Грузовые/пилотируемые корабль. Tiangong 1. [Редактировать]

29.09.2011 в 17:16 мск с космодрома Цзюцюань состоялся запуск ракеты- носителя "Великий поход - 2FT" с орбитальным модулем "Тяньгун-1". Орбитальный модуль предназначен для отработки технических решений, которые будут использованы в будущей китайской орбитальной станции. Запущенный аппарат способен обеспечивать жизнедеятельность 3 космонавтов в течение 20 суток.
Срок его пребывания на орбите составит 2 года, большую часть этого времени модуль будет работать в беспилотном режиме. Модуль будет использоваться для проведения первых в истории китайской космической программы экспериментов по стыковке космических аппаратов. Первая стыковка должна состояться до середины ноября 2011 года, последующие две стыковки - в 2012 году, из них по меньшей мере одна будет пилотируемой. В модуле "Тяньгун-1" две кабины – экспериментальная и ресурсная кабина. Экспериментальная кабина является капсулой, где будут жить и работать космонавты. Ресурсная кабина не является герметичной и оснащена силовой установкой, в том числе энергетических и двигательных установок. В передней части экспериментальной кабины установлен стыковочный механизм и измерительное оборудование для сближения и стыковки. В результате двух корректировок орбиты модуль вышел на орбиту тестирования на высоте около 362 километров над земной поверхностью.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
137820НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - Китай

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Длина, метра10.4
2Масса, кг8506
3Ширина, метра3.35
4Размер (экипажа), чел.3

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град42.8
2Апогей, км376.0
3Апогей, км375.9
4Перигей, км360.7
5Период, минут91.8
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км6739

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2011-053A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2011-09-29 at 13:16:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xTiangong 1
3Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 2F

Найдено 317 документов по запросу «Tiangong 1». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.38/5
... Skylab station launched in 1973. Tiangong had an estimated lifetime of... the space station Tiangong-1. Credit: EPA/STR Status of Tiangong Just like the International Space Station, Tiangong can be... station, Tiangong-1, has hit the such objects. Even though Tiangong is many... deployed its first space station "Tiangong" into orbit Credit: NASA around... Chinese had lost control of Tiangong when he noticed the space...' observations of Tiangong. Everyone can observe and monitor the Tiangong was in... that China could still awaken Tiangong for a coordinated reentry and may... Space Standards & Innovation in the Tiangong-1. Credit: TMRO/youtube, CC BY... slowly than before. As a result, Tiangong might have a fairly long lifespan... political dimension to coverage of Tiangong by Western media. As an... Global Times, suggesting that the Tiangong situation is different in nature... so future space stations, including Tiangong 2, which 2/3 will be launched this... states. Nevertheless, the coverage of Tiangong makes it apparent that we...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.17/5
... activities. The TianGong ("Heavenly Place") will have two docking ports: TianGong 1 is... with ShenZhou 9 and ShenZhou 10; TianGong 2 is projected for 2013 with.... This would be followed by TianGong 3 in 2015 and ShenZhou 13....worldspaceflight.com/china/station.htm#tiangong (accessed in February 15, 2010... Tiangong “Heavenly Place”, will consist of several modules, the first being Tiangong... three taikonauts, will dock with Tiangong-1. The final configuration will be... than the Soviet station, Mir. Tiangong-1 is able to perform long... transformed into a manned space lab, Tiangong would provide a "safe room" for... station is 10 years.133 Tiangong-1 was scheduled to launch by... order to support future Shenzhou, Tiangong and future lunar-related missions... _Samples_From_Shenzhou_7_999.html “China to launch Tiangong-1 at the end of next...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-30
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.08/5
... year • Tianzhou cargo vehicle and Tiangong 2 space lab made ground test... the Tiangong 1 module, and will be in-orbit tested with the Tiangong... March, the Tiangong 2 space laboratory, formerly the back-up of Tiangong 1, completed... end of 2015. In orbit, Tiangong 1 made its first two orbit... sixth working meeting of the Tiangong 1 Operation and Management Committee, held... reviewed the 2014 plan for Tiangong 1, and confirmed that it is... that it has opened the Tiangong 1 application data to the public... space environment data, obtained by Tiangong 1 since its launch in 2011... processing and distribution of the Tiangong 1 application data. CUS will provide....cn). Commercial agents of the Tiangong 1 application data will provide a paid... to be launched in 2015. Tiangong 2 in ground testing. (credit: spacechina.... The first being to send a Tiangong-class lab to lunar orbit... the Shenzhou missions and the Tiangong-series space labs, support the... of the Shenzhou capsule and Tiangong module. As a result of this... should be recalled, the real Tiangong 1 and Shenzhou 8, 9 and 10 missions...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.07/5
... system of the Tiangong-1 target space station. The 8.5 ton Tiangong - 1(meaning Heavenly... test rendezvous and docking techniques. Tiangong-1 features a pressurized experimental module where... Tiangong-1 space module. China is already working on realizing a vastly improved Tiangong-II as a replacement to Tiangong-1. As envisaged now, Tiangong-II will... launched soon after Tiangong-II goes into orbit. Interestingly, Tiangong-1 weighs half.../anti satellite implications”. Incidentally, the Tiangong -1 launch came within a couple of... way for putting in place Tiangong-1 orbital module http://www.vifindia... when Shenzhou-8 capsule coupled with Tiangong-1 by remote control. But all...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-22
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.07/5
Fact Sheet Updated October 7, 2016 CHINA’S HUMAN SPACEFLIGHT PROGRAM: BACKGROUND AND LIST OF CREWED AND AUTOMATED LAUNCHES China's human spaceflight program, Project 921, officially began in 1992. The program is proceeding at a measured pace. The most recent crewed launch, Shenzhou-10 in June 2013, was the tenth flight in the series, but only the fifth to carry a crew. Shenzhou 1-4 were automated tests of the spacecraft. Shenzhou-8 was an automated test of rendezvous and docking procedures with the Tiangong-1 space station. The others carried crews. Tiangong-1, China's first space station, was launched in September 2011. It hosted the automated Shenzhou-8 in 2011 and two three-person crews: Shenzhou-9 in 2012 and Shenzhou10 in 2013. Tiangong-1 is a small 8.6 metric ton (MT) module. As first space stations go, it is rather modest -- just less than half the mass of the world's first space station, the Soviet Union’s Salyut 1. Launched in 1971, Salyut 1 had a mass of about 18.6 MT. The first U.S. space station, Skylab, launched in 1973, had a mass of about 77 MT. Today's International Space Station (ISS), a partnership among the United States, Russia, Japan, Europe, and Canada, has a mass of about 400 MT and has been permanently occupied by 2-6 person crews rotating on 4-6 month missions since the year 2000. Tiangong-2, very similar to Tiangong-1, was launched on September 15, 2016. The Chinese intend to launch two two-man crews to Tiangong-2. The first is expected in mid-late October 2016. China is planning to launch a three-module 60 MT ton space station in the early 2020s. Chinese astronauts are often called "taikonauts" in the West. English-language Chinese news reports refer to them as astronauts. Shenzhou means Divine Vessel. Tiangong means Heavenly Palace. All human spaceflight-related launches have been from the Jiuquan Space Launch Center in the Gobi desert. China is developing its first automated cargo resupply spacecraft (Tianzhou-1), launching to Tiangong-2 in 2017. That will be launched from the new Wenchang Satellite Launch Center on Hainan Island. The table on the next page lists all 10 Chinese human spaceflight missions to date, including automated tests and those that carried crews. By Marcia S. Smith ©Space and Technology Policy Group, LLC 2 LIST OF CHINESE HUMAN SPACEFLIGHT MISSIONS (Prepared by SpacePolicyOnline.com) Mission Launch Date Shenzhou-1 Shenzhou-2 Shenzhou-3 Shenzhou-4 Shenzhou-5 Nov. 19, 1999 Jan. 9, 2001 Mar. 25, 2002 Dec. 29, 2002 Oct. 15, 2003 Shenzhou-6 Oct. 12, 2005 Crew (# of flights) none none none none Yang Liwei Shenzhou-7 Fei Junlong Nie Haisheng Sept. 25, 2008 Zhai Zhigang Liu Boming Jing Haipeng Tiangong-1 Sept. 29, 2011 Visited Shenzhou-8 Oct. 31, 2011 none Shenzhou-9 July 19, 2012 Jing Haipeng (2) Liu Wang Liu Yang Shenzhou-10 June 11, 2013 Nie Haisheng (2) Zhang Xiaoguang Wang Yaping Tiangong-2 Sept. 15, 2016 awaiting first crew By Marcia S. Smith Comments Automated test Automated test Automated test Automated test First Chinese astronaut 21 hour 12 min mission First Chinese 2-person crew 5 day mission First Chinese 3-person crew First Chinese spacewalk (Zhai for 22 min; Liu did stand-up EVA in airlock for about 2 min) 3 day mission Small (40 kg) subsatellite ejected First Chinese space station (8.5 metric tons) Automated test of rendezvous and docking with Tiangong-1 (docked twice) First Chinese space station crew; automated and manual docking Liu Yang first Chinese woman astronaut Jing first Chinese astronaut to make 2 flights 13 day mission Automated docking with Tiangong-1 on June 13. Later did manual docking test, and, just before reentry, a fly-around (China’s first) Wang second Chinese woman astronaut and first “teacher in space” because she taught a lesson from space 15 day mission Shenzhou-11 with two crewmembers expected in October 2016 ©Space and Technology Policy Group, LLC



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-30
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.04/5
... docking mission with the orbiting Tiangong-1 space lab module.50 Three... first docking mission.64 The Tiangong-1 module, the base of China... docked two days later with Tiangong.66 It carried a German-built... Shenzhou 8 spacecraft and the robotic Tiangong 1 space laboratory module.100 The... launch, it successfully docked with Tiangong-1. This success demonstrated that China... was to spy on the Tiangong spacecraft was dashed by experts... Proton M GEO 2011053A 9/29/2011 Tiangong-1 Government Technology Development China (PR..., “Shenzhou 9 To Carry 3 Astronauts To Tiangong-1 Space Station,” Space Daily, 18... leaders applaud successful launch of Tiangong-1,” 29 September 2011, online: http...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.09/5
... ......................................................................................................................... 45 Shenzhou Space Capsule................................................................................................................ 46 Tiangong-1 Space Station............................................................................................................... 47 Long-term... has also launched a small station, Tiangong-1, in 2011. The ultimate goal... docking the Shenzhou with the Tiangong-1 space station, ESA officials discussed... Shenzhou space capsule and the Tiangong space station in exchange for...’ at providing experiments for future Tiangong missions” as well as having..., and in 2011 the 8-ton Tiangong-1 space station was launched. Subsequent... crews, including female astronauts, to Tiangong-1. The third and final step... Months 2+ days Manned (3 crew EVA) Tiangong-1 29 September 2011 NA 36... 1980s or 1990s technology. Tiangong-1 Space Station Tiangong-1 (天宫-1/Heavenly Palace) is described... is often called a space laboratory. Tiangong-1 was launched on September 29... widest point. The interior of Tiangong-1 is 15 cubic meters and.../200301/16/eng20030116_110254.shtml. 256 “天宫一号承载梦想上九霄 中国载人空间站建设大幕开启” [Tiangong-1 Bearing the Weight of the....html. 252 47 Figure 2. The Tiangong space station (left) and the... to six astronauts (see Figure 2). Tiangong-1 was designed to have a service.... The follow-on to 258 Tiangong-1, Tiangong-2, is to be launched in... “我国 2016 年将发射”天宫二号”空间实验室,” [Our Country Will Launch Tiangong-2 Space Laboratory in 2016], 人民网, [People... and docking procedures with the Tiangong-1 space station. The mission was... Tiangong-1 for 12 days. On November 14, Shenzhou289 8 was separated from Tiangong... capsule kept bouncing off the Tiangong-1 space station, requiring the space... the first manned mission to Tiangong-1 and the first mission to... of Tiangong-1 to support human spaceflight. Shenzhou-9 conducted two dockings with Tiangong... China. During their stay in Tiangong-1, the astronauts conducted a number of... the second manned mission to Tiangong-1. With this mission, the Shenzhou....html. 291 “2nd Docking of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 on Schedule,” Xinhuanet... Medical Experiments Succeed Onboard Unified Tiangong 1 and Shenzhou 9,” Youtube (video), June...-10 (left) docked with the Tiangong-1 (right). Artist simulation. lasting 15... technology and the ability of Tiangong-1 to support human spaceflight, to... and maintenance on Tiangong-1, and test the function of Tiangong-1’s systems. Like... crew performed a second docking with Tiangong-1 (see Figure 4). This time the... a forward-flying position while the Tiangong-1 faced in a backward-flying position... was then guided around the Tiangong-1 and docked. This was the... had been flown around the Tiangong space station and docked. Shenzhou... was the last mission to Tiangong-1. Lunar Exploration Program China’s lunar... payload faring to fit the Tiangong-1 space station. Long March 3 The... Shenzhou space capsule with the Tiangong-1 space station, but Chinese silence..., China’s lunar orbiter, and the Tiangong-1 space laboratory. In addition to..., Experimental Satellite 5) 11/25/13 Tiangong-1 (TG-1) 9/29/11 11/5/08...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-06
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.06/5
... docking mission with the orbiting Tiangong-1 space lab module.50 Three... first docking mission.64 The Tiangong-1 module, the base of China... docked two days later with Tiangong.66 It carried a German-built... Shenzhou 8 spacecraft and the robotic Tiangong 1 space laboratory module.100 The... launch, it successfully docked with Tiangong-1. This success demonstrated that China... was to spy on the Tiangong spacecraft was dashed by experts... Proton M GEO 2011053A 9/29/2011 Tiangong-1 Government Technology Development China (PR..., “Shenzhou 9 To Carry 3 Astronauts To Tiangong-1 Space Station,” Space Daily, 18... leaders applaud successful launch of Tiangong-1,” 29 September 2011, online: http...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-29
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.06/5
... developed • Pakistan astronaut might visit Tiangong 2 • China to build the largest... CSS as a whole is named “Tiangong” (abbr. TG) meaning “heavenly palace... were collected. According to USSTRATCOM, Tiangong 1 raised its orbit twice in... end of November that the Tiangong 2 will be launched in 2015... mission, and hinted that the Tiangong 2 will be focused on cargo... send its astronauts to China’s Tiangong 2 space station. In early October...’e 1 and 2 missions, and in Shenzhou-Tiangong dockings. It was another challenge... POLAR telescope on the next Tiangong spacelab? Leon Chiang: No. GT... Tiangong and one presentation on the DFH-4 based communication satellites. The Tiangong talk entitled “The Technical Characteristics of China ‘Tiangong-1’ Target... practice” adopted by China for Tiangong-1, and ending with a short conclusion... manned space programme, and summarising Tiangong-1’s high-level specifications, he described... addressed: the integrated design of Tiangong-1 as an RVD target spacecraft... Taikonauts!) Functions of Tiangong 1. (credit: CAST/Go Taikonauts!) Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou indicate...). Design and technology evaluation using Tiangong 1. (credit: CAST/Go Taikonauts!) page... low Earth orbit, the Chinese Tiangong, and the ISS, but the... by Wang Yaping from the Tiangong 1 space station, or when the... docking of Shenzhou 10 with Tiangong 1, we have conducted a teaching session... we are working on our Tiangong space station project and in... station, the Chinese Space Station Tiangong to be built between 2018... International Space Station or Chinese Tiangong space station.” The very last... her Shenzhou 10 mission onboard Tiangong 1. Former NASA astronaut, Sandra Magnus... station, the Chinese Space Station Tiangong to be built between 2018... International Space Station or Chinese Tiangong space station.” (credit: Go Taikonauts... visited CAST to see the Tiangong space lab, Shenzhou 8 and Chang... Shenzhou 10 mission on-board Tiangong 1. page 61 GO TAIKONAUTS! All...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-18
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.05/5
.... On Sept. 29, China launched Tiangong-1, a small space station prototype module... the successful docking of the Tiangong-1 manned Shenzhou spacecraft, similar test.... later, Shenzou-8 automatically docked with Tiangong-1. After the duo orbited the... money.” Conon Nov. 17, while Tiangong-1 will remain in orbit, to... board the Shenzhou-8 spacecraft. The Tiangong-1 test module is seen, Union... to lay the basis for a Tiangong-1 is the first in a planned.... With only three previous craft, Tiangong-1, was launched first. Shenzhou-8 was... test rendez6,214 miles behind Tiangong-1. Five planned orbital vous and..., they decided not up” to Tiangong-1, and position itself within close... with China in space. CCTV Tiangong-1 (“Heavenly Palace”) is a In January... Tiangong-1 was displayed. Millions of Chinese watched the historic docking of Tiangong... avoid interference from sunlaunched before. Tiangong-1 is made up of two... with power. Astronauts will After Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 had been docked... and redocked with the of Tiangong-1, explained just before its launch..., exercise equipment, entertainment systems, The Tiangong-1/Shenzhou-8 mission was carried out... officials had Chinese space program, Tiangong-1 also appears to outlined this... out China’s first space walk, Tiangong-1 is designed to remain in... and scientific exphically illustrated the Tiangong-1/Shenzhou-8 mission. periments. Shenzhou-8, for... be expected. Each phase of Tiangong-1 is China’s first long-duration... orbiting facilities. Officials have described Tiangong-2 as designed for Earth observation... crew members for 20 days. Tiangong-3 will reportedly focus on tests.... It could consist of linked Tiangong modules, and would be augmented... be tested on the future Tiangong modules, will be indigenously made... officials have remarked throughout the Tiangong-1/Shenzhou-8 mission that the docking...