-1, начались операции маневрирования и причаливания, а также был произведен мониторинг центральной системы проверки данных. Оба объекта получили данные об относительном положении и скорости друг друга.

Следующая фаза сближения началась, когда оба КК находились на расстоянии 20 км друг от друга, а затем во время нахождения так называемых «переходных точках» (parking points) на расстоянии 5 км, 400 м и 140 м. Наземными службами оценивалось относительное положение КК Shenzhou-10, после чего процесс продолжался, затем состоялся переход на автономное сближение, произошло касание и жесткая сцепка. В 05 ч 11 мин (по Гринвичу) была произведена стыковка КК Shenzhou-10 с орбитальным модулем Tiangong-1 в автоматическом режиме. Во время этих операций КК Shenzhou-10 выполнял роль «активного объекта», а модуль Tiangong-1 выступал в качестве «пассивного объекта». Для проведения стыковки потребовалось 15 минут, что позволило центру управления отрегулировать давление в стыкуемых объектах.

Во время стыковки экипаж находился в спускаемом аппарате корабля, а затем перешел в модуль Tiangong-1. Войдя в модуль Tiangong-1, экипаж начал производить проверку штатной работы модуля и систем жизнеобеспечения: давления, кислорода, температуры воздуха и влажности, а также производить контроль окружающей среды на наличие вредных газов и микробов.

Находясь на орбите, тайконавты провели большое количество научных экспериментов, в том числе медицинских; исследовалась работа сердца, легких и биохимии членов экипажа, а также проводились эксперименты по эффективной профилактике космической болезни. Кроме этого, устраивались сеансы связи с учащимися школ, которые длились по 40 мин. Во время этих уроков, которые проводила Ван Япин, тайконавты показали 5 основных физических экспериментов, с помощью которых они рассказали ученикам о характеристиках движения объектов в условиях невесомости, поверхностном натяжении жидкости, определили понятия веса и массы и объяснили законы Ньютона. Они также ответили на вопросы учеников.

23 июня КК Shenzhou-10 был отстыкован и отошел от модуля Tiangong-1 на 140 метров. После этого командир корабля Не Хайшэн совершил стыковку вручную.

25 июня КК Shenzhou-10 отстыковался от модуля Tiangong-1и произвел облет орбитального модуля. Далее КК Shenzhou-10 осуществил сближение с модулем Tiangong-1 с обратной стороны.

Процессы маневрирования непилотируемого КК Shenzhou-8 и пилотируемого
КК Shenzhou-9 производилось по схеме «V-bar» и были доступны для просмотра на вебсайте. Отработка операций маневрирования и сближения КК Shenzhou-10 ключевым образом отличалась от прежних – было произведено сближение с модулем по схеме «R-bar». Однако, если операции запуска и посадки КК Shenzhou-10 были доступны во время прямой трансляции на вебсайте, то информация по выполнению сближения и причаливания была недоступна, поэтому точная схема облета неизвестна (была ли это вертикальная связка с поворотом на 90°, или же это было положение противоположное вектору скорости с поворотом на 180°). В докладе экипажа руководству сообщалось, что программа полета выполнена успешно.

26 июня 2013 года в 03 ч 07 мин (по Гринвичу) после 15-суточного космического полета спускаемый аппарат пилотируемого КК Shenzhou-10 благополучно приземлился в установленном районе центральной части Внутренней Монголии, тайконавты благополучно вышли из спускаемого аппарата, завершив полет.

К 2015 году Китай планирует вывести на орбиту вторую космическую лабораторию Tiangong-2, и параллельно разворачивается проект пилотируемой орбитальной станции.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SZ 10НайтиНайти
239179НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
2Страна производитель - Китай
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
4Тип орбиты - НОО

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг7800
2Размер экипажа, чел.3

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС14 дней, 14 часов, 29 минут
2Дата (сведения с орбиты)2013-06-25

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2013-029A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Производитель China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2013-06-11 at 09:38:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xShenzhou 10
3Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 2F

