Грузовые/пилотируемые корабль. Tiangong 1. [Редактировать]

29.09.2011 в 17:16 мск с космодрома Цзюцюань состоялся запуск ракеты- носителя "Великий поход - 2FT" с орбитальным модулем "Тяньгун-1". Орбитальный модуль предназначен для отработки технических решений, которые будут использованы в будущей китайской орбитальной станции. Запущенный аппарат способен обеспечивать жизнедеятельность 3 космонавтов в течение 20 суток.
Срок его пребывания на орбите составит 2 года, большую часть этого времени модуль будет работать в беспилотном режиме. Модуль будет использоваться для проведения первых в истории китайской космической программы экспериментов по стыковке космических аппаратов. Первая стыковка должна состояться до середины ноября 2011 года, последующие две стыковки - в 2012 году, из них по меньшей мере одна будет пилотируемой. В модуле "Тяньгун-1" две кабины – экспериментальная и ресурсная кабина. Экспериментальная кабина является капсулой, где будут жить и работать космонавты. Ресурсная кабина не является герметичной и оснащена силовой установкой, в том числе энергетических и двигательных установок. В передней части экспериментальной кабины установлен стыковочный механизм и измерительное оборудование для сближения и стыковки. В результате двух корректировок орбиты модуль вышел на орбиту тестирования на высоте около 362 километров над земной поверхностью.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
137820НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - Китай

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Длина, метра10.4
2Масса, кг8506
3Ширина, метра3.35
4Размер (экипажа), чел.3

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град42.8
2Апогей, км376.0
3Апогей, км375.9
4Перигей, км360.7
5Период, минут91.8
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км6739

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2011-053A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2011-09-29 at 13:16:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xTiangong 1
3Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 2F

Найдено 442 документов по запросу «Tiangong 1». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-11-08
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... researches have been performed on Tiangong-1 experimental spacelab, which was docked... another. The China’s real spacelab, Tiangong-2 will be launched in 2015... science, will be operated on Tiangong-2 spacelab, and crewed and cargo... of China’s Manned Space Program Tiangong-1, serving as a target spacecraft as... years. Shenzhou-9 spaceship docked with Tiangong-1 in June, 2012, which was... with Tiangong-1 in June 2013 with another female astronaut. Now Tiangong-1 has... of manned space station construction. Tiangong-2, serving as a real space laboratory... be launched and dock with Tiangong-2 in 2016. In 2018, the... m 15 km - Science Researches on Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou Spaceships Ever since... launched on September 29, 2011, Tiangong-1 is in flight operation phase... missions. All the payloads on Tiangong-1 have performed well, e.g. the Earth... and space environment detectors onboard. Tiangong-1 has obtained a great deal of... have been achieved. For example, Tiangong-1 provided the timely hyper-spectral... Hyperspectral Imager (HSI) installed on Tiangong-1 are shown in Table 1. And... there are two accesses to Tiangong-1 application data to facilitate the... Earth observation data obtained from Tiangong-1. The nonprofit users can fill... service via several Chinese agents. Tiangong-1 data Service Platform for Expanding... light imager was operated in Tiangong-1 to observe the composite colloidal... experimental data (3) Astrobiology Aboard the Tiangong-1, the Shenzhou-9 and Shenzhou-10... Science Researches on Tiangong-2 Spacelab and Tianzhou-1 Cargo Ship Tiangong-2, as the... A higher plants cultivation experiment on Tiangong-2 would study the growth and.... An integrated material furnace on Tiangong-2 would focus on the material.... A liquid bridge thermo-capillary on Tiangong-2 convection experiment would observe the... Key Distribution (QKD) experiment on Tiangong-1 would use Decoy methods of... atoms will be tested on Tiangong-2, and the aim is to... There are three payloads on Tiangong-2 for the Earth space science... cosmic gamma-ray bursts on Tiangong-2. As the first polarization detector...



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... STORY China will launch the Tiangong 2 space laboratory next year, followed... of China’s Shenzhou spaceship and Tiangong target spacecraft is introduced in...’s Note China will launch the Tiangong 2 space laboratory next year, followed... details of it before the Tiangong 1 and the Shenzhou 8 missions in... Tiangong 2 space laboratory in 2017 by a CZ-7 from Hainan, after the Tiangong... opportunity to be carried onboard Tiangong 2 in 2016 for demonstration by... of China’s Shenzhou spaceship and Tiangong target spacecraft is introduced in... spaceship successfully docked with the Tiangong 1 space lab on 3 November 2011... 9 manned spaceship successfully docked with Tiangong 1 on 18 June 2012. After... 2010, the assembly of Shenzhou 8 / Tiangong 1 flight product was completed. In..., the acceptance test of Shenzhou 8 / Tiangong 1 flight product was completed, and... put into operation. instruments. The Tiangong 1 docking mechanism sub-system is... in the Shenzhou spaceship and Tiangong 1 target spacecraft. III.I Docking Mechanism... mechanism on the target spacecraft (Tiangong 1) is typically passive, and was...: Shows the docking mechanism of Tiangong 1 target spacecraft page 12 issue.... The docking mechanism of the Tiangong 1 target spacecraft is shown in... rendezvous and docking with the Tiangong 1 target spacecraft (shown in Figure... board) successfully conducted a docking with Tiangong 1. Two sets of docking and... a lively space physics class from Tiangong 1. All docking and separation processes... docking in orbit with the Tiangong 1 target spacecraft, marks a break-through... Wang, I saw you floating in Tiangong, like Chang’e, and I really envy... for her performance in the Tiangong 1 space lab. “After my return...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-30
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... year • Tianzhou cargo vehicle and Tiangong 2 space lab made ground test... the Tiangong 1 module, and will be in-orbit tested with the Tiangong... March, the Tiangong 2 space laboratory, formerly the back-up of Tiangong 1, completed... end of 2015. In orbit, Tiangong 1 made its first two orbit... sixth working meeting of the Tiangong 1 Operation and Management Committee, held... reviewed the 2014 plan for Tiangong 1, and confirmed that it is... that it has opened the Tiangong 1 application data to the public... space environment data, obtained by Tiangong 1 since its launch in 2011... processing and distribution of the Tiangong 1 application data. CUS will provide....cn). Commercial agents of the Tiangong 1 application data will provide a paid... to be launched in 2015. Tiangong 2 in ground testing. (credit: spacechina.... The first being to send a Tiangong-class lab to lunar orbit... the Shenzhou missions and the Tiangong-series space labs, support the... of the Shenzhou capsule and Tiangong module. As a result of this... should be recalled, the real Tiangong 1 and Shenzhou 8, 9 and 10 missions...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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... Skylab station launched in 1973. Tiangong had an estimated lifetime of... the space station Tiangong-1. Credit: EPA/STR Status of Tiangong Just like the International Space Station, Tiangong can be... station, Tiangong-1, has hit the such objects. Even though Tiangong is many... deployed its first space station "Tiangong" into orbit Credit: NASA around... Chinese had lost control of Tiangong when he noticed the space...' observations of Tiangong. Everyone can observe and monitor the Tiangong was in... that China could still awaken Tiangong for a coordinated reentry and may... Space Standards & Innovation in the Tiangong-1. Credit: TMRO/youtube, CC BY... slowly than before. As a result, Tiangong might have a fairly long lifespan... political dimension to coverage of Tiangong by Western media. As an... Global Times, suggesting that the Tiangong situation is different in nature... so future space stations, including Tiangong 2, which 2/3 will be launched this... states. Nevertheless, the coverage of Tiangong makes it apparent that we...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
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... with “Tiangong-1” space laboratory. The 3 astronauts successfully entered into the “Tiangong-1” and... spacecraft is developed based on “Tiangong-1” space laboratory. It is composed... supplies to the space laboratory “Tiangong-2”. Space laboratory Space laboratory is... Orbit individually for long duration. “Tiangong-1” “Tiangong-1” is China’s first space laboratory... science experiments conducted within the “Tiangong-1” space laboratory. Between 2011 and... the rendezvous and docking with “Tiangong-1” successfully. In addition, the astronauts... Low Earth Orbit. “Tiangong-2” The major tasks of “Tiangong-2” include the testing... space science experiments. “Tiangong-2” is developed based on “Tiangong-1” and will be... “Long March II-F” carrier rocket. “Tiangong-2” has adopted a two-module structure.... “Tiangong-2” is scheduled to be launched by early 2016 to replace “Tiangong...



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... the soon to be deployed Tiangong space station module were developed... to visit a modest space laboratory, Tiangong. In some respects, this would... space station program. Following the Tiangong would be a more ambitious space... three small space laboratories (called Tiangong-1, -2, and -3) in the coming decade... facilities, consisting initially of the Tiangong 1 lab, scheduled to launch in... to be followed by the Tiangong 2 and 3 labs. Taikonauts will make.... The launch of the unpiloted Tiangong 1 is scheduled for the second... unpiloted Shenzhou 8 will dock with Tiangong 1 in 2011. The crewed Shenzhou... with Tiangong 1. Tiangong 2 will launch around 2013, followed by Tiangong 3 around 2015. Tiangong 2 will...-term taikonaut stays on orbit. Tiangong 3 will support a crew of three... work on the space station. Tiangong 3 will test new life support...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-16
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... system of the Tiangong-1 target space station. The 8.5 ton Tiangong - 1(meaning Heavenly... test rendezvous and docking techniques. Tiangong-1 features a pressurized experimental module where... Tiangong-1 space module. China is already working on realizing a vastly improved Tiangong-II as a replacement to Tiangong-1. As envisaged now, Tiangong-II will... launched soon after Tiangong-II goes into orbit. Interestingly, Tiangong-1 weighs half.../anti satellite implications”. Incidentally, the Tiangong -1 launch came within a couple of... way for putting in place Tiangong-1 orbital module http://www.vifindia... when Shenzhou-8 capsule coupled with Tiangong-1 by remote control. But all...



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... activities. The TianGong ("Heavenly Place") will have two docking ports: TianGong 1 is... with ShenZhou 9 and ShenZhou 10; TianGong 2 is projected for 2013 with.... This would be followed by TianGong 3 in 2015 and ShenZhou 13....worldspaceflight.com/china/station.htm#tiangong (accessed in February 15, 2010... Tiangong “Heavenly Place”, will consist of several modules, the first being Tiangong... three taikonauts, will dock with Tiangong-1. The final configuration will be... than the Soviet station, Mir. Tiangong-1 is able to perform long... transformed into a manned space lab, Tiangong would provide a "safe room" for... station is 10 years.133 Tiangong-1 was scheduled to launch by... order to support future Shenzhou, Tiangong and future lunar-related missions... _Samples_From_Shenzhou_7_999.html “China to launch Tiangong-1 at the end of next...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
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... the launches of the spacecrafts Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 in China were... the launches of China’s spacecrafts Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 in 2011. On... produced by the launches of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 in 2011 are... in this paper. 2 Launches of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 At 13:16... = 272), China’s first space lab Tiangong-1 was launched from Jiuquan Satellite... China National Space Administration (CNSA), Tiangong-1 is an 8506 kg space... with Tiangong-1. Figure 1 shows the observational geometry during the launches of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 from JSLC. The Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou... altitude of 200 km for Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8, respectively. Line-of... the ionospheric disturbance during the Tiangong-1 launch, while satellite 16 (PRN16... of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center. The Tiangong-1 and... crosses represent the locations of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 at the moment... pentacles denote the locations of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 at the moment... altitude of 200 km for Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8, respectively. spheric daily... disturbances Ionospheric waves caused by Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 launches Figure 3a... stations on the day of Tiangong-1 launch (DOY = 272) in three... spectrograms several minutes after launching Tiangong-1 in observation regions B and C. The... that caused by Tiangong-1. 4.2 Ionospheric depletions caused by Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 launches... stations on the day of Tiangong-1 launch (DOY = 272) in the... ionospheric depletions occurred after launching Tiangong-1 in all the observations. The... stations on the day of Tiangong-1 launch (DOY = 272) in three... stations on the day of Tiangong-1 launch (DOY = 272) in three... stations on the day of Tiangong-1 launch (DOY = 272) in three... from the ionospheric depletion of Tiangong-1 is that the ionospheric depletion... ionospheric disturbance, we take the Tiangong-1 as an example. Figure 7 shows... ionospheric disturbance variability after launching Tiangong-1. In the observation region A, ionospheric... ionospheric disturbance variability after launching Tiangong-1 in three observation regions A, B and... for the launch time of Tiangong-1 are 3 and −27 nT, and... day before and after the Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou8 launches for all... to be caused by the Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 launches. The mechanism...: 1. The ionospheric disturbances caused by Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 launches are the... observed after the launch of Tiangong-1, while more second sub-event...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-22
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0.09/5
Fact Sheet Updated October 7, 2016 CHINA’S HUMAN SPACEFLIGHT PROGRAM: BACKGROUND AND LIST OF CREWED AND AUTOMATED LAUNCHES China's human spaceflight program, Project 921, officially began in 1992. The program is proceeding at a measured pace. The most recent crewed launch, Shenzhou-10 in June 2013, was the tenth flight in the series, but only the fifth to carry a crew. Shenzhou 1-4 were automated tests of the spacecraft. Shenzhou-8 was an automated test of rendezvous and docking procedures with the Tiangong-1 space station. The others carried crews. Tiangong-1, China's first space station, was launched in September 2011. It hosted the automated Shenzhou-8 in 2011 and two three-person crews: Shenzhou-9 in 2012 and Shenzhou10 in 2013. Tiangong-1 is a small 8.6 metric ton (MT) module. As first space stations go, it is rather modest -- just less than half the mass of the world's first space station, the Soviet Union’s Salyut 1. Launched in 1971, Salyut 1 had a mass of about 18.6 MT. The first U.S. space station, Skylab, launched in 1973, had a mass of about 77 MT. Today's International Space Station (ISS), a partnership among the United States, Russia, Japan, Europe, and Canada, has a mass of about 400 MT and has been permanently occupied by 2-6 person crews rotating on 4-6 month missions since the year 2000. Tiangong-2, very similar to Tiangong-1, was launched on September 15, 2016. The Chinese intend to launch two two-man crews to Tiangong-2. The first is expected in mid-late October 2016. China is planning to launch a three-module 60 MT ton space station in the early 2020s. Chinese astronauts are often called "taikonauts" in the West. English-language Chinese news reports refer to them as astronauts. Shenzhou means Divine Vessel. Tiangong means Heavenly Palace. All human spaceflight-related launches have been from the Jiuquan Space Launch Center in the Gobi desert. China is developing its first automated cargo resupply spacecraft (Tianzhou-1), launching to Tiangong-2 in 2017. That will be launched from the new Wenchang Satellite Launch Center on Hainan Island. The table on the next page lists all 10 Chinese human spaceflight missions to date, including automated tests and those that carried crews. By Marcia S. Smith ©Space and Technology Policy Group, LLC 2 LIST OF CHINESE HUMAN SPACEFLIGHT MISSIONS (Prepared by SpacePolicyOnline.com) Mission Launch Date Shenzhou-1 Shenzhou-2 Shenzhou-3 Shenzhou-4 Shenzhou-5 Nov. 19, 1999 Jan. 9, 2001 Mar. 25, 2002 Dec. 29, 2002 Oct. 15, 2003 Shenzhou-6 Oct. 12, 2005 Crew (# of flights) none none none none Yang Liwei Shenzhou-7 Fei Junlong Nie Haisheng Sept. 25, 2008 Zhai Zhigang Liu Boming Jing Haipeng Tiangong-1 Sept. 29, 2011 Visited Shenzhou-8 Oct. 31, 2011 none Shenzhou-9 July 19, 2012 Jing Haipeng (2) Liu Wang Liu Yang Shenzhou-10 June 11, 2013 Nie Haisheng (2) Zhang Xiaoguang Wang Yaping Tiangong-2 Sept. 15, 2016 awaiting first crew By Marcia S. Smith Comments Automated test Automated test Automated test Automated test First Chinese astronaut 21 hour 12 min mission First Chinese 2-person crew 5 day mission First Chinese 3-person crew First Chinese spacewalk (Zhai for 22 min; Liu did stand-up EVA in airlock for about 2 min) 3 day mission Small (40 kg) subsatellite ejected First Chinese space station (8.5 metric tons) Automated test of rendezvous and docking with Tiangong-1 (docked twice) First Chinese space station crew; automated and manual docking Liu Yang first Chinese woman astronaut Jing first Chinese astronaut to make 2 flights 13 day mission Automated docking with Tiangong-1 on June 13. Later did manual docking test, and, just before reentry, a fly-around (China’s first) Wang second Chinese woman astronaut and first “teacher in space” because she taught a lesson from space 15 day mission Shenzhou-11 with two crewmembers expected in October 2016 ©Space and Technology Policy Group, LLC