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... next year, followed by the Shenzhou 11 manned mission and the... the docking mechanism of China’s Shenzhou spaceship and Tiangong target spacecraft... with the flight conditions of Shenzhou 8, and Shenzhou 9 flight missions... ... page 8 On... next year, followed by the Shenzhou 11 manned mission and the... before the Tiangong 1 and the Shenzhou 8 missions in 2011. What is... of payloads of the SJ-10 satellite were delivered for satellite... the Tiangong 2 launch and the Shenzhou 11 mission in 2016. It... suit used in the 2008 Shenzhou 7 mission. It is supposed to... Outer Space (COPUOS) held on 10-19 June, China released details... the docking mechanism of China’s Shenzhou spaceship and Tiangong target spacecraft... with the flight conditions of Shenzhou 8, and Shenzhou 9 flight missions. The development..., as shown in Figure 1. The Shenzhou 8 unmanned spaceship successfully docked with... lab on 3 November 2011. The Shenzhou 9 manned spaceship successfully docked with... in Figure 9. Technical Achievements page 10 issue # 16 - August 2015 GO... June 2010, the assembly of Shenzhou 8 / Tiangong 1 flight product was completed... 2011, the acceptance test of Shenzhou 8 / Tiangong 1 flight product was completed... acceptance test of Shenzhou 9 flight product and Shenzhou 10 flight product were completed... stand, as shown in Figure 10, and the other a thermal vacuum... product qualification pieces (2009) Figure 10: Six degrees of freedom Docking... Station (2009.10) Figure 12: Flight docking mechanism product of Shenzhou 8 manned... the docking mechanism in the Shenzhou spaceship and Tiangong 1 target spacecraft... The docking mechanism on the Shenzhou 8 spacecraft is intended to be... of the experiment module. The Shenzhou 8 docking mechanism sub-system is...: Shows the docking mechanism of Shenzhou 8 spaceship Figure 14: Shows the... The docking mechanism of the Shenzhou spaceship is shown in Figure... mechanism In November 2011, the Shenzhou 8 spaceship successfully page 13 issue... and June 2013, both the Shenzhou 9 and Shenzhou 10 spaceships (each with three... in both missions. During the Shenzhou 10 mission, the astronauts have given... following tasks: the manned spaceship Shenzhou series, cargo spacecraft, space station... presented in 2011. V. CONCLUSION Shenzhou 8, 9, and 10 spaceships’ successfully docking in orbit... her mission tasks during the Shenzhou 10 mission in June 2013: “Of... Wang Yaping’s work during the Shenzhou 10 mission, it should not come... For the report on the Shenzhou 10 mission, also compare: Go Taikonauts.... But by now they have 10 astronauts in space and among...



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..., which was docked with three Shenzhou spaceships one after another. The... launched in 2015, docked with a Shenzhou spaceship soon. After six months... other two Shenzhou spaceships after Shenzhou-8 in the latest two years. Shenzhou-9 spaceship... the crew. One year later, Shenzhou-10 spaceship docked with Tiangong-1 in... km 64 10 nm 10 m 10 km 64 23 nm 20 m 10 km thermal infrared 1 - 10 m 15 km - Science Researches on Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou... in space. Aided by her Shenzhou-10 crew member, Wang Yaping, the... Aboard the Tiangong-1, the Shenzhou-9 and Shenzhou-10 crew members tested space medicine... conducted a series of technology demonstrations. Shenzhou-9 astronauts onboard have successfully carried... the daily frequency stability of 10–15–10–16 level under microgravity...



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... LITERATURE…………………………………………………..3 3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND SOURCES………………………………..10 4. OVERVIEW OF PROBLEMS AND HYPOTHESIS... SPACE: DOMESTIC ASPECTS…...38 III. 1. SHENZHOU: LEADERSHIP LEGITIMIZER?..................................................40 III. 2. AMBITIONS..., Tom Doherty & Associates, 2006), 217. 10 The classified report was released... a menacing threat. Even China’s wellpublicized Shenzhou human space program has come... International Space Community: A Brief Overview,” 2. 10 Finally, this thesis uses both... as it develops its respective Shenzhou and Chang’E programs. However, very... of a handful of countries. The 10 leaders [major space-faring nations... detailed in Chapter IV. The 10 leading nations were mentioned earlier... FUTRON covered the world’s top 10 leading nations involved in space... the capsule. Currently, China operates 10 ground observation sites and TT... Space Tracking Ship to Serve Shenzhou VII,” Xinhua News Agency, (April... phases: • Phase I: Technology demonstration; launch Shenzhou 1-5 to test capsule design, highlighted..., extra-vehicular activities (EVA); launch Shenzhou spacecraft 6-14 to establish space... 1 is scheduled for late 2010. ShenZhou 8 will then be launched unmanned... with ShenZhou 9 and ShenZhou 10; TianGong 2 is projected for 2013 with ShenZhou 11 and ShenZhou... TianGong 3 in 2015 and ShenZhou 13 and ShenZhou 14 in 2015/16... Soyuz design for their own Shenzhou modules, making them able to... 921-1), Application System (Project 921-2), Shenzhou Manned Spacecraft System (Project 921... national security as well. III. 1. SHENZHOU: LEADERSHIP LEGITIMIZER? Out of all... the launch date of the Shenzhou-7 came on the heels of... as well. Shenzhou-5 was launched on October 13, 2003, and Shenzhou-6 was... political scientist, said that “a successful Shenzhou-7 mission would help distract China... business was confidence in their Shenzhou capsule. Man-rated capsules and... the fifth flight of the Shenzhou.108 Clearly, the Chinese thought... spacecraft. Shortly after the successful Shenzhou-5 flight, China not only received... has been written about the Shenzhou being a mere copy of the... significant differences. Dean Cheng noted, “Shenzhou is not so much a copy... main engine and a backup, the Shenzhou boasts four separate engines. 107.... 43 Figure 4: Russian Soyuz, Chinese Shenzhou, and U.S. Orion Capsules Comparison111 Perhaps... vehicular activity” (EVA), on the Shenzhou-7 mission, it seems like putting... logical step. Shortly after the Shenzhou-7 capsule returned to Earth, Wang... years, three additional modules on Shenzhou spacecraft, each with two or... Tianjin: With a total investment of 10 billion yuan and covering an... Special Administrative Regions, since the Shenzhou-8 “still had the space for... a few months after the successful Shenzhou-7 mission, Zhang Jianqi headed a small.... In order to support future Shenzhou, Tiangong and future lunar-related.... Prior to the spacewalk of Shenzhou-7, there were nationwide contests for... mobile device painted red with ‘Shenzhou VII’ stamped on the side..., a popular European science magazine, the Shenzhou program 168 John J. Klein, Space... 29, 1999): 28. The recent Shenzhou-7 also provided Chinese scientists with... taikonauts on board the craft [Shenzhou-7], especially because two of them... Qiqihar”.178 Success of the Shenzhou-7 space walk also spurred Chinese... “self-made micro-rockets” from a Shenzhou-7 capsule-shaped launch pad. He..., said, “The success of the Shenzhou-7 mission has made us even... watched the landing of the Shenzhou-7 vessel through live video broadcast...,” China Brief, Vol. 7, No. 1 (January 10, 2007): 4. 192 Ibid, 6. 193 David... sharing, ESA has “handed over 10 spare Cluster instruments worth $ 6.8 million... Center for Nonproliferation Studies, May 10, 2007. 247 See http://www... Cooperation,” The SpaceReview.com, April 10, 2006. Ibid. 291 Jeffrey Logan... Cooperation,” The SpaceReview.com, April 10, 2006. 302 John Rhea, “Need.... The Russian Soyuz and Chinese Shenzhou are both man-rated space... Wei Qi: The Launch of Shenzhou ,.” Naval War College Review, Vol... first women astronauts”, SpaceDaily, March 10, 2010 http://www.spacedaily.com... scientists start studying samples from Shenzhou-7.” SpaceDaily.com, October 8, 2008, http... cooperation.” The SpaceReview.com, April 10, 2006, http://www.thespacereview.com... Wei Qi: The launch of Shenzhou V.” Naval War College Review, Vol... _____. “Souped up rockets for Shenzhou.” SpaceDaily.com, October 29, 2008....html _____. “The politics of Shenzhou.” SpaceDaily.com, September 8, 2008, http...- 98, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396330801899512 Kurlantzick, Joshua. “China... Center for Nonproliferation Studies, May 10, 2007, http://cns.miis.edu... space tracking ship to serve Shenzhou VII.” Xinhua News Agency, April..., Volume 24, Issue 1, February 2008, 10-12. Nweke, Remmy. “Experts agitate....” China Brief, Volume 7, Issue 1, January 10, 2007, 4-6, http://www.jamestown.org... Russian ones.” Softpedia Spacenews, October 10, 2008, http://news.softpedia.com...…....30 Figure 4: Russian Soyuz, Chinese Shenzhou, and U.S. Orion Capsules Comparison…...44...



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....net/33/1361/2015/ doi:10.5194/angeo-33-1361-2015... of the spacecrafts Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 in China were firstly determined... ions) of ionosphere, emerging about 6–10 min after the launches and... of China’s spacecrafts Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 in 2011. On the other... the launches of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 in 2011 are investigated with... paper. 2 Launches of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 At 13:16:03 universal... autonomous spacecraft. One month later, Shenzhou-8, with toAnn. Geophys., 33, 1361..., was launched at 21:58:10 UT, 31 October 2011 (DOY... of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 from JSLC. The Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 launch track... 200 km for Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8, respectively. Line-of-sight between... the ionospheric disturbance during the Shenzhou-8 launch. 3 GPS-TEC data processing...-1 and Shenzhou-8 from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center. The Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 launch... the locations of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 at the moment of the... the locations of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 at the moment of the... 200 km for Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8, respectively. spheric daily variation. Then... waves caused by Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 launches Figure 3a shows the... stations on the day of Shenzhou-8 launch (DOY = 304). Again, it... strong activity emerged after launching Shenzhou-8. For the higher frequency disturbances... second sub-event excited by Shenzhou-8 has a wider period interval of... depletions caused by Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 launches Figure 5a shows the... stations on the day of Shenzhou-8 launch (DOY = 304) in three... stations on the day of Shenzhou-8 launch (DOY = 304) in the... that the ionospheric depletion of Shenzhou-8 does not occur in all... stations on the day of Shenzhou-8 launch (DOY = 304) in three... stations on the day of Shenzhou-8 launch (DOY = 304) in three... observation region B, ionospheric disturbances appeared ∼ 10 min after the launch and... observation region C, ionospheric disturbances appeared ∼ 10.5 min after the launch and... (Beijing time) and 05:58:10 Ann. Geophys., 33, 1361–1368... for the launch time of Shenzhou-8 are 3 and −6 nT, respectively. Besides... caused by the Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 launches. The mechanism of the... disturbances caused by Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 launches are the integrated actions... appeared after the launch of Shenzhou-8. The different characteristics of ionospheric.... Res., 103, 2239–2251, doi:10.1029/97ja02866, 1998. Bernhardt, P., Erickson..., J. Geophys. Res., 110, A05311, doi:10.1029/2004ja010795, 2005. Bernhardt, P., Ballenthin.... Res., 66, 1073–1079, doi:10.1029/JZ066i004p01073, 1961. Bowling, T., Calais... by the launch of the Shenzhou 10 spacecraft, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41.... Res., 71, 4692–4694, doi:10.1029/JZ071i019p04692, 1966. Furuya, T. and.... Geophys., 32, 187–196, doi:10.5194/angeo-32-187-2014... Sci., 23, 483–492, doi:10.1029/RS023i004p00483, 1988. Li, Y., Jacobson.... Geophys., 32, 1145–1152, doi:10.5194/angeo-32-1145-2014..., Science, 187, 343–346, doi:10.1126/science.187.4174.343..., Science, 238, 1260–1264, doi:10.1126/science.238.4831.1260..., Adv. Space Res., 6, S09001, doi:10.1029/2008SW000406, 2008. Nakashima, Y. and..., J. Geophys. Res., 115, A09314, doi:10.1029/2010JA015531, 2010. Tarvainen, M. P., Ranta.... Union, 72, 441–446, doi:10.1029/90EO00319, 1991. www.ann...



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... and communication technologies....................................................................................................... 10 CAS Supercomputer Hits Top 10 of the New Green 500 ................................................................................. 10 $103m injected into cloud computing research................................................................................................. 10 China's first petaflop computer in operation ..................................................................................................... 10 China vows to speed up Internet of Things development: MIIT....................................................................... 10 China overtakes US as top... GEO secretariat in China .............................................................................................. 27 Shenzhou-8 capsule opened up to public... below the world's average of 10.71, the report said. According... was still well below the 10.71 citations that papers throughout... province in the country produces 10% of China's grain, with wheat... number has increased annually by 10 to 15 percent in the... achieved the target yields of 10.5 tons a hectare in 2000 and... technologies CAS Supercomputer Hits Top 10 of the New Green 500...-CAS) was on the top 10 list according to the latest... one that hit the top 10 in China. Different from the... to promote IOT-related manufacturing, 10 communication and service industries as... rates by as much as 10%, compared to the older technique... PM10 - particulate matter smaller than 10 microns - has been declining by... 8.08 trillion yuan while creating 10.58 million jobs. (Further details.... China's glaciers have shrunk by 10% over the past 60 years...-generation system in the next 10 to 20 years. The country... country's rural population creased from 10.2% in 2000 to 2.8% in 2010... 70,146 yuan in 2010 ($10,430), while the lowest was... (Shenzhou 9 and Shenzhou 10) in 2012. According to a plan, China will launch Shenzhou-9 in the first half of 2012, and Shenzhou-10 in the second half. In the future, TONG said, Shenzhou spacecraft... housing 17 experimental samples aboard Shenzhou VIII spacecraft safely arrived in... under 17 projects, of which 10 came from China, 6 from Germany.... (Further details in source: MOST) Shenzhou-8 capsule opened up to public... capsule from China's unmanned spacecraft Shenzhou-8 was officially opened on 21... scientific experiments were conducted during Shenzhou-8's space journey. Thirty-three samples... projects were onboard the spacecraft, 10 of which were carried out... twice with the unmanned spacecraft Shenzhou-8. Tiangong-1's shift from short-term... was a complete success. Unmanned spacecraft Shenzhou-8 landed safely by parachute on... grasslands. The safe return of Shenzhou-8 to earth marked the end... target orbiter after the unmanned Shenzhou-8 spacecraft returns to earth after... that linked the unmanned spacecraft Shenzhou-8 again with the prototype space... Control Centre, which commanded the Shenzhou-8 mission, called the re-docking... completed a range of tests in 10 geographic locations. Test results show...' global rankings. Peking University dropped 10 places from last year to... Human Resources and Social Security; 10) Modern Agriculture Talents Programme initiated... needs to build at least 10 more research vessels in the... needs to build at least 10 more research vessels in order...



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... Detail .................................................................................................. 45 Human Spaceflight ......................................................................................................................... 45 Shenzhou Space Capsule................................................................................................................ 46 Tiangong-1 Space... Long-term Space Station ................................................................................................................ 48 Shenzhou Missions in Detail .......................................................................................................... 48 Lunar... through Shenzhou 5 (1992‒2003) was 18 billion yuan (~$2.2 billion). This included 10... on Shenzhou flights 1‒6 and 19 billion yuan being spent on Shenzhou missions 7‒10..., “The Space Report 2014,” 4. 223 “[神舟快报] 国新版记者招待会详解神五发射” [Shenzhou News Flash] The State Council... on the Shenzhou-5 capsule. It concluded in 2005 with the Shenzhou-6 mission... Time Purpose Shenzhou-1 20 November 1999 NA 21 hours Test Shenzhou-2 10 January 2001 14 Months 7 days Test Shenzhou-3 25 March 2002 14 Months 7 days Test Shenzhou-4 30 December 2002 9 Months 7 days Test Shenzhou-5 15 October 2003 10 Months 21 hours Manned (1 crew) Shenzhou-6 12 October 2005 24 Months 4+ days Manned (2 crew) Shenzhou-7 25... lab Shenzhou-8 1 November 2011 37 months 17 days Unmanned (docking) Shenzhou-9 16 June 2012 7.5 months 13 days Manned (3 crew docking) Shenzhou-10 11 June 2013 12 months 15 days Manned (3 crew docking) Shenzhou Space Capsule 248 The Shenzhou spacecraft was developed.... The Shenzhou 7‒10 missions had just one set of solar panels, however. Shenzhou... on the orbital module for Shenzhou missions 8‒10 were unnecessary due to... module into a docking module. 248 “Shenzhou III Unmanned Spacecraft Successfully Launched... 4. Comparison of Shenzhou 5 space capsule and Soyuz TM Description Shenzhou Soyuz TM.../01/07/20030107001009_todaynews.html. 255 “神舟专家揭密载人飞船 航天员有望 2 年内升空” [Shenzhou Expert Reviews Space Capsule, Astronauts... the space station.259 Shenzhou Missions in Detail Shenzhou-1 Shenzhou-1 was launched November...), 122‒24. 48 Shenzhou-2 Shenzhou-2 was launched January 10, 2001, and returned to... return of the descent module. Shenzhou-3 268 Shenzhou-3 was launched March 25... spaceflight program leaders declared the Shenzhou space capsule 270 “technically suitable... its intended orbit. 272 Unlike Shenzhou-2, Shenzhou-3 carried a “simulated person” to monitor....com/reports/Shenzhou5_May_Carry_Out_First_Chinese_Manned_Mission.html. 270 “Shenzhou III Unmanned Spacecraft Returns,” People... “Shenzhou Expert Reveals Secrets of Human Space Flight.” 272 Wei Long, “Shenzhou... Astronauts of the Shenzhou Spaceship: Dummy Astronauts on Board Shenzhou-3,” People’s Daily, April 6, 2002. 264 49 Shenzhou-4 Shenzhou-4 was launched... flights.” The Shenzhou-4 mission was a dress rehearsal for the Shenzhou-5 mission and..., hygiene articles, and other necessities. Shenzhou-5 Shenzhou-5 was launched October 15, 2003... manned spaceflight. Shenzhou-5’s 277 mission schedule was similar to the Shenzhou-1 launch... emerge again 279 for photos. Shenzhou-6 Shenzhou-6, China’s second manned mission, was... of unknown scientific experiments.282 Shenzhou-7 Shenzhou-7 is the only Chinese mission... Satellite Will Chase After the Shenzhou 7 Orbital Capsule After Separation], Xinhuanet.../newscenter/200809/24/content_10104787.htm; “Shenzhou-7 Launches Small Monitoring Satellite,” Xinhuanet... communicate with ground control.288 Shenzhou-8 Shenzhou-8 was an unmanned mission launched... 17, 2011, when Shenzhou-8 returned to Earth. Shenzhou-8 conducted two dockings. It... high to be considered safe. Shenzhou-9 Shenzhou-9 was the first manned mission..., three astronauts participated in the Shenzhou-9 mission. Shenzhou-9 was launched June 16... Tiangong-1 to support human spaceflight. Shenzhou-9 conducted two dockings with Tiangong... physiological studies and microbiological experiments. Shenzhou-10 Shenzhou-10 was the second manned mission... Shenzhou-9, Shenzhou-10 had a crew of three, one of whom was a woman. Shenzhou-10 was....com/watch?v=HV4FWYTVLsU. 296 “China’s Shenzhou-10 Mission Successful,” Xinhuanet, June 26.../c_132488807.htm. 289 52 Figure 4. Shenzhou-10 (left) docked with the Tiangong... days. The goal of the Shenzhou-10 mission was to further verify... function of Tiangong-1’s systems. Like Shenzhou-9, the Shenzhou-10 crew performed a second docking...-1 (see Figure 4). This time the Shenzhou-10 faced in a forward-flying position... Tiangong space station and docked. Shenzhou-10 was the last mission to... asteroid 4179 Toutatis. 297 “Tiengong I/Shenzhou X Manned Spaceflight Mission.” “许达哲:以’探月梦’托起’中国梦’,” [Xu Dazhe... periods experienced by early Shenzhou missions. Table 10.Tianlian launches Spacecraft Tianlian...



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0.08/5
..., and over 100 journal articles. 10 Mr. Dean Cheng is a senior... a legitimate peaceful use. With the Shenzhou-7 in 2009, China used the...-1, to orbit the Shenzhou-7 to take images of the Shenzhou-7. In 2010... positioning accuracies of less than 10 meters. With the use of... an altitude of more than 10,000 kilometers and released a barium... also serve legitimate peacetime functions.10 According to the U.S. Defense Department....”11 During the Shenzhou-7 mission the Banxing-1 flew around Shenzhou-7 at a distance... departed for Earth, BX-1 orbited Shenzhou-7 at a distance of one to... cameras that took images of Shenzhou-7. The stated reason for the... orbiting of a spacecraft with the Shenzhou 7 to prepare for an 5 Office... Command and Technology (装备指挥技术学院学报), 2006/6, 49. 10 See, for example, Huang Siyong... been practice for docking the Shenzhou space capsule with the Tiangong... Satellite Will Chase After the Shenzhou 7 Orbital Capsule After Separation], Xinhuanet.../2008-09/24/content_10104787.htm; “Shenzhou-7 Launches Small Monitoring Satellite,” Xinhuanet... Satellite Will Take Photographs of Shenzhou 7], Xinhuanet, September 24, 2008, accessed.../content_10104656.htm. 13 “Closer Look: Shenzhou-7’s Close Pass by the International...://www.reuters.com/article/2011/10/31/us-china-us-hackingidUSTRE79U1YI20111031... can increase launch payloads by 10–15 percent and satellite life...) and cited in the NSSS (p.10). Language in the National Defense... 2008 as part of the Shenzhou-7 (SH-7) human spaceflight mission. Weighing... and provided images of the Shenzhou-7 (SH-7) capsule, demonstrated the ability... are those related to the Shenzhou human spaceflight and the robotic... simply as Project 921, the Shenzhou program was approved as a three... experiments in conjunction with the Shenzhou 8-10 spacecrafts. Taingong-2 was to be... 2. China is executing the robust Shenzhou human spaceflight program at a pace... there was only one other Shenzhou program flight. Compare that to... Mercury (6 crewed flights) and Gemini (10 crewed flights) programs, and one... smaller steps taken by each. Shenzhou 9, launched in June 2012, included... interception technology within its territory.”10 As American defense officials noted.../content_12797459.htm (accessed February 6, 2015). 10 “China: Missile Defense System Test... docking maneuvers by the Shenzhou-VIII, Shenzhou-IX, and Shenzhou-X space capsules with....usatoday.com/tech/news/2006-10-05-satellite-laser_x.htm (accessed...://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-10-27/chinese-military-suspected-in... Jinping, he's met with the Shenzhou astronauts, he's gone to congratulate... know they have the manned Shenzhou program. We know they have... time. We will reconvene at 10:50 with panel number two... and includes activities around the Shenzhou series of spacecraft, Tiangong-1 space... the successful completion of the Shenzhou-5 to Shenzhou-7 missions from 2003 to... missions. Tiangong - 1 successfully docked with Shenzhou 10 on 13 June 2013 and... the China Construction Bank from 10 billion yuan to 20 billion... of examples support this. The Shenzhou capsule, for example, is not... Chengdu Aircraft Corporation’s 4th generation J-10 fighter and its J-20 5th... space companies the 921-1 or Shenzhou spaceship made its first unmanned... the April 2002 landing of Shenzhou-3. The dual-use nature of... demonstrated by the first manned Shenzhou-5 mission in 2005, when Astronaut... about 40 optical surveillance satellites, 10 radar satellites, 8 possible early warning... it reached an altitude of 10,000km, while U.S. sources noted it... space platforms. The September 2008 Shenzhou 7 mission, remembered most for China... the previous use of the Shenzhou to carry military payloads, mean... the PLA could equip the Shenzhou orbital module to launch the... satellites may include 5-ton and 10-ton systems able to reside... may enable a revisit time of 10 minutes. The PLA or “civil... may have a life span of 10 years, the second may be... possible conclusion from the 2008 Shenzhou 7 mission is that China has... -8.6 3.4 1968 4,722 -13.0 2.7 1969 4,251 -10.0 2.3 1970 3,752 -11.7 1.9 1971 3,382... the U.S. terminology of “force enhancement.”10 Space support operations make use... China’s Military Space Efforts,” 218. 10 Kevin Pollpeter, “The Chinese Vision... People’s Republic of China 2014,” 10. 169 and is pursuing other... heard of, the September 2008 Shenzhou 7 mission which was the Chinese...



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0.11/5
... as growing national security concerns.10 Combat readiness: During his first... defense budget for 2013 rose 10.7 percent in nominal terms to... 2013, three astronauts aboard China’s Shenzhou-10 space shuttle docked with the... that China launched in 2011. Shenzhou-10 was China’s fifth manned spaceflight....71 President Xi attended the Shenzhou-10 launch and later told the... to Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli, Shenzhou-10’s multiple successful dockings with the... civilian projects, such as the Shenzhou missions and the Tiangong-series... 0620088001. http://www.opensource.gov. 10. Daniel Hartnett, ‘‘Army Day Coverage... 2013 (Washington, DC: 2013), pp. 10, 31. 39. U.S. Department of Defense...&cid=1101. 70. Xinhua, ‘‘China’s Shenzhou-10 Mission Successful,’’ June 26, 2013....nasaspaceflight.com/2013/06/chinas-shenzhou-10-docks-tiangong-1/. VerDate Mar 15...-spacelessons. 72. CNTV, ‘‘China Announces Shenzhou-10 Mission ‘Complete Success,’ ’’ June 26....gov; Xinhua, ‘‘Xi Sees Off Shenzhou-10 Crew,’’ June 11, 2013. http.... http: // www.opensource.gov; Xinhua, ‘‘Shenzhou-10 Mission Marks Staged Success of... Under the Radar: China’s DH–10 Cruise Missile Program (Arlington, VA... Sea 2013’ in July,’’ July 10, 2013. OSC ID: CHO2013071018775963. http... China-Russia Naval Exercise,’’ July 10, 2013. OSC ID: CHO2013071018085524. http..., 2012. http://thediplomat.com/2012/10/16/just-like-oldtimes-us...



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0.11/5
... different space missions, including the Shenzhou 10 crewed flight. He stated that... first Chinese astronaut launched on Shenzhou 5 and orbited Earth 11 times... thought because statistics showed only 10 percent of all astronauts have... as a crew member on the Shenzhou 9 space mission, received warm applause... Chinese woman in space on Shenzhou 10 in June 2013. She told... in space, representing more than 10 percent of the global astronaut... 2012. 3/2013 (September 2013) Page 10 IAC 2013 Reports Dr Stone... navigation services. “In the next 10 years four core satellite navigation... 2013 Reports HIGHLIGHT LECTURE 3: Top 10 Research Results from the International... so far.” In selecting a ‘top 10’, Dr Robinson said she took... terms of research legacy. Number 10 - Preventing loss of bone mass... of the week. The ‘Top 10 Research Results from Space Station... historical context to her top 10 selection by saying that the... increasing current launch capability of 10 tons to 25 tons with... March launch vehicle series with 10 different versions capable of launching...) said that through Tiangong-1, Shenzhou-8, -9 and -10 missions China has made significant... flown two missions Shenzhou-6 in 2005 and the Tianginong 1/Shenzhou-10 in June 2013, spoke about the different phases of the Shenzhou 10 mission and outlined its key objectives • To launch the Shenzhou...



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0.03/5
... the Naro-1 carrier rocket on 10 June. NASA's prototype solar-sail... for long stretches within about 10 years. The country is additionally... a temporary parking orbit less than 10 minutes after liftoff. >> The next... for future spacecraft. The rocket - 10 - exploded during first stage burn... inadvertent" snapping of a group of 10 connectors at the base of... launch 14 meteorological satellites in 10 years, according to Yang Jun... within about 10 years following the launches of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou without crew in 2011 and Shenzhou 9 and 10 with crew... that officials say could become a $10 billion civilian space industry. >> The... Technology Limited delivered eighteen SGR-10 GPS receivers to Sierra Nevada... coverage, with an accuracy of 10 metres for civilian users. >> >> >> In... been launched from Tanegashima on 10 September 2009. >> Expedition 22 began... Expedition 21 crew departed. On 10 November 2009, the Russian Poisk.... Endeavour docked with ISS on 10 February, and during the next... conducted three EVAs during the 10 days of docked operations. During..., within 3641 days, or about 10 years. However, this figure includes... module. Crews of the Shenzhou 8, Shenzhou 9 and Shenzhou 10 spacecraft will conduct experiments aboard... NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, resolves a 10-year mystery surrounding this object...: comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. >> On 10 December 2009, XMM-Newton, the... up electric thrusters to begin 10 months of propulsion-with-persistence... lander test article - in a record 10 months - to demonstrate the ability... 10_04, launched 20 December 2009, 10,615 students from 164 different... an Australia Japan Foundation Grant, 10 teachers from Australia visited Japan... (www.worldspaceweek.org) occurs October 4-10 annually. World Space Week 2010... Space Week 2010 Programme (4 to 10 October) they presented the 2nd... ranked one of the top 10 knowledge management researchers out of... million dollars per year for 10 years and will facilitate collaboration... Corp., and United Launch Alliance a 10-year contract for rocket flights... of its intended extension after a 10-day period in which managers... Dragon cargo capsule before launching 10 flights that carry cargo to... space. The craft won the $10 million Ansari X Prize, a competition created... rockets. >> - 76 - Astrium Services signed a 10-year partnership with the Russian...), Europe (9 teams) and North America (10 teams). The finals were held...én, Spain, from 30 August to 10 September 2010. The Summer Course... from international reporters; During these 10 years a total of 297 cosmonauts... India Radio to replace the 10 WorldSpace satellite radio channels on... DTH platform in India with 10 All India Radio Channels. Bharti.... Measat said Krishnan’s offer is 10 percent above the trading price... Arianespace to launch the first 10 Full Operational Capability (FOC) satellites..., will see Arianespace launch the 10 FOC satellites into a circular orbit... March 2010, acquiring the remaining 10 percent of SES Sirius shares...-2 satellite, ABS announced in March ‘10. The multitransponder lifetime lease agreement... to £550m over the next 10 years. Another recommendation in the... extend their partnership for a further 10 years, until 2020. >> CSA and... NTS have demonstrated that even 10-kilogram-class nanosatellites can serve... of Telesat’s interest in Telstar 10, the removal of Nimiq 3 from... choice. AEXA’s initial budget is 10 M Mexican pesos, and it hopes..., the companies announced in February ‘10. EchoStar and MVS Comunicaciones, EchoStar... impact ended the mission on 10 June 2009. Chandrayaan-1, the first... projectile travelling at a velocity of 10.2 km s-1 into the nucleus of.... Res. Lett., 34, L16806, doi:10.1029/2007GL030282. 2 Karlsson, B., McLandress, M. & Shepherd... precipitating electrons and based on 10 years’ worth of NOAA12 Space.... In late 2008, the ECSS-10-04 was published, containing sections... will provide images with a clarity 10 times better than high-definition... do with its surroundings. About 10 million years ago, a cluster of... into a magnetic bubble more than 10 billion km wide. This bubble... staccato outbursts each lasting about 10 minutes. Some of the bursts... programme. (Japan) Observatory mission with 10 m antenna for orbiting VLBI imaging... spectroscopy from 20 keV to 10 MeV. GALEX (NASA) Galactic Evolution... plasmas having temperatures of 0.5 to 10 million K is also included in... laser ranging technology (precision level 10 nm or better) and advanced...-50 km. Activities in 2009-10 reflected the vital contribution of... technical activities of the next 10 years in astronomy and astrophysics... included construction of a number of 10 m and 12 m diameter balloons while... considerably improving during the past 10 years. In the time span... of 32 student participants and 10 lecturers and tutors took part... included eight from India and 10 from China, the reminder coming... and targets to have 5 to 10 fellowships each year. XV.3 Personnel... vehicular activity (EVA) mission on Shenzhou-7 in 2008. In 2011, China... module, followed by an unmanned Shenzhou-8 to dock with it. China